PhD in Palaeontology, University Complutense of Madrid (Spain). Cum laude.
Master Thesis (DEA) in Geology, University Complutense of Madrid (Spain). With distinction.
Diploma: Geotechnical Tests Analyst, College of Public Works, University Polytechnical of Madrid (Spain).
Masters degree: Environmental Management, Foundation Alfonso Martín Escudero, Madrid (Spain).
Masters degree: Computer Science, Eritel. Madrid (Spain).
Degree in Geology, University Complutense of Madrid (Spain).
Since September 2008 – Curator/Documentation Officer, Invertebrates, Department of Palaeontology, Natural History Museum.
2007 – Lecturer. University Alfonso X El Sabio, Madrid for Masters degree in Design, Planning, Building, Exploitation and Maintenance of roads, module Aspects of the Road Planning.
2004-2007 - “Titulado Superior de Investigación y Laboratorio”. Ministry of Education and Science, Geological Survey of Spain, Madrid.
2002 – “Titulado Superior”, Spanish National Council for Scientific Research, Madrid.
1997-2001 - “Titulado Superior“, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), The National Museum of Natural Sciences, Madrid.
1993 – Curatorial assistant. Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), The National Museum of Natural Sciences, Madrid.
1992 – Grant holder in Geology. Ministry of Industry, Geological Survey of Spain, Madrid (Spain).
May to September 2008 – Projects coordinator, Spanish GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility), Madrid (Spain).
2003 – “Titulado Superior”, FCC (Company of Construction and Employment Development), Madrid (Spain).
1995-1997 – Swimming monitor. Gimnasarca, Madrid (Spain).
1994 – Geologist, Consultancy of Applied Geology, Madrid (Spain).
1991 – Hydrogeologist, EPTISA (Industrial Technical Studies and Projects), in Madrid, Valladolid, La Rioja, Cantabria and Gerona (Spain).
1991 – Geologist in the project “Geophysical study of Strait of Gibraltar, from Punta Carnero to Cape Trafalgar”. Geophysical expedition financed by the Ministry of State Works and Transport (Spain).
2009 - present Member of the International Bryozoology Association
2005 - 2010 Member and Secretary of the Spanish working team of the IGCP 503: Palaeogeography and Ordovician palaeoclimate.
2013-present Member of the Science Forum group at the NHM.
2011-present Member of the Slide Group at the NHM.
2009-present Member of the Science Information Committee (SIC) and Representative for Palaeontology Department at NHM.
2009-present Member of the KE EMu Superuser Curation group at the NHM.
Historical fossil collections of Sloane, Pennant and König.
The Mantell Project.
Type and figured specimens.
Documenting Conulariid collection.
Lyell’s collections of mollusc and bryozoans from Gran Canaria.
Lyell’s collections of molluscs from Grand Canary. © Natural History Museum
Percentage of Lyell's molluscs from Grand Canary. © Consuelo Sendino
Bryozoans collected by Lyell from Canaries. © Natural History Museum
Paraconularia quadrisulcata. © Consuelo Sendino
Conulariids are extinct cnidarians, with a worldwide distribution in the fossil record. They have been found from the Ediacarian to the Triassic (however, some authors have recorded supposed Lower Jurassic conulariids). This comprises a geological duration of more than 400 million years, with 52 genera and 357 described species. The Natural History Museum in London houses specimens belonging to more than 11genera and 85 species.
They have four sided pyramidal exoskeletons made up of calcium phosphate. This is the hard part that is normally preserved from these organisms. Conulariids are usually found as solitary organisms, excepting some cases in North America, South America and Europe with conulariids clusters. This group of fossils has a great stratigraphical usefulness because of their cosmopolitan condition.
The Natural History Museum (NHM) in London contains the most diverse collection of conulariids in the world, containing an historical collection of conulariids that began in 1841, and includes contributions from one of the most important collectors of Palaeozoic invertebrates during the 19th century, Mrs Elizabeth Gray.
The wide geographical coverage of the NHM fossil collections reflects the extension of the British colonies across all continents, frequent exchanges with other museums, and the purchase of individual specimens and entire collections.
Pseudoconularia nobilis. Real). © Jesús Muñoz (MNCN, Madrid).
Majority of conulariids species seems to have been geographically widespread. But, scarce are they found in the Triassic from Avalonia and Palaeozoic from Iberian Peninsula. My recent research is focused in reworked Ordovician conulariids from the Triassic Budleigh Salterton Pebble Beds Formation (south Devon coast, England) with relevance to understanding the history of Avalonia and Armorica and specimens from the Darriwilian age of Central Iberian Zone (Spain) with implications about plate tectonic setting, confirming current palaeogeographical reconstructions of the Ordovician period at different northern Gondwana localities.
As well I have worked on cluster analysis with 38 genera including 286 species from a global database of Palaeozoic conulariids that includes 12040 specimens. The conulariids were evaluated using a range of statistical and graphical techniques, hierarchical cluster analysis, based on Dice Measure.
Considering the best stratigraphical record on conulariid specimens, which is in the Bohemian region and the Avalonia and Laurentia palaeocontinents, the greatest similarity is recorded between Bohemia and Avalonia rather than with Laurentia during the Cambrian and Ordovician times. In case of Silurian and Devonian, Bohemia has more similarity with Laurentia, and Laurentia is most similar to Avalonia. These relationships are stronger since the Carboniferous with a high degree of similarity among regions. This change is caused by the position of terranes so that conulariids support plate tectonics reconstructions.
New research on this group has been done according to the recent scyphozoan affinities, but a deep study on their systematic is necessary. Last attempts that include the family Conulariidae Walcott, 1886 were made by Moore & Harrington (1956), Hergarten (1985) and Sendino (2007) among others.
Specimen preserved in three dimensions from Ordovician of Prague Basin. © Consuelo Sendino
Current research includes study on conulariid symmetry and its comparison to current scyphozoans.
Most of these collections are from bryozoans and molluscs fossils and were collected in order to check his theory about volcanoes formation. His main interest in the Canaries concerned their volcanic history.
Symbiotic associations between bryozoans and other metazoans are common and can be recognized in fossils when they involve skeletal intergrowth. But it is also possible to interpret symbiosis in specimens preserved as external moulds as a result of overgrowth by bryozoans. This overgrowth pattern strongly suggests a life association. CT scanning of the specimen allows us to examine more fully how the bryozoan colony bioimmured the conulariids, preserving them in high fidelity.