My research group has received funding from a range of research council, government, industry and NGO sources to conduct projects on the ecology and evolution of the Myxozoa, the metapopulation biology of freshwater bryozoans, the use of invertebrate remains to infer palaeoclimates, the historical ecology of lakes, and the ecology and prevention of proliferative kidney disease in salmonid fish.
SynTax: Unexplored parasite diversity and fisheries disease risk (with David Bass, NHM)
The Leverhulme Trust: Ocean acidification and the responses of the marine benthos in the Southern Ocean (with Daniela Schmidt, Univ. Bristol)
NERC: Assessing the risk of an emerging salmonid disease (with Chris Secombes, Univ. Aberdeen; Environment Agency and Cefas)
Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship: Evolution and development in Myxozoa: body-plan simplification associated with endoparasitism (with Alexander Gruhl)
NERC: Polyembryony, brood-chamber initiation and sperm utilization in cyclostome bryozoans (with Roger Hughes, Univ. Wales, Bangor; John Bishop, Marine Biological Association, Andrea Waeschenbach, Natural History Museum, London)
BBSRC: Towards the development of a vaccine for proliferative kidney disease (with Chris Secombes, Univ. Aberdeen)
NERC: Bryozoans as decoders of North Atlantic climate during the Mid Pliocene global warm period (with Mark Williams, Univ. Leicester)
NERC: The influence of propagule banks on demography and genetic diversity in freshwater invertebrates and plants (with Mark Beaumont, Univ. Bristol & Joanna Freeland, Trent Univ.)
Test Valley Trout Limited/Trafalgar Fisheries: Investigating the potential for controlled natural immunization against PKD.
BBSRC: Development and evolution of simplified body plans in the animal phylum Myxozoa. (with Peter Holland, Univ. Oxford)
Defra: Immune gene expression during PKD infection. (with Chris Secombes, Univ. Aberdeen)
NERC: Systematics of plumatellid freshwater bryozoans (with Tim Wood, Wright State Univ.).
NERC: The ecology of Tetracapsula bryosalmonae (the PKX organism).
NERC: PKX in freshwater bryozoans: survey, description, and transmission to salmonid hosts. (with Elizabeth Canning, Imperial College)
NERC: Genetic variability and population subdivision in clonal freshwater bryozoans: Continental vs. island effects. (with Les Noble, Univ. Aberdeen)
NERC: Molecular investigations of myxozoan phylogeny, systematics and life cycles. (with Elizabeth Canning, Imperial College)
Prof. Chris Secombes, University of Aberdeen; Dr. Chris Williams, Environment Agency, Dr. Nick Taylor, Cefas, Weymouth. Risk assessment for PKD
Dr Carl Sayer, University College London. Historical ecology and metacommunity dynamics in lakes
Dr Mark Beaumont, University of Bristol & Dr Joanna Freeland, Trent University, Canada. Temporal metapopulation dynamics of freshwater bryozoans.
Dr Daniela Schmidt, University of Bristol, UK. Bryozoans and ocean acidification.
Dr Stuart Humphries, University of Hull, UK. Metabolic scaling in colonial animals; mechanics of locomotion in Buddenbrockia..
Dr John Bishop, Marine Biological Association, Plymouth & Prof. Roger Hughes, University of Wales, Bangor. Polyembryony, brood-chamber initiation and sperm utilisation in cyclostome bryozoans.
NERC Peer Review College. 2003-2005; 2007-2010.
NERC Freshwater Science Peer Review Committee: 2002-2003.
Member of Council, International Bryozoology Association. 2004-on.
Member of Council, Freshwater Biology Association. 2005-2008.
Leverhulme Trust Research Fellow, University of Reading. 2002-03.
Killam Postdoctoral Fellow, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada. 1987-88.
NATO Postdoctoral Fellow, School of Biological Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor. 1984-85.
Smithsonian Postdoctoral Fellow, Smithsonian Marine, Station at Link Port, Florida. 1985-86.
Invertebrate Biology (2004-2009)
Experimental Parasitology (2003-2009)
Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B (2001-2007)
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the U.K. (2000-on)
The life cycles of many animals contrast with those of traditionally studied and familiar animal systems. My research focuses on two such invertebrata taxa, the Bryozoa and the Myxozoa. Bryozoans grow as colonies that spread across surfaces in aquatic habitats, and myxozoans are endoparasitic cnidarians that have undergone a spectacular radiation to exploit marine, freshwater and terrestrial hosts. My research aims to: 1) elucidate the ecological and evolutionary consequences associated with such life cycles, and; 2) use these animals as model systems to answer general ecological and evolutionary questions. Research themes include: the metapopulation ecology of freshwater organisms; the diversity, life cycles and evolution reflected in the myxozoan radiation; interactions between colonial hosts and their parasites; the evolution of colony form; organismal responses to environmental change; and the ecology of a salmonid fish disease. My research entails the unusual combination of studying invertebrates in both freshwater and marine habitats and combines modern molecular approaches with traditional ecological studies and extensive fieldwork.
Cristatella mucedo (left); infective spore of Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae (centre); Buddenbrockia worm exiting bryozoan (right)
Dr Alexander Gruhl, Marie Curie Intra-European Postdoctoral Fellow. The evolution and development of Buddenbrockia
Dr Hanna Hartikainen, Postdoctoral Research Assistant. Genetic diversity of Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae, myxozoan phylogeny
Helen Jenkins, PhD student. Polyembryony and sperm utilisation in cyclostome bryozoans
Ines Fontes, PhD student. Assessing the risk of an emerging salmonid disease