As science has developed over the centuries, so too have the styles and techniques of natural history artists and image makers.
Here you can find out about some of the techniques used over the last 300 years and about the work of 3 modern-day artists.
Discover the work of Thomas Bewick and find out how his wood-block engravings helped revolutionise the printing of natural history illustrations.
Entomologist and artist Mark Russell paints striking images of weevils, using a microscope to study the tiniest details.
Metal-plate engraving and printing was used to produce some of the most wonderful and lavishly illustrated natural history books ever seen.
Avian paleontologist and artist Julian Pender Hume paints a new picture of the iconic dodo based on recent scientific evidence.
Explore myth, monsters and reality with artist Alice Shirley who has drawn an amazing life-size picture of the Museum’s giant squid.
Edward Wilson, a prominent figure of early Antarctic exploration, was not only a highly-regarded field naturalist but an accomplished self-taught illustrator. His great-nephew explains how he helped transform modern wildlife painting.