Mr Mark Lewis

Mr Mark Lewis

Research Assistant Calleva Rift Valley

Department: Earth Sciences
Division: ES Vertebrates and Anthropology Palaeobiology
Contact: email
Phone: 0207 942 5485

Specialisms

Pollen of Pleistocene native floras of the British Isles

Summary

My main research interests lie in Quaternary environmental reconstruction, with particular reference to early hominin sites, principally in the British Isles. My specialism is palynology, with particular knowledge of the Cromerian (sensu lato) and Ipswichian interglacials and I have excavated at both British and European sites. A recent line of research has involved the study of pollen from unconventional contexts, such as spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta) coprolites, sediment found in the cavities of bones in museum collections and speleothems. I also have working experience of other proxies including small and large mammals, particularly smaller felids, as well as sedimentology including the use of volcanic tephras as isochronous markers.

Qualifications

Degrees

BSc Biology, King's College London, United Kingdom

MSc Bio- & Georchaeology, University College London, United Kingdom

MSc Human Evolution & Behaviour, University College London, United Kingdom

Employment history

Academic

Researcher/palynologist (Calleva Project: Pathways to Ancient Britain), Natural History Museum, United Kingdom, 2013 - ongoing

Part-time RA, NERC funded RESET Tephrochronology Project (Response of Humans to Abrupt Environmental Change), Natural History Museum, Palaeontology, United Kingdom, 2008 - 2012

Researcher/RA, AHOB (Leverhulme funded project: Ancient Human Occupation of Britain), Natural History Museum, Palaeontology, United Kingdom, 2005 - 2012

Leverhulme funded project: Mammoth, vertebrate fauna and palaeoenvironment of the Cromerian stratotype (West Runton Freshwater Bed), University College London, Biology, United Kingdom, 2003 - 2004

Project-based Research Assistant (RA), Palaeontology, Natural History Museum, Jan 1998 - May 2003, Natural History Museum, United Kingdom, 1998 - 2003

Grants

Role: Principal investigatorStringer CB
Co-investigator: Bello S
Funding: The Calleva Foundation
Total value £1,695,923 (to Museum £1,695,923)
Dates: 2016 - 2019

Human and Behavioural Evolution Research Programme
Role: Principal investigatorStringer C
Co-investigator: Humphrey L
Funding: Calleva Foundation
Dates: 2012 - 2016

Dispersals of early humans: adaptations, frontiers and new territories
Role: Principal investigatorStringer C
Funding: Leverhulme Trust
Total value £1,133,815 (to Museum £389,176)
Dates: 2009 - 2013

The Ancient Human Occupation of Britain and its European Context
Role: Principal investigatorStringer C
Funding: Leverhulme Trust
Total value £1,050,028 (to Museum £230,726)
Dates: 2006 - 2010

Publications

Ivanova S, Gurova M, Spassov N, Hristova L, Tzankov N, Popov V, Marinova E, Makedonska J, Smith V, Ottoni C, Lewis M (2016) Magura Cave, Bulgaria: A multidisciplinary study of Late Pleistocene human palaeoenvironment in the Balkans. Quaternary International, 415 : 86 - 108. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.11.082

Davies W, White D, Lewis M, Stringer C (2015) Evaluating the transitional mosaic: frameworks of change from Neanderthals to Homo sapiens in eastern Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118 : 211 - 242. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.12.003

Marín-arroyo AB, Cano FG, Lewis M (2015) Late Pleistocene foot infection in Dama mesopotamica from Tabun B (Mount Carmel, Israel). International Journal of Paleopathology, 8 : 48 - 50. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpp.2014.08.002

Marín-arroyo AB, Landete-ruiz MD, Seva-román R, Lewis MD (2014) Manganese coating of the Tabun faunal assemblage: Implications for modern human behaviour in the Levantine Middle Palaeolithic. Quaternary International, 330 : 10 - 18. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2013.07.016

Ashton N, Lewis SG, De GrooteI, Duffy SM, Bates M, Bates R, Hoare P, Lewis M, Parfitt SA, Peglar S, Williams C, Stringer C (2014) Hominin Footprints from Early Pleistocene Deposits at Happisburgh, UK. PLoS ONE, 9 (2) : e88329 - e88329. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088329

Lowe J, Barton N, Blockley S, Ramsey CB, Cullen VL, Davies W, Gamble C, Grant K, Hardiman M, Housley R, Lane CS, Lee S, Lewis M, Macleod A, Menzies M, Muller W, Pollard M, Price C, Roberts AP, Rohling EJ, Satow C, Smith VC, Stringer CB, Tomlinson EL, White D, Albert P, Arienzo I, Barker G, Boric D, Carandente A, Civetta L, Ferrier C, Guadelli J-L, Karkanas P, Koumouzelis M, Muller UC, Orsi G, Pross J, Rosi M, Shalamanov-korobar L, Sirakov N, Tzedakis PC (2012) Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early modern humans to natural hazards. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109 (34) : 13532 - 13537. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1204579109

Lewis MD (2011) Pleistocene Hyaena Coprolite Palynology in Britain: Implications for the Environments of Early Humans., In: The Ancient Human Occupation of Britain., Ashton N, Lewis SG, STRINGER C (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 309 pp. 263 - 278.

Lewis M, Pacher M, Turner A (2010) The larger Carnivora of the West Runton Freshwater Bed. Quaternary International, 228 (1-2) : 116 - 135. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2010.06.022

Parfitt SA, Ashton NM, Lewis SG, Abel RL, Coope GR, Field MH, Gale R, Hoare PG, Larkin NR, Lewis MD, Karloukovski V, Maher BA, Peglar SM, Preece RC, Whittaker JE, Stringer CB (2010) Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. Nature, 466 (7303) : 229 - 233. doi: 10.1038/nature09117

Larkin NR, Alexander J, Lewis MD (2000) Using Experimental Studies of Recent Faecal Material to Examine Hyaena Coprolites from the West Runton Freshwater Bed, Norfolk, U.K.. Journal of Archaeological Science, 27 (1) : 19 - 31. doi: 10.1006/jasc.1999.0437

Aiello LC, Wood B, Key C, Lewis M (1999) Morphological and taxonomic affinities of the Olduvai ulna (OH 36). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 109 (1) : 89 - 110. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199905)109:1<89::AID-AJPA8>3.0.CO;2-4

Introduction

Summary

My main research interests lie in Quaternary environmental reconstruction, with particular reference to early hominin sites, principally in the British Isles. My specialism is palynology, with particular knowledge of the Cromerian (sensu lato) and Ipswichian interglacials and I have excavated at both British and European sites. A recent line of research has involved the study of pollen from unconventional contexts, such as spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta) coprolites, sediment found in the cavities of bones in museum collections and speleothems. I also have working experience of other proxies including small and large mammals, particularly smaller felids, as well as sedimentology including the use of volcanic tephras as isochronous markers.

Qualifications

Degrees

BSc Biology, King's College London, United Kingdom

MSc Bio- & Georchaeology, University College London, United Kingdom

MSc Human Evolution & Behaviour, University College London, United Kingdom

Employment history

Academic

Researcher/palynologist (Calleva Project: Pathways to Ancient Britain), Natural History Museum, United Kingdom, 2013 - ongoing

Part-time RA, NERC funded RESET Tephrochronology Project (Response of Humans to Abrupt Environmental Change), Natural History Museum, Palaeontology, United Kingdom, 2008 - 2012

Researcher/RA, AHOB (Leverhulme funded project: Ancient Human Occupation of Britain), Natural History Museum, Palaeontology, United Kingdom, 2005 - 2012

Leverhulme funded project: Mammoth, vertebrate fauna and palaeoenvironment of the Cromerian stratotype (West Runton Freshwater Bed), University College London, Biology, United Kingdom, 2003 - 2004

Project-based Research Assistant (RA), Palaeontology, Natural History Museum, Jan 1998 - May 2003, Natural History Museum, United Kingdom, 1998 - 2003

Projects

Grants

Role: Principal investigatorStringer CB
Co-investigator: Bello S
Funding: The Calleva Foundation
Total value £1,695,923 (to Museum £1,695,923)
Dates: 2016 - 2019

Human and Behavioural Evolution Research Programme
Role: Principal investigatorStringer C
Co-investigator: Humphrey L
Funding: Calleva Foundation
Dates: 2012 - 2016

Dispersals of early humans: adaptations, frontiers and new territories
Role: Principal investigatorStringer C
Funding: Leverhulme Trust
Total value £1,133,815 (to Museum £389,176)
Dates: 2009 - 2013

The Ancient Human Occupation of Britain and its European Context
Role: Principal investigatorStringer C
Funding: Leverhulme Trust
Total value £1,050,028 (to Museum £230,726)
Dates: 2006 - 2010

Publications

Publications

Ivanova S, Gurova M, Spassov N, Hristova L, Tzankov N, Popov V, Marinova E, Makedonska J, Smith V, Ottoni C, Lewis M (2016) Magura Cave, Bulgaria: A multidisciplinary study of Late Pleistocene human palaeoenvironment in the Balkans. Quaternary International, 415 : 86 - 108. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.11.082

Davies W, White D, Lewis M, Stringer C (2015) Evaluating the transitional mosaic: frameworks of change from Neanderthals to Homo sapiens in eastern Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118 : 211 - 242. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.12.003

Marín-arroyo AB, Cano FG, Lewis M (2015) Late Pleistocene foot infection in Dama mesopotamica from Tabun B (Mount Carmel, Israel). International Journal of Paleopathology, 8 : 48 - 50. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpp.2014.08.002

Marín-arroyo AB, Landete-ruiz MD, Seva-román R, Lewis MD (2014) Manganese coating of the Tabun faunal assemblage: Implications for modern human behaviour in the Levantine Middle Palaeolithic. Quaternary International, 330 : 10 - 18. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2013.07.016

Ashton N, Lewis SG, De GrooteI, Duffy SM, Bates M, Bates R, Hoare P, Lewis M, Parfitt SA, Peglar S, Williams C, Stringer C (2014) Hominin Footprints from Early Pleistocene Deposits at Happisburgh, UK. PLoS ONE, 9 (2) : e88329 - e88329. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088329

Lowe J, Barton N, Blockley S, Ramsey CB, Cullen VL, Davies W, Gamble C, Grant K, Hardiman M, Housley R, Lane CS, Lee S, Lewis M, Macleod A, Menzies M, Muller W, Pollard M, Price C, Roberts AP, Rohling EJ, Satow C, Smith VC, Stringer CB, Tomlinson EL, White D, Albert P, Arienzo I, Barker G, Boric D, Carandente A, Civetta L, Ferrier C, Guadelli J-L, Karkanas P, Koumouzelis M, Muller UC, Orsi G, Pross J, Rosi M, Shalamanov-korobar L, Sirakov N, Tzedakis PC (2012) Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early modern humans to natural hazards. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109 (34) : 13532 - 13537. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1204579109

Lewis MD (2011) Pleistocene Hyaena Coprolite Palynology in Britain: Implications for the Environments of Early Humans., In: The Ancient Human Occupation of Britain., Ashton N, Lewis SG, STRINGER C (Eds). Elsevier : Amsterdam. 309 pp. 263 - 278.

Lewis M, Pacher M, Turner A (2010) The larger Carnivora of the West Runton Freshwater Bed. Quaternary International, 228 (1-2) : 116 - 135. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2010.06.022

Parfitt SA, Ashton NM, Lewis SG, Abel RL, Coope GR, Field MH, Gale R, Hoare PG, Larkin NR, Lewis MD, Karloukovski V, Maher BA, Peglar SM, Preece RC, Whittaker JE, Stringer CB (2010) Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. Nature, 466 (7303) : 229 - 233. doi: 10.1038/nature09117

Larkin NR, Alexander J, Lewis MD (2000) Using Experimental Studies of Recent Faecal Material to Examine Hyaena Coprolites from the West Runton Freshwater Bed, Norfolk, U.K.. Journal of Archaeological Science, 27 (1) : 19 - 31. doi: 10.1006/jasc.1999.0437

Aiello LC, Wood B, Key C, Lewis M (1999) Morphological and taxonomic affinities of the Olduvai ulna (OH 36). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 109 (1) : 89 - 110. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199905)109:1<89::AID-AJPA8>3.0.CO;2-4