Prof Norman MacLeod

Prof Norman MacLeod

Researcher

Department: Earth Sciences
Division: ES Invertebrates and Plants Palaeobiology
Phone: 0207 942-5204
Norman MacLeod CV

Specialisms

Biometry, Extinctions, Morphometrics, Quantitative Data Analysis, Stratigraphy

Summary

Norman MacLeod (BSc, MSc, PhD, FGS, FLS) is Dean of Post-Graduate Education and Training at the Natural History Museum (London). Honorary Professor at University College London and Visiting Professor at the Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is the editor of Automated Taxon Identification in Systematics: Theory, Approaches, and Applications (CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2007, http://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9780849382055), the author of The Great Extinctions: What Causes Them and How They Shape Life (Natural History Museum, 2013, http://www.nhm.ac.uk/business-centre/publishing/books/earth/great-extinctions/index.html), the Editor-in-Chief of Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, 2nd ed., 2 vols. (Gale-Cengage, 2013, http://www.cengage.com/search/productOverview.do;jsessionid=4EBB42963ECF0CFB547FCB0A490E4003?N=197&Ntk=P_EPI&Ntt=485547245146856566516057212231962043842&Ntx=mode+matchallpartial#Overview) which received an Honourable Mention Professional and Scholarly Excellence (PROSE) Award: Multivolume Reference/Science category in 2014 by the Association of American Publishers (see http://www.proseawards.com/current-winners.html) and the co-editor of Issues in Palaeobiology: A Global View—Interviews and Essays (with Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra; Scidinge Hall, 2014, http://www.amazon.com/Issues-Palaeobiology-Global-Interviews-Essays/dp/3905923173). He is currently writing a book on the mathematical analysis of morphology. Professor MacLeod also serves as Co-Chief Editor of Palaeoworld (a Chinese palaeontology journal), Associate Editor of the journal Systematic Biology, and an Editorial Board Member of the journal Royal Society Proceedings B (Biological Sciences). Professor MacLeod has a wide range of research interests. He is perhaps best known for his work documenting patterns and understanding the causes of Phanerozoic extinctions, especially the end-Cretaceous mass extinction event where he is a leading proponent of the multiple-cause model. Equal in terms of output and prominence is his theoretical, methodological, and applied work in the field of morphometrics where he was an early proponent of geometric morphometrics, the use of outline semilandmarks to characterize form and shape, the morphometric characterization of 3D surfaces, and most recently the application of computer vision and machine learning methods to the analysis of morphology. Other research interests include macroevolution, evolutionary rates, quantitative biostratigraphy (esp. graphic correlation), applied statistics, and quantitative data analysis (esp. multivariate ordination, discriminant analysis, Monte Carlo simulation, bootstrapping, and jackknifing). In addition to his scientific research Prof. MacLeod has developed minor intellectual sidelines in art history picture analysis (esp. with regard to scientific images) and the effect of human evolutionary biology and climate change on human history.

Qualifications

Degrees

PhD, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, 1981 - 1986

MSc, Southern Mathodist University, Dallas, Texas, 1978 - 1980

BSc, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, 1971 - 1975

Employment history

Academic

Dean of Postgraduate Education & Training, Natural History Museum, United Kingdom, 2013 - ongoing

Honorary Professor, University College London, Geoscience, UK, 2010 - ongoing

Visiting Professor, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiwan, Province of China, 2011 - ongoing

Grants

Sir Grafton Elliot Smith and the Archaeological Survey of Nubia: their significance to the palaeopathological tradition
Role: Principal investigator
Funding: Wellcome Trust
Total value £158,809 (to Museum £12,268)
Dates: 2010 - 2013

Other projects

Using wing morphometrics to develop an automated identification system
Role: Researcher
Funding: Museum development

Editorships

Editor in chief, Palaeoworld, Elsevier, 2014 - on going.

Associate editor, Systematic Biology, Oxford Journals, 2011 - on going.

Board member, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, The Royal Society, 2011 - on going.

Publications

Macleod N (2015) Use of landmark and outline morphometrics to investigate thecal form variation in crushed gogiid echinoderms. Palaeoworld, 24 (4) : 408 - 429. doi: 10.1016/j.palwor.2015.07.004

Macleod N (null) The direct analysis of digital images (eigenimage) with a comment on the use of discriminant analysis in morphometrics.. Lestrel PE (Eds). Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Biological Shape Analysis, World Scientific : Singapore.

Macleod N (null) A comparison of alternative form-characterization approaches to the automated identification of biological species., In: Patterns in Nature, Hamilton A, Pierson E (Eds). University of California Press, : Berkeley, California. 1 - 18.

Macleod N, Steart D (2015) Automated leaf physiognomic character identification from digital images. Paleobiology, 41 (04) : 528 - 553. doi: 10.1017/pab.2015.13

Koh J, Macleod N, Dee R, Percy D (2015) Assessing the utility of psyllid wing variation for geographic and taxonomic identification. Program and Abstracts. O'Neill M (Eds). 2015 Royal Entomological Society Electronic and Computing Technology Special Interest Group, The Royal Entomological Society : London. 15 - 15.

Macleod N (2015) Automated assessment and identification of vertebrate morphology from images and 3d models: making the jump from geometric morphometrics to computer vision, artificial intelligence & deep learning, In: Programme with Abstracts, 75th Annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, MacKenzie A, Maxwell E, Miller-Camp J (Eds). Society of Vertebrate Paleontology : Dallas, Texas.

Macleod N (2015) Making the jump from geometric morphometrics to computer vision, artificial intelligence & deep learning, In: Abstracts wth programme, 4th international symposium on biological shape analysis, Lestrel PE (Eds). University of Califiornia, Los Angeles : Los Angeles, California. 15 - 16.

Macleod N (2015) Automated assessment and identification of vertebrate morphology from 2d/3d landmarks & images: making the jump from geometric morphometrics to computer vision, artificial intelligence & deep learning. MacKenzie A, Maxwell E, Miller-Camp J (Eds). 75th Annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Meeting Program & Abstracts, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology : Dallas, Texas.

Macleod N (2015) Making the jump from geometric morphometrics to computer vision, artificial intelligence & deep learning. Lestrel PE (Eds). 4th Biological Shape Analysis Symposium, University of California, Los Angeles : University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

Macleod N (2015) The morphometric assessment of archaeological objects: principles, practices & prospectus. Hoggard C, Stark S (Eds). MORPH2015, University of Southampton : Department of Archaeology, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Macleod N (2015) The morphometric assessment of archaeological objects: principles, practices and prospectus, In: MORPH 2015: a conference on the archaeological applications of morphometrics, Hoggard C, Stark S (Eds). University of Southampton : Southampton, UK.

Macleod N, Hall MJR, Wardhana AH (2015) Automated identification of Old World screwworm fly populations from wing images. ONeill M (Eds). Electronic & Computing Technology Special Interest Group Meeting, Royal Entomological Society : Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, UK.

Macleod N, Hall MJR, Wardhana AH (2015) Automated identification of old world screwworm fly (OWSF) populations from wing images, In: Program and Abstracts of the 2015 Royal Entomological Society Electronic and Computing Technology Special Interest Group, Kew Gardens, Richmond, O'Neill M (Eds). The Royal Entomological Society : London.

Macleod N, Hall MJ, Wardhana AH (2015) Automated identification of adult blowflies from wing images. Vanin S (Eds). European Association for Forensic Entomology Conference, European Association for Forensic Entomology : University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.

Macleod N, Hall MJR, Wardhana AH (2015) Automated identification of old world screwworm fly (OWSF) populations from wing images. [Program and Abstracts]. O'Neill M (Eds). Royal Entomological Society Electronic and Computing Technology Special Interest Group, The Royal Entomological Society : London.

Tennant JP, Macleod N (2014) Snout Shape in Extant Ruminants. PLoS ONE, 9 (11) : e112035 - e112035. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112035

Hall MJR, Macleod N, Wardhana AH (2014) Use of wing morphometrics to identify populations of the Old World screwworm fly, Chrysomya bezziana (Diptera: Calliphoridae): A preliminary study of the utility of museum specimens. Acta Tropica, 138 : S49 - S55. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2014.03.023

Macleod N (2014) Molecular analysis of 'anomalous primate' hair samples: a commentary on Sykes et al.. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281 (1789) : 20140843 - 20140843. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.0843

Macleod N (2014) Historical inquiry as a distributed, nomothetic, evolutionary discipline.. The American Historical Review, 119 (5) : 1608 - 1620.

Macleod N (2014) Biozones., In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences., Elias SA (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 1 - 12.

Macleod N (2014) Overview of End Cretaceous Extinctions., In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Elias SA (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 1 - 13.

Macleod N (2014) Overview of the Cretaceous Period., In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Elias SA (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 1 - 14.

Macleod N (2014) Stratigraphic principles., In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Elias SA (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 1 - 10.

Macleod N (2014) Norman MacLeod (Interview)., In: Issues in paleobiology: a global view, Sánchez-Villagra M, MacLeod N (Eds). Scidinge Hall : Zürich, Switzerland. 221 - 234.

Macleod N (2014) Imaging and analysis of skeletal morphology: new tools and techniques., In: Palaeopathology in Egypt and Nubia: a century in review, Metcalfe RJ, Crockitt JA, David AR (Eds). Archaeopress : Oxford. 141 - 156.

Macleod N (2014) The geological extinction record: History, data, biases, and testing, In: null, null : 1 - 28.

Macleod N, Sánchez-villagra M (2014) Concluding thoughts., In: Issues in palaeobiology: a global view, Sánchez-Villagra M, MacLeod N (Eds). Scidinge Hall : Zürich, Switzerland. 247 - 267.

Macleod N, Steart D, Pearce L, Bartleet-cross C, Nedza C, Frost A, Rose K (2014) New morphologies for old: application of three dimensional surface analysis & computer vision/machine learning techniques to comparative anatomy with special emphasis on vertebrate paleontology. [Meeting Program & Abstracts]. Maxwell E, Miller-Camp J (Eds). 74th Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Meeting, 173 - 174.

Shi Y, Macleod N (2014) Identification of life-history stages in fusulinid foraminifera. [Programme abstracts and AGM papers.]. Little C, Gill F (Eds). The Palaeontological Association, 105 - 106.

Culverhouse PF, Macleod N, Williams R, Benfield MC, Lopes RM, Picheral M (2014) An empirical assessment of the consistency of taxonomic identifications. Marine Biology Research, 10 (1) : 73 - 84. doi: 10.1080/17451000.2013.810762

Close RA, H. B, Macleod N, Johanson Z, Friedman M (2014) Getting inside the heads of Cretaceous-Paleogene teleosts: new morphological and functional data from the exceptional fish fossils of the English Chalk and London Clay. Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting, Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology : Austin, Texas.

Cockitt J, David R, Macleod N (2014) All That Remains? A virtual collection for the Archaeological Survey of Nubia, In: Abstracts of papers presented at The 13th International Conference for Nubian Studies, Honegger M (Eds). University of Neuchâtel : Neuchâtel, Switzerland.

Macleod N (2014) Comment: molecular analysis of ‘anomalous primate’ hair samples. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281 (1789) : doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.0843

Macleod N, Sánchez-villagra M (2014) Concluding thoughts, In: Issues in palaeobiology: a global view, Sánchez-Villagra M, MacLeod N (Eds). Scidinge Hall : Zürich, Switzerland. 247 - 267.

Sánchez-villagra M, Macleod N (2014) Issues in paleobiology: a global view. Scidinge Hall : Zürich, Switzerland.

Shi Y, Macleod N (2014) Identification of life-history stages in fusulinid foraminifera, In: Programme abstracts and AGM papers, Little C, Gill F (Eds). The Palaeontological Association : Leeds, UK. 105 - 106.

Powell J, Collins MJ, Cussens J, Macleod N, Penkman KEH (2013) Results from an amino acid racemization inter-laboratory proficiency study; design and performance evaluation. Quaternary Geochronology, 16 : 183 - 197. doi: 10.1016/j.quageo.2012.11.001

Archibald JD, Macleod N (2013) End-Cretaceous extinction, In: Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, MacLeod N, Archibald JD, Levin P (Eds). Gale-Cengage : Farmington Hills, Michigan. 497 - 512.

Culverhouse PF, Macleod N, Williams R, Benfield MC, Lopes RM, Picheral M (2013) An empirical assessment of the consistency of taxonomic identifications. Marine Biology Research, 10 (1) : 73 - 84. doi: 10.1080/17451000.2013.810762

Macleod N (2013) Setting digitization priorities for natural history museum collections in an uncertain world. Program with Abstracts, American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting, 2014 :

Macleod N (2013) Conflict vs concord: an alternative model for human remains repatriation. American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science : Chicago, Illinois.

Macleod N (2013) Historical extinctions (1800-Present), In: Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, MacLeod N, Archibald JD, Levin P (Eds). Gale-Cengage : Farmington Hills, Michigan. 641 - 658.

Macleod N (2013) The role of natural history museums, In: Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, MacLeod N, Archibald JD, Levin P (Eds). Gale-Cengage : Farmington Hills, Michigan. 225 - 234.

Macleod N (2013) Kinds of extinctions, In: Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, MacLeod N, Archibald JD, Levin P (Eds). Gale-Cengage : Farmington Hills, Michigan. 1 - 16.

Macleod N (2013) The geological extinction record. Keller G, Kerr A (Eds). Volcanism, Impacts and Mass Extinctions: Causes & Effects, The Mineralogical Society : The Natural History Museum, London.

Macleod N (2013) Semilandmarks and surfaces. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 83 : 37 - 51.

Macleod N (2013) Landmarks and semilandmarks: differences without meaning and meaning without difference. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 32 - 43.

Macleod N (2013) Setting digitization priorities for natural history museum collections in an uncertain world. Program with Abstracts, American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting, 2013 :

Macleod N (2013) Preface, In: Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, MacLeod N, Archibald JD, Levin P (Eds). Gale-Cengage : Farmington Hills, Michigan. ix - xii.

Macleod N (2013) The great extinctions: what causes them and how they shape life. The Natural History Museum : London.

Macleod N (2013) Atlas of deep-sea benthic foraminifera. Wiley-Blackwell and The Natural History Museum : Oxford.

Macleod N (2013) PalaeoMath 101 A Picture May Be Worth 1,000 Landmarks. Palaeontology Newsletter, 84 : 20 - 34.

Macleod N, Archibald JD, Levins P (2013) Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, Second Edition (2 volumes).. Gale-Cengage : Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Macleod N, Krieger J, Jones KE (2013) Geometric Morphometric Approaches to Acoustic Signal Analysis in Mammalian Biology. HYSTRIX-ITALIAN JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY, 24 (1) : 110 - 125. doi: 10.4404/hystrix-24.1-6299

Macleod N, Percy D (2013) Geometry-based insect wing morphological analysis as a tool for achieving robust, accurate, and automated species identifications. O'Neill M (Eds). Royal Entomological Society Special Interest Group Meeting (Automated Species Identification), The Royal Entomological Society : The Natural History Museum, London.

Macleod N, Steart D (2013) Improving the accuracy and consistency of taxonomic identifications in climate change studies. Southern Connections Conference, University of Otago : University of Otago, Otago, New Zealand. 21 - 22.

Tennant J, Macleod N (2013) Comparative ecomorphology of ornithopod and ruminant snouts – a geometric morphometric approach. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 33 (Supplement) :

Sievwright HOLLY, Macleod NORMAN (2012) Eigensurface analysis, ecology, and modelling of morphological adaptation in the falconiform humerus (Falconiformes: Aves). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 165 (2) : 390 - 419. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00818.x

(2012) Phylogenetic inference for function-valued traits: speech sound evolution. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 27 (3) : 160 - 166. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2011.10.001

Aston JD, Buck D, Coleman J, Cotter CJ, Jones NS, Macaulay V, Macleod N, Moriary JM, Nevins A (2012) Phylogenetic inference for function-valued traits: speech sound evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 27 (3) : 160 - 166.

Cockitt J, Harris M, Metcalfe R, Forshaw R, Macleod N, David R (2012) Capturing a century of study: the search for the human remains from the first Archaeological Survey of Nubia (1907-1911). Antiquity, 86 (332) : 1 - 3.

Culverhouse PF, Macleod N, Williams R, Benfield M, Lopez R, Picheral SM (2012) Is the consistency of expert-level taxonomic identifications a significant source of error in biodiversity and ecological investigations?: An Empirical Assessment. GSA Abstracts with Programmes, 44 (7) :

Keller G, Armstrong H, Courtillot V, Harper D, Joachimski M, Kerr A, Macleod N, Napier W, Palfy J, Wignall P (2012) Volcanism, impacts and mass extinctions (short, print version). Geoscientist, 22 (10) : 10 - 15.

Keller G, Armstrong H, Courtillot V, Harper D, Joachimski M, Kerr A, Macleod N, Napier W, Palfy J, Wignall P (2012) Volcanism, impacts and mass extinctions (long version). Geoscientist, 22 (10) :

Macleod N (2012) The promise, and the challenge, of automated species identification. GSA Abstracts with Programmes, 44 (7) :

Macleod N (2012) Going round the bend II: extended eigenshape analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 81 : 23 - 39.

Macleod N (2012) Going round the bend: eigenshape analysis I. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 80 : 32 - 48.

Macleod N (2012) The center cannot hold II: elliptic Fourier analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 79 : 29 - 42.

Macleod N (null) PaleoBase: Deep-sea benthic foraminifera. Blackwell Science and The Natural History Museum : Oxford.

Figueirido B, Macleod N, Krieger J, De RenziM, Pérez-claros JA, Palmqvist P (2011) Constraint and adaptation in the evolution of carnivoran skull shape. Paleobiology, 37 (03) : 490 - 518. doi: 10.1666/09062.1

Forey PL, Lopez-arbarello A, Macleod N (2011) A New Species of Lepidotes (Actinopterygii: Semiontiformes) from the Cenomanian (Upper Cretaceous) of Morocco. PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA, 14 (1) :

Gernand B, Blaclwell A, Macleod N (2011) Coded Chimera. Arts & Humanities Research Council / Crucible Network : Cambridge.

Lopez GutierrezB, Macleod N, Edgecombe G (2011) Detecting taxonomic signal in an under-utilised character system: geometric morphometrics of the forcipular coxae of Scutigeromorpha (Chilopoda). ZooKeys, 156 : 49 - 66. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.156.1997

Macleod N (2011) Cretaceous-Paleogene planktonic foraminiferal stratigraphy, extinction, and survivorship (revisited). Keller G, Kerr A, MacLeod N (Eds). Volcanism, Extinctions, and Impacts: Causes and Effects, The Mineralogical Society : London.

Macleod N (2011) The center cannot hold I: Z-R Fourier analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 78 : 35 - 45.

Macleod N (2011) Centroids, complex outlines and shape functions. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 77 : 36 - 45.

Macleod N (2011) Review - Morphometrics for Nonmorphometricians, A. T. M. Elewa (ed.), 2010, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Geological Magazine, 148 : 507 - 508.

Macleod N (2011) Semilandmarks & radial Fourier analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 76 : 25 - 42.

Macleod N (2011) Cretaceous-Tertiary planktonic foraminfieral biostratigraphy and survivorship (revisited), In: Epístolas Geológicas, López Oliva JG (Eds). Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León : Linnares, Nuevo Léon, Mexico. 185 - 249.

Macleod N (2011) Changing the shape of things to come: a perspective on the Coded Chimera collaboration, In: Coded Chimera, Gernand B, Blackwell A, MACLEOD N (Eds). Arts & Humanities Research Council / Crucible Natwork : Cambridge. 15 - 17.

Marr M, Macleod N, Sainsbury AW (2011) A landmark-based geometric morphometric analysis of the hemi-mandible and cranium shape in Sciurus vulgaris, In: The Mammal Society Conference and Annual General Meeting 2011, Abstract Booklet, The Mammal Society : Southampton.

Wilson LAB, Motokawa M, Harada M, Macleod N, Barrow E, Sánchez-villagra MR (2011) Geographic variation in cranial shape of the greater Japanese shrew-mole (Urotrichus talpoides) reflects chromosomal variation patterns.. Annual Meeting of the Mammalogical Society of Japan, 8-11.09.2011,

Piazza P, Bailey CD, Cartolano M, Krieger J, Cao J, Ossowski S, Schneeberger K, He F, De MeauxJ, Hall N, Macleod N, Filatov D, Hay A, Tsiantis M (2010) Arabidopsis thaliana Leaf Form Evolved via Loss of KNOX Expression in Leaves in Association with a Selective Sweep. Current Biology, 20 (24) : 2223 - 2228. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2010.11.037

Macleod N, Benfield M, Culverhouse P (2010) Time to automate identification. Nature, 467 (7312) : 154 - 155. doi: 10.1038/467154a

Archibald JD, Clemens WA, Padian K, Rowe T, Macleod N, Barrett PM, Gale A, Holroyd P, Sues HD, Arens NC, Horner JR, Wilson GP, Goodwin MB, Brochu CA, Lofgren DL, Hurlbert SH, Hartman JH, Eberth DA, Wignall PB, Currie PJ, Weil A, Prasad GVR, Dingus L, Courtillot V, Milner A, Milner A, Bajpai S, Ward DJ, Sahni A (2010) Cretaceous Extinctions: Multiple Causes. Science, 328 (5981) : 973 - 973. doi: 10.1126/science.328.5981.973-a

Macleod N (2010) Through a glass darkly. Set in Stone, 7 (2) : 2 - 5.

Macleod N (2010) Hard times. Set in Stone, 7 (1) : 2 - 4.

Macleod N (2010) Automated identification of planktonic foraminifer images using an unsupervised neural network: a feasibility test. : The Natural History MuseumLondon.

Macleod N (2010) PaleoBase: Macrofossils (Part 3). Blackwell Science and The Natural History Museum : Oxford.

Macleod N (2010) Principal warps, relative warps and Procrustes PCA. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 75 : 22 - 33.

Macleod N (2010) Digitization strategies, collections-use surveys, and iDAISY: new e-collections-based initiatives at The Natural History Museum. The Geological Society of America, Abstracts and Programs, 42 :

Macleod N (2010) Principal & partial warps. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 74 : 35 - 45.

Macleod N (2010) Shape models II: the thin plate spline. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 73 : 24 - 39.

Macleod N (2010) The challenge, and the promise, of automated species identification. Aston J, Buck D, Jones N, Macaulay V, Moriarty J (Eds). Functional Phylogenies Workshop, University of Oxford : Oxford, UK.

Macleod N (2010) Discrimination between three Pleistocene Astarte species (Bivalvia, Astartidae): morphometric and taxonomic implications. Alistair R, Harper D (Eds). Third International Palaeontological Congress, Imperial College, London : London, UK.

Macleod N (2010) Alternative 2D and 3D form characterization approaches to the automated identification of biological species, In: Tools for Identifying Biodiversity: Progress and Problems, Nimis PL, Vignes Lebbe R (Eds). Edizioni Università di Trieste : Trieste, Italy. 225 - 229.

Macleod N (2010) Non-linear morphology-based discrimination of taxonomic groups with and without landmarks, In: Proceedings, Second Annual UK Morphometrics Workshop, von Cramon-Taubadel N, Kume A (Eds). University of Kent, Canterbury, UK : Canterbury, UK.

(2009) Species discrimination in the Lower Cretaceous (Albian) ammonite genus Knemiceras von Buch, 1848. Palaeontographica Abteilung A, 290 (1-3) : 1 - 63. doi: 10.1127/pala/290/2009/1

Bolton SAMUELJ, Macleod NORMAN, Edgecombe GREGORYD (2009) Geometric approaches to the taxonomic analysis of centipede gonopods (Chilopoda: Scutigeromorpha). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 156 (2) : 239 - 259. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00564.x

Clegg M, Macleod N (2009) Finding a middle way: new approaches in repatriation. Australian Anthropological Society Conference, Australian Anthropological Society : Sydney, Australia.

Kreiger J, Macleod N (2009) Use of 3D scan data. 24th Annual Meeting, Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections : Leiden, The Netherlands.

Macleod N (2009) The vision thing III: what will the future look like?. Set in Stone, 6 (3) : 2 - 4.

Macleod N (2009) Introduction to Workshop 4: new approaches to, and uses for, morphological imaging/scanning in a collections context. 24th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections : Leiden, The Natherlands.

Macleod N (2009) Use of 2D scan data. 24th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections : Leiden, The Netherlands.

Macleod N (2009) Form & shape models. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 72 : 14 - 27.

Macleod N (2009) Images, totems, types and memes: perspectives on an iconological mimetics. Culture, Theory and Critique, 50 (2-3) : 185 - 208.

Macleod N (2009) The Vision Thing IV. Set in Stone, The NHM Palaeontology Department Newsletter, 6(4) : 2 - 5.

Macleod N (2009) Shape theory. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 71 : 34 - 47.

Macleod N (2009) Missing links. Nature Online. null,

Macleod N (2009) Who is Procrustes and what has he done with my data. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 70 : 21 - 36.

Macleod N (2009) Automated species identification at The Natural History Museum, In: The Science of Nature 2009, The Natural History Museum : London. 61 pp.

Macleod N (2009) Dissecting major extinction events, In: The Science of Nature 2009, The Natural History Museum : London. 61 pp.

Macleod N, Milner AC (2009) So could Ida be the true missing link?. Daily Telegraph, 26 May 2009,

Scholtz OLIVIAI, Macleod NORMAN, Eggleton PAUL (2008) Termite soldier defence strategies: a reassessment of Prestwich's classification and an examination of the evolution of defence morphology using extended eigenshape analyses of head morphology. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 153 (4) : 631 - 650. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00396.x

Barrow EUGENIE, Macleod NORMAN (2008) Shape variation in the mole dentary (Talpidae: Mammalia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 153 (1) : 187 - 211. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00376.x

Wilson LA, Macleod N, Humphrey LT (2008) Morphometric Criteria for Sexing Juvenile Human Skeletons Using the Ilium. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 53 (2) : 269 - 278. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00656.x

Barrow E, Krieger J, Macleod N, Sieffert E (2008) Quantitative taxonomic and positional discrimination among hyracoid teeth using 3D eigensurface analysis. 52nd Annual Meeting of the Palaeontological Association , University of Glasgow. Abstracts. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 69 :

Barrow E, Macleod N, Krieger J (2008) Quantitative discrimination between hyracoid teeth using 3D eigensurface analysis. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 28 (3, suppl.) :

Bolton S, Edgecombe GD, Macleod N (2008) Variability in female gonopods of scutigeromorph centipedes (Chilopoda): a geometric morphometric approach. Peckiana, 6 :

Bolton S, Edgecombe GD, Macleod N (2008) Variability in female gonopods of scutigeromorph centipedes (Chilopoda): a geometric morphometric approach. 14th International Congress of Myriapodology. Abstracts. 217 7 - 21 7 7Peckiana 6 :

Danelian T, Macleod N (2008) Morphometric analysis of the Eocene radiolarian lineage Podocyrtis (Lampterium), In: RST Nancy 2008 Nancy Université (French bi-annual meeting of earth sciences), Nancy Université : Nancy, France.

Hay A, Krieger J, Galinha C, Macleod N, Tsiantis M (2008) KNOX-dependent aspects of asymmetric leaves1 shape space., In: Botany(2008). Scientific Meeting Abstracts,, University of British Columbia : Vancouver, British Columbia.

Krieger J, Macleod N (2008) The analysis of 2D and 3D biological size and shape data using Mathematica and webMathematica., In: 9th International Mathematica Symposium Proceedings, Wolfram : Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Macleod N (2008) The vision thing II: the role of technology. Set in Stone, 6 (2) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2008) The vision thing I. Set in Stone, 5 (1) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2008) Understanding morphology in systematic contexts: 3D specimen ordination and 3D specimen recognition, In: The New Taxonomy, Wheeler Q (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : London. 143 - 210.

Macleod N (2008) Understanding morphology in systematic contexts - Three-dimensional specimen ordination and recognition. NEW TAXONOMY 76 : 143 - 209.

Macleod N (2008) Size and shape coordinates. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 69 : 26 - 36.

Macleod N (2008) Distances, landmarks and allometry. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 68 : 30 - 39.

Macleod N (2008) Multidimensional scaling and ordination. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 67 : 26 - 44.

Macleod N (2008) Overview of morphometric techniques, In: Phylogenetics and Genomics Workshop, Blik H (Eds). The Natural History Museum : London.

Macleod N (2008) Morphometric characters for phylogenetic analysis, In: Phylogenetics and Genomics Workshop, Blik H (Eds). The Natural History Museum : London.

Macleod N (2008) The Lilliput effect in Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) planktonic foraminifera, In: 20th International Congress of Zoology, Programme with Absracts., University of Paris, France :

Macleod N (2008) Cretaceous-Tertiary planktonic foraminfieral biostratigraphy and survivorship (revisited), In: Simplso Geoscientífico Internacional-Linnares, López-Oliva JG (Eds). Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo Léon, Facultad de Ciencias de la Tierra, Linnares : Neuvo Léon, Mexico. 123 - 124.

Macleod N (2008) Morphometric data analysis: principles, approaches and prospects, In: Palaeontological Data Analysis Workshop, International Geological Congress Workshop WSS-13, Hammer O, Fortelius M (Eds). null : Oslo, Norway.

Macleod N (2008) Eigensurface analysis: a new semilandmark-based method for analyzing and modelling 3D shape data, In: 33rd International Geological Congress, Bjørlykke A (Eds). UNESCO : Oslo, Norway.

Polly PD, Macleod N (2008) Locomotion in fossil Carnivora: an application of the eigensurface method for morphometric analysis of 3D surfaces. Palaeontologia Electronica, 11 (2) :

Polly PD, Macleod N (2008) Locomotion in fossil Carnivora: An application of eigensurface analysis for morphometric comparison of 3D surfaces. PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA, 11 (2) :

Walsh SA, Macleod N, O'neill MA (2008) Analysis of spheniscid humerus and tarsometatarsus morphological variability using DAISY automated image recognition. Oryctos, 7 : 129 - 136.

Archibald JD, Macleod N (2007) Dinosaurs, extinction theories for., In: Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Levin SA (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 1 - 9.

Knoll MA, Walsh SA, Macleod N, O'neill M, Uther M (2007) Good performers know their audience! Identification and characterization of pitch contours in infant- and foreigner-directed speech, In: Automated taxon recognition in systematics: theory, approaches and applications, MACLEOD N (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : Boca Raton, Florida. 339 pp. 299 - 310.

Kreiger J, Macleod N (2007) Measurement and scale dependency in geometric approaches to morphological disparity analyses. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 66 : 40 - 41.

Macleod N (2007) Victim palaeontology?. Set in Stone, 5 (3) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2007) Stephen Weil and the changing role of museums. Set in Stone, 5 (2) : 2 - 3.

Macleod N (2007) The coming virtualization of natural history. Set in Stone, 5 (1) : 2 - 3.

Macleod N (2007) What are museums for?. Set in Stone, 4 (4) : 2 - 3.

Macleod N (2007) Introduction, In: Automated taxon recognition in systematics: theory, approaches and applications, MacLeod N (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : Boca Raton, Florida. 1 - 7.

Macleod N (2007) Theory, approaches and applications - Introduction. AUTOMATED TAXON IDENTIFICATION IN SYSTEMATICS: THEORY, APPROACHES AND APPLICATIONS 74 : 1 - 7.

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh SA (2007) A comparison between morphometric and artificial neural net approaches to the automated species-recognition problem in systematics, In: Biodiversity databases: techniques, politics, and applications, Curry G, Humphries C (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : Boca Raton, Florida. 37 - 62.

Macleod N, O'neill M, Walsh AS (2007) Automated tools for the identification of taxa from morphological data: face recognition in wasps, In: Automated taxon recognition in systematics: theory, approaches and applications, MacLeod N (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : Boca Raton, Florida. 153 - 188.

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh SA (2007) Automated tools for the identification of taxa from morphological data: Face recognition in wasps. AUTOMATED TAXON IDENTIFICATION IN SYSTEMATICS: THEORY, APPROACHES AND APPLICATIONS 74 : 153 - 187.

Macleod N (2007) The sixth extinction? What dinosaurs can tell us about the modern biodiversity crisis. Transactions of the Leicester Literary & Philosophical Society, 101 : 20 - 23.

Macleod N (2007) Groups III: cluster analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 66 : 21 - 36.

Macleod N (2007) Groups I. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 64 : 35 - 45.

Macleod N (2007) Groups II. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 65 : 36 - 49.

Macleod N (2007) A comparison between geometric morphometric and PSOM neural net approaches to automated species identification in planktonic foraminifera, In: 4th International Zooplankton Production Symposium, Program and Abstracts. Hiroshima University,Japan., Uye S (Eds). Hiroshima University : Hiroshima. 196 pp.

Macleod N (2007) Automated taxon identification in systematics: theory, approaches, and applications. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : London.

Macleod N, Krieger J (2007) Reasons for, and approaches to, automating taxonomic identifications in paleontology. Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, 39 :

Macleod N, Krieger J (2007) Measurement dependency, scale dependency, and the effect of phylogenetic autocorrelation in geometric approaches to morphological disparity analyses. Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, 39 :

Macleod N, Krieger J (2007) Eigensurface analysis: a new method of modeling and analyzing 3d morphological data, In: Computer-aided visualization in palaeontology Department of Earth Science & Engineering, Imperial College, London., Sutton M (Eds). null : 8 - 9.

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh SA (2007) A comparison between morphometric and artificial neural net approaches to the automated species-recognition problem in systematics, In: Biodiversity databases: techniques, politics, and applications, Curry G, Humphries C (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : London. 339 pp. 37 - 62.

Walsh SA, Macleod N, O'neill M (2007) Spot the Penguin - can reliable taxonomic identifications be made using isolated foot bones, In: Automated taxon recognition in systematics: theory, approaches and applications, MacLeod N (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : Boca Raton, Florida. 225 - 237.

Walsh SA, Macleod N, O'neill MA (2007) Spot the penguin: Can reliable taxonomic identifications be made using isolated foot bones?. AUTOMATED TAXON IDENTIFICATION IN SYSTEMATICS: THEORY, APPROACHES AND APPLICATIONS 74 : 225 - 237.

Sanchez-villagra M, Barrow E, Macleod N, Motokawa M, Ines H (2006) Talpid mole evolution in space and time. JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 26 (3) : 119A - 119A.

Knoll MA, Uther M, Macleod N, O'neill M, Walsh SA (2006) Emotional, linguistic or cute? The function of pitch contours in infant- and foreigner-directed speech. Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Speech Prosody. Dresden, Germany, 2-5th May 2006, 165 - 168.

Macleod N (2006) Science and religion: what scientists believe. Set in Stone, 4 (3) : 2 - 4.

Macleod N (2006) What is a collection?. Set in Stone, 4 (2) : 2 - 3.

Macleod N (2006) The importance of being out standing in our field. Set in Stone, 4 (1) : 1 - 2.

Macleod N (2006) Review of 'Extinction' by D. Erwin. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 62 : 126 - 131.

Macleod N (2006) Size, extinction, survivorship, and phylogeny in foraminifera. Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, 38 (6) :

Macleod N (2006) Automated taxon discrimination: a synthesis between morphometrics and artificial intelligence, In: MorphoFest, Bookstein F, Schafer K (Eds). Department of Anthropology, University of Vienna : Vienna, Austria. 123 - 124.

Macleod N (2006) Timely fossils: the past, present and future roles of biostratigraphy in constructing time scales, In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly, European Geosciences Union : Vienna, Austria.

Macleod N (2006) Data blocks and partial least squares analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 63 : 36 - 48.

Macleod N (2006) Rs and Qs II: correspondence analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 62 : 60 - 74.

Macleod N (2006) History Repeating Itself. The Ship (Exhibition Programme),

Macleod N (2006) Minding your Rs and Qs. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 61 : 42 - 60.

Macleod N (2006) Introduction: A fistfull of foraminifera., In: Contemporary poetry and contemporary science, Crawford R (Eds). Oxford University Press : Oxford. 141 - 142.

Macleod N (2006) Automated recognition of planktonic foraminiferal species, In: FORAMS 2006. Anuario do Instituto de Geociencias, Kotsukos E (Eds). null : Natal, Brazil. 727 - 728.

Polly PD, Macleod N (2006) Characterization and comparison of 3D shapes using eigensurface analysis: locomotion in Tertiary carnivora. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 26 :

Macleod N, Archibald JD (2005) THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE NON-AVIAN DINOSAURS. JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 25 (3) : 87A - 87A.

García-rodríguez FJ, Agüero JC, Pérez-enriquez R, Macleod N (2005) Morfometría y estructura genética de langosta azul Panulirus inflatus (Bouvier 1895) en el pacífico Mexicano. XI Foro Científico y Taller Sobre Investigación, Evaluación y Manejo de Langostas Sspinosas,

Knoll M, Uther M., Macleod N, O'neill M, Walsh S (2005) Novel approaches to pitch contour analysis of infant and foreigner directed speech.. Algorithmic Approaches to the Identification Problem in Systematics. Natural History Museum, London., 4 - 5.

Macleod N (2005) Keeping up our image. Set in Stone, 3 (3) : 1 - 2.

Macleod N (2005) Who were the first palaeontologists (and does it matter)?. Set in Stone, 3 (2) : 1 - 6.

Macleod N (2005) Peter Forey: a retrospective. Set in Stone, 3 (1) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2005) Phylogeny and the evolutionary history of planktonic foraminiferal size variation, In: Lyell Conference, Gregory J (Eds). Geological Society of London : London.

Macleod N (2005) Mass extinction causality: statistical assessment of multiple-cause scenarios. Russian Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9 : 979 - 987.

Macleod N (2005) Mass extinction causality: Statistical assessment of multiple-cause scenarios. RUSSIAN GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICS 46 (9) : 979 - 987.

Macleod N (2005) Paleontological Data Analysis.. null,

Macleod N (2005) Factor analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 60 : 38 - 51.

Macleod N (2005) The provision of quantitative tools for analyzing and identifying taxa from morphological data over distributed networks. 2005 Biennial Meeting of the Systematics Association. Systematics Association, Cardiff, Wales, 13 - 14.

Macleod N (2005) Shape models as a basis for morphological analysis in paleobiological systematics: dicotyledenous leaf physiography.. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 369 : 219 - 238.

Macleod N (2005) Principal components analysis (eigenanalysis & regression 5).. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 59 : 42 - 54.

Macleod N (2005) On the unity of theoretical and empirical morphospaces. PaleoBios, 25 :

Macleod N (2006) Phylogeny and the evolutionary history of planktonic foraminiferal test size., In: FORAMS 2006, Kotsukos E (Eds). null : Natal, Brazil.

Macleod N, Polly PD (2005) A new eigenshape-based morphometric method for analyzing 3D patterns of shape variation for surfaces and objects. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 60 :

Macleod N, Walsh SA, O'neill M (2005) Using the DAISY uANN to solve problems in fosssil Penguin identification.. Algorithmic Approaches to the Identification Problem in Systematics. Natural History Museum (London), 8 - 9.

Macleod N, Walsh SA, O'neill M (2005) Automated object recognition in systematics.. The Systematist, 25 : 14 - 16.

Macleod N, Walsh AS, O'neill M (2005) Algorithmic approaches to the identification problem in systematics: programme and abstracts. Natural History Museum : London.

Macleod N, Walsh AS, O'neill M (2005) Forging a link between 3D object ordination and 3D object recognition, In: Algorithmic Approaches to the Identification Problem in Systematics., MacLeod N (Eds). Natural History Museum : London.

Macleod N (2005) Geometric morphometrics for biologists: a primer.. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 58 : 72 - 78.

Macleod N (2005) Regression 4: Going Multivariate.. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 58 : 44 - 53.

Macleod N (2005) Stratigraphic principles, In: Encyclopedia of Geology, Selley RC, Cocks LRM, Plimer IR (Eds). Elisever : Amsterdam. 295 - 307.

Macleod N (2005) End-Cretaceous extinctions, In: Encyclopedia of Geology, Selley RC, Cocks LRM, Plimer IR (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 372 - 386.

Macleod N (2005) Cretaceous, In: Encyclopedia of Geology, Selley RC, Cocks LRM, Plimer IR (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 360 - 372.

Macleod N (2005) Biozones, In: Encyclopedia of Geology, Selley RC, Cocks LRM, Plimer IR (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 294 - 306.

Richter M, Macleod N, Rissone A (2005) Large-museum specimen databases: past, present and future. PaleoBios, 25 :

Rissone A, Macleod N, Richter M (2005) Taxonomic databases: new directions and new standards.. PaleoBios, 25(2)(Supplement) : 78 - 79.

Smith U, Todd J, Macleod N (2005) Applying geometric morphometrics to distinguish sibling species of Polystira (Gastropoda: Turridae).. Molluscan Forum

Macleod N, Walsh S, O'neill M (2004) THE AUTOMATED RECOGNITION OF VERTEBRATE FOSSILS: METHODS, APPLICATIONS, AND IMPLICATIONS. JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 24 (3) : 86A - 87A.

García-rodriguez FJ, De laCruzAgueroJ, Pérez-enriquez R, Macleod N (2004) Morphometric analysis of population differentiation and sexual dimorphism in the blue spiny lobster Panulirus inflatus (Bouvier, 1895) from N.W. Mexico, In: Morphometrics: applications in biology and paleontology, Elewa AMT (Eds). Springer : London. 29 - 44.

Macleod N (2004) Identifying Phanerozoic extinction controls: statistical considerations and preliminary results. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 230 (1) : 11 - 33. doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2004.230.01.02

Macleod N (2004) Disaster species. Set in Stone, 2 (4) : 1 - 4.

Macleod N (2004) Museums of the past, museums of the future. Set in Stone, 2 (3) : 1 - 2.

Macleod N (2004) The human face of natural history. Set in Stone, 4 (2) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2004) The real value of commercial work. Set in Stone, 2 (1) : 1 - 4.

Macleod N (2004) K-T mass extinction (revised). Macmillan : London.

Macleod N (2004) Extinction (revised). Macmillan : London.

Macleod N (2004) Prospectus & Regressions 1. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 55 : 28 - 36.

Macleod N (2004) Use of shape models and morphometrics in paleobiological systematics. 32nd International Geological Congress, Abstracts Volume, 1 :

Macleod N (2004) A statistical evaluation of the association between LIP volcanism and extinction-intensity peaks over the last 250 m.y.. 32nd International Geological Congress, Abstracts Volume, 1 :

Macleod N (2004) Punctuated equilibria (evolutionary theory), In: McGraw-Hill yearbook of science & technology, Geller E (Eds). McGraw-Hill : New York. 277 - 280.

Macleod N (2004) Identifying Phanerozoic extinction controls: statistical considerations and preliminary results, In: The palynology and micropaleontology of boundaries, Beaudoin AB, Head MJ (Eds). Geological Society of London, Special Publications : London. 11 - 33.

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh SA (2004) A comparison between morphometric and unsupervised, artificial, neural-net approaches to automated species identification in foraminifera, In: Proceedings, The Micropalaeontological Society Calcareous Plankton Spring Meeting, Sheldon E, Stouge S, Henderson A (Eds). Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Ministry of the Environment, GEUS : Copenhagen, Denmark.

Macleod N (2004) Regression 3. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 57 : 32 - 43.

Macleod N (2004) Regression 2. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 56 : 60 - 71.

Macleod N (2004) Use of shape models and morphometrics in paleobiological systematics, In: Thirtysecond International Geological Congress, Abstracts Volume 1, null :

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh AA (2004) A comparison between morephometric and unsupervised, artificial, neural-net approaches to automated species identification in foraminifera, In: Proceedings, The Micropalaeontological Society Calcareous Plankton Spring Meeting, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Ministry of the Environment, GEUS, Sheldon E, Stouge S, Henderson AS (Eds). null :

Smith U, Todd J, Macleod N (2004) Applying geometric morphometrics to sibling species of Polystira (Gastropoda: Turridae).. The Geological Society of America, Abstracts and Programs, 36 (6) :

Smith U, Todd JA, Macleod N (2004) Applying geometric morphometrics to sibling species of Polystira (Gastropoda: Turridae).. GSA Abstracts with Programs 36(5) :

Walsh SA, Macleod N, O'neill MA (2004) Analysis of spheniscid tarsometatarsus and humerus morphological variability using DAISY automated digital image recognition. Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy: 2004 Meeting Abstracts, 45 - 46.

Walsh AA, Macleod N, O'neill MA (2004) Darwin versus The Matrix: does artificial intelligence have a place in vertebrate palaeontology?. Abstracts of the 52nd Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, Leicester. http://www.svpca.org/years/2004_leicester/abstracts/abstracts.htm,

Walsh AA, Macleod N, O'neill MA (2004) Analysis of spheniscid humerus and tarsometatarsus morphological variability using DAISY automated image recognition software, In: Abstracts of the 6th Society of Avian Palaeontology and Evolution, Quillan, France :

Macleod N (2003) Extinctions: causes and evolutionary significance, In: Evolution on planet earth: the impact of the physical environment, Rothschild L, Lister AM (Eds). Academic Press : London. 253 - 278.

Macleod N (2003) The timeless nature of topicality. Set in Stone, 1 (3) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2003) The vision thing. Set in Stone, 1 (2) : 1 - 2.

Macleod N (2003) SiS prospectus. Set in Stone, 1 (1) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2003) Beyond heterochrony and back to the future (review). Journal of Paleontology, 77 : 401 - 405.

Macleod N (2003) PaleoBase: Macrofossils (Part 2). Blackwell Science and The Natural History Museum : Oxford.

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh SA (2003) PaleoDAISY: an integrated and adaptive system for the automated recognition of fossil species. The Geological Society of America, Abstracts and Programs, 35 (6) :

Macleod N (2003) PaleoDAISY: An integrated and adaptive system for the automated recognition of fossil species. The Geological Society of America, Abstracts and Programs, 35(6) :

Macleod N (2003) The Palaeontologia Electronica Experience: Paleontology, Publishing and Perseverance in the Digital Age, Newsletter of the Blueline. Association of Earth Science Editors,

Macleod N (2003) The extinction of all life and the sublime aspects of neocatastrophism. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 54 : 49 - 64.

Macleod N (2003) Evolutionary paleobiology and the science of form (revisited). The Geological Society of America, Abstracts and Programs, 35(6) :

Macleod N (2003) The causes of Phanerozoic extinctions, In: Evolution on Planet Earth, Rothschild L, Lister A (Eds). Academic Press : London. 253 - 277.

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh AA (2003) You've all just been made redundant!?! Understanding (and coming to terms with) automated object recognition in palaeontology. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 54 : 144 - 145.

Macleod N (2002) PaleoNet: paleontology, publication and community in the digital age. Computers & Geosciences, 28 (10) : 1161 - 1166. doi: 10.1016/S0098-3004(02)00035-3

Macleod N (2002) Geometric morphometrics and geological shape-classification systems. Earth-Science Reviews, 59 (1-4) : 27 - 47. doi: 10.1016/S0012-8252(02)00068-5

Brown A, Macleod N (2002) Variation in trilobite terrace-ridge patterns using extended eigenshape analysis, In: The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, Butterfield N, Clack J, Wood R (Eds). The Palaeontological Association : Cambridge.

Macleod N (2002) Testing evolutionary hypotheses with adaptive landscapes: use of random phylogenetic-morphological simulation studies. Mathematische Geologie, 6 : 45 - 55.

Macleod N (2002) Use of morphometrics to identify character states, In: The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, Butterfield N, Clack J, Wood R (Eds). The Palaeontological Association : Cambridge. 28 - 29.

Macleod N (2002) Morphometric perspectives on the MorphoBank project, In: Sixth International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology, Michevitch M (Eds). University of Patras : Patras, Greece.

Macleod N (2002) Review of 'The Structure of Evolutionary Theory' by S. J. Gould. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 50 : 40 - 46.

Macleod N (2002) Explaining extinctions: evidence for long-term eco-macroevolutionary coupling between the biodiversification of marine plankton and Phanerozoic extinction-rate controls, In: Proceedings, International Paleontological Congress 2002, Brock G, Talent JA (Eds). Geological Society of Australia : Sydney, Australia.

Macleod N (2002) Sources of—and solutions to—error in high-resolution quantitative biostratigraphical analyses, In: Proceedings, International Paleontological Congress 2002, Brock G, Talent JA (Eds). Geological Society of Australia : Sydney, Australia.

Macleod N (2002) Systematic implications of a synthesis between theoretical morphology and geometric morphometrics, In: Computations in Science, Kandoff L (Eds). Department of Physics, University of Chicago : University of Chicago.

Macleod N (2002) PaleoBase: Images, Databases, Collection Catalogues, and Commercialism in the Emerging Virtual Museum, In: Images and ideas: exhibiting science in museums, Kandoff L (Eds). Department of Physics, University of Chicago : University of Chicago and the Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois.

Macleod N (2002) The ecology of adaptive radiation (review). The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 50 : 70 - 74.

Macleod N (2002) Controversy: catastrophism and evolution, the ongoing debate (review). Proceedings of the Geologist's Association, 113 : 275 - 278.

Macleod N (2002) Identifying long-term controls on Phanerozoic extinction and diversification patterns, In: Saskatoon 2002: from plains to shield: the making of a continent's interior, Stauffer M (Eds). Geological Association of Canada - Mineralogical Association of Canada : Saskatoon, Saskcatchewan.

Macleod N (2002) The virtual laboratory, In: Forams 2002, Revets S, Haig D (Eds). University of Western Australia : Perth, Australia.

Macleod N (2002) The biometry of the foraminiferal shell revisited, In: Forams 2002, Revets S, Haig D (Eds). University of Western Australia : Perth Australia.

Macleod N (2002) Extinct (book review). The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 49 : 64 - 67.

Macleod N (2002) Phylogenetic signals in morphometric data, In: Morphology, shape and phylogeny, MacLeod N, Forey PL (Eds). Taylor & Francis : London. 100 - 138.

Macleod N (2002) Morphometrics, In: Encyclopedia of evolution, Pagel MD (Eds). Academic Press : London. 768 - 771.

Macleod N, Forey PL (2002) Introduction: morphology, shape, and phylogenetics, In: Morphology, shape and phylogeny, MacLeod N, Forey PL (Eds). Taylor & Francis : London. 1 - 7.

Macleod N, Forey P (2002) Morphology, shape and phylogenetics. Taylor & Francis : London.

Aguilera-franco N, Macleod N (2001) Graphic correlation in a Cenomanian-Turonian succession, southern Mexico. Association of Petroleum Geologists Comfex Meeting, Abstracts with Progams,

Macleod N (2001) Controls on Phanerozoic extinctions and diversifications, In: Earth Systems, Geological Society of America and Geological Society of London : Edinburgh.

Macleod N (2001) The importance of phylogeny in micropaleontological data analysis and hypothesis testing, In: Annual Meeting, British Micropalaeontological Society Foram Group, Henderson A (Eds). British Micropalaeontological Society : London.

Macleod N (2001) Identifying controls on Phanerozoic extinction and diversification patterns, In: Earth Systems Processes, Abstracts with Program, The Geological Society of America and The Geological Society of London : Edinburgh.

Macleod N (2001) Review of 'The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology', G. P. Wagner (ed.). The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 47 : 76 - 80.

Macleod N (2001) Landmarks, localization, and the use of morphometrics in phylogenetic analysis, In: Fossils, phylogeny, and form: an analytical approach, Edgecombe G, Adrain J, Lieberman B (Eds). Kluwer Academic/Plenum : New York. 197 - 233.

Macleod N (2001) Extinction. John Wley & Sons : Chitchester.

Macleod N (2001) K-T mass extinction, In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, Macmillan : London.

Macleod N (2001) The role of phylogeny in quantitative paleobiological data analysis. Paleobiology, 27 (2) : 226 - 240. doi: 10.1666/0094-8373(2001)027<0226:TROPIQ>2.0.CO;2

Macleod N (2000) Review of 'The first fossil hunters: paleontology in Greek and Roman times' by A Mayor. Palaeontologia Electronica, 3 :

Macleod N (2000) PaleoBase: Macrofossils (Part 1). Blackwell Science and The Natural History Museum : Oxford.

Macleod N (2000) Phanerozoic extinctions. Abstracts, Annual Meeting of the British Association, xx :

Macleod N (2000) Raup's dictum and the role of paleontology in testing extinction causal processes, In: Catastrophic events & mass extinctions: impacts and Beyond, Korberel C (Eds). Lunar and Planetary Institute : Houston. 154 - 155.

Macleod N (2000) Extinction!. First Science.com, 2000 (2000) : http - //www.firstscience.com/SITE/articles/macleod.asp.

Macleod N (2000) Information technology and the Earth sciences, In: The Oxford Companion to the Earth, Hancock PL, Skinner BJ (Eds). Oxford University Press : Oxford. 540 - 543.

Macleod N, Diver P, Guralnick R, Lazarus D, Malmgren B (2000) Computers, Quantification & Databases, In: Fossils and the future: paleontology in the 21st Century, Lane RH, Steininger FF, Kaesler RL, Zeigler W, Lipps J (Eds). Senckenburg Museum : Frankfurt, Germany. 191 - 201.

Macleod N, Guralnick R (2000) Paleoinformatics, In: Fossils and the future: paleontology in the 21st Century, Lane RH, Steininger FF, Kaesler RL, Zeigler W, Lipps J (Eds). Senckenberg Museum : Frankfurt, Germany. 31 - 36.

Macleod N, Ortiz N, Fefferman N, Clyde W, Schulter C, Maclean J (2000) Phenotypic response of foraminifera to episodes of global environmental change, In: Biotic response to global change: the last 145 million years, Culver SJ, Rawson P (Eds). Oxford University Press : Oxford. 51 - 78.

Macleod N (1999) Review: Biostratigraphy, phylogeny, and systematics of Paleocene trochospiral planktonic foraminifera, by Berggren, W. A. and Norris, R. D.; Atlas of Paleocene planktonic foraminifera, by Olsson, R. K., Hemleben, Ch. Berggren, W. A., Huber, B. T. (eds). Newsletter of Micropalaeontology, 61 : 40 - 42.

Macleod N (1999) Oligocene and Miocene paleoceanography—a review, In: Fossil vertebrates of Arabia, Whybrow PJ, Hill A (Eds). Yale University Press : New Haven. 501 - 507.

Macleod N (1999) The implications of phylogeny for quantitative paleontological data analysis. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 31 :

Macleod N (1999) The evolutionary control of biodiversity: evolutionary-ecological links between planktonic and macroinvertebrate benthic clades. Proceedings, European Union of Geosciences, 10 :

Macleod N (1999) Generalizing and extending the eigenshape method of shape space visualization and analysis. PALEOBIOLOGY, 25 (1) : 107 - 138.

Macleod N, Patterson T, Purnell M, Hagadorn W, Riedel W, Rumford J, Polly D (1999) It's Our Birthday!. Palaeontologia Electronica, 2 (1) :

Macleod N (1998) Discussion on the Cretaceous-Tertiary biotic transition - Reply. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, 155 : 415 - 419.

Gastaldo RA, Ashley G, Lane HR, Macleod N, O'neill BJ, Cheng-yuan W (1998) Paleontology in the 21 st Century: An International Workshop 3-9 September 1997. PALAIOS, 13 (1) : 87 - 87. doi: 10.2307/3515284

Henderson AS, Macleod N, Culver SJ (1998) The reliability of micropalaeontological data: and example from the Kimmeridge Clay of Dorset. 42 : The Palaeontological Association : Portsmouth. 33 - 33.

Henderson AS, Macleod N, Swallow J, Culver SJ, Buzas MJ (1998) How reproducible are foraminiferal data?: spatial, temporal, environmental & taxonomic domains.. Revista de la Sociedad Mexicana de Paleontología, 9 : 47 - 47.

Henderson AS, Swallow J, Macleod N, Culver SJ (1998) Temporal variation in foraminiferal assemblages from the Kimmeridge Clay, Dorset, England: Initial Report. Newsletter of Micropalaeontology, 58 : 14 - 15.

Henderson AS, Swallow J, Macleod N, Culver SJ (1998) Temporal Variation in Foraminiferal Assemblages from the Kimmeridge Clay, Dorset, England, In: British Micropalaeontological Society Foraminiferal Group Spring Meeting, MacLeod N (Eds). null : London.

Holbourn A, Macleod N (1998) An illustrated relational database for use in ODP deep-sea benthic foraminiferal studies, In: Ocean Drilling Forum, Ocean Drilling Program : Edinburgh, Scotland.

Holbourn A, Macleod N, Culver SJ (1998) Taxonomic revision and illustrated relational database of deep-sea benthic formainifera. Newsletter of Micropalaeontology, 58 :

Kaminsky M, Macleod N (1998) Foraminifera Group. Newsletters in Micropalaeontology, 58 : 12 - 17.

Macleod N (1998) Review of "Surveying Natural Populations" by L-A. C. Hayek and M. Buzas. Palaeontologia Electronica, 1 (1) :

Macleod N (1998) Using paleontological data to identify the proximate and ultimate causes of mass extinctions. Abstracts with Programs, Geologcial Society of America, 30 :

Macleod N (1998) Review of "Fourier Descriptors and Their Applications in Biology" edited by P. Lestrel. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 61 :

Macleod N (1998) Review of "Randomization, Boostrap, and Monte Carlo Methods in Biology" by B. F. J. Manley. Biological Journal if the Linnean Society, 61 :

Macleod N (1998) Review of "Deep-Sea Foraminifera from Cretaceous-Paleogene Boundary Strata in the South Atlantic—Taxonomy and Paleoecology" by J. G. V. Widmark. Newsletter of Micropalaeontology, 58 : 39 - 42.

Macleod N (1998) Foram. Group. Newsletter of Micropalaeontology, 59 : 13 - 14.

Macleod N (1998) Graphic correlation of microfossil, palynological, and log data from the Shell 29/1 Area. : Shell Exploration

Macleod N (1998) The challenge of electronic publication in micropaleontology. North American Micropaleontology Section Newsletter, 19 : 1 - 7.

Macleod N (1998) On the reproducibility of paleontological data: a perspective on the El Kef foraminiferal blind test results, In: El Kef Workshop, Keller G (Eds). Tunisian Geological Survey : Tunis, Tunisia.

Macleod N (1998) Systematics and Biostratigraphy of Cretaceous and Tertiary Planktonic Foraminifera from the Smaller Size Fraction (>63µm) at El Kef, Tunisia, In: El Kef Workshop, Keller G (Eds). Tunisian Geological Survey : Tunis, Tunisia.

Macleod N (1998) Review of "Mass Extinctions and Their Aftermath," by. A. Hallam and P. B. Wignall. The Times Higher Education Supplement, February 6 1998 :

Macleod N (1998) The Renaissance of Graphic Correlation, In: Proceedings, Geoscience 98, The Geological Society : London.

Macleod N (1998) Impacts and marine invertebrate extinctions, In: Meteorites: flux with time and impact effects, Grady MM, Hutchinson R, McCall GJH, Rotherby DA (Eds). Geological Society of London : London. 217 - 246.

Macleod N, Holland B (1998) NHM palaeontological investigations in Belize: an update. Las Cuevas, 1 (2) : 4 - 6.

Macleod N, Patterson RT (1998) The role and promise of electronic publishing in paleontology. Palaeontologia Electronica, 1 (1) :

Stinnesbeck W, Keller G, Cruz JDL, León CD, Macleod N, Whittaker JE (1997) The Cretaceous–Tertiary transition in Guatemala: limestone breccia deposits from the South Petén basin. Geologische Rundschau, 86 (3) : 686 - 709. doi: 10.1007/s005310050171

Macleod N, Rawson PF, Forey PL, Banner FT, Boudagher-fadel MK, Bown PR, Burnett JA, Chambers P, Culver S, Evans SE, Jeffery C, Kaminski MA, Lord AR, Milner AC, Milner AR, Morris N, Owen E, Rosen BR, Smith AB, Taylor PD, Urquhart E, Young JR (1997) The Cretaceous-Tertiary biotic transition. Journal of the Geological Society, 154 (2) : 265 - 292. doi: 10.1144/gsjgs.154.2.0265

Macleod N (1997) Review of "Advances in Morphometrics" by L. F. Marcus, M. Corti, A. Loy, G. J. P. Naylor, and D. E. Slice. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 60 (3) :

Macleod N (1997) Review of Biotic Recovery from Mass Extinction Events. Marine Micropaleontology, 30 : 350 - 353.

Macleod N (1997) Images, databases, and palaeontology. PESGB Newsletter, 1997 (February) : 14 - 15.

Macleod N, Diver P, Guralnick R, Lazaris D, Malmgren B (1997) Computers, quantification, and databases in the 21st Century. Kleine Senckenbergreihe, 25 : 145 - 153.

Macleod N, Rose KD (1997) 3D morphometric-functional analysis of Modern and Paleogene mammalian radial heads. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Abstracts of Papers, 17 :

Keller G, Li L, Macleod N (1996) The Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary stratotype section at El Kef, Tunisia: how catastrophic was the mass extinction?. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 119 : 255 - 273.

Keller G, Li L, Macleod N (1996) The Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary stratotype section at El Kef, Tunisia: how catastrophic was the mass extinction?. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 119 (3-4) : 221 - 254. doi: 10.1016/0031-0182(95)00009-7

Macleod N (1996) Empirical shape space representations and shape modeling of fossils from landmark-registered 2D outlines, 3D outlines, and 3D surfaces, with a comment on the indeterminacy of empirical “mono-morphospace” analysis. North American Paleontological Convention ‘96, Abstracts of Papers,

Macleod N (1996) Nature of the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) planktonic foraminiferal record: stratigraphic confidence intervals, Signor-Lipps effect, and patterns of survivorship, In: The Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction: biotic and environmental changes, MacLeod N, Keller G (Eds). W. W. Norton & Co. : New York. 85 - 138.

Macleod N (1996) Testing patterns of Cretaceous-Tertiary planktonic foraminiferal extinctions at El Kef (Tunisia), In: The Cretaceous-Tertiary Event and Other Catastrophes in Earth History, Ryder G, Fastovsky D, Gartner S (Eds). Geological Society of America, Special Paper 307 : Boulder. 287 - 302.

Macleod N (1996) Stratigraphic completeness and planktic foraminiferal survivorship across the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K/T) boundary, In: Microfossils and Oceanic Environments, Moguilevsky A, Whatley R (Eds). University of Wales : Aberystwyth. 327 - 353.

Macleod N (1996) K/T redux. Paleobiology, 22 (03) : 311 - 317. doi: 10.1017/S0094837300016298

Macleod N, Keller G (1996) Quantitative strategies for determining the reliability of biostratigraphic data. North American Paleontological Convention ‘96, Abstracts of Papers,

Macleod N, Keller G (1996) Introduction, In: The Cretaceous-Tertiary Mass Extinction: Biotic and Environmental Changes, MacLeod N, Keller G (Eds). W. W. Norton & Co. : New York. 1 - 6.

Macleod N, Keller G (1996) The Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction: biotic and environmental changes. W. W. Norton & Co. : New York.

Stinnesbeck W, Keller G, Adatte T, Lopez-oliva JG, Macleod N (1996) Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary clastic deposits in northwestern Mexico: Impact tsunami or sea-level lowstand, In: The Cretaceous-Tertiary Mass Extinction: Biotic and Environmental Events, MacLeod N, Keller G (Eds). W. W. Norton & Co. : New York. 471 - 518.

Thomason JJ, Macleod N (1996) Functional morphometry of the carnivoran cranium: eigenshape analysis of bone distribution. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 12 :

Whitfield JA, Macleod N (1996) Routes to sociality in Pemphigus (Hemiptera: Pemphigidae)- morphometric clues. Proceedings of the XX Intrernational Congress of Entomology,

Macleod N, Whittaker J, Williams J, Young J (1995) Biostratigraphy of microfossil biotas from the Indus Basin, Pakistan based on core samples obtained by Oolithica Geoscience Ltd.. : The Natural History Museum

Macleod N (1995) TESTING MORPHOMETRIC DATA FOR PHYLOGENETIC AND FUNCTIONAL COVARIANCE. JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 15 : 41A - 42A.

Macleod N (1995) Review of The Eocene-Oligocene Transition: Paradise Lost. Historical Biology, 10 :

Macleod N (1995) Stratotypes and Stratotypology. International Subcommission on Paleogene Stratigraphy Newsletter, 4 : 18 - 20.

Macleod N (1995) Graphic correlation of new Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) boundary sections, In: Graphic Correlation, Mann KO, Lane HR (Eds). Society for Sedimentary Geology Special Publication 53 : Tulsa. 215 - 233.

Macleod N (1995) Graphic correlation of high latitude Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary sequences at Nye Kløv (Denmark), ODP Site 690 (Weddell Sea), and ODP Site 738 (Kerguelen Plateau): Comparison with the El Kef (Tunisia) boundary stratotype. Modern Geology, 19 : 109 - 147.

Macleod N (1995) Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) biogeography of planktic foraminifera. Historical Biology, 10 : 49 - 101.

Macleod N, Ortiz N (1995) Comparison of patterns of phenotypic variation in planktonic and benthonic foraminifera across the Cretaceous-Tertiary and Paleocene-Eocene event horizons. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 26 (6) :

Macleod N, Sadler P (1995) Estimating the Line of Correlation, In: Graphic Correlation and the Composite Standard, Mann K, Lane HR (Eds). Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication 53 : Tulsa. 51 - 64.

Keller G, Macleod N (1994) Reply to comment on ‘The Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary transition in the Antarctic Ocean and its global implications’. Marine Micropaleontology, 24 (2) : 101 - 118. doi: 10.1016/0377-8398(94)90018-3

Macleod N, Lane HR (1994) PaleoNet. PALAIOS, 9 (5) : 429 - 429. doi: 10.2307/3515134

Stinnesbeck W, Keller G, Adatte T, Macleod N (1994) DEPOSITION OF CHANNEL DEPOSITS NEAR THE CRETACEOUS-TERTIARY BOUNDARY IN NORTHEASTERN MEXICO - CATASTROPHIC OR NORMAL SEDIMENTARY DEPOSITS - COMMENTS. GEOLOGY, 22 (10) : 955 - 956.

Macleod N (1994) K-T boundary issues. Science, 264 (5159) : 641 - 642. doi: 10.1126/science.264.5159.641-a

Macleod N (1994) K-T Boundary Issues. Science, 264 (5159) : 641 - 642. doi: 10.1126/science.264.5159.641-a

Beeson D, Gartner S, Keller G, Macleod N, Medus J, Rocchia R, Robin E (1994) The KT boundary along the Brazos River, Falls County, Texas: Multidisciplinary Stratigraphy and Depositional Environment. Lunar and Planetary Contribution, 825 : 9 - 10.

Huber BT, Liu C, Olsson RK, Berggren WA, Keller G, Macleod N (1994) MicroForum: Comment and response on "The Cretaceous-Tertiary transition in the Antarctic Ocean and its global implications", by G. Keller. Marine Micropaleontology, 24 (1994) : 91 - 118.

Keller G, Stinnesbeck W, Adatte T, Macleod N (1994) The KT boundary clastic deposits in northeastern Mexico as product of noncatastrophic geologic processes?, In: Field Guide to the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary Sections in Northeastern Mexico, Keller G, Stinnesbeck W, Adatte T, MacLeod N, Lowe D (Eds). Lunar and Planetary Institute Contribution : Houston, Texas. 65 - 94.

Keller G, Stinnesbeck W, Adatte T, Macleod N, Lowe DR (1994) Field guide to Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary sections in northeastern Mexico. Lunar and Planetary Institute Contribution, 827 : 1 - 110.

Macleod N (1994) An evaluation of criteria that may be used to identify species surviving a mass extinction. New Developments Regarding the K/T Event and Other Catastrophes in Earth Histroy, LPI Contribution, 825 : 75 - 77.

Macleod N, Keller G (1994) Comparative biogeographic analysis of planktic foraminiferal survivorship across the Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) boundary. Paleobiology, 20 (2) : 143 - 177.

Keller G, Macleod N (1993) Carbon isotopic evidence for biomass burning at the K-T boundary: Comment and Reply (Comment). Geology, 21 : 1149 - 1150.

Keller G, Macleod N, Lyons JB, Officer CB (1993) Is there evidence for Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary-age deep-water deposits in the Carribean and Gulf of Mexico?. Geology, 21 : 776 - 780.

Macleod N (1993) How complete are Cretaceous / Tertiary boundary sections II?: High latitude extension of the K/T Composite Standard Reference Section. Abstracts with Programs, Geologcial Society of America, 25 :

Macleod N (1993) The Maastrichtian-Danian radiation of triserial and biserial planktic foraminifera: Testing phylogenetic and adaptational hypotheses in the (micro)fossil record. Marine Micropaleontology, 21 (1) : 47 - 100.

Macleod N, Rose KD (1993) Inferring locomotor behavior in Paleogene mammals via eigenshape analysis. American Journal of Science, 293-A : 300 - 355.

Keller G, Macleod N, Barrera E (1992) Eocene-Oligocene faunal turnover in planktic foraminifera and Antarctic glaciation, In: Eocene-Oligocene climatic and biotic evolution, Prothero DR, Berggren WA (Eds). Princeton University Press : Princeton, NJ. 218 - 244.

Macleod N (1991) Punctuated anagenesis and the importance of stratigraphy to paleobiology. Paleobiology, 17 : 167 - 188.

Macleod N, Keller G (1991) How complete are Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary sections? A chronostratigraphic estimate based on graphic correlation?. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 103 : 1439 - 1457.

Macleod N, Keller G (1991) Hiatus distributions and mass extinctions at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. Geology, 19 : 497 - 501.

Macleod N (1990) Effects of Last Eocene impacts on planktic foraminifera, In: Global catastrophes in Earth history: an interdisciplinary conference on impacts, volcanism, and mass mortality, Sharpton VL, Ward PD (Eds). Geological Society of America Special Paper : Boulder. 595 - 606.

Macleod N (1990) Digital images and automated image analysis systems, In: Proceedings of the Michigan Morphometrics Workshop, Rohlf FJ, Bookstein FL (Eds). The University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Special Publication 2 : Ann Arbor, MI. 21 - 35.

Macleod N, Keller G (1990) Foraminiferal phenotypic response to environmental changes across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 22 :

Macleod N, Keller G, Kitchell JA (1990) Progenesis in Late Eocene populations of Subbotina linaperta (Foraminifera) from the western Atlantic. Marine Micropaleontology, 16 : 219 - 240.

Macleod N, Kitchell J (1990) Morphometrics and evolutionary inference: A case study involving ontogenetic and developmental aspects of evolution, In: Proceedings of the Michigan Morphometrics Workshop, Rohlf FJ, Bookstein FL (Eds). The University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Special Publication 2 : Ann Arbor. 283 - 299.

Kitchell JA, Macleod N (1988) Testing macroevolutionary interpretations of symmetry and synchroneity in the fossil record. Science, 240 : 1190 - 1193.

Macleod N (1988) Lower and Middle Jurassic Perispyridium (Radiolaria) from the Snowshoe Formation, east-central Oregon. Micropaleontology, 34 : 289 - 315.

Kitchell JA, Estabrook G, Macleod N (1987) Testing for equality of rates of evolution. Paleobiology, 13 : 272 - 285.

Macleod N, Carr TR (1987) Morphometrics and the analysis of shape in conodonts, In: Conodonts: Investigative Techniques and Applications, Austin RL (Eds). Ellis Horwood Limited : Chichester. 168 - 187.

Macleod N, Carter JL (1984) A method for obtaining consistent specimen orientations for use in microfossil biometric studies. Micropaleontology, 30 : 306 - 310.

Macleod N (1982) The first North American occurrence of the late Cretaceous elasmobranch Ptychodus rugosus Dixon with comments on the functional morphology of the dentition and dermal denticles. Journal of Paleontology, 56 (2) : 403 - 409.

Macleod N, Slaughter BH (1980) A new ptychodid shark from the upper Cretaceous of northeast Texas. The Texas Journal of Science, 32 (4) : 333 - 335.

Davies K, Macleod N, Bates P, E. T, S. R (null) Echolocation, flight and inner ear adaptation in bats VL -??. null,

Macleod N (null) Response to One Life Only: Biological Resistance, Political Resistance by Catherine Malabou. Critical Inquiry,

Courses taught

MSc: MSc Taxonomy & Biodiversity: Palaeontology & Stratigraphy Module
Imperial College, London
The Natural History Museum, London
3/2014.

Supervision

Doctorate (PhD) Joint supervisor to Marr M
Co supervisor(s): Schreve D
Faunal Response to Abrupt Climate Change: the History of the British Fauna from the Lateglacial to the Early Holocene.
Funding: NERC
2013 - 2013.

Introduction

Summary

Norman MacLeod (BSc, MSc, PhD, FGS, FLS) is Dean of Post-Graduate Education and Training at the Natural History Museum (London). Honorary Professor at University College London and Visiting Professor at the Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is the editor of Automated Taxon Identification in Systematics: Theory, Approaches, and Applications (CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2007, http://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9780849382055), the author of The Great Extinctions: What Causes Them and How They Shape Life (Natural History Museum, 2013, http://www.nhm.ac.uk/business-centre/publishing/books/earth/great-extinctions/index.html), the Editor-in-Chief of Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, 2nd ed., 2 vols. (Gale-Cengage, 2013, http://www.cengage.com/search/productOverview.do;jsessionid=4EBB42963ECF0CFB547FCB0A490E4003?N=197&Ntk=P_EPI&Ntt=485547245146856566516057212231962043842&Ntx=mode+matchallpartial#Overview) which received an Honourable Mention Professional and Scholarly Excellence (PROSE) Award: Multivolume Reference/Science category in 2014 by the Association of American Publishers (see http://www.proseawards.com/current-winners.html) and the co-editor of Issues in Palaeobiology: A Global View—Interviews and Essays (with Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra; Scidinge Hall, 2014, http://www.amazon.com/Issues-Palaeobiology-Global-Interviews-Essays/dp/3905923173). He is currently writing a book on the mathematical analysis of morphology. Professor MacLeod also serves as Co-Chief Editor of Palaeoworld (a Chinese palaeontology journal), Associate Editor of the journal Systematic Biology, and an Editorial Board Member of the journal Royal Society Proceedings B (Biological Sciences). Professor MacLeod has a wide range of research interests. He is perhaps best known for his work documenting patterns and understanding the causes of Phanerozoic extinctions, especially the end-Cretaceous mass extinction event where he is a leading proponent of the multiple-cause model. Equal in terms of output and prominence is his theoretical, methodological, and applied work in the field of morphometrics where he was an early proponent of geometric morphometrics, the use of outline semilandmarks to characterize form and shape, the morphometric characterization of 3D surfaces, and most recently the application of computer vision and machine learning methods to the analysis of morphology. Other research interests include macroevolution, evolutionary rates, quantitative biostratigraphy (esp. graphic correlation), applied statistics, and quantitative data analysis (esp. multivariate ordination, discriminant analysis, Monte Carlo simulation, bootstrapping, and jackknifing). In addition to his scientific research Prof. MacLeod has developed minor intellectual sidelines in art history picture analysis (esp. with regard to scientific images) and the effect of human evolutionary biology and climate change on human history.

Qualifications

Degrees

PhD, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, 1981 - 1986

MSc, Southern Mathodist University, Dallas, Texas, 1978 - 1980

BSc, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, 1971 - 1975

Employment history

Academic

Dean of Postgraduate Education & Training, Natural History Museum, United Kingdom, 2013 - ongoing

Honorary Professor, University College London, Geoscience, UK, 2010 - ongoing

Visiting Professor, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiwan, Province of China, 2011 - ongoing

Projects

Grants

Sir Grafton Elliot Smith and the Archaeological Survey of Nubia: their significance to the palaeopathological tradition
Role: Principal investigator
Funding: Wellcome Trust
Total value £158,809 (to Museum £12,268)
Dates: 2010 - 2013

Other projects

Using wing morphometrics to develop an automated identification system
Role: Researcher
Funding: Museum development

Professional activities

Editorships

Editor in chief, Palaeoworld, Elsevier, 2014 - on going.

Associate editor, Systematic Biology, Oxford Journals, 2011 - on going.

Board member, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, The Royal Society, 2011 - on going.

Publications

Publications

Macleod N (2015) Use of landmark and outline morphometrics to investigate thecal form variation in crushed gogiid echinoderms. Palaeoworld, 24 (4) : 408 - 429. doi: 10.1016/j.palwor.2015.07.004

Macleod N (null) The direct analysis of digital images (eigenimage) with a comment on the use of discriminant analysis in morphometrics.. Lestrel PE (Eds). Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Biological Shape Analysis, World Scientific : Singapore.

Macleod N (null) A comparison of alternative form-characterization approaches to the automated identification of biological species., In: Patterns in Nature, Hamilton A, Pierson E (Eds). University of California Press, : Berkeley, California. 1 - 18.

Macleod N, Steart D (2015) Automated leaf physiognomic character identification from digital images. Paleobiology, 41 (04) : 528 - 553. doi: 10.1017/pab.2015.13

Koh J, Macleod N, Dee R, Percy D (2015) Assessing the utility of psyllid wing variation for geographic and taxonomic identification. Program and Abstracts. O'Neill M (Eds). 2015 Royal Entomological Society Electronic and Computing Technology Special Interest Group, The Royal Entomological Society : London. 15 - 15.

Macleod N (2015) Automated assessment and identification of vertebrate morphology from images and 3d models: making the jump from geometric morphometrics to computer vision, artificial intelligence & deep learning, In: Programme with Abstracts, 75th Annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, MacKenzie A, Maxwell E, Miller-Camp J (Eds). Society of Vertebrate Paleontology : Dallas, Texas.

Macleod N (2015) Making the jump from geometric morphometrics to computer vision, artificial intelligence & deep learning, In: Abstracts wth programme, 4th international symposium on biological shape analysis, Lestrel PE (Eds). University of Califiornia, Los Angeles : Los Angeles, California. 15 - 16.

Macleod N (2015) Automated assessment and identification of vertebrate morphology from 2d/3d landmarks & images: making the jump from geometric morphometrics to computer vision, artificial intelligence & deep learning. MacKenzie A, Maxwell E, Miller-Camp J (Eds). 75th Annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Meeting Program & Abstracts, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology : Dallas, Texas.

Macleod N (2015) Making the jump from geometric morphometrics to computer vision, artificial intelligence & deep learning. Lestrel PE (Eds). 4th Biological Shape Analysis Symposium, University of California, Los Angeles : University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

Macleod N (2015) The morphometric assessment of archaeological objects: principles, practices & prospectus. Hoggard C, Stark S (Eds). MORPH2015, University of Southampton : Department of Archaeology, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Macleod N (2015) The morphometric assessment of archaeological objects: principles, practices and prospectus, In: MORPH 2015: a conference on the archaeological applications of morphometrics, Hoggard C, Stark S (Eds). University of Southampton : Southampton, UK.

Macleod N, Hall MJR, Wardhana AH (2015) Automated identification of Old World screwworm fly populations from wing images. ONeill M (Eds). Electronic & Computing Technology Special Interest Group Meeting, Royal Entomological Society : Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, UK.

Macleod N, Hall MJR, Wardhana AH (2015) Automated identification of old world screwworm fly (OWSF) populations from wing images, In: Program and Abstracts of the 2015 Royal Entomological Society Electronic and Computing Technology Special Interest Group, Kew Gardens, Richmond, O'Neill M (Eds). The Royal Entomological Society : London.

Macleod N, Hall MJ, Wardhana AH (2015) Automated identification of adult blowflies from wing images. Vanin S (Eds). European Association for Forensic Entomology Conference, European Association for Forensic Entomology : University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.

Macleod N, Hall MJR, Wardhana AH (2015) Automated identification of old world screwworm fly (OWSF) populations from wing images. [Program and Abstracts]. O'Neill M (Eds). Royal Entomological Society Electronic and Computing Technology Special Interest Group, The Royal Entomological Society : London.

Tennant JP, Macleod N (2014) Snout Shape in Extant Ruminants. PLoS ONE, 9 (11) : e112035 - e112035. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112035

Hall MJR, Macleod N, Wardhana AH (2014) Use of wing morphometrics to identify populations of the Old World screwworm fly, Chrysomya bezziana (Diptera: Calliphoridae): A preliminary study of the utility of museum specimens. Acta Tropica, 138 : S49 - S55. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2014.03.023

Macleod N (2014) Molecular analysis of 'anomalous primate' hair samples: a commentary on Sykes et al.. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281 (1789) : 20140843 - 20140843. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.0843

Macleod N (2014) Historical inquiry as a distributed, nomothetic, evolutionary discipline.. The American Historical Review, 119 (5) : 1608 - 1620.

Macleod N (2014) Biozones., In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences., Elias SA (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 1 - 12.

Macleod N (2014) Overview of End Cretaceous Extinctions., In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Elias SA (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 1 - 13.

Macleod N (2014) Overview of the Cretaceous Period., In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Elias SA (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 1 - 14.

Macleod N (2014) Stratigraphic principles., In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Elias SA (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 1 - 10.

Macleod N (2014) Norman MacLeod (Interview)., In: Issues in paleobiology: a global view, Sánchez-Villagra M, MacLeod N (Eds). Scidinge Hall : Zürich, Switzerland. 221 - 234.

Macleod N (2014) Imaging and analysis of skeletal morphology: new tools and techniques., In: Palaeopathology in Egypt and Nubia: a century in review, Metcalfe RJ, Crockitt JA, David AR (Eds). Archaeopress : Oxford. 141 - 156.

Macleod N (2014) The geological extinction record: History, data, biases, and testing, In: null, null : 1 - 28.

Macleod N, Sánchez-villagra M (2014) Concluding thoughts., In: Issues in palaeobiology: a global view, Sánchez-Villagra M, MacLeod N (Eds). Scidinge Hall : Zürich, Switzerland. 247 - 267.

Macleod N, Steart D, Pearce L, Bartleet-cross C, Nedza C, Frost A, Rose K (2014) New morphologies for old: application of three dimensional surface analysis & computer vision/machine learning techniques to comparative anatomy with special emphasis on vertebrate paleontology. [Meeting Program & Abstracts]. Maxwell E, Miller-Camp J (Eds). 74th Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Meeting, 173 - 174.

Shi Y, Macleod N (2014) Identification of life-history stages in fusulinid foraminifera. [Programme abstracts and AGM papers.]. Little C, Gill F (Eds). The Palaeontological Association, 105 - 106.

Culverhouse PF, Macleod N, Williams R, Benfield MC, Lopes RM, Picheral M (2014) An empirical assessment of the consistency of taxonomic identifications. Marine Biology Research, 10 (1) : 73 - 84. doi: 10.1080/17451000.2013.810762

Close RA, H. B, Macleod N, Johanson Z, Friedman M (2014) Getting inside the heads of Cretaceous-Paleogene teleosts: new morphological and functional data from the exceptional fish fossils of the English Chalk and London Clay. Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting, Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology : Austin, Texas.

Cockitt J, David R, Macleod N (2014) All That Remains? A virtual collection for the Archaeological Survey of Nubia, In: Abstracts of papers presented at The 13th International Conference for Nubian Studies, Honegger M (Eds). University of Neuchâtel : Neuchâtel, Switzerland.

Macleod N (2014) Comment: molecular analysis of ‘anomalous primate’ hair samples. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281 (1789) : doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.0843

Macleod N, Sánchez-villagra M (2014) Concluding thoughts, In: Issues in palaeobiology: a global view, Sánchez-Villagra M, MacLeod N (Eds). Scidinge Hall : Zürich, Switzerland. 247 - 267.

Sánchez-villagra M, Macleod N (2014) Issues in paleobiology: a global view. Scidinge Hall : Zürich, Switzerland.

Shi Y, Macleod N (2014) Identification of life-history stages in fusulinid foraminifera, In: Programme abstracts and AGM papers, Little C, Gill F (Eds). The Palaeontological Association : Leeds, UK. 105 - 106.

Powell J, Collins MJ, Cussens J, Macleod N, Penkman KEH (2013) Results from an amino acid racemization inter-laboratory proficiency study; design and performance evaluation. Quaternary Geochronology, 16 : 183 - 197. doi: 10.1016/j.quageo.2012.11.001

Archibald JD, Macleod N (2013) End-Cretaceous extinction, In: Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, MacLeod N, Archibald JD, Levin P (Eds). Gale-Cengage : Farmington Hills, Michigan. 497 - 512.

Culverhouse PF, Macleod N, Williams R, Benfield MC, Lopes RM, Picheral M (2013) An empirical assessment of the consistency of taxonomic identifications. Marine Biology Research, 10 (1) : 73 - 84. doi: 10.1080/17451000.2013.810762

Macleod N (2013) Setting digitization priorities for natural history museum collections in an uncertain world. Program with Abstracts, American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting, 2014 :

Macleod N (2013) Conflict vs concord: an alternative model for human remains repatriation. American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science : Chicago, Illinois.

Macleod N (2013) Historical extinctions (1800-Present), In: Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, MacLeod N, Archibald JD, Levin P (Eds). Gale-Cengage : Farmington Hills, Michigan. 641 - 658.

Macleod N (2013) The role of natural history museums, In: Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, MacLeod N, Archibald JD, Levin P (Eds). Gale-Cengage : Farmington Hills, Michigan. 225 - 234.

Macleod N (2013) Kinds of extinctions, In: Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, MacLeod N, Archibald JD, Levin P (Eds). Gale-Cengage : Farmington Hills, Michigan. 1 - 16.

Macleod N (2013) The geological extinction record. Keller G, Kerr A (Eds). Volcanism, Impacts and Mass Extinctions: Causes & Effects, The Mineralogical Society : The Natural History Museum, London.

Macleod N (2013) Semilandmarks and surfaces. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 83 : 37 - 51.

Macleod N (2013) Landmarks and semilandmarks: differences without meaning and meaning without difference. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 32 - 43.

Macleod N (2013) Setting digitization priorities for natural history museum collections in an uncertain world. Program with Abstracts, American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting, 2013 :

Macleod N (2013) Preface, In: Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, MacLeod N, Archibald JD, Levin P (Eds). Gale-Cengage : Farmington Hills, Michigan. ix - xii.

Macleod N (2013) The great extinctions: what causes them and how they shape life. The Natural History Museum : London.

Macleod N (2013) Atlas of deep-sea benthic foraminifera. Wiley-Blackwell and The Natural History Museum : Oxford.

Macleod N (2013) PalaeoMath 101 A Picture May Be Worth 1,000 Landmarks. Palaeontology Newsletter, 84 : 20 - 34.

Macleod N, Archibald JD, Levins P (2013) Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinctions, Second Edition (2 volumes).. Gale-Cengage : Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Macleod N, Krieger J, Jones KE (2013) Geometric Morphometric Approaches to Acoustic Signal Analysis in Mammalian Biology. HYSTRIX-ITALIAN JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY, 24 (1) : 110 - 125. doi: 10.4404/hystrix-24.1-6299

Macleod N, Percy D (2013) Geometry-based insect wing morphological analysis as a tool for achieving robust, accurate, and automated species identifications. O'Neill M (Eds). Royal Entomological Society Special Interest Group Meeting (Automated Species Identification), The Royal Entomological Society : The Natural History Museum, London.

Macleod N, Steart D (2013) Improving the accuracy and consistency of taxonomic identifications in climate change studies. Southern Connections Conference, University of Otago : University of Otago, Otago, New Zealand. 21 - 22.

Tennant J, Macleod N (2013) Comparative ecomorphology of ornithopod and ruminant snouts – a geometric morphometric approach. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 33 (Supplement) :

Sievwright HOLLY, Macleod NORMAN (2012) Eigensurface analysis, ecology, and modelling of morphological adaptation in the falconiform humerus (Falconiformes: Aves). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 165 (2) : 390 - 419. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00818.x

(2012) Phylogenetic inference for function-valued traits: speech sound evolution. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 27 (3) : 160 - 166. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2011.10.001

Aston JD, Buck D, Coleman J, Cotter CJ, Jones NS, Macaulay V, Macleod N, Moriary JM, Nevins A (2012) Phylogenetic inference for function-valued traits: speech sound evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 27 (3) : 160 - 166.

Cockitt J, Harris M, Metcalfe R, Forshaw R, Macleod N, David R (2012) Capturing a century of study: the search for the human remains from the first Archaeological Survey of Nubia (1907-1911). Antiquity, 86 (332) : 1 - 3.

Culverhouse PF, Macleod N, Williams R, Benfield M, Lopez R, Picheral SM (2012) Is the consistency of expert-level taxonomic identifications a significant source of error in biodiversity and ecological investigations?: An Empirical Assessment. GSA Abstracts with Programmes, 44 (7) :

Keller G, Armstrong H, Courtillot V, Harper D, Joachimski M, Kerr A, Macleod N, Napier W, Palfy J, Wignall P (2012) Volcanism, impacts and mass extinctions (short, print version). Geoscientist, 22 (10) : 10 - 15.

Keller G, Armstrong H, Courtillot V, Harper D, Joachimski M, Kerr A, Macleod N, Napier W, Palfy J, Wignall P (2012) Volcanism, impacts and mass extinctions (long version). Geoscientist, 22 (10) :

Macleod N (2012) The promise, and the challenge, of automated species identification. GSA Abstracts with Programmes, 44 (7) :

Macleod N (2012) Going round the bend II: extended eigenshape analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 81 : 23 - 39.

Macleod N (2012) Going round the bend: eigenshape analysis I. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 80 : 32 - 48.

Macleod N (2012) The center cannot hold II: elliptic Fourier analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 79 : 29 - 42.

Macleod N (null) PaleoBase: Deep-sea benthic foraminifera. Blackwell Science and The Natural History Museum : Oxford.

Figueirido B, Macleod N, Krieger J, De RenziM, Pérez-claros JA, Palmqvist P (2011) Constraint and adaptation in the evolution of carnivoran skull shape. Paleobiology, 37 (03) : 490 - 518. doi: 10.1666/09062.1

Forey PL, Lopez-arbarello A, Macleod N (2011) A New Species of Lepidotes (Actinopterygii: Semiontiformes) from the Cenomanian (Upper Cretaceous) of Morocco. PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA, 14 (1) :

Gernand B, Blaclwell A, Macleod N (2011) Coded Chimera. Arts & Humanities Research Council / Crucible Network : Cambridge.

Lopez GutierrezB, Macleod N, Edgecombe G (2011) Detecting taxonomic signal in an under-utilised character system: geometric morphometrics of the forcipular coxae of Scutigeromorpha (Chilopoda). ZooKeys, 156 : 49 - 66. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.156.1997

Macleod N (2011) Cretaceous-Paleogene planktonic foraminiferal stratigraphy, extinction, and survivorship (revisited). Keller G, Kerr A, MacLeod N (Eds). Volcanism, Extinctions, and Impacts: Causes and Effects, The Mineralogical Society : London.

Macleod N (2011) The center cannot hold I: Z-R Fourier analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 78 : 35 - 45.

Macleod N (2011) Centroids, complex outlines and shape functions. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 77 : 36 - 45.

Macleod N (2011) Review - Morphometrics for Nonmorphometricians, A. T. M. Elewa (ed.), 2010, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Geological Magazine, 148 : 507 - 508.

Macleod N (2011) Semilandmarks & radial Fourier analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 76 : 25 - 42.

Macleod N (2011) Cretaceous-Tertiary planktonic foraminfieral biostratigraphy and survivorship (revisited), In: Epístolas Geológicas, López Oliva JG (Eds). Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León : Linnares, Nuevo Léon, Mexico. 185 - 249.

Macleod N (2011) Changing the shape of things to come: a perspective on the Coded Chimera collaboration, In: Coded Chimera, Gernand B, Blackwell A, MACLEOD N (Eds). Arts & Humanities Research Council / Crucible Natwork : Cambridge. 15 - 17.

Marr M, Macleod N, Sainsbury AW (2011) A landmark-based geometric morphometric analysis of the hemi-mandible and cranium shape in Sciurus vulgaris, In: The Mammal Society Conference and Annual General Meeting 2011, Abstract Booklet, The Mammal Society : Southampton.

Wilson LAB, Motokawa M, Harada M, Macleod N, Barrow E, Sánchez-villagra MR (2011) Geographic variation in cranial shape of the greater Japanese shrew-mole (Urotrichus talpoides) reflects chromosomal variation patterns.. Annual Meeting of the Mammalogical Society of Japan, 8-11.09.2011,

Piazza P, Bailey CD, Cartolano M, Krieger J, Cao J, Ossowski S, Schneeberger K, He F, De MeauxJ, Hall N, Macleod N, Filatov D, Hay A, Tsiantis M (2010) Arabidopsis thaliana Leaf Form Evolved via Loss of KNOX Expression in Leaves in Association with a Selective Sweep. Current Biology, 20 (24) : 2223 - 2228. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2010.11.037

Macleod N, Benfield M, Culverhouse P (2010) Time to automate identification. Nature, 467 (7312) : 154 - 155. doi: 10.1038/467154a

Archibald JD, Clemens WA, Padian K, Rowe T, Macleod N, Barrett PM, Gale A, Holroyd P, Sues HD, Arens NC, Horner JR, Wilson GP, Goodwin MB, Brochu CA, Lofgren DL, Hurlbert SH, Hartman JH, Eberth DA, Wignall PB, Currie PJ, Weil A, Prasad GVR, Dingus L, Courtillot V, Milner A, Milner A, Bajpai S, Ward DJ, Sahni A (2010) Cretaceous Extinctions: Multiple Causes. Science, 328 (5981) : 973 - 973. doi: 10.1126/science.328.5981.973-a

Macleod N (2010) Through a glass darkly. Set in Stone, 7 (2) : 2 - 5.

Macleod N (2010) Hard times. Set in Stone, 7 (1) : 2 - 4.

Macleod N (2010) Automated identification of planktonic foraminifer images using an unsupervised neural network: a feasibility test. : The Natural History MuseumLondon.

Macleod N (2010) PaleoBase: Macrofossils (Part 3). Blackwell Science and The Natural History Museum : Oxford.

Macleod N (2010) Principal warps, relative warps and Procrustes PCA. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 75 : 22 - 33.

Macleod N (2010) Digitization strategies, collections-use surveys, and iDAISY: new e-collections-based initiatives at The Natural History Museum. The Geological Society of America, Abstracts and Programs, 42 :

Macleod N (2010) Principal & partial warps. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 74 : 35 - 45.

Macleod N (2010) Shape models II: the thin plate spline. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 73 : 24 - 39.

Macleod N (2010) The challenge, and the promise, of automated species identification. Aston J, Buck D, Jones N, Macaulay V, Moriarty J (Eds). Functional Phylogenies Workshop, University of Oxford : Oxford, UK.

Macleod N (2010) Discrimination between three Pleistocene Astarte species (Bivalvia, Astartidae): morphometric and taxonomic implications. Alistair R, Harper D (Eds). Third International Palaeontological Congress, Imperial College, London : London, UK.

Macleod N (2010) Alternative 2D and 3D form characterization approaches to the automated identification of biological species, In: Tools for Identifying Biodiversity: Progress and Problems, Nimis PL, Vignes Lebbe R (Eds). Edizioni Università di Trieste : Trieste, Italy. 225 - 229.

Macleod N (2010) Non-linear morphology-based discrimination of taxonomic groups with and without landmarks, In: Proceedings, Second Annual UK Morphometrics Workshop, von Cramon-Taubadel N, Kume A (Eds). University of Kent, Canterbury, UK : Canterbury, UK.

(2009) Species discrimination in the Lower Cretaceous (Albian) ammonite genus Knemiceras von Buch, 1848. Palaeontographica Abteilung A, 290 (1-3) : 1 - 63. doi: 10.1127/pala/290/2009/1

Bolton SAMUELJ, Macleod NORMAN, Edgecombe GREGORYD (2009) Geometric approaches to the taxonomic analysis of centipede gonopods (Chilopoda: Scutigeromorpha). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 156 (2) : 239 - 259. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00564.x

Clegg M, Macleod N (2009) Finding a middle way: new approaches in repatriation. Australian Anthropological Society Conference, Australian Anthropological Society : Sydney, Australia.

Kreiger J, Macleod N (2009) Use of 3D scan data. 24th Annual Meeting, Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections : Leiden, The Netherlands.

Macleod N (2009) The vision thing III: what will the future look like?. Set in Stone, 6 (3) : 2 - 4.

Macleod N (2009) Introduction to Workshop 4: new approaches to, and uses for, morphological imaging/scanning in a collections context. 24th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections : Leiden, The Natherlands.

Macleod N (2009) Use of 2D scan data. 24th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections : Leiden, The Netherlands.

Macleod N (2009) Form & shape models. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 72 : 14 - 27.

Macleod N (2009) Images, totems, types and memes: perspectives on an iconological mimetics. Culture, Theory and Critique, 50 (2-3) : 185 - 208.

Macleod N (2009) The Vision Thing IV. Set in Stone, The NHM Palaeontology Department Newsletter, 6(4) : 2 - 5.

Macleod N (2009) Shape theory. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 71 : 34 - 47.

Macleod N (2009) Missing links. Nature Online. null,

Macleod N (2009) Who is Procrustes and what has he done with my data. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 70 : 21 - 36.

Macleod N (2009) Automated species identification at The Natural History Museum, In: The Science of Nature 2009, The Natural History Museum : London. 61 pp.

Macleod N (2009) Dissecting major extinction events, In: The Science of Nature 2009, The Natural History Museum : London. 61 pp.

Macleod N, Milner AC (2009) So could Ida be the true missing link?. Daily Telegraph, 26 May 2009,

Scholtz OLIVIAI, Macleod NORMAN, Eggleton PAUL (2008) Termite soldier defence strategies: a reassessment of Prestwich's classification and an examination of the evolution of defence morphology using extended eigenshape analyses of head morphology. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 153 (4) : 631 - 650. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00396.x

Barrow EUGENIE, Macleod NORMAN (2008) Shape variation in the mole dentary (Talpidae: Mammalia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 153 (1) : 187 - 211. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00376.x

Wilson LA, Macleod N, Humphrey LT (2008) Morphometric Criteria for Sexing Juvenile Human Skeletons Using the Ilium. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 53 (2) : 269 - 278. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00656.x

Barrow E, Krieger J, Macleod N, Sieffert E (2008) Quantitative taxonomic and positional discrimination among hyracoid teeth using 3D eigensurface analysis. 52nd Annual Meeting of the Palaeontological Association , University of Glasgow. Abstracts. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 69 :

Barrow E, Macleod N, Krieger J (2008) Quantitative discrimination between hyracoid teeth using 3D eigensurface analysis. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 28 (3, suppl.) :

Bolton S, Edgecombe GD, Macleod N (2008) Variability in female gonopods of scutigeromorph centipedes (Chilopoda): a geometric morphometric approach. Peckiana, 6 :

Bolton S, Edgecombe GD, Macleod N (2008) Variability in female gonopods of scutigeromorph centipedes (Chilopoda): a geometric morphometric approach. 14th International Congress of Myriapodology. Abstracts. 217 7 - 21 7 7Peckiana 6 :

Danelian T, Macleod N (2008) Morphometric analysis of the Eocene radiolarian lineage Podocyrtis (Lampterium), In: RST Nancy 2008 Nancy Université (French bi-annual meeting of earth sciences), Nancy Université : Nancy, France.

Hay A, Krieger J, Galinha C, Macleod N, Tsiantis M (2008) KNOX-dependent aspects of asymmetric leaves1 shape space., In: Botany(2008). Scientific Meeting Abstracts,, University of British Columbia : Vancouver, British Columbia.

Krieger J, Macleod N (2008) The analysis of 2D and 3D biological size and shape data using Mathematica and webMathematica., In: 9th International Mathematica Symposium Proceedings, Wolfram : Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Macleod N (2008) The vision thing II: the role of technology. Set in Stone, 6 (2) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2008) The vision thing I. Set in Stone, 5 (1) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2008) Understanding morphology in systematic contexts: 3D specimen ordination and 3D specimen recognition, In: The New Taxonomy, Wheeler Q (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : London. 143 - 210.

Macleod N (2008) Understanding morphology in systematic contexts - Three-dimensional specimen ordination and recognition. NEW TAXONOMY 76 : 143 - 209.

Macleod N (2008) Size and shape coordinates. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 69 : 26 - 36.

Macleod N (2008) Distances, landmarks and allometry. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 68 : 30 - 39.

Macleod N (2008) Multidimensional scaling and ordination. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 67 : 26 - 44.

Macleod N (2008) Overview of morphometric techniques, In: Phylogenetics and Genomics Workshop, Blik H (Eds). The Natural History Museum : London.

Macleod N (2008) Morphometric characters for phylogenetic analysis, In: Phylogenetics and Genomics Workshop, Blik H (Eds). The Natural History Museum : London.

Macleod N (2008) The Lilliput effect in Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) planktonic foraminifera, In: 20th International Congress of Zoology, Programme with Absracts., University of Paris, France :

Macleod N (2008) Cretaceous-Tertiary planktonic foraminfieral biostratigraphy and survivorship (revisited), In: Simplso Geoscientífico Internacional-Linnares, López-Oliva JG (Eds). Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo Léon, Facultad de Ciencias de la Tierra, Linnares : Neuvo Léon, Mexico. 123 - 124.

Macleod N (2008) Morphometric data analysis: principles, approaches and prospects, In: Palaeontological Data Analysis Workshop, International Geological Congress Workshop WSS-13, Hammer O, Fortelius M (Eds). null : Oslo, Norway.

Macleod N (2008) Eigensurface analysis: a new semilandmark-based method for analyzing and modelling 3D shape data, In: 33rd International Geological Congress, Bjørlykke A (Eds). UNESCO : Oslo, Norway.

Polly PD, Macleod N (2008) Locomotion in fossil Carnivora: an application of the eigensurface method for morphometric analysis of 3D surfaces. Palaeontologia Electronica, 11 (2) :

Polly PD, Macleod N (2008) Locomotion in fossil Carnivora: An application of eigensurface analysis for morphometric comparison of 3D surfaces. PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA, 11 (2) :

Walsh SA, Macleod N, O'neill MA (2008) Analysis of spheniscid humerus and tarsometatarsus morphological variability using DAISY automated image recognition. Oryctos, 7 : 129 - 136.

Archibald JD, Macleod N (2007) Dinosaurs, extinction theories for., In: Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Levin SA (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 1 - 9.

Knoll MA, Walsh SA, Macleod N, O'neill M, Uther M (2007) Good performers know their audience! Identification and characterization of pitch contours in infant- and foreigner-directed speech, In: Automated taxon recognition in systematics: theory, approaches and applications, MACLEOD N (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : Boca Raton, Florida. 339 pp. 299 - 310.

Kreiger J, Macleod N (2007) Measurement and scale dependency in geometric approaches to morphological disparity analyses. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 66 : 40 - 41.

Macleod N (2007) Victim palaeontology?. Set in Stone, 5 (3) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2007) Stephen Weil and the changing role of museums. Set in Stone, 5 (2) : 2 - 3.

Macleod N (2007) The coming virtualization of natural history. Set in Stone, 5 (1) : 2 - 3.

Macleod N (2007) What are museums for?. Set in Stone, 4 (4) : 2 - 3.

Macleod N (2007) Introduction, In: Automated taxon recognition in systematics: theory, approaches and applications, MacLeod N (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : Boca Raton, Florida. 1 - 7.

Macleod N (2007) Theory, approaches and applications - Introduction. AUTOMATED TAXON IDENTIFICATION IN SYSTEMATICS: THEORY, APPROACHES AND APPLICATIONS 74 : 1 - 7.

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh SA (2007) A comparison between morphometric and artificial neural net approaches to the automated species-recognition problem in systematics, In: Biodiversity databases: techniques, politics, and applications, Curry G, Humphries C (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : Boca Raton, Florida. 37 - 62.

Macleod N, O'neill M, Walsh AS (2007) Automated tools for the identification of taxa from morphological data: face recognition in wasps, In: Automated taxon recognition in systematics: theory, approaches and applications, MacLeod N (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : Boca Raton, Florida. 153 - 188.

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh SA (2007) Automated tools for the identification of taxa from morphological data: Face recognition in wasps. AUTOMATED TAXON IDENTIFICATION IN SYSTEMATICS: THEORY, APPROACHES AND APPLICATIONS 74 : 153 - 187.

Macleod N (2007) The sixth extinction? What dinosaurs can tell us about the modern biodiversity crisis. Transactions of the Leicester Literary & Philosophical Society, 101 : 20 - 23.

Macleod N (2007) Groups III: cluster analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 66 : 21 - 36.

Macleod N (2007) Groups I. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 64 : 35 - 45.

Macleod N (2007) Groups II. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 65 : 36 - 49.

Macleod N (2007) A comparison between geometric morphometric and PSOM neural net approaches to automated species identification in planktonic foraminifera, In: 4th International Zooplankton Production Symposium, Program and Abstracts. Hiroshima University,Japan., Uye S (Eds). Hiroshima University : Hiroshima. 196 pp.

Macleod N (2007) Automated taxon identification in systematics: theory, approaches, and applications. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : London.

Macleod N, Krieger J (2007) Reasons for, and approaches to, automating taxonomic identifications in paleontology. Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, 39 :

Macleod N, Krieger J (2007) Measurement dependency, scale dependency, and the effect of phylogenetic autocorrelation in geometric approaches to morphological disparity analyses. Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, 39 :

Macleod N, Krieger J (2007) Eigensurface analysis: a new method of modeling and analyzing 3d morphological data, In: Computer-aided visualization in palaeontology Department of Earth Science & Engineering, Imperial College, London., Sutton M (Eds). null : 8 - 9.

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh SA (2007) A comparison between morphometric and artificial neural net approaches to the automated species-recognition problem in systematics, In: Biodiversity databases: techniques, politics, and applications, Curry G, Humphries C (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : London. 339 pp. 37 - 62.

Walsh SA, Macleod N, O'neill M (2007) Spot the Penguin - can reliable taxonomic identifications be made using isolated foot bones, In: Automated taxon recognition in systematics: theory, approaches and applications, MacLeod N (Eds). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group : Boca Raton, Florida. 225 - 237.

Walsh SA, Macleod N, O'neill MA (2007) Spot the penguin: Can reliable taxonomic identifications be made using isolated foot bones?. AUTOMATED TAXON IDENTIFICATION IN SYSTEMATICS: THEORY, APPROACHES AND APPLICATIONS 74 : 225 - 237.

Sanchez-villagra M, Barrow E, Macleod N, Motokawa M, Ines H (2006) Talpid mole evolution in space and time. JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 26 (3) : 119A - 119A.

Knoll MA, Uther M, Macleod N, O'neill M, Walsh SA (2006) Emotional, linguistic or cute? The function of pitch contours in infant- and foreigner-directed speech. Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Speech Prosody. Dresden, Germany, 2-5th May 2006, 165 - 168.

Macleod N (2006) Science and religion: what scientists believe. Set in Stone, 4 (3) : 2 - 4.

Macleod N (2006) What is a collection?. Set in Stone, 4 (2) : 2 - 3.

Macleod N (2006) The importance of being out standing in our field. Set in Stone, 4 (1) : 1 - 2.

Macleod N (2006) Review of 'Extinction' by D. Erwin. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 62 : 126 - 131.

Macleod N (2006) Size, extinction, survivorship, and phylogeny in foraminifera. Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, 38 (6) :

Macleod N (2006) Automated taxon discrimination: a synthesis between morphometrics and artificial intelligence, In: MorphoFest, Bookstein F, Schafer K (Eds). Department of Anthropology, University of Vienna : Vienna, Austria. 123 - 124.

Macleod N (2006) Timely fossils: the past, present and future roles of biostratigraphy in constructing time scales, In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly, European Geosciences Union : Vienna, Austria.

Macleod N (2006) Data blocks and partial least squares analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 63 : 36 - 48.

Macleod N (2006) Rs and Qs II: correspondence analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 62 : 60 - 74.

Macleod N (2006) History Repeating Itself. The Ship (Exhibition Programme),

Macleod N (2006) Minding your Rs and Qs. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 61 : 42 - 60.

Macleod N (2006) Introduction: A fistfull of foraminifera., In: Contemporary poetry and contemporary science, Crawford R (Eds). Oxford University Press : Oxford. 141 - 142.

Macleod N (2006) Automated recognition of planktonic foraminiferal species, In: FORAMS 2006. Anuario do Instituto de Geociencias, Kotsukos E (Eds). null : Natal, Brazil. 727 - 728.

Polly PD, Macleod N (2006) Characterization and comparison of 3D shapes using eigensurface analysis: locomotion in Tertiary carnivora. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 26 :

Macleod N, Archibald JD (2005) THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE NON-AVIAN DINOSAURS. JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 25 (3) : 87A - 87A.

García-rodríguez FJ, Agüero JC, Pérez-enriquez R, Macleod N (2005) Morfometría y estructura genética de langosta azul Panulirus inflatus (Bouvier 1895) en el pacífico Mexicano. XI Foro Científico y Taller Sobre Investigación, Evaluación y Manejo de Langostas Sspinosas,

Knoll M, Uther M., Macleod N, O'neill M, Walsh S (2005) Novel approaches to pitch contour analysis of infant and foreigner directed speech.. Algorithmic Approaches to the Identification Problem in Systematics. Natural History Museum, London., 4 - 5.

Macleod N (2005) Keeping up our image. Set in Stone, 3 (3) : 1 - 2.

Macleod N (2005) Who were the first palaeontologists (and does it matter)?. Set in Stone, 3 (2) : 1 - 6.

Macleod N (2005) Peter Forey: a retrospective. Set in Stone, 3 (1) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2005) Phylogeny and the evolutionary history of planktonic foraminiferal size variation, In: Lyell Conference, Gregory J (Eds). Geological Society of London : London.

Macleod N (2005) Mass extinction causality: statistical assessment of multiple-cause scenarios. Russian Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9 : 979 - 987.

Macleod N (2005) Mass extinction causality: Statistical assessment of multiple-cause scenarios. RUSSIAN GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICS 46 (9) : 979 - 987.

Macleod N (2005) Paleontological Data Analysis.. null,

Macleod N (2005) Factor analysis. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 60 : 38 - 51.

Macleod N (2005) The provision of quantitative tools for analyzing and identifying taxa from morphological data over distributed networks. 2005 Biennial Meeting of the Systematics Association. Systematics Association, Cardiff, Wales, 13 - 14.

Macleod N (2005) Shape models as a basis for morphological analysis in paleobiological systematics: dicotyledenous leaf physiography.. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 369 : 219 - 238.

Macleod N (2005) Principal components analysis (eigenanalysis & regression 5).. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 59 : 42 - 54.

Macleod N (2005) On the unity of theoretical and empirical morphospaces. PaleoBios, 25 :

Macleod N (2006) Phylogeny and the evolutionary history of planktonic foraminiferal test size., In: FORAMS 2006, Kotsukos E (Eds). null : Natal, Brazil.

Macleod N, Polly PD (2005) A new eigenshape-based morphometric method for analyzing 3D patterns of shape variation for surfaces and objects. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 60 :

Macleod N, Walsh SA, O'neill M (2005) Using the DAISY uANN to solve problems in fosssil Penguin identification.. Algorithmic Approaches to the Identification Problem in Systematics. Natural History Museum (London), 8 - 9.

Macleod N, Walsh SA, O'neill M (2005) Automated object recognition in systematics.. The Systematist, 25 : 14 - 16.

Macleod N, Walsh AS, O'neill M (2005) Algorithmic approaches to the identification problem in systematics: programme and abstracts. Natural History Museum : London.

Macleod N, Walsh AS, O'neill M (2005) Forging a link between 3D object ordination and 3D object recognition, In: Algorithmic Approaches to the Identification Problem in Systematics., MacLeod N (Eds). Natural History Museum : London.

Macleod N (2005) Geometric morphometrics for biologists: a primer.. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 58 : 72 - 78.

Macleod N (2005) Regression 4: Going Multivariate.. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 58 : 44 - 53.

Macleod N (2005) Stratigraphic principles, In: Encyclopedia of Geology, Selley RC, Cocks LRM, Plimer IR (Eds). Elisever : Amsterdam. 295 - 307.

Macleod N (2005) End-Cretaceous extinctions, In: Encyclopedia of Geology, Selley RC, Cocks LRM, Plimer IR (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 372 - 386.

Macleod N (2005) Cretaceous, In: Encyclopedia of Geology, Selley RC, Cocks LRM, Plimer IR (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 360 - 372.

Macleod N (2005) Biozones, In: Encyclopedia of Geology, Selley RC, Cocks LRM, Plimer IR (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 294 - 306.

Richter M, Macleod N, Rissone A (2005) Large-museum specimen databases: past, present and future. PaleoBios, 25 :

Rissone A, Macleod N, Richter M (2005) Taxonomic databases: new directions and new standards.. PaleoBios, 25(2)(Supplement) : 78 - 79.

Smith U, Todd J, Macleod N (2005) Applying geometric morphometrics to distinguish sibling species of Polystira (Gastropoda: Turridae).. Molluscan Forum

Macleod N, Walsh S, O'neill M (2004) THE AUTOMATED RECOGNITION OF VERTEBRATE FOSSILS: METHODS, APPLICATIONS, AND IMPLICATIONS. JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 24 (3) : 86A - 87A.

García-rodriguez FJ, De laCruzAgueroJ, Pérez-enriquez R, Macleod N (2004) Morphometric analysis of population differentiation and sexual dimorphism in the blue spiny lobster Panulirus inflatus (Bouvier, 1895) from N.W. Mexico, In: Morphometrics: applications in biology and paleontology, Elewa AMT (Eds). Springer : London. 29 - 44.

Macleod N (2004) Identifying Phanerozoic extinction controls: statistical considerations and preliminary results. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 230 (1) : 11 - 33. doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2004.230.01.02

Macleod N (2004) Disaster species. Set in Stone, 2 (4) : 1 - 4.

Macleod N (2004) Museums of the past, museums of the future. Set in Stone, 2 (3) : 1 - 2.

Macleod N (2004) The human face of natural history. Set in Stone, 4 (2) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2004) The real value of commercial work. Set in Stone, 2 (1) : 1 - 4.

Macleod N (2004) K-T mass extinction (revised). Macmillan : London.

Macleod N (2004) Extinction (revised). Macmillan : London.

Macleod N (2004) Prospectus & Regressions 1. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 55 : 28 - 36.

Macleod N (2004) Use of shape models and morphometrics in paleobiological systematics. 32nd International Geological Congress, Abstracts Volume, 1 :

Macleod N (2004) A statistical evaluation of the association between LIP volcanism and extinction-intensity peaks over the last 250 m.y.. 32nd International Geological Congress, Abstracts Volume, 1 :

Macleod N (2004) Punctuated equilibria (evolutionary theory), In: McGraw-Hill yearbook of science & technology, Geller E (Eds). McGraw-Hill : New York. 277 - 280.

Macleod N (2004) Identifying Phanerozoic extinction controls: statistical considerations and preliminary results, In: The palynology and micropaleontology of boundaries, Beaudoin AB, Head MJ (Eds). Geological Society of London, Special Publications : London. 11 - 33.

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh SA (2004) A comparison between morphometric and unsupervised, artificial, neural-net approaches to automated species identification in foraminifera, In: Proceedings, The Micropalaeontological Society Calcareous Plankton Spring Meeting, Sheldon E, Stouge S, Henderson A (Eds). Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Ministry of the Environment, GEUS : Copenhagen, Denmark.

Macleod N (2004) Regression 3. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 57 : 32 - 43.

Macleod N (2004) Regression 2. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 56 : 60 - 71.

Macleod N (2004) Use of shape models and morphometrics in paleobiological systematics, In: Thirtysecond International Geological Congress, Abstracts Volume 1, null :

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh AA (2004) A comparison between morephometric and unsupervised, artificial, neural-net approaches to automated species identification in foraminifera, In: Proceedings, The Micropalaeontological Society Calcareous Plankton Spring Meeting, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Ministry of the Environment, GEUS, Sheldon E, Stouge S, Henderson AS (Eds). null :

Smith U, Todd J, Macleod N (2004) Applying geometric morphometrics to sibling species of Polystira (Gastropoda: Turridae).. The Geological Society of America, Abstracts and Programs, 36 (6) :

Smith U, Todd JA, Macleod N (2004) Applying geometric morphometrics to sibling species of Polystira (Gastropoda: Turridae).. GSA Abstracts with Programs 36(5) :

Walsh SA, Macleod N, O'neill MA (2004) Analysis of spheniscid tarsometatarsus and humerus morphological variability using DAISY automated digital image recognition. Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy: 2004 Meeting Abstracts, 45 - 46.

Walsh AA, Macleod N, O'neill MA (2004) Darwin versus The Matrix: does artificial intelligence have a place in vertebrate palaeontology?. Abstracts of the 52nd Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, Leicester. http://www.svpca.org/years/2004_leicester/abstracts/abstracts.htm,

Walsh AA, Macleod N, O'neill MA (2004) Analysis of spheniscid humerus and tarsometatarsus morphological variability using DAISY automated image recognition software, In: Abstracts of the 6th Society of Avian Palaeontology and Evolution, Quillan, France :

Macleod N (2003) Extinctions: causes and evolutionary significance, In: Evolution on planet earth: the impact of the physical environment, Rothschild L, Lister AM (Eds). Academic Press : London. 253 - 278.

Macleod N (2003) The timeless nature of topicality. Set in Stone, 1 (3) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2003) The vision thing. Set in Stone, 1 (2) : 1 - 2.

Macleod N (2003) SiS prospectus. Set in Stone, 1 (1) : 1 - 3.

Macleod N (2003) Beyond heterochrony and back to the future (review). Journal of Paleontology, 77 : 401 - 405.

Macleod N (2003) PaleoBase: Macrofossils (Part 2). Blackwell Science and The Natural History Museum : Oxford.

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh SA (2003) PaleoDAISY: an integrated and adaptive system for the automated recognition of fossil species. The Geological Society of America, Abstracts and Programs, 35 (6) :

Macleod N (2003) PaleoDAISY: An integrated and adaptive system for the automated recognition of fossil species. The Geological Society of America, Abstracts and Programs, 35(6) :

Macleod N (2003) The Palaeontologia Electronica Experience: Paleontology, Publishing and Perseverance in the Digital Age, Newsletter of the Blueline. Association of Earth Science Editors,

Macleod N (2003) The extinction of all life and the sublime aspects of neocatastrophism. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 54 : 49 - 64.

Macleod N (2003) Evolutionary paleobiology and the science of form (revisited). The Geological Society of America, Abstracts and Programs, 35(6) :

Macleod N (2003) The causes of Phanerozoic extinctions, In: Evolution on Planet Earth, Rothschild L, Lister A (Eds). Academic Press : London. 253 - 277.

Macleod N, O'neill MA, Walsh AA (2003) You've all just been made redundant!?! Understanding (and coming to terms with) automated object recognition in palaeontology. Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 54 : 144 - 145.

Macleod N (2002) PaleoNet: paleontology, publication and community in the digital age. Computers & Geosciences, 28 (10) : 1161 - 1166. doi: 10.1016/S0098-3004(02)00035-3

Macleod N (2002) Geometric morphometrics and geological shape-classification systems. Earth-Science Reviews, 59 (1-4) : 27 - 47. doi: 10.1016/S0012-8252(02)00068-5

Brown A, Macleod N (2002) Variation in trilobite terrace-ridge patterns using extended eigenshape analysis, In: The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, Butterfield N, Clack J, Wood R (Eds). The Palaeontological Association : Cambridge.

Macleod N (2002) Testing evolutionary hypotheses with adaptive landscapes: use of random phylogenetic-morphological simulation studies. Mathematische Geologie, 6 : 45 - 55.

Macleod N (2002) Use of morphometrics to identify character states, In: The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, Butterfield N, Clack J, Wood R (Eds). The Palaeontological Association : Cambridge. 28 - 29.

Macleod N (2002) Morphometric perspectives on the MorphoBank project, In: Sixth International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology, Michevitch M (Eds). University of Patras : Patras, Greece.

Macleod N (2002) Review of 'The Structure of Evolutionary Theory' by S. J. Gould. The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 50 : 40 - 46.

Macleod N (2002) Explaining extinctions: evidence for long-term eco-macroevolutionary coupling between the biodiversification of marine plankton and Phanerozoic extinction-rate controls, In: Proceedings, International Paleontological Congress 2002, Brock G, Talent JA (Eds). Geological Society of Australia : Sydney, Australia.

Macleod N (2002) Sources of—and solutions to—error in high-resolution quantitative biostratigraphical analyses, In: Proceedings, International Paleontological Congress 2002, Brock G, Talent JA (Eds). Geological Society of Australia : Sydney, Australia.

Macleod N (2002) Systematic implications of a synthesis between theoretical morphology and geometric morphometrics, In: Computations in Science, Kandoff L (Eds). Department of Physics, University of Chicago : University of Chicago.

Macleod N (2002) PaleoBase: Images, Databases, Collection Catalogues, and Commercialism in the Emerging Virtual Museum, In: Images and ideas: exhibiting science in museums, Kandoff L (Eds). Department of Physics, University of Chicago : University of Chicago and the Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois.

Macleod N (2002) The ecology of adaptive radiation (review). The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 50 : 70 - 74.

Macleod N (2002) Controversy: catastrophism and evolution, the ongoing debate (review). Proceedings of the Geologist's Association, 113 : 275 - 278.

Macleod N (2002) Identifying long-term controls on Phanerozoic extinction and diversification patterns, In: Saskatoon 2002: from plains to shield: the making of a continent's interior, Stauffer M (Eds). Geological Association of Canada - Mineralogical Association of Canada : Saskatoon, Saskcatchewan.

Macleod N (2002) The virtual laboratory, In: Forams 2002, Revets S, Haig D (Eds). University of Western Australia : Perth, Australia.

Macleod N (2002) The biometry of the foraminiferal shell revisited, In: Forams 2002, Revets S, Haig D (Eds). University of Western Australia : Perth Australia.

Macleod N (2002) Extinct (book review). The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 49 : 64 - 67.

Macleod N (2002) Phylogenetic signals in morphometric data, In: Morphology, shape and phylogeny, MacLeod N, Forey PL (Eds). Taylor & Francis : London. 100 - 138.

Macleod N (2002) Morphometrics, In: Encyclopedia of evolution, Pagel MD (Eds). Academic Press : London. 768 - 771.

Macleod N, Forey PL (2002) Introduction: morphology, shape, and phylogenetics, In: Morphology, shape and phylogeny, MacLeod N, Forey PL (Eds). Taylor & Francis : London. 1 - 7.

Macleod N, Forey P (2002) Morphology, shape and phylogenetics. Taylor & Francis : London.

Aguilera-franco N, Macleod N (2001) Graphic correlation in a Cenomanian-Turonian succession, southern Mexico. Association of Petroleum Geologists Comfex Meeting, Abstracts with Progams,

Macleod N (2001) Controls on Phanerozoic extinctions and diversifications, In: Earth Systems, Geological Society of America and Geological Society of London : Edinburgh.

Macleod N (2001) The importance of phylogeny in micropaleontological data analysis and hypothesis testing, In: Annual Meeting, British Micropalaeontological Society Foram Group, Henderson A (Eds). British Micropalaeontological Society : London.

Macleod N (2001) Identifying controls on Phanerozoic extinction and diversification patterns, In: Earth Systems Processes, Abstracts with Program, The Geological Society of America and The Geological Society of London : Edinburgh.

Macleod N (2001) Review of 'The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology', G. P. Wagner (ed.). The Palaeontological Association Newsletter, 47 : 76 - 80.

Macleod N (2001) Landmarks, localization, and the use of morphometrics in phylogenetic analysis, In: Fossils, phylogeny, and form: an analytical approach, Edgecombe G, Adrain J, Lieberman B (Eds). Kluwer Academic/Plenum : New York. 197 - 233.

Macleod N (2001) Extinction. John Wley & Sons : Chitchester.

Macleod N (2001) K-T mass extinction, In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, Macmillan : London.

Macleod N (2001) The role of phylogeny in quantitative paleobiological data analysis. Paleobiology, 27 (2) : 226 - 240. doi: 10.1666/0094-8373(2001)027<0226:TROPIQ>2.0.CO;2

Macleod N (2000) Review of 'The first fossil hunters: paleontology in Greek and Roman times' by A Mayor. Palaeontologia Electronica, 3 :

Macleod N (2000) PaleoBase: Macrofossils (Part 1). Blackwell Science and The Natural History Museum : Oxford.

Macleod N (2000) Phanerozoic extinctions. Abstracts, Annual Meeting of the British Association, xx :

Macleod N (2000) Raup's dictum and the role of paleontology in testing extinction causal processes, In: Catastrophic events & mass extinctions: impacts and Beyond, Korberel C (Eds). Lunar and Planetary Institute : Houston. 154 - 155.

Macleod N (2000) Extinction!. First Science.com, 2000 (2000) : http - //www.firstscience.com/SITE/articles/macleod.asp.

Macleod N (2000) Information technology and the Earth sciences, In: The Oxford Companion to the Earth, Hancock PL, Skinner BJ (Eds). Oxford University Press : Oxford. 540 - 543.

Macleod N, Diver P, Guralnick R, Lazarus D, Malmgren B (2000) Computers, Quantification & Databases, In: Fossils and the future: paleontology in the 21st Century, Lane RH, Steininger FF, Kaesler RL, Zeigler W, Lipps J (Eds). Senckenburg Museum : Frankfurt, Germany. 191 - 201.

Macleod N, Guralnick R (2000) Paleoinformatics, In: Fossils and the future: paleontology in the 21st Century, Lane RH, Steininger FF, Kaesler RL, Zeigler W, Lipps J (Eds). Senckenberg Museum : Frankfurt, Germany. 31 - 36.

Macleod N, Ortiz N, Fefferman N, Clyde W, Schulter C, Maclean J (2000) Phenotypic response of foraminifera to episodes of global environmental change, In: Biotic response to global change: the last 145 million years, Culver SJ, Rawson P (Eds). Oxford University Press : Oxford. 51 - 78.

Macleod N (1999) Review: Biostratigraphy, phylogeny, and systematics of Paleocene trochospiral planktonic foraminifera, by Berggren, W. A. and Norris, R. D.; Atlas of Paleocene planktonic foraminifera, by Olsson, R. K., Hemleben, Ch. Berggren, W. A., Huber, B. T. (eds). Newsletter of Micropalaeontology, 61 : 40 - 42.

Macleod N (1999) Oligocene and Miocene paleoceanography—a review, In: Fossil vertebrates of Arabia, Whybrow PJ, Hill A (Eds). Yale University Press : New Haven. 501 - 507.

Macleod N (1999) The implications of phylogeny for quantitative paleontological data analysis. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 31 :

Macleod N (1999) The evolutionary control of biodiversity: evolutionary-ecological links between planktonic and macroinvertebrate benthic clades. Proceedings, European Union of Geosciences, 10 :

Macleod N (1999) Generalizing and extending the eigenshape method of shape space visualization and analysis. PALEOBIOLOGY, 25 (1) : 107 - 138.

Macleod N, Patterson T, Purnell M, Hagadorn W, Riedel W, Rumford J, Polly D (1999) It's Our Birthday!. Palaeontologia Electronica, 2 (1) :

Macleod N (1998) Discussion on the Cretaceous-Tertiary biotic transition - Reply. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, 155 : 415 - 419.

Gastaldo RA, Ashley G, Lane HR, Macleod N, O'neill BJ, Cheng-yuan W (1998) Paleontology in the 21 st Century: An International Workshop 3-9 September 1997. PALAIOS, 13 (1) : 87 - 87. doi: 10.2307/3515284

Henderson AS, Macleod N, Culver SJ (1998) The reliability of micropalaeontological data: and example from the Kimmeridge Clay of Dorset. 42 : The Palaeontological Association : Portsmouth. 33 - 33.

Henderson AS, Macleod N, Swallow J, Culver SJ, Buzas MJ (1998) How reproducible are foraminiferal data?: spatial, temporal, environmental & taxonomic domains.. Revista de la Sociedad Mexicana de Paleontología, 9 : 47 - 47.

Henderson AS, Swallow J, Macleod N, Culver SJ (1998) Temporal variation in foraminiferal assemblages from the Kimmeridge Clay, Dorset, England: Initial Report. Newsletter of Micropalaeontology, 58 : 14 - 15.

Henderson AS, Swallow J, Macleod N, Culver SJ (1998) Temporal Variation in Foraminiferal Assemblages from the Kimmeridge Clay, Dorset, England, In: British Micropalaeontological Society Foraminiferal Group Spring Meeting, MacLeod N (Eds). null : London.

Holbourn A, Macleod N (1998) An illustrated relational database for use in ODP deep-sea benthic foraminiferal studies, In: Ocean Drilling Forum, Ocean Drilling Program : Edinburgh, Scotland.

Holbourn A, Macleod N, Culver SJ (1998) Taxonomic revision and illustrated relational database of deep-sea benthic formainifera. Newsletter of Micropalaeontology, 58 :

Kaminsky M, Macleod N (1998) Foraminifera Group. Newsletters in Micropalaeontology, 58 : 12 - 17.

Macleod N (1998) Review of "Surveying Natural Populations" by L-A. C. Hayek and M. Buzas. Palaeontologia Electronica, 1 (1) :

Macleod N (1998) Using paleontological data to identify the proximate and ultimate causes of mass extinctions. Abstracts with Programs, Geologcial Society of America, 30 :

Macleod N (1998) Review of "Fourier Descriptors and Their Applications in Biology" edited by P. Lestrel. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 61 :

Macleod N (1998) Review of "Randomization, Boostrap, and Monte Carlo Methods in Biology" by B. F. J. Manley. Biological Journal if the Linnean Society, 61 :

Macleod N (1998) Review of "Deep-Sea Foraminifera from Cretaceous-Paleogene Boundary Strata in the South Atlantic—Taxonomy and Paleoecology" by J. G. V. Widmark. Newsletter of Micropalaeontology, 58 : 39 - 42.

Macleod N (1998) Foram. Group. Newsletter of Micropalaeontology, 59 : 13 - 14.

Macleod N (1998) Graphic correlation of microfossil, palynological, and log data from the Shell 29/1 Area. : Shell Exploration

Macleod N (1998) The challenge of electronic publication in micropaleontology. North American Micropaleontology Section Newsletter, 19 : 1 - 7.

Macleod N (1998) On the reproducibility of paleontological data: a perspective on the El Kef foraminiferal blind test results, In: El Kef Workshop, Keller G (Eds). Tunisian Geological Survey : Tunis, Tunisia.

Macleod N (1998) Systematics and Biostratigraphy of Cretaceous and Tertiary Planktonic Foraminifera from the Smaller Size Fraction (>63µm) at El Kef, Tunisia, In: El Kef Workshop, Keller G (Eds). Tunisian Geological Survey : Tunis, Tunisia.

Macleod N (1998) Review of "Mass Extinctions and Their Aftermath," by. A. Hallam and P. B. Wignall. The Times Higher Education Supplement, February 6 1998 :

Macleod N (1998) The Renaissance of Graphic Correlation, In: Proceedings, Geoscience 98, The Geological Society : London.

Macleod N (1998) Impacts and marine invertebrate extinctions, In: Meteorites: flux with time and impact effects, Grady MM, Hutchinson R, McCall GJH, Rotherby DA (Eds). Geological Society of London : London. 217 - 246.

Macleod N, Holland B (1998) NHM palaeontological investigations in Belize: an update. Las Cuevas, 1 (2) : 4 - 6.

Macleod N, Patterson RT (1998) The role and promise of electronic publishing in paleontology. Palaeontologia Electronica, 1 (1) :

Stinnesbeck W, Keller G, Cruz JDL, León CD, Macleod N, Whittaker JE (1997) The Cretaceous–Tertiary transition in Guatemala: limestone breccia deposits from the South Petén basin. Geologische Rundschau, 86 (3) : 686 - 709. doi: 10.1007/s005310050171

Macleod N, Rawson PF, Forey PL, Banner FT, Boudagher-fadel MK, Bown PR, Burnett JA, Chambers P, Culver S, Evans SE, Jeffery C, Kaminski MA, Lord AR, Milner AC, Milner AR, Morris N, Owen E, Rosen BR, Smith AB, Taylor PD, Urquhart E, Young JR (1997) The Cretaceous-Tertiary biotic transition. Journal of the Geological Society, 154 (2) : 265 - 292. doi: 10.1144/gsjgs.154.2.0265

Macleod N (1997) Review of "Advances in Morphometrics" by L. F. Marcus, M. Corti, A. Loy, G. J. P. Naylor, and D. E. Slice. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 60 (3) :

Macleod N (1997) Review of Biotic Recovery from Mass Extinction Events. Marine Micropaleontology, 30 : 350 - 353.

Macleod N (1997) Images, databases, and palaeontology. PESGB Newsletter, 1997 (February) : 14 - 15.

Macleod N, Diver P, Guralnick R, Lazaris D, Malmgren B (1997) Computers, quantification, and databases in the 21st Century. Kleine Senckenbergreihe, 25 : 145 - 153.

Macleod N, Rose KD (1997) 3D morphometric-functional analysis of Modern and Paleogene mammalian radial heads. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Abstracts of Papers, 17 :

Keller G, Li L, Macleod N (1996) The Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary stratotype section at El Kef, Tunisia: how catastrophic was the mass extinction?. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 119 : 255 - 273.

Keller G, Li L, Macleod N (1996) The Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary stratotype section at El Kef, Tunisia: how catastrophic was the mass extinction?. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 119 (3-4) : 221 - 254. doi: 10.1016/0031-0182(95)00009-7

Macleod N (1996) Empirical shape space representations and shape modeling of fossils from landmark-registered 2D outlines, 3D outlines, and 3D surfaces, with a comment on the indeterminacy of empirical “mono-morphospace” analysis. North American Paleontological Convention ‘96, Abstracts of Papers,

Macleod N (1996) Nature of the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) planktonic foraminiferal record: stratigraphic confidence intervals, Signor-Lipps effect, and patterns of survivorship, In: The Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction: biotic and environmental changes, MacLeod N, Keller G (Eds). W. W. Norton & Co. : New York. 85 - 138.

Macleod N (1996) Testing patterns of Cretaceous-Tertiary planktonic foraminiferal extinctions at El Kef (Tunisia), In: The Cretaceous-Tertiary Event and Other Catastrophes in Earth History, Ryder G, Fastovsky D, Gartner S (Eds). Geological Society of America, Special Paper 307 : Boulder. 287 - 302.

Macleod N (1996) Stratigraphic completeness and planktic foraminiferal survivorship across the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K/T) boundary, In: Microfossils and Oceanic Environments, Moguilevsky A, Whatley R (Eds). University of Wales : Aberystwyth. 327 - 353.

Macleod N (1996) K/T redux. Paleobiology, 22 (03) : 311 - 317. doi: 10.1017/S0094837300016298

Macleod N, Keller G (1996) Quantitative strategies for determining the reliability of biostratigraphic data. North American Paleontological Convention ‘96, Abstracts of Papers,

Macleod N, Keller G (1996) Introduction, In: The Cretaceous-Tertiary Mass Extinction: Biotic and Environmental Changes, MacLeod N, Keller G (Eds). W. W. Norton & Co. : New York. 1 - 6.

Macleod N, Keller G (1996) The Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction: biotic and environmental changes. W. W. Norton & Co. : New York.

Stinnesbeck W, Keller G, Adatte T, Lopez-oliva JG, Macleod N (1996) Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary clastic deposits in northwestern Mexico: Impact tsunami or sea-level lowstand, In: The Cretaceous-Tertiary Mass Extinction: Biotic and Environmental Events, MacLeod N, Keller G (Eds). W. W. Norton & Co. : New York. 471 - 518.

Thomason JJ, Macleod N (1996) Functional morphometry of the carnivoran cranium: eigenshape analysis of bone distribution. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 12 :

Whitfield JA, Macleod N (1996) Routes to sociality in Pemphigus (Hemiptera: Pemphigidae)- morphometric clues. Proceedings of the XX Intrernational Congress of Entomology,

Macleod N, Whittaker J, Williams J, Young J (1995) Biostratigraphy of microfossil biotas from the Indus Basin, Pakistan based on core samples obtained by Oolithica Geoscience Ltd.. : The Natural History Museum

Macleod N (1995) TESTING MORPHOMETRIC DATA FOR PHYLOGENETIC AND FUNCTIONAL COVARIANCE. JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 15 : 41A - 42A.

Macleod N (1995) Review of The Eocene-Oligocene Transition: Paradise Lost. Historical Biology, 10 :

Macleod N (1995) Stratotypes and Stratotypology. International Subcommission on Paleogene Stratigraphy Newsletter, 4 : 18 - 20.

Macleod N (1995) Graphic correlation of new Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) boundary sections, In: Graphic Correlation, Mann KO, Lane HR (Eds). Society for Sedimentary Geology Special Publication 53 : Tulsa. 215 - 233.

Macleod N (1995) Graphic correlation of high latitude Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary sequences at Nye Kløv (Denmark), ODP Site 690 (Weddell Sea), and ODP Site 738 (Kerguelen Plateau): Comparison with the El Kef (Tunisia) boundary stratotype. Modern Geology, 19 : 109 - 147.

Macleod N (1995) Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) biogeography of planktic foraminifera. Historical Biology, 10 : 49 - 101.

Macleod N, Ortiz N (1995) Comparison of patterns of phenotypic variation in planktonic and benthonic foraminifera across the Cretaceous-Tertiary and Paleocene-Eocene event horizons. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 26 (6) :

Macleod N, Sadler P (1995) Estimating the Line of Correlation, In: Graphic Correlation and the Composite Standard, Mann K, Lane HR (Eds). Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication 53 : Tulsa. 51 - 64.

Keller G, Macleod N (1994) Reply to comment on ‘The Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary transition in the Antarctic Ocean and its global implications’. Marine Micropaleontology, 24 (2) : 101 - 118. doi: 10.1016/0377-8398(94)90018-3

Macleod N, Lane HR (1994) PaleoNet. PALAIOS, 9 (5) : 429 - 429. doi: 10.2307/3515134

Stinnesbeck W, Keller G, Adatte T, Macleod N (1994) DEPOSITION OF CHANNEL DEPOSITS NEAR THE CRETACEOUS-TERTIARY BOUNDARY IN NORTHEASTERN MEXICO - CATASTROPHIC OR NORMAL SEDIMENTARY DEPOSITS - COMMENTS. GEOLOGY, 22 (10) : 955 - 956.

Macleod N (1994) K-T boundary issues. Science, 264 (5159) : 641 - 642. doi: 10.1126/science.264.5159.641-a

Macleod N (1994) K-T Boundary Issues. Science, 264 (5159) : 641 - 642. doi: 10.1126/science.264.5159.641-a

Beeson D, Gartner S, Keller G, Macleod N, Medus J, Rocchia R, Robin E (1994) The KT boundary along the Brazos River, Falls County, Texas: Multidisciplinary Stratigraphy and Depositional Environment. Lunar and Planetary Contribution, 825 : 9 - 10.

Huber BT, Liu C, Olsson RK, Berggren WA, Keller G, Macleod N (1994) MicroForum: Comment and response on "The Cretaceous-Tertiary transition in the Antarctic Ocean and its global implications", by G. Keller. Marine Micropaleontology, 24 (1994) : 91 - 118.

Keller G, Stinnesbeck W, Adatte T, Macleod N (1994) The KT boundary clastic deposits in northeastern Mexico as product of noncatastrophic geologic processes?, In: Field Guide to the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary Sections in Northeastern Mexico, Keller G, Stinnesbeck W, Adatte T, MacLeod N, Lowe D (Eds). Lunar and Planetary Institute Contribution : Houston, Texas. 65 - 94.

Keller G, Stinnesbeck W, Adatte T, Macleod N, Lowe DR (1994) Field guide to Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary sections in northeastern Mexico. Lunar and Planetary Institute Contribution, 827 : 1 - 110.

Macleod N (1994) An evaluation of criteria that may be used to identify species surviving a mass extinction. New Developments Regarding the K/T Event and Other Catastrophes in Earth Histroy, LPI Contribution, 825 : 75 - 77.

Macleod N, Keller G (1994) Comparative biogeographic analysis of planktic foraminiferal survivorship across the Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) boundary. Paleobiology, 20 (2) : 143 - 177.

Keller G, Macleod N (1993) Carbon isotopic evidence for biomass burning at the K-T boundary: Comment and Reply (Comment). Geology, 21 : 1149 - 1150.

Keller G, Macleod N, Lyons JB, Officer CB (1993) Is there evidence for Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary-age deep-water deposits in the Carribean and Gulf of Mexico?. Geology, 21 : 776 - 780.

Macleod N (1993) How complete are Cretaceous / Tertiary boundary sections II?: High latitude extension of the K/T Composite Standard Reference Section. Abstracts with Programs, Geologcial Society of America, 25 :

Macleod N (1993) The Maastrichtian-Danian radiation of triserial and biserial planktic foraminifera: Testing phylogenetic and adaptational hypotheses in the (micro)fossil record. Marine Micropaleontology, 21 (1) : 47 - 100.

Macleod N, Rose KD (1993) Inferring locomotor behavior in Paleogene mammals via eigenshape analysis. American Journal of Science, 293-A : 300 - 355.

Keller G, Macleod N, Barrera E (1992) Eocene-Oligocene faunal turnover in planktic foraminifera and Antarctic glaciation, In: Eocene-Oligocene climatic and biotic evolution, Prothero DR, Berggren WA (Eds). Princeton University Press : Princeton, NJ. 218 - 244.

Macleod N (1991) Punctuated anagenesis and the importance of stratigraphy to paleobiology. Paleobiology, 17 : 167 - 188.

Macleod N, Keller G (1991) How complete are Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary sections? A chronostratigraphic estimate based on graphic correlation?. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 103 : 1439 - 1457.

Macleod N, Keller G (1991) Hiatus distributions and mass extinctions at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. Geology, 19 : 497 - 501.

Macleod N (1990) Effects of Last Eocene impacts on planktic foraminifera, In: Global catastrophes in Earth history: an interdisciplinary conference on impacts, volcanism, and mass mortality, Sharpton VL, Ward PD (Eds). Geological Society of America Special Paper : Boulder. 595 - 606.

Macleod N (1990) Digital images and automated image analysis systems, In: Proceedings of the Michigan Morphometrics Workshop, Rohlf FJ, Bookstein FL (Eds). The University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Special Publication 2 : Ann Arbor, MI. 21 - 35.

Macleod N, Keller G (1990) Foraminiferal phenotypic response to environmental changes across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 22 :

Macleod N, Keller G, Kitchell JA (1990) Progenesis in Late Eocene populations of Subbotina linaperta (Foraminifera) from the western Atlantic. Marine Micropaleontology, 16 : 219 - 240.

Macleod N, Kitchell J (1990) Morphometrics and evolutionary inference: A case study involving ontogenetic and developmental aspects of evolution, In: Proceedings of the Michigan Morphometrics Workshop, Rohlf FJ, Bookstein FL (Eds). The University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Special Publication 2 : Ann Arbor. 283 - 299.

Kitchell JA, Macleod N (1988) Testing macroevolutionary interpretations of symmetry and synchroneity in the fossil record. Science, 240 : 1190 - 1193.

Macleod N (1988) Lower and Middle Jurassic Perispyridium (Radiolaria) from the Snowshoe Formation, east-central Oregon. Micropaleontology, 34 : 289 - 315.

Kitchell JA, Estabrook G, Macleod N (1987) Testing for equality of rates of evolution. Paleobiology, 13 : 272 - 285.

Macleod N, Carr TR (1987) Morphometrics and the analysis of shape in conodonts, In: Conodonts: Investigative Techniques and Applications, Austin RL (Eds). Ellis Horwood Limited : Chichester. 168 - 187.

Macleod N, Carter JL (1984) A method for obtaining consistent specimen orientations for use in microfossil biometric studies. Micropaleontology, 30 : 306 - 310.

Macleod N (1982) The first North American occurrence of the late Cretaceous elasmobranch Ptychodus rugosus Dixon with comments on the functional morphology of the dentition and dermal denticles. Journal of Paleontology, 56 (2) : 403 - 409.

Macleod N, Slaughter BH (1980) A new ptychodid shark from the upper Cretaceous of northeast Texas. The Texas Journal of Science, 32 (4) : 333 - 335.

Davies K, Macleod N, Bates P, E. T, S. R (null) Echolocation, flight and inner ear adaptation in bats VL -??. null,

Macleod N (null) Response to One Life Only: Biological Resistance, Political Resistance by Catherine Malabou. Critical Inquiry,

Teaching and students

Courses taught

MSc: MSc Taxonomy & Biodiversity: Palaeontology & Stratigraphy Module
Imperial College, London
The Natural History Museum, London
3/2014.

Supervision

Doctorate (PhD) Joint supervisor to Marr M
Co supervisor(s): Schreve D
Faunal Response to Abrupt Climate Change: the History of the British Fauna from the Lateglacial to the Early Holocene.
Funding: NERC
2013 - 2013.