Dr Paul Kenrick

Dr Paul Kenrick

Researcher, Head of Division

Department: Earth Sciences
Division: ES Invertebrates and Plants Palaeobiology
Contact: email

Phones:
work: 02079425586
mobile: 07906852388

Specialisms

Fossil Plants, Palaeobotany, Plant Evolution

Summary

I am a palaeobotanist whose scientific research focuses on the early evolution of life on land and its broader impact on key Earth Systems (e.g., carbon cycle). Current interests include the development of soil ecosystems, the origin and evolution of plant organs and tissues systems, and the co-evolution of plants and fungi.

Qualifications

Degrees

PhD, Cardiff University, United Kingdom

BSc, Department of Plant Science, Cardiff University, United Kingdom

Employment history

Academic

Research Scientist, Fossil Plants, The Natural History Museum, Earth Sciences, London, 1998 - ongoing

Visiting Professor, Oxford University, Plant Sciences, United Kingdom, 2008 - 2011

Curator, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Palaeobotany, Sweden, 1993 - 1998

Assistant Curator, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Palaeobotany, Sweden, 1991 - 1993

Publications

Selosse M-A, Strullu-Derrien C, Martin FM, Kamoun S, Kenrick P (2015) Plants, fungi and oomycetes: a 400-million year affair that shapes the biosphere. New Phytologist, 206 (2): 501 - 506. doi: 10.1111/nph.13371

Edwards D, Kenrick P (2015) The early evolution of land plants, from fossils to genomics: a commentary on Lang (1937) 'On the plant-remains from the Downtonian of England and Wales'. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 370 (1666): 20140343 - 20140343. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0343

Steart DC, Spencer ART, Garwood RJ, Hilton J, Munt MC, Needham J, Kenrick P (2014) X-ray Synchrotron Microtomography of a silicified Jurassic Cheirolepidiaceae (Conifer) cone: histology and morphology of Pararaucaria collinsonae sp. nov.. PeerJ, 2 doi: 10.7717/peerj.624

Kenrick P, Strullu-Derrien C (2014) The Origin and Early Evolution of Roots. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, 166 (2): 570 - 580. doi: 10.1104/pp.114.244517

Strullu-Derrien C, Kenrick P, Pressel S, Duckett JG, Rioult J-P, Strullu D-G (2014) Fungal associations in Horneophyton ligneri from the Rhynie Chert (c. 407 million year old) closely resemble those in extant lower land plants: novel insights into ancestral plant–fungus symbioses. New Phytologist, 203 (3): 964 - 979. doi: 10.1111/nph.12805

Edwards D, Morris JL, Richardson JB, Kenrick P (2014) Cryptospores and cryptophytes reveal hidden diversity in early land floras. New Phytologist, 202 (1): 50 - 78. doi: 10.1111/nph.12645

Strullu-Derrien C, Kenrick P, Tafforeau P, Cochard H, Bonnemain J-L, Le Hérissé A, Lardeux H, Badel E (2014) The earliest wood and its hydraulic properties documented in c. 407-million-year-old fossils using synchrotron microtomography. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 175 (3): 423 - 437. doi: 10.1111/boj.12175

Kenrick P (2013) Glossopteris - the legacy of Gondwana. , Fründt R, The Munich Show - Mineralientage München - 2013., pp. 116 - 117. Wachholtz Verlag. Neumünster / Hamburg.

Kenrick P (2013) The origin of roots. , , Plant roots: the hidden half., pp. 1 - 13. Taylor & Francis, London.

Strullu-Derien C, Kenrick P, Badel E, Cochard H, Tafforeau P (2013) An overview of the hydraulic systems in early land plants. IAWA Journal, 34 (4): 333 - 351. doi: 10.1163/22941932-00000029

Kenrick P, Wellman CH, Schneider H, Edgecombe GD (2012) A timeline for terrestrialization: consequences for the carbon cycle in the Palaeozoic. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 367 (1588): 519 - 536. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0271

Strullu-Derrien C, Kenrick P, Rioult JP, Strullu DG (2011) Evidence of parasitic Oomycetes (Peronosporomycetes) infecting the stem cortex of the Carboniferous seed fern Lyginopteris oldhamia. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 278 (1706): 675 - 680. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.1603

Kenrick P (2011) Timescales and timetrees. New Phytologist, 192 (1): 3 - 6. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03856.x

Butler RJ, Barrett PM, Penn MG, Kenrick P (2010) Testing coevolutionary hypotheses over geological timescales: interactions between Cretaceous dinosaurs and plants. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 100 (1): 1 - 15. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2010.01401.x

Butler RJ, Barrett PM, Kenrick P, Penn MG (2009) Diversity patterns amongst herbivorous dinosaurs and plants during the Cretaceous: implications for hypotheses of dinosaur/angiosperm co-evolution. Journal of evolutionary biology, 22 (3): 446 - 459. doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2008.01680.x

Butler RJ, Barrett PM, Kenrick P, Penn MG (2009) Testing co-evolutionary hypotheses over geological timescales: interactions between Mesozoic non-avian dinosaurs and cycads. Biological Reviews, 84 (1): 73 - 89. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.2008.00065.x

Ensom P, Kenrick P, Edmonds R, Cripps J, Hayes P (2009) A fossil tree trunk in the Intermarine Member, Durlston Formation, Purbeck Limestone Group of Dorset, southern England. Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society, 130 : 183 - 187.

Bateman RM, Kenrick P, Rothwell GW (2007) Do eligulate herbaceous lycopsids occur in Carboniferous strata?< i> Hestia eremosa gen. et sp. nov. from the Mississippian of Oxroad Bay, East Lothian, Scotland. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 144 : 323 - 335. doi: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2006.08.002

Kenrick P (2007) A palaeobotanist finds answers to the origin of roots in the genes of a living moss. Nature, 448 : 515 - 515.

Kenrick P (2007) Gymnosperm Phylogeny. , , Brief History of the Gymnosperms: classification, biodiversity, phytogeography and ecology., pp. 18 - 19. South Africa National Biodiversity Institute, Pret.

DeVore ML, Kenrick P, Pigg KB, Ketcham RA (2006) Utility of high resolution x-ray computed tomography (HRXCT) for paleobotanical studies: an example using London Clay fruits and seeds. American journal of botany, 93 (12): 1848 - 1851. doi: 10.3732/ajb.93.12.1848

KENRICK P, Vinther J (2006) Chaetocladus gracilis n. sp. a non-calcified Dasycladales from the Upper Silurian of Skåne Sweden. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 142 : 153 - 160. doi: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2006.03.023

Korall P, Kenrick P (2004) The phylogenetic history of Selaginellaceae based on DNA sequences from the plastid and nucleus: extreme substitution rates and rate heterogeneity. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 31 (3): 852 - 864. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2003.10.014

Forey PL, Fortey RA, Kenrick P, Smith AB (2004) Taxonomy and fossils: a critical appraisal. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 359 (1444): 639 - 653. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2003.1453

Kenrick P, Davis P, others . , (2004) Fossil plants.. Natural History Museum.

Kenrick P, Selley RC, Cocks LRM, Plimer IR (2004) Angiosperms. , , null.. Elsevier.

Kenrick P, Selley RC, Cocks LRM, Plimer IR (2004) Gymnosperms. , , null.. Elsevier.

Hilton J, Geng B, Kenrick P (2003) A novel Late Devonian (Frasnian) woody cladoxylopsid from China. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 164 (5): 793 - 805. doi: 10.1086/376815

KENRICK P (2003) Fishing for the first plants. Nature, 425 (6955): 248 - 249. doi: 10.1038/425248a

Wikström N, Kenrick P, Vogel JC (2002) Schizaeaceae: a phylogenetic approach. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 119 : 35 - 50. doi: 10.1016/S0034-6667(01)00128-2

Korall P, Kenrick P (2002) Phylogenetic relationships in Selaginellaceae based on rbcL sequences. American Journal of Botany, 89 (3): 506 - 517. doi: 10.3732/ajb.89.3.506

Kenrick P (2002) The telome theory. , , null., pp. 365 - 387. London; Chapman & Hall; 1998.

Schneider H, Kenrick P (2001) An Early Cretaceous root-climbing epiphyte (Lindsaeaceae) and its significance for calibrating the diversification of polypodiaceous ferns. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 115 : 33 - 41. doi: 10.1016/S0034-6667(01)00048-3

Wikström N, Kenrick P (2001) Evolution of Lycopodiaceae (Lycopsida): Estimating Divergence Times from< i> rbcL Gene Sequences by Use of Nonparametric Rate Smoothing. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 19 (2): 177 - 186. doi: 10.1006/mpev.2001.0936

Kenrick P (2001) Palaeontology: Turning over a new leaf. Nature, 410 (6826): 309 - 310. doi: 10.1038/35066649

Kenrick P (2000) The relationships of vascular plants. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 355 (1398): 847 - 855. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2000.0619

Kenrick P, al E (2000) Cretaceous plant fossils from the Kohung area, Chonnam, Korea. Journal of the Paleontological Society of Korea, 16 : 45 - 56.

Wikström N, Kenrick P (2000) Phylogeny of epiphytic Huperzia (Lycopodiaceae): paleotropical and neotropical clades corroborated by rbcL sequences. Nordic Journal of Botany, 20 (2): 165 - 171. doi: 10.1111/j.1756-1051.2000.tb01561.x

Wikström N, Kenrick P (2000) Relationships of Lycopodium and Lycopodiella based on combined plastid rbcL gene and trnL intron sequence data. Systematic Botany, 25 (3): 495 - 510. doi: 10.2307/2666692

You HS, Kenrick P, al E (2000) Palaeodepositional environment of the Cretaceous Hampyeong Basin, southwestern Korea. Journal of the Korean Earth Science Society, 21 : 683 - 694.

Kenrick P, Kvaček Z, Bengtson S (1999) Semblant land plants from the Middle Ordovician of the Prague Basin reinterpreted as animals. Palaeontology, 42 (6): 991 - 1002. doi: 10.1111/1475-4983.00106

Kenrick P (1999) Botany: The family tree flowers. Nature, 402 (6760): 358 - 359. doi: 10.1038/46437

Korall P, Kenrick P, Therrien JP (1999) Phylogeny of Selaginellaceae: evaluation of generic/subgeneric relationships based on rbcL gene sequences. International journal of plant sciences, 160 (3): 585 - 594. doi: 10.1086/314137

Zhu W-Q, Kenrick P (1999) A< i> Zosterophyllum-like plant from the Lower Devonian of Yunnan Province, China. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 105 : 111 - 118. doi: 10.1016/S0034-6667(98)00070-0

Kenrick P (1999) Opaque petrifaction techniques. , , Fossil plants and spores: modern techniques., pp. 87 - 91. Geological Society, London.

Wikström N, Kenrick P, Chase M (1999) Epiphytism and terrestrialization in tropicalHuperzia (Lycopodiaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution, 218 : 221 - 243. doi: 10.1007/BF01089229

Wellman CH, Thomas RG, Edwards D, Kenrick P (1998) The Cosheston Group (Lower Old Red Sandstone) in southwest Wales: age, correlation and palaeobotanical significance. Geological Magazine, 135 (3): 397 - 412. doi: 10.1017/S0016756898008723

Bateman RM, Crane PR, DiMichele WA, Kenrick PR, Rowe NP, Speck T, Stein WE (1998) Early evolution of land plants: phylogeny, physiology, and ecology of the primary terrestrial radiation. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 29 (1): 263 - 292. doi: 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.29.1.263

Kenrick P, Li C-S (1998) An early, non-calcified, dasycladalean alga from the Lower Devonian of Yunnan Province, China. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 100 : 73 - 88.

Crane PR, Kenrick P (1997) Diverted development of reproductive organs: a source of morphological innovation in land plants. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 206 : 161 - 174.

Kenrick P, Crane PR. , (1997) The origin and early diversification of land plants: a cladistic study. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington. 441

Kenrick P, Crane PR (1997) The origin and early evolution of plants on land. Nature, 389 : 33 - 39. doi: 10.1038/37918

Wikström N, Kenrick P (1997) Phylogeny of Lycopodiaceae (Lycopsida) and the relationships of Phylloglossum drummondii Kunze based on rbcL sequences. International Journal of Plant Sciences, : 862 - 871.

Crane PR, Kenrick P (1996) Problems in cladistic classification: higher-level relationships in land plants. Aliso, 15 : 87 - 104.

Kenrick P, Friis EM (1995) Paleobotany of land plants. , , Progress in botany., pp. 372 - 395. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

KENRICK P (1994) Alternation of generations in land plants: new phylogenetic and palaeobotanical evidence. Biological Reviews, 69 : 293 - 330.

Kenrick P (1991) The structure of the water-conducting cells in the enigmatic early land plants Stockmansella langii Fairon-Demaret, Huvenia kleui Hass et Remy and Sciadophyton sp. Remy et al. 1980. Argumenta Palaeobotanica, 8 : 179 - 191.

Kenrick P, Crane PR (1991) Water-conducting cells in early fossil land plants: implications for the early evolution of tracheophytes. Botanical Gazette, : 335 - 356.

Kenrick P, Edwards D, Dales RC (1991) Novel ultrastructure in water-conducting cells of the Lower Devonian plant Sennicaulis hippocrepiformis. Palaeontology, 34 : 751 - 766.

KENRICK P, FAIRON-DEMARET M (1991) Archaeopteris roemeriana (Göppert) sensu Stockmans, 1948 from the Upper Famennian of Belgium: anatomy and leaf polymorphism. Bulletin-Institut royal des sciences naturelles de Belgique. Sciences de la terre, 61 : 179 - 195.

Edwards D, Kenrick P, Carluccio LM (1989) A reconsideration of cf. Psilophyton princeps (Croft & Lang, 1942), a zosterophyll widespread in the Lower Old Red Sandstone of South Wales. Botanical journal of the Linnean Society, 100 (4): 293 - 318. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1989.tb01723.x

Kenrick P, Edwards D (1988) A new zosterophyll from a recently discovered exposure of the Lower Devonian Senni Beds in Dyfed, Wales*. Botanical journal of the Linnean Society, 98 (2): 97 - 115. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1988.tb01698.x

Kenrick P, Edwards D (1988) The anatomy of Lower Devonian Gosslingia breconensis Heard based on pyritized axes, with some comments on the permineralization process. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 97 (2): 95 - 123. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1988.tb02456.x

EDWARDS D, Kenrick P (1986) A new zosterophyll from the Lower Devonian of Wales. Botanical journal of the Linnean Society, 92 (3): 269 - 283. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1986.tb01432.x

Edwards D, Rose V, Axe LP, Kenrick P (1986) Studies on Lower Devonian petrifactions from Britain, 3. Notes on putative fungal remains in zosterophylls from the Brecon Beacons, Powys, South Wales. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 48 : 241 - 251. doi: 10.1016/0034-6667(86)90060-6

Highlighted publications

Kenrick P, Strullu-Derrien C (2014) The Origin and Early Evolution of Roots. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, 166 (2): 570 - 580. doi: 10.1104/pp.114.244517

Edwards D, Morris JL, Richardson JB, Kenrick P (2014) Cryptospores and cryptophytes reveal hidden diversity in early land floras. New Phytologist, 202 (1): 50 - 78. doi: 10.1111/nph.12645

Kenrick P, Wellman CH, Schneider H, Edgecombe GD (2012) A timeline for terrestrialization: consequences for the carbon cycle in the Palaeozoic. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 367 (1588): 519 - 536. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0271

Wikström N, Kenrick P (2001) Evolution of Lycopodiaceae (Lycopsida): Estimating Divergence Times from< i> rbcL Gene Sequences by Use of Nonparametric Rate Smoothing. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 19 (2): 177 - 186. doi: 10.1006/mpev.2001.0936

Kenrick P, Crane PR. , (1997) The origin and early diversification of land plants: a cladistic study. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington. 441

Kenrick P, Crane PR (1997) The origin and early evolution of plants on land. Nature, 389 : 33 - 39. doi: 10.1038/37918