Dr Peter Grindrod

Dr Peter Grindrod

Research Leader

Department: Earth Sciences
Division: ES Mineral and Planetary Sciences Division
http://www.petergrindrod.net

Summary

My research is broadly concerned with understanding the evolution of the terrestrial planets and icy moons. I use techniques from different disciplines to address the key questions in planetary science that can only be answered with a cross-disciplinary approach. By studying the key processes that affect the evolution of different planetary bodies, my research addresses the majority of the recorded history of the Solar System. My current focus is the evolution of water and habitability on Mars.

Qualifications

Degrees

PGCE: Higher Education, Birkbeck, University of London, London, 2015 - 2016

PhD, University College London, London, 2002 - 2005

MSci, University College London, London, 1997 - 2001

Employment history

Academic

Lecturer, Birkbeck, University of London, Earth and Planetary Sciences, United Kingdom, 2013 - 2017

Advanced Research Fellow, University College London, Earth Sciences, United Kingdom, 2012 - 2013

Research Fellow, University College London, Earth Sciences, United Kingdom, 2008 - 2012

Post Doctoral Research Assistant, University College London, Earth Sciences, United Kingdom, 2005 - 2008

Non-academic

Explainer, Natural History Museum, United Kingdom, 2004 - 2005

Highlighted publications

Grindrod P, Warner N, Hobley D, Schwartz C, Gupta S (2018) Stepped fans and facies-equivalent phyllosilicates in Coprates Catena, Mars. Icarus, 307 : 260 - 280. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2017.10.030

Middleton CA, Grindrod PM, Sammonds PR (2017) The effect of rock particles and D 2 O replacement on the flow behaviour of ice. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 375 (2086) : 20150349 - 20150349. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0349

Davis J, Balme M, Grindrod P, Williams R, Gupta S (2016) Extensive Noachian fluvial systems in Arabia Terra: Implications for early Martian climate. Geology, 44 (10) : 847 - 850. doi: 10.1130/G38247.1

Harris J, Cousins C, Gunn M, Grindrod P, Barnes D, et al. (2015) Remote detection of past habitability at Mars-analogue hydrothermal alteration terrains using an ExoMars Panoramic Camera emulator. Icarus, 252 : 284 - 300. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2015.02.004

Warner NH, Gupta S, Calef F, Grindrod P, Boll N, et al. (2015) Minimum effective area for high resolution crater counting of martian terrains. Icarus, 245 : 198 - 240. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2014.09.024

Grindrod P, Warner N (2014) Erosion rate and previous extent of interior layered deposits on Mars revealed by obstructed landslides. Geology, 42 (9) : 795 - 798. doi: 10.1130/G35790.1

Grants

ExoMars TGO Guest Investigator Support: Active Surface Processes on Mars
Role: Principal investigator
Total value £305,645 (to Museum £305,645)
Dates: 2017 - 2020

Determining the Source Locations of Martian Meteorites: Non-Linear Unmixing
Role: Principal investigator
Total value £152,447 (to Museum £152,447)
Dates: 2017 - 2019

Committees

Member, UK Space Agency ExoMars Oversight Committee, 2018 - on going.

Member, UK Space Agency Aurora Grant Panel, 2018 - 2018.

Memberships

Other, ExoMars 2016 TGO - Guest Investigator.

Member, ExoMars 2020 - PanCam Science Team.

Publications

Harris JK, M. Grindrod P (2018) Hapke mixture modeling applied to VNIR spectra of mafic mineral mixtures and shergottites: Implications for quantitative analysis of satellite data. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 53 (6) : 1179 - 1206. doi: 10.1111/maps.13065

Grindrod P, Warner N, Hobley D, Schwartz C, Gupta S (2018) Stepped fans and facies-equivalent phyllosilicates in Coprates Catena, Mars. Icarus, 307 : 260 - 280. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2017.10.030

Middleton CA, Grindrod PM, Sammonds PR (2017) The effect of rock particles and D 2 O replacement on the flow behaviour of ice. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 375 (2086) : 20150349 - 20150349. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0349

Davis J, Balme M, Grindrod P, Williams R, Gupta S (2016) Extensive Noachian fluvial systems in Arabia Terra: Implications for early Martian climate. Geology, 44 (10) : 847 - 850. doi: 10.1130/G38247.1

Diot X, El-Maarry M, Schlunegger F, Norton K, Thomas N, Grindrod P, Chojnacki M (2016) Complex geomorphologic assemblage of terrains in association with the banded terrain in Hellas basin, Mars. Planetary and Space Science, 121 : 36 - 52. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2015.12.003

Diot X, El-Maarry MR, Guallini L, Schlunegger F, Norton KP, Thomas N, Sutton S, Grindrod PM (2015) An ice-rich flow origin for the banded terrain in the Hellas basin, Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 120 (12) : 2258 - 2276. doi: 10.1002/2015JE004956

Harris J, Cousins C, Gunn M, Grindrod P, Barnes D, Crawford I, Cross R, Coates A (2015) Remote detection of past habitability at Mars-analogue hydrothermal alteration terrains using an ExoMars Panoramic Camera emulator. Icarus, 252 : 284 - 300. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2015.02.004

Warner NH, Gupta S, Calef F, Grindrod P, Boll N, Goddard K (2015) Minimum effective area for high resolution crater counting of martian terrains. Icarus, 245 : 198 - 240. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2014.09.024

Diot X, El-Maarry M, Schlunegger F, Norton K, Thomas N, Grindrod P (2014) The geomorphology and morphometry of the banded terrain in Hellas basin, Mars. Planetary and Space Science, 101 : 118 - 134. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2014.06.013

Grindrod P, Warner N (2014) Erosion rate and previous extent of interior layered deposits on Mars revealed by obstructed landslides. Geology, 42 (9) : 795 - 798. doi: 10.1130/G35790.1

Poole W, Muller J-P, Gupta S, Grindrod PM (2014) Calibrating Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter pulse widths at Mars Science Laboratory candidate landing sites. Planetary and Space Science, 99 : 118 - 127. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2014.05.012

Soare R, Conway S, Pearce G, Dohm J, Grindrod P (2013) Possible crater-based pingos, paleolakes and periglacial landscapes at the high latitudes of Utopia Planitia, Mars. Icarus, 225 (2) : 971 - 981. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2012.08.041

De Rosa D, Bussey B, Cahill JT, Lutz T, Crawford IA, Hackwill T, van Gasselt S, Neukum G, Witte L, McGovern A, Grindrod PM, Carpenter JD (2012) Characterisation of potential landing sites for the European Space Agency's Lunar Lander project. Planetary and Space Science 74 (1) : 224 - 246. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2012.08.002

Grindrod PM, West M, Warner NH, Gupta S (2012) Formation of an Hesperian-aged sedimentary basin containing phyllosilicates in Coprates Catena, Mars. Icarus, 218 (1) : 178 - 195. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2011.11.027

Sefton-Nash E, Catling D, Wood S, Grindrod P, Teanby N (2012) Topographic, spectral and thermal inertia analysis of interior layered deposits in Iani Chaos, Mars. Icarus, 221 (1) : 20 - 42. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.036

Grindrod PM, Fawcett SA (2011) Possible climate-related signals in high-resolution topography of lobate debris aprons in Tempe Terra, Mars. Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (19) : n/a - n/a. doi: 10.1029/2011GL049295

Gowen R, Smith A, Fortes A, Barber S, Brown P, Church P, Collinson G, Coates A, Collins G, Crawford I, Dehant V, Chela-Flores J, Griffiths A, Grindrod P, Gurvits L, Hagermann A, Hussmann H, Jaumann R, Jones A, Joy K, Karatekin O, Miljkovic K, Palomba E, Pike W, Prieto-Ballesteros O, Raulin F, Sephton M, Sheridan S, Sims M, Storrie-Lombardi M, Ambrosi R, Fielding J, Fraser G, Gao Y, Jones G, Kargl G, Karl W, Macagnano A, Mukherjee A, Muller J, Phipps A, Pullan D, Richter L, Sohl F, Snape J, Sykes J, Wells N (2011) Penetrators for in situ subsurface investigations of Europa. Advances in Space Research, 48 (4) : 725 - 742. doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2010.06.026

Joy K, Crawford I, Grindrod P, Lintott C, Bamford S, Smith A, Cook A, Zoo M (2011) Moon Zoo: citizen science in lunar exploration. Astronomy & Geophysics, 52 (2) : 2.10 - 2.12. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-4004.2011.52210.x

Gallagher C, Balme M, Conway S, Grindrod P (2011) Sorted clastic stripes, lobes and associated gullies in high-latitude craters on Mars: Landforms indicative of very recent, polycyclic ground-ice thaw and liquid flows. Icarus, 211 (1) : 458 - 471. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2010.09.010

Grindrod PM, Stofan ER, Guest JE (2010) Volcanism and resurfacing on Venus at the full resolution of Magellan SAR data. Geophysical Research Letters, 37 (15) : n/a - n/a. doi: 10.1029/2010GL043424

Grindrod PM, Balme MR (2010) Groundwater processes in Hebes Chasma, Mars. Geophysical Research Letters, 37 (13) : n/a - n/a. doi: 10.1029/2010GL044122

Grindrod PM, Heap MJ, Fortes AD, Meredith PG, Wood IG, Trippetta F, Sammonds PR (2010) Experimental investigation of the mechanical properties of synthetic magnesium sulfate hydrates: Implications for the strength of hydrated deposits on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (E6) : doi: 10.1029/2009JE003552

GRINDROD P, FORTES A, NIMMO F, FELTHAM D, BRODHOLT J, VOCADLO L (2008) The long-term stability of a possible aqueous ammonium sulfate ocean inside Titan. Icarus, 197 (1) : 137 - 151. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2008.04.006

FORTES A, GRINDROD P, TRICKETT S, VOCADLO L (2007) Ammonium sulfate on Titan: Possible origin and role in cryovolcanism. Icarus, 188 (1) : 139 - 153. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2006.11.002

Fortes AD, Grindrod PM (2006) Modelling of possible mud volcanism on Titan. Icarus, 182 (2) : 550 - 558. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2005.11.013

Grindrod PM, Hoogenboom T (2006) Venus: The corona conundrum. Astronomy and Geophysics, 47 (3) : 3.16 - 3.21. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-4004.2006.47316.x

Grindrod P, Stofan E, Brian A, Guest J (2006) The geological evolution of Atai Mons, Venus: a volcano-corona 'hybrid'. Journal of the Geological Society, 163 (2) : 265 - 275. doi: 10.1144/0016-764904-502

Grindod PM, Guest JE (2006) 1:1.5,000,000 Geological Map of the Aglaonice Region on Venus. Journal of Maps, 2 (1) : 103 - 117. doi: 10.4113/jom.2006.57

Grindrod PM, Nimmo F, Stofan ER, Guest JE (2005) Strain at radially fractured centers on Venus. Journal of Geophysical Research, 110 (E12) : doi: 10.1029/2005JE002416

Stofan ER, Smrekar SE, Tapper SW, Guest JE, Grindrod PM (2001) Preliminary analysis of an expanded corona database for Venus. Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (22) : 4267 - 4270. doi: 10.1029/2001GL013307

Introduction

Summary

My research is broadly concerned with understanding the evolution of the terrestrial planets and icy moons. I use techniques from different disciplines to address the key questions in planetary science that can only be answered with a cross-disciplinary approach. By studying the key processes that affect the evolution of different planetary bodies, my research addresses the majority of the recorded history of the Solar System. My current focus is the evolution of water and habitability on Mars.

Qualifications

Degrees

PGCE: Higher Education, Birkbeck, University of London, London, 2015 - 2016

PhD, University College London, London, 2002 - 2005

MSci, University College London, London, 1997 - 2001

Employment history

Academic

Lecturer, Birkbeck, University of London, Earth and Planetary Sciences, United Kingdom, 2013 - 2017

Advanced Research Fellow, University College London, Earth Sciences, United Kingdom, 2012 - 2013

Research Fellow, University College London, Earth Sciences, United Kingdom, 2008 - 2012

Post Doctoral Research Assistant, University College London, Earth Sciences, United Kingdom, 2005 - 2008

Non-academic

Explainer, Natural History Museum, United Kingdom, 2004 - 2005

Highlighted publications

Grindrod P, Warner N, Hobley D, Schwartz C, Gupta S (2018) Stepped fans and facies-equivalent phyllosilicates in Coprates Catena, Mars. Icarus, 307 : 260 - 280. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2017.10.030

Middleton CA, Grindrod PM, Sammonds PR (2017) The effect of rock particles and D 2 O replacement on the flow behaviour of ice. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 375 (2086) : 20150349 - 20150349. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0349

Davis J, Balme M, Grindrod P, Williams R, Gupta S (2016) Extensive Noachian fluvial systems in Arabia Terra: Implications for early Martian climate. Geology, 44 (10) : 847 - 850. doi: 10.1130/G38247.1

Harris J, Cousins C, Gunn M, Grindrod P, Barnes D, et al. (2015) Remote detection of past habitability at Mars-analogue hydrothermal alteration terrains using an ExoMars Panoramic Camera emulator. Icarus, 252 : 284 - 300. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2015.02.004

Warner NH, Gupta S, Calef F, Grindrod P, Boll N, et al. (2015) Minimum effective area for high resolution crater counting of martian terrains. Icarus, 245 : 198 - 240. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2014.09.024

Grindrod P, Warner N (2014) Erosion rate and previous extent of interior layered deposits on Mars revealed by obstructed landslides. Geology, 42 (9) : 795 - 798. doi: 10.1130/G35790.1

Projects

Grants

ExoMars TGO Guest Investigator Support: Active Surface Processes on Mars
Role: Principal investigator
Total value £305,645 (to Museum £305,645)
Dates: 2017 - 2020

Determining the Source Locations of Martian Meteorites: Non-Linear Unmixing
Role: Principal investigator
Total value £152,447 (to Museum £152,447)
Dates: 2017 - 2019

Professional activities

Committees

Member, UK Space Agency ExoMars Oversight Committee, 2018 - on going.

Member, UK Space Agency Aurora Grant Panel, 2018 - 2018.

Memberships

Other, ExoMars 2016 TGO - Guest Investigator.

Member, ExoMars 2020 - PanCam Science Team.

Publications

Publications

Harris JK, M. Grindrod P (2018) Hapke mixture modeling applied to VNIR spectra of mafic mineral mixtures and shergottites: Implications for quantitative analysis of satellite data. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 53 (6) : 1179 - 1206. doi: 10.1111/maps.13065

Grindrod P, Warner N, Hobley D, Schwartz C, Gupta S (2018) Stepped fans and facies-equivalent phyllosilicates in Coprates Catena, Mars. Icarus, 307 : 260 - 280. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2017.10.030

Middleton CA, Grindrod PM, Sammonds PR (2017) The effect of rock particles and D 2 O replacement on the flow behaviour of ice. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 375 (2086) : 20150349 - 20150349. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0349

Davis J, Balme M, Grindrod P, Williams R, Gupta S (2016) Extensive Noachian fluvial systems in Arabia Terra: Implications for early Martian climate. Geology, 44 (10) : 847 - 850. doi: 10.1130/G38247.1

Diot X, El-Maarry M, Schlunegger F, Norton K, Thomas N, Grindrod P, Chojnacki M (2016) Complex geomorphologic assemblage of terrains in association with the banded terrain in Hellas basin, Mars. Planetary and Space Science, 121 : 36 - 52. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2015.12.003

Diot X, El-Maarry MR, Guallini L, Schlunegger F, Norton KP, Thomas N, Sutton S, Grindrod PM (2015) An ice-rich flow origin for the banded terrain in the Hellas basin, Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 120 (12) : 2258 - 2276. doi: 10.1002/2015JE004956

Harris J, Cousins C, Gunn M, Grindrod P, Barnes D, Crawford I, Cross R, Coates A (2015) Remote detection of past habitability at Mars-analogue hydrothermal alteration terrains using an ExoMars Panoramic Camera emulator. Icarus, 252 : 284 - 300. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2015.02.004

Warner NH, Gupta S, Calef F, Grindrod P, Boll N, Goddard K (2015) Minimum effective area for high resolution crater counting of martian terrains. Icarus, 245 : 198 - 240. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2014.09.024

Diot X, El-Maarry M, Schlunegger F, Norton K, Thomas N, Grindrod P (2014) The geomorphology and morphometry of the banded terrain in Hellas basin, Mars. Planetary and Space Science, 101 : 118 - 134. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2014.06.013

Grindrod P, Warner N (2014) Erosion rate and previous extent of interior layered deposits on Mars revealed by obstructed landslides. Geology, 42 (9) : 795 - 798. doi: 10.1130/G35790.1

Poole W, Muller J-P, Gupta S, Grindrod PM (2014) Calibrating Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter pulse widths at Mars Science Laboratory candidate landing sites. Planetary and Space Science, 99 : 118 - 127. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2014.05.012

Soare R, Conway S, Pearce G, Dohm J, Grindrod P (2013) Possible crater-based pingos, paleolakes and periglacial landscapes at the high latitudes of Utopia Planitia, Mars. Icarus, 225 (2) : 971 - 981. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2012.08.041

De Rosa D, Bussey B, Cahill JT, Lutz T, Crawford IA, Hackwill T, van Gasselt S, Neukum G, Witte L, McGovern A, Grindrod PM, Carpenter JD (2012) Characterisation of potential landing sites for the European Space Agency's Lunar Lander project. Planetary and Space Science 74 (1) : 224 - 246. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2012.08.002

Grindrod PM, West M, Warner NH, Gupta S (2012) Formation of an Hesperian-aged sedimentary basin containing phyllosilicates in Coprates Catena, Mars. Icarus, 218 (1) : 178 - 195. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2011.11.027

Sefton-Nash E, Catling D, Wood S, Grindrod P, Teanby N (2012) Topographic, spectral and thermal inertia analysis of interior layered deposits in Iani Chaos, Mars. Icarus, 221 (1) : 20 - 42. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.036

Grindrod PM, Fawcett SA (2011) Possible climate-related signals in high-resolution topography of lobate debris aprons in Tempe Terra, Mars. Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (19) : n/a - n/a. doi: 10.1029/2011GL049295

Gowen R, Smith A, Fortes A, Barber S, Brown P, Church P, Collinson G, Coates A, Collins G, Crawford I, Dehant V, Chela-Flores J, Griffiths A, Grindrod P, Gurvits L, Hagermann A, Hussmann H, Jaumann R, Jones A, Joy K, Karatekin O, Miljkovic K, Palomba E, Pike W, Prieto-Ballesteros O, Raulin F, Sephton M, Sheridan S, Sims M, Storrie-Lombardi M, Ambrosi R, Fielding J, Fraser G, Gao Y, Jones G, Kargl G, Karl W, Macagnano A, Mukherjee A, Muller J, Phipps A, Pullan D, Richter L, Sohl F, Snape J, Sykes J, Wells N (2011) Penetrators for in situ subsurface investigations of Europa. Advances in Space Research, 48 (4) : 725 - 742. doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2010.06.026

Joy K, Crawford I, Grindrod P, Lintott C, Bamford S, Smith A, Cook A, Zoo M (2011) Moon Zoo: citizen science in lunar exploration. Astronomy & Geophysics, 52 (2) : 2.10 - 2.12. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-4004.2011.52210.x

Gallagher C, Balme M, Conway S, Grindrod P (2011) Sorted clastic stripes, lobes and associated gullies in high-latitude craters on Mars: Landforms indicative of very recent, polycyclic ground-ice thaw and liquid flows. Icarus, 211 (1) : 458 - 471. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2010.09.010

Grindrod PM, Stofan ER, Guest JE (2010) Volcanism and resurfacing on Venus at the full resolution of Magellan SAR data. Geophysical Research Letters, 37 (15) : n/a - n/a. doi: 10.1029/2010GL043424

Grindrod PM, Balme MR (2010) Groundwater processes in Hebes Chasma, Mars. Geophysical Research Letters, 37 (13) : n/a - n/a. doi: 10.1029/2010GL044122

Grindrod PM, Heap MJ, Fortes AD, Meredith PG, Wood IG, Trippetta F, Sammonds PR (2010) Experimental investigation of the mechanical properties of synthetic magnesium sulfate hydrates: Implications for the strength of hydrated deposits on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (E6) : doi: 10.1029/2009JE003552

GRINDROD P, FORTES A, NIMMO F, FELTHAM D, BRODHOLT J, VOCADLO L (2008) The long-term stability of a possible aqueous ammonium sulfate ocean inside Titan. Icarus, 197 (1) : 137 - 151. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2008.04.006

FORTES A, GRINDROD P, TRICKETT S, VOCADLO L (2007) Ammonium sulfate on Titan: Possible origin and role in cryovolcanism. Icarus, 188 (1) : 139 - 153. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2006.11.002

Fortes AD, Grindrod PM (2006) Modelling of possible mud volcanism on Titan. Icarus, 182 (2) : 550 - 558. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2005.11.013

Grindrod PM, Hoogenboom T (2006) Venus: The corona conundrum. Astronomy and Geophysics, 47 (3) : 3.16 - 3.21. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-4004.2006.47316.x

Grindrod P, Stofan E, Brian A, Guest J (2006) The geological evolution of Atai Mons, Venus: a volcano-corona 'hybrid'. Journal of the Geological Society, 163 (2) : 265 - 275. doi: 10.1144/0016-764904-502

Grindod PM, Guest JE (2006) 1:1.5,000,000 Geological Map of the Aglaonice Region on Venus. Journal of Maps, 2 (1) : 103 - 117. doi: 10.4113/jom.2006.57

Grindrod PM, Nimmo F, Stofan ER, Guest JE (2005) Strain at radially fractured centers on Venus. Journal of Geophysical Research, 110 (E12) : doi: 10.1029/2005JE002416

Stofan ER, Smrekar SE, Tapper SW, Guest JE, Grindrod PM (2001) Preliminary analysis of an expanded corona database for Venus. Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (22) : 4267 - 4270. doi: 10.1029/2001GL013307