Dr Mark Carine

Dr Mark Carine

Researcher, Macaronesian Flowering Plants

Department: Life Sciences
Division: LS Plants Division
Contact: email
Phone: 02079425541
Google Scholar
Researchgate

Specialisms

Acanthaceae, Convolulaceae, Island biogeography, Macaronesia, plant systematics

Summary

Plant systematist with particular interests in island floras and biogeography, Convolvulaceae and Acanthaceae.

Qualifications

Degrees

DPhil, University of Oxford, United Kingdom, 1995 - 1999

Postgraduate Certificate in Education, Oxford University Department of Educational Studies, United Kingdom, 1992 - 1993

BSc(Hons) Botany, University of Reading, United Kingdom, 1988 - 1991

Employment history

Academic

Researcher, Natural History Museum, Department of Life Sciences, United Kingdom, 2001 - ongoing

Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Reading, Department of Botany, United Kingdom, 2000 - 2001

Post-Doctoral Research Assistant, University of Oxford, Department of Plant Sciences, United Kingdom, 1999 - 2000

Non-academic

Biology Teacher, Bedwell School, 1993 - 1995

Highlighted publications

Patino J, Carine M, Fernández-palacios JM, Otto R, Schaefer H, et al. (2014) The anagenetic world of spore-producing land plants. New Phytologist, 201 (1) : 305 - 311. doi: 10.1111/nph.12480

Williams BRM, Mitchell TC, Wood JRI, Harris DJ, Scotland RW, et al. (2014) Integrating DNA barcode data in a monographic study of Convolvulus. Taxon, 63 (6) : 1287 - 1306. doi: 10.12705/636.9

Bebber DP, Carine MA, Wood JRI, Wortley AH, Harris DJ, et al. (2010) Herbaria are a major frontier for species discovery. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107 (51) : 22169 - 22171. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1011841108

Carine MA, Schaefer H (2010) The Azores diversity enigma: why are there so few Azorean endemic flowering plants and why are they so widespread?. Journal of Biogeography, 37 (1) : 77 - 89. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02181.x

Grants

Digital monograph of Hypericum and a complete and revised published monograph of the genus
Principal investigator: Carine , Robson N
Funding: Annals of Botany Company

Variance and the evolution of insular floras
Principal investigator: Carine M
Funding: Royal Society
Total value £10,036 (to Museum £10,036)

Endemic plant diversity of the Tristan da Cunha archipelago
Principal investigator: Carine
Funding: Royal Geographical Society
Total value £500 (to Museum £500)

Foundation Monographs - accelerating the pace of taxonomy
Principal investigator: Carine
Funding: SYNTAX
Total value £26,898 (to Museum £8,000)

AFRICA: Expanding the scope of African Digital Plant Resources
Principal investigator: Brummitt
Co-investigator: Carine
Funding: World Collection Programme
Total value £29,409 (to Museum £29,409)

Committees

Other, Systematics Association Grants and Awards Secretary, 2013 - on going.

Member, Systematics Association Council, 2012 - on going.

Secretary, Botanical Research Fund, 2006 - on going.

Member, Systematics Association Council, 2002 - 2005.

Editorships

Editor, BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2013 - 2014.

Board member, Lagascalia, 2011 - 2014.

Editor, Journal of Biogeography, 2011 - on going.

Associate editor, Phytotaxa, 2009 - on going.

Associate editor, Journal of Biogeography, 2009 - 2011.

Publications

Moura M, Carine MA, Malécot V, Lourenço A, Schaefer H, Silva L (2015)

A taxonomic reassessment of Viburnum (Adoxaceae) in the Azores

. Phytotaxa, 210 (1) : 4 - 4. doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.210.1.3

Moura M, Silva L, Dias ELISABETEF, Schaefer HANNO, Carine MARK (2015)

A revision of the genus Leontodon (Asteraceae) in the Azores based on morphological and molecular evidence

. Phytotaxa, 210 (1) : 24 - 24. doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.210.1.4

Romeiras MM, Monteiro F, Duarte MC, Schaefer H, Carine M (2015) Patterns of genetic diversity in three plant lineages endemic to the Cape Verde Islands. AoB Plants, 7 : doi: 10.1093/aobpla/plv051

Patino J, Carine M, Mardulyn P, Devos N, Mateo RG, Gonzalez-mancebo JM, Shaw AJ, Vanderpoorten A (2015) Approximate Bayesian Computation Reveals the Crucial Role of Oceanic Islands for the Assembly of Continental Biodiversity. Systematic Biology, 64 (4) : 579 - 589. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syv013

Buril MT, Simoes AR, Carine M, Alves M (2015) Daustinia, a replacement name for Austinia (Convolvulaceae). PHYTOTAXA, 197 (1) : 60 - 60.

Patiño J, Sólymos P, Carine M, Weigelt P, Kreft H, Vanderpoorten A (2015) Island floras are not necessarily more species poor than continental ones. Journal of Biogeography, 42 (1) : 8 - 10. doi: 10.1111/jbi.12422

Wood J, R.m. WilliamsB, Mitchell TC, Carine M, Harris D, Scotland R (2015) A foundation monograph of Convolvulus L. (Convolvulaceae). PhytoKeys, 51 (51) : 1 - 282. doi: 10.3897/phytokeys.51.7104

Buril MT, Simões AR, Carine M, Alves M (2014)

Austinia, a new genus of Convolvulaceae from Brazil

. Phytotaxa, 186 (5) : 254 - 254. doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.186.5.2

Jones KE, Sequeira M, Carine M, Jardim R (2014) A new species of Pericallis (Senecioneae, Asteraceae) endemic to Porto Santo (Madeira, Portugal) . Phytotaxa, 186 (4) : 199 - 199. doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.186.4.3

Bateman RM, Rudall PJ, Bidartondo MI, Cozzolino S, Tranchida-lombardo V, Carine MA, Moura M (2014) Speciation via floral heterochrony and presumed mycorrhizal host switching of endemic butterfly orchids on the Azorean archipelago. American Journal of Botany, 101 (6) : 979 - 1001. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1300430

Romeiras MM, Duarte MC, Santos-guerra A, Carine M, Francisco-ortega J (2014) Botanical exploration of the Cape Verde Islands: From the pre-Linnaean records and collections to late 18th century floristic accounts and expeditions. Taxon, 63 (3) : 625 - 640. doi: 10.12705/633.37

Patino J, Carine M, Fernández-palacios JM, Otto R, Schaefer H, Vanderpoorten A (2014) The anagenetic world of spore-producing land plants. New Phytologist, 201 (1) : 305 - 311. doi: 10.1111/nph.12480

Rumsey FJ, Robba L, Schneider H, Carine MA (2014) Taxonomic uncertainty and a continental conundrum: Polypodium macaronesicum reassessed. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 174 (3) : 449 - 460. doi: 10.1111/boj.12140

Hay AS, Pieper B, Cooke E, Mandáková T, Cartolano M, Tattersall AD, Ioio RD, Mcgowan SJ, Barkoulas M, Galinha C, Others (2014) Cardamine hirsuta: a versatile genetic system for comparative studies. The Plant Journal, 78 (1) : 1 - 15. doi: 10.1111/tpj.12447

Jones KE, Reyes-betancort JA, Hiscock SJ, Carine MA (2014) Allopatric diversification, multiple habitat shifts, and hybridization in the evolution of Pericallis (Asteraceae), a Macaronesian endemic genus. American journal of botany, 101 (4) : 637 - 651. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1300390

Luna JA, Demissew S, Darbyshire I, Carine MA (2014) The significance of one versus two styles: the return of Seddera section Socotroseddera to Convolvulus. Phytotaxa, 156 (1) : 47 - 53.

Rumsey F, Schaefer H, Carine M (2014) Asplenium auritum sensu lato (Aspleniaceae: Pteridophyta): an overlooked neotropical fern native to the Azores. Fern Gazette 19: 259—271.. Fern Gazette, 19 : 259 - 271.

Williams BRM, Mitchell TC, Wood JRI, Harris DJ, Scotland RW, Carine MA (2014) Integrating DNA barcode data in a monographic study of Convolvulus. Taxon, 63 (6) : 1287 - 1306. doi: 10.12705/636.9

Carine MA, Betancort JAR (2013) Diversity and Diversification of the Macaronesian Lauroid Spurges. Vieraea: Folia scientarum biologicarum canariensium, 253 - 268.

Carine MARKA, Christenhusz MAARTENJM (2013) About this volume: the monograph of Hypericum by Norman Robson. Phytotaxa, 4 : 1 - 4.

Nürk NM, Madri nánS, Carine MA, Chase MW, Blattner FR (2013) Molecular phylogenetics and morphological evolution of St. John’s wort (< i> Hypericum; Hypericaceae). Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 66 (1) : 1 - 16. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.08.022

Bebber DP, Carine MA, Davidse G, Harris DJ, Haston EM, Penn MG, Cafferty S, Wood JRI, Scotland RW (2012) Big hitting collectors make massive and disproportionate contribution to the discovery of plant species. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 279 (1736) : 2269 - 2274. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.2439

Desamore A, Laenen B, González-mancebo JM, Jaén MolinaR, Bystriakova N, Martinez-klimova E, Carine MA, Vanderpoorten A (2012) Inverted patterns of genetic diversity in continental and island populations of the heather Erica scoparia sl. Journal of Biogeography, 39 (3) : 574 - 584. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02622.x

Carine MA, Jones K, Moura M, Graciete BeloMacielM, Rumsey FJ, Schaefer H (2012) Putting biogeography’s cart back behind taxonomy’s horse: a response to Triantis et al.. Journal of Biogeography, 39 (6) : 1184 - 1187. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02736.x

Schaefer H, Hechenleitner P, Santos-guerra A, De SequeiraMM, Pennington RT, Kenicer G, Carine MA (2012) Systematics, biogeography, and character evolution of the legume tribe Fabeae with special focus on the middle-Atlantic island lineages. BMC evolutionary biology, 12 (1) : 250 - 250. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-12-250

Désamoré A, Laenen B, Devos N, Popp M, González-mancebo JM, Carine MA, Vanderpoorten A (2011) Out of Africa: north-westwards Pleistocene expansions of the heather Erica arborea. Journal of Biogeography, 38 (1) : 164 - 176. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2010.02387.x

Francisco-ortega J, Santos-guerra A, Jarvis CE, Carine MA, Sequeira M, Maunder M (2011) The search for new plants: early exploration brought “strange” plants to European collections. 43 - 47.

Ortega JF, Guerra AS, Jarvis CE, Carine MA, Maunder M (2011) Las colecciones de herbario más antiguas de las islas Canarias. 98 - 111.

Romeiras MM, Paulo OS, Duarte MC, Pina-martins F, Cotrim MH, Carine MA, Pais MS (2011) Origin and diversification of the genus Echium (Boraginaceae) in the Cape Verde archipelago. Taxon, 60 (5) : 1375 - 1385.

Santos-guerra A, Jarvis CE, Carine MA, Maunder M, Francisco-ortega J (2011) Late 17th century herbarium collections from the Canary Islands: The plants collected by James Cuninghame in La Palma. Taxon, 60 (6) : 1734 - 1753.

Schaefer H, Carine MA, Rumsey FJ (2011) From European priority species to invasive weed: Marsilea azorica (Marsileaceae) is a misidentified alien. Systematic Botany, 36 (4) : 845 - 853. doi: 10.1600/036364411X604868

Schaefer H, Moura M, Belo MacielMG, Silva L, Rumsey FJ, Carine MA (2011) The Linnean shortfall in oceanic island biogeography: a case study in the Azores. Journal of Biogeography, 38 (7) : 1345 - 1355. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02494.x

Vanderpoorten A, Laenen B, Gabriel R, González-mancebo JM, Rumsey F, Carine MA, Bramwell D, Caujapé-castells J (2011) Dispersal, diversity and evolution of the Macaronesian cryptogamic floras, In: null, null : 338 - 364.

Bebber DP, Carine MA, Wood JRI, Wortley AH, Harris DJ, Prance GT, Davidse G, Paige J, Pennington TD, Robson NKB, Others (2010) Herbaria are a major frontier for species discovery. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107 (51) : 22169 - 22171. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1011841108

Vanderpoorten A, Gradstein SR, Carine MA, Devos N (2010) The ghosts of Gondwana and Laurasia in modern liverwort distributions. Biological Reviews, 85 (3) : 471 - 487. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.2009.00111.x

Carine MARKA, Robba L (2010) Taxonomy and evolution of the Convolvulus sabatius complex (Convolvulaceae). Phytotaxa, 14 : 1 - 21.

Carine MA, Santos GuerraA, Guma IR, Reyes-betancort JA (2010) Endemism and evolution of the Macaronesian flora, In: null, null : 101 - 124.

Carine MA, Schaefer H (2010) The Azores diversity enigma: why are there so few Azorean endemic flowering plants and why are they so widespread?. Journal of Biogeography, 37 (1) : 77 - 89. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02181.x

Carine MA, Robba L (2010) A revision of the Convolvulus sabatius (Convolvulaceae) complex. Phytotaxa, 14 : 1 - 21.

De SequeiraMM, Santos-guerra A, Jarvis CE, Oberli A, Carine MA, Maunder M, Francisco-ortega J (2010) The Madeiran plants collected by Sir Hans Sloane in 1687, and his descriptions. Taxon, 59 (2) : 598 - 612.

Francisco-ortega J, Santos GuerraA, Jarvis CE, Carine MA, Menezes deSequeiraM, Maunder M (2010) Early British collectors and observers of the Macaronesian flora: from Sloane to Darwin, In: Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm, WILLIAMS DM, KNAPP S (Eds). University of California Press : Berkeley, Los Angeles, London. 125 - 144.

Francisco-ortega J, Santos-guerra A, Jarvis CE, Carine MA, De SequeiraMM, Maunder M (2010) EARLY BRITISH COLLECTORS AND OBSERVERS OF THE MACARONESIAN FLORA. Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm, 3 : 125 - 125.

Laenen B, Désamoré A, Devos N, Shaw AJ, González-mancebo JM, Carine MA, Vanderpoorten A (2011) Macaronesia: a source of hidden genetic diversity for post-glacial recolonization of western Europe in the leafy liverwort Radula lindenbergiana. Journal of Biogeography, 38 (4) : 631 - 639. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2010.02440.x

Rumsey FJ, Carine M (2010) Convolvulus vidalii

Rumsey FJ, Carine M (2010) Euphrasia grandiflora (Azorean eyebright)

Rumsey FJ, Carine M (2010) Euphrasia grandiflora.. NHM :

Hollingsworth PM, Forrest LL, Spouge JL, Hajibabaei M, Ratnasingham S, Van derBankM, Chase MW, Cowan RS, Erickson DL, Fazekas AJ, Others (2009) A DNA barcode for land plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106 (31) : 12794 - 12797. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0905845106

Brown JM, Brummitt RK, Spencer M, Carine MA (2009) Disentangling the bindweeds: hybridization and taxonomic diversity in British Calystegia (Convolvulaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 160 (4) : 388 - 401. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00987.x

Brown JM, Brummitt RK, Spencer M, Carine MA (2009) Disentangling the bindweeds: hybridization and taxonomic diversity in Calystegia R.Br.. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 160 : 388 - 401.

Carine MA, Humphries CJ, Guma IR, Reyes-betancort JA, Santos GuerraA (2009) Areas and algorithms: evaluating numerical approaches for the delimitation of areas of endemism in the Canary Islands archipelago. Journal of Biogeography, 36 (4) : 593 - 611. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2008.02016.x

Hollingsworth P, Forrest L, Spouge J, Hajibabaei M, Ratnasingham S, Van derBankM, Chase M, Cowan R, Erickson D, Fazekas A, Graham S, James KE, Kim KJ, John W, Schneider H, Van AlphenStahlJ, Barrett S, Van denBergC, Bogarin D, Burgess K, Cameron K, Carine M, Chacón J, Clark A, Clarkson J, Conrad F, Devey D, Ford C, Hedderson T, Hollingsworth M, Husband B, Kelly L, Kesanakurti P, Kim J, Kim Y, Lahaye R, Lee HL, Long D, Madriñán S, Maurin O, Meusnier I, Newmaster S, Park CW, Percy D, Petersen G, Richardson J, Salazar G, Savolainen V, Seberg O, Wilkinson M, Yi DK, Little D (2009) A DNA Barcode for Land Plants. CBOL Plant Working Group. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 106 : 12794 - 12797.

Rodríguez JM, Gómez PV, Carine MA, Jury SL (2009) Iris rutherfordii Mart. Rodr., P. Vargas, Carine & Jury (Iridaceae, Iris subgen. Xiphium (Mill.) Spach), a new species from Morocco. Candollea, 64 (1) : 127 - 132.

Martínez RodríguezJ, Vargas GómezP, Carine MA, Jury SL (2009) Taxonomic relationships of a new species of Iris subgenus Xiphium (Iridaceae) from Mediterranean Morocco. Candollea, 64 : 127 - 132.

Ortega JF, Guerra AS, Carine MA, Jarvis CE (2009) Francis Masson y los primeros estudios taxonomicos modernos de la flora macaronesica. 2 - 11.

Vanderpoorten A, Gradstein SR, Carine MA, Devos N (2009) The ghosts of Gondwana and Laurasia in modern liverwort distributions. Biological Reviews,

Francisco-ortega J, Santos-guerra A, Carine MA, Jarvis CE (2008) Plant hunting in Macaronesia by Francis Masson: the plants sent to Linnaeus and Linnaeus filius. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 157 (3) : 393 - 428. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2008.00822.x

Reyes-betancort JA, Santos GuerraA, Guma IR, Humphries CJ, Carine MA (2008) Diversity, rarity and the evolution and conservation of the Canary Islands endemic flora. ANALES-JARDIN BOTANICO DE MADRID. 65 : CSIC : 25 - 25.

Carine MA, Robba L, Little R, Russell S, Guerra AS (2007) Molecular and morphological evidence for hybridization between endemic Canary Island Convolvulus. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 154 (2) : 187 - 204. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2007.00657.x

Chase MW, Cowan RS, Hollingsworth PM, Van DenBergC, Madri nánS, Petersen G, Seberg O, Jørgsensen T, Cameron KM, Carine M, Others (2007) A proposal for a standardised protocol to barcode all land plants. Taxon, 56 (2) : 295 - 299.

Vanderpoorten A, Rumsey FJ, Carine MA (2007) Does Macaronesia exist? Conflicting signal in the bryophyte and pteridophyte floras. American Journal of Botany, 94 (4) : 625 - 639. doi: 10.3732/ajb.94.4.625

Carine M, Santos GuerraA, Humphries C, Reyes-bentancort JA, Guma R (2007) Areas of endemism in cladistic biogepgraphy : a case study from the Canary islands. Third Biennial Conference of the International Biogeography Society, Book of Abstracts,

Francisco-ortega J, Carine M, Jarvis C, Santos GuerraA, Maunder M (2007) Celebrating the 300th Anniversary of Carolus Linnaeus. 30 - 31.

Carine M, Rumsey FJ, Ait-lafkih M, Rej-dali M, Rutherford RW, Jury SL (2006) New plant collections from the North Morocco checklist area. null,

Silvertown J, Francisco-ortega J, Carine M (2005) The monophyly of island radiations: an evaluation of niche pre-emption and some alternative explanations. Journal of Ecology, 93 (4) : 653 - 657. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01038.x

Carine MA (2005) Spatio-temporal relationships of the Macaronesian endemic flora: a relictual series or window of opportunity?. Taxon, 54 (4) : 895 - 903.

Robba L, Carine MA, Russell SJ, Raimondo FM (2005) The monophyly and evolution of Cynara L.(Asteraceae) sensu lato: evidence from the Internal Transcribed Spacer region of nrDNA and morphology. null,

Robba L, Carine MA, Russell SJ, Raimondo FM (2005) The monophyly and evolution of Cynara L.(Asteraceae) sensu lato: evidence from the internal transcribed spacer region of nrDNA. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 253 : 53 - 64. doi: 10.1007/s00606-004-0259-3

Silva L, Pinto N, Press JR, Rumsey F, Carine M, Henderson S, Sjörgren E, Borges PAV, Cunha R, Gabriel R, Others (2005) List of vascular plants (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta), In: null, Direcç ao Regional do Ambiente and Universidade dos Açores, Horta, Angra do Heroísmo and Ponta Delgada :

Carine MA, Alexander JM, Scotland RW (2004) A revision of the Strobilanthes kunthiana group (Phlebophyllum sensu Bremekamp). null,

Carine MA, Alexander JM, Scotland RW (2004) A revision of the Strobilanthes kunthiana-group (Phlebophyllum sensu Bremekamp)(Acanthaceae). Kew Bulletin, 1 - 25.

Carine MA, Russell SJ, Santos-guerra A, Francisco-ortega J (2004) Relationships of the Macaronesian and Mediterranean floras: molecular evidence for multiple colonizations into Macaronesia and back-colonization of the continent in Convolvulus (Convolvulaceae). American Journal of Botany, 91 (7) : 1070 - 1085. doi: 10.3732/ajb.91.7.1070

Carine MA, Francisco-ortega J, Santos-guerra A, Russell SJ (2004) Relationships of island and continental floras: molecular evidence for multiple colonisations into Macaronesia and subsequent back-colonisation of the continent in Convolvulus L.. American Journal of Botany, 91 : 1070 - 1085.

Moylan EC, Bennett JR, Carine MA, Olmstead RG, Scotland RW (2004) Phylogenetic relationships among Strobilanthes sl (Acanthaceae): evidence from ITS nrDNA, trnL-F cpDNA, and morphology. American journal of botany, 91 (5) : 724 - 735. doi: 10.3732/ajb.91.5.724

Carine MA, Alexander JM, Russell SJ (2003) Evolution of spines and the taxonomic status of Convolvulus section Acanthocladi: preliminary results from the ITS 2 region of nrDNA. Bocconea, 16 : 703 - 710.

Carine MA, Scotland RW (2002) Classification of Strobilanthinae (Acanthaceae): Trying to classify the unclassifiable?. Taxon, 51 (2) : 259 - 279. doi: 10.2307/1554926

Carine MA, Jayasekara P, Scotland RW (2000) A new species of Strobilanthes Blume (Acanthaceae) from Sri Lanka. Kew Bulletin, 971 - 976.

Carine MA, Scotland RW (2000) taxa and 32 characters: resolving species relationships using morphological data, In: null, null : 365 - 384.

Carine MA, Scotland RW (2000) The taxonomy and biology of Stenosiphonium Nees (Acanthaceae). Botanical journal of the Linnean Society, 133 : 101 - 128.

Scotland RW, Carine MA (2000) Classification or phylogenetic estimates?. Cladistics, 16 : 411 - 419.

Carine MA (1999) A systematic study of the southern Indian and Sri Lankan Strobilanthinae (Acanthaceae).. PhD Thesis.

Carine MA, Scotland RW (1999) Taxic and transformational homology: different ways of seeing. Cladistics, 15 : 121 - 129.

Carine MA, Scotland RW (1998) Pollen morphology of< i> Strobilanthes Blume (Acanthaceae) from southern India and Sri Lanka. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 103 : 143 - 165.

Carine M (1997) Rarity of Strobilanthes Blume and Stenosiphonium Nees.

Carine M (1996) Systematics of Stenosiphonium Nees (Acanthaceae): the legacies of Hooker and Thomson.

Courses taught

Postgraduate: Taxonomic Principles and Tools in Botanical Research
3/2015 - 3/2015.

Supervision

Doctorate (PhD) Co-supervisor to White O
Co supervisor(s): Chapman MA
Using transcriptomics to understand adaptation and speciation in an island radiation
Funding: Natural History Museum & University of Southampton
2015 - on going.

Doctorate (PhD) Lead supervisor to Jones K
Resolving the Azores Diversity Enigma
Funding: Natural History Museum
2010 - 2014.

Doctorate (PhD) Lead supervisor to Simões A
Co supervisor(s): Culham A
Disentangling the bindweeds: systematics and evolution of Merremieae (Convolvulaceae)
Funding: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
2009 - 2013.

Doctorate (PhD) Co-supervisor to Cooke E
Co supervisor(s): Scotland RW
Systematics of Cardamine hirsuta
Funding: BBSRC
2009 - 2014.

Doctorate (PhD) Joint supervisor to Monro A
Taxonomy of Pilea (Urticaceae)
2007 - on going.

Introduction

Summary

Plant systematist with particular interests in island floras and biogeography, Convolvulaceae and Acanthaceae.

Qualifications

Degrees

DPhil, University of Oxford, United Kingdom, 1995 - 1999

Postgraduate Certificate in Education, Oxford University Department of Educational Studies, United Kingdom, 1992 - 1993

BSc(Hons) Botany, University of Reading, United Kingdom, 1988 - 1991

Employment history

Academic

Researcher, Natural History Museum, Department of Life Sciences, United Kingdom, 2001 - ongoing

Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Reading, Department of Botany, United Kingdom, 2000 - 2001

Post-Doctoral Research Assistant, University of Oxford, Department of Plant Sciences, United Kingdom, 1999 - 2000

Non-academic

Biology Teacher, Bedwell School, 1993 - 1995

Highlighted publications

Patino J, Carine M, Fernández-palacios JM, Otto R, Schaefer H, et al. (2014) The anagenetic world of spore-producing land plants. New Phytologist, 201 (1) : 305 - 311. doi: 10.1111/nph.12480

Williams BRM, Mitchell TC, Wood JRI, Harris DJ, Scotland RW, et al. (2014) Integrating DNA barcode data in a monographic study of Convolvulus. Taxon, 63 (6) : 1287 - 1306. doi: 10.12705/636.9

Bebber DP, Carine MA, Wood JRI, Wortley AH, Harris DJ, et al. (2010) Herbaria are a major frontier for species discovery. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107 (51) : 22169 - 22171. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1011841108

Carine MA, Schaefer H (2010) The Azores diversity enigma: why are there so few Azorean endemic flowering plants and why are they so widespread?. Journal of Biogeography, 37 (1) : 77 - 89. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02181.x

Projects

Grants

Digital monograph of Hypericum and a complete and revised published monograph of the genus
Principal investigator: Carine , Robson N
Funding: Annals of Botany Company

Variance and the evolution of insular floras
Principal investigator: Carine M
Funding: Royal Society
Total value £10,036 (to Museum £10,036)

Endemic plant diversity of the Tristan da Cunha archipelago
Principal investigator: Carine
Funding: Royal Geographical Society
Total value £500 (to Museum £500)

Foundation Monographs - accelerating the pace of taxonomy
Principal investigator: Carine
Funding: SYNTAX
Total value £26,898 (to Museum £8,000)

AFRICA: Expanding the scope of African Digital Plant Resources
Principal investigator: Brummitt
Co-investigator: Carine
Funding: World Collection Programme
Total value £29,409 (to Museum £29,409)

Professional activities

Committees

Other, Systematics Association Grants and Awards Secretary, 2013 - on going.

Member, Systematics Association Council, 2012 - on going.

Secretary, Botanical Research Fund, 2006 - on going.

Member, Systematics Association Council, 2002 - 2005.

Editorships

Editor, BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2013 - 2014.

Board member, Lagascalia, 2011 - 2014.

Editor, Journal of Biogeography, 2011 - on going.

Associate editor, Phytotaxa, 2009 - on going.

Associate editor, Journal of Biogeography, 2009 - 2011.

Publications

Publications

Moura M, Carine MA, Malécot V, Lourenço A, Schaefer H, Silva L (2015)

A taxonomic reassessment of Viburnum (Adoxaceae) in the Azores

. Phytotaxa, 210 (1) : 4 - 4. doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.210.1.3

Moura M, Silva L, Dias ELISABETEF, Schaefer HANNO, Carine MARK (2015)

A revision of the genus Leontodon (Asteraceae) in the Azores based on morphological and molecular evidence

. Phytotaxa, 210 (1) : 24 - 24. doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.210.1.4

Romeiras MM, Monteiro F, Duarte MC, Schaefer H, Carine M (2015) Patterns of genetic diversity in three plant lineages endemic to the Cape Verde Islands. AoB Plants, 7 : doi: 10.1093/aobpla/plv051

Patino J, Carine M, Mardulyn P, Devos N, Mateo RG, Gonzalez-mancebo JM, Shaw AJ, Vanderpoorten A (2015) Approximate Bayesian Computation Reveals the Crucial Role of Oceanic Islands for the Assembly of Continental Biodiversity. Systematic Biology, 64 (4) : 579 - 589. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syv013

Buril MT, Simoes AR, Carine M, Alves M (2015) Daustinia, a replacement name for Austinia (Convolvulaceae). PHYTOTAXA, 197 (1) : 60 - 60.

Patiño J, Sólymos P, Carine M, Weigelt P, Kreft H, Vanderpoorten A (2015) Island floras are not necessarily more species poor than continental ones. Journal of Biogeography, 42 (1) : 8 - 10. doi: 10.1111/jbi.12422

Wood J, R.m. WilliamsB, Mitchell TC, Carine M, Harris D, Scotland R (2015) A foundation monograph of Convolvulus L. (Convolvulaceae). PhytoKeys, 51 (51) : 1 - 282. doi: 10.3897/phytokeys.51.7104

Buril MT, Simões AR, Carine M, Alves M (2014)

Austinia, a new genus of Convolvulaceae from Brazil

. Phytotaxa, 186 (5) : 254 - 254. doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.186.5.2

Jones KE, Sequeira M, Carine M, Jardim R (2014) A new species of Pericallis (Senecioneae, Asteraceae) endemic to Porto Santo (Madeira, Portugal) . Phytotaxa, 186 (4) : 199 - 199. doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.186.4.3

Bateman RM, Rudall PJ, Bidartondo MI, Cozzolino S, Tranchida-lombardo V, Carine MA, Moura M (2014) Speciation via floral heterochrony and presumed mycorrhizal host switching of endemic butterfly orchids on the Azorean archipelago. American Journal of Botany, 101 (6) : 979 - 1001. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1300430

Romeiras MM, Duarte MC, Santos-guerra A, Carine M, Francisco-ortega J (2014) Botanical exploration of the Cape Verde Islands: From the pre-Linnaean records and collections to late 18th century floristic accounts and expeditions. Taxon, 63 (3) : 625 - 640. doi: 10.12705/633.37

Patino J, Carine M, Fernández-palacios JM, Otto R, Schaefer H, Vanderpoorten A (2014) The anagenetic world of spore-producing land plants. New Phytologist, 201 (1) : 305 - 311. doi: 10.1111/nph.12480

Rumsey FJ, Robba L, Schneider H, Carine MA (2014) Taxonomic uncertainty and a continental conundrum: Polypodium macaronesicum reassessed. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 174 (3) : 449 - 460. doi: 10.1111/boj.12140

Hay AS, Pieper B, Cooke E, Mandáková T, Cartolano M, Tattersall AD, Ioio RD, Mcgowan SJ, Barkoulas M, Galinha C, Others (2014) Cardamine hirsuta: a versatile genetic system for comparative studies. The Plant Journal, 78 (1) : 1 - 15. doi: 10.1111/tpj.12447

Jones KE, Reyes-betancort JA, Hiscock SJ, Carine MA (2014) Allopatric diversification, multiple habitat shifts, and hybridization in the evolution of Pericallis (Asteraceae), a Macaronesian endemic genus. American journal of botany, 101 (4) : 637 - 651. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1300390

Luna JA, Demissew S, Darbyshire I, Carine MA (2014) The significance of one versus two styles: the return of Seddera section Socotroseddera to Convolvulus. Phytotaxa, 156 (1) : 47 - 53.

Rumsey F, Schaefer H, Carine M (2014) Asplenium auritum sensu lato (Aspleniaceae: Pteridophyta): an overlooked neotropical fern native to the Azores. Fern Gazette 19: 259—271.. Fern Gazette, 19 : 259 - 271.

Williams BRM, Mitchell TC, Wood JRI, Harris DJ, Scotland RW, Carine MA (2014) Integrating DNA barcode data in a monographic study of Convolvulus. Taxon, 63 (6) : 1287 - 1306. doi: 10.12705/636.9

Carine MA, Betancort JAR (2013) Diversity and Diversification of the Macaronesian Lauroid Spurges. Vieraea: Folia scientarum biologicarum canariensium, 253 - 268.

Carine MARKA, Christenhusz MAARTENJM (2013) About this volume: the monograph of Hypericum by Norman Robson. Phytotaxa, 4 : 1 - 4.

Nürk NM, Madri nánS, Carine MA, Chase MW, Blattner FR (2013) Molecular phylogenetics and morphological evolution of St. John’s wort (< i> Hypericum; Hypericaceae). Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 66 (1) : 1 - 16. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.08.022

Bebber DP, Carine MA, Davidse G, Harris DJ, Haston EM, Penn MG, Cafferty S, Wood JRI, Scotland RW (2012) Big hitting collectors make massive and disproportionate contribution to the discovery of plant species. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 279 (1736) : 2269 - 2274. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.2439

Desamore A, Laenen B, González-mancebo JM, Jaén MolinaR, Bystriakova N, Martinez-klimova E, Carine MA, Vanderpoorten A (2012) Inverted patterns of genetic diversity in continental and island populations of the heather Erica scoparia sl. Journal of Biogeography, 39 (3) : 574 - 584. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02622.x

Carine MA, Jones K, Moura M, Graciete BeloMacielM, Rumsey FJ, Schaefer H (2012) Putting biogeography’s cart back behind taxonomy’s horse: a response to Triantis et al.. Journal of Biogeography, 39 (6) : 1184 - 1187. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02736.x

Schaefer H, Hechenleitner P, Santos-guerra A, De SequeiraMM, Pennington RT, Kenicer G, Carine MA (2012) Systematics, biogeography, and character evolution of the legume tribe Fabeae with special focus on the middle-Atlantic island lineages. BMC evolutionary biology, 12 (1) : 250 - 250. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-12-250

Désamoré A, Laenen B, Devos N, Popp M, González-mancebo JM, Carine MA, Vanderpoorten A (2011) Out of Africa: north-westwards Pleistocene expansions of the heather Erica arborea. Journal of Biogeography, 38 (1) : 164 - 176. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2010.02387.x

Francisco-ortega J, Santos-guerra A, Jarvis CE, Carine MA, Sequeira M, Maunder M (2011) The search for new plants: early exploration brought “strange” plants to European collections. 43 - 47.

Ortega JF, Guerra AS, Jarvis CE, Carine MA, Maunder M (2011) Las colecciones de herbario más antiguas de las islas Canarias. 98 - 111.

Romeiras MM, Paulo OS, Duarte MC, Pina-martins F, Cotrim MH, Carine MA, Pais MS (2011) Origin and diversification of the genus Echium (Boraginaceae) in the Cape Verde archipelago. Taxon, 60 (5) : 1375 - 1385.

Santos-guerra A, Jarvis CE, Carine MA, Maunder M, Francisco-ortega J (2011) Late 17th century herbarium collections from the Canary Islands: The plants collected by James Cuninghame in La Palma. Taxon, 60 (6) : 1734 - 1753.

Schaefer H, Carine MA, Rumsey FJ (2011) From European priority species to invasive weed: Marsilea azorica (Marsileaceae) is a misidentified alien. Systematic Botany, 36 (4) : 845 - 853. doi: 10.1600/036364411X604868

Schaefer H, Moura M, Belo MacielMG, Silva L, Rumsey FJ, Carine MA (2011) The Linnean shortfall in oceanic island biogeography: a case study in the Azores. Journal of Biogeography, 38 (7) : 1345 - 1355. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02494.x

Vanderpoorten A, Laenen B, Gabriel R, González-mancebo JM, Rumsey F, Carine MA, Bramwell D, Caujapé-castells J (2011) Dispersal, diversity and evolution of the Macaronesian cryptogamic floras, In: null, null : 338 - 364.

Bebber DP, Carine MA, Wood JRI, Wortley AH, Harris DJ, Prance GT, Davidse G, Paige J, Pennington TD, Robson NKB, Others (2010) Herbaria are a major frontier for species discovery. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107 (51) : 22169 - 22171. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1011841108

Vanderpoorten A, Gradstein SR, Carine MA, Devos N (2010) The ghosts of Gondwana and Laurasia in modern liverwort distributions. Biological Reviews, 85 (3) : 471 - 487. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.2009.00111.x

Carine MARKA, Robba L (2010) Taxonomy and evolution of the Convolvulus sabatius complex (Convolvulaceae). Phytotaxa, 14 : 1 - 21.

Carine MA, Santos GuerraA, Guma IR, Reyes-betancort JA (2010) Endemism and evolution of the Macaronesian flora, In: null, null : 101 - 124.

Carine MA, Schaefer H (2010) The Azores diversity enigma: why are there so few Azorean endemic flowering plants and why are they so widespread?. Journal of Biogeography, 37 (1) : 77 - 89. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02181.x

Carine MA, Robba L (2010) A revision of the Convolvulus sabatius (Convolvulaceae) complex. Phytotaxa, 14 : 1 - 21.

De SequeiraMM, Santos-guerra A, Jarvis CE, Oberli A, Carine MA, Maunder M, Francisco-ortega J (2010) The Madeiran plants collected by Sir Hans Sloane in 1687, and his descriptions. Taxon, 59 (2) : 598 - 612.

Francisco-ortega J, Santos GuerraA, Jarvis CE, Carine MA, Menezes deSequeiraM, Maunder M (2010) Early British collectors and observers of the Macaronesian flora: from Sloane to Darwin, In: Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm, WILLIAMS DM, KNAPP S (Eds). University of California Press : Berkeley, Los Angeles, London. 125 - 144.

Francisco-ortega J, Santos-guerra A, Jarvis CE, Carine MA, De SequeiraMM, Maunder M (2010) EARLY BRITISH COLLECTORS AND OBSERVERS OF THE MACARONESIAN FLORA. Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm, 3 : 125 - 125.

Laenen B, Désamoré A, Devos N, Shaw AJ, González-mancebo JM, Carine MA, Vanderpoorten A (2011) Macaronesia: a source of hidden genetic diversity for post-glacial recolonization of western Europe in the leafy liverwort Radula lindenbergiana. Journal of Biogeography, 38 (4) : 631 - 639. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2010.02440.x

Rumsey FJ, Carine M (2010) Convolvulus vidalii

Rumsey FJ, Carine M (2010) Euphrasia grandiflora (Azorean eyebright)

Rumsey FJ, Carine M (2010) Euphrasia grandiflora.. NHM :

Hollingsworth PM, Forrest LL, Spouge JL, Hajibabaei M, Ratnasingham S, Van derBankM, Chase MW, Cowan RS, Erickson DL, Fazekas AJ, Others (2009) A DNA barcode for land plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106 (31) : 12794 - 12797. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0905845106

Brown JM, Brummitt RK, Spencer M, Carine MA (2009) Disentangling the bindweeds: hybridization and taxonomic diversity in British Calystegia (Convolvulaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 160 (4) : 388 - 401. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00987.x

Brown JM, Brummitt RK, Spencer M, Carine MA (2009) Disentangling the bindweeds: hybridization and taxonomic diversity in Calystegia R.Br.. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 160 : 388 - 401.

Carine MA, Humphries CJ, Guma IR, Reyes-betancort JA, Santos GuerraA (2009) Areas and algorithms: evaluating numerical approaches for the delimitation of areas of endemism in the Canary Islands archipelago. Journal of Biogeography, 36 (4) : 593 - 611. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2008.02016.x

Hollingsworth P, Forrest L, Spouge J, Hajibabaei M, Ratnasingham S, Van derBankM, Chase M, Cowan R, Erickson D, Fazekas A, Graham S, James KE, Kim KJ, John W, Schneider H, Van AlphenStahlJ, Barrett S, Van denBergC, Bogarin D, Burgess K, Cameron K, Carine M, Chacón J, Clark A, Clarkson J, Conrad F, Devey D, Ford C, Hedderson T, Hollingsworth M, Husband B, Kelly L, Kesanakurti P, Kim J, Kim Y, Lahaye R, Lee HL, Long D, Madriñán S, Maurin O, Meusnier I, Newmaster S, Park CW, Percy D, Petersen G, Richardson J, Salazar G, Savolainen V, Seberg O, Wilkinson M, Yi DK, Little D (2009) A DNA Barcode for Land Plants. CBOL Plant Working Group. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 106 : 12794 - 12797.

Rodríguez JM, Gómez PV, Carine MA, Jury SL (2009) Iris rutherfordii Mart. Rodr., P. Vargas, Carine & Jury (Iridaceae, Iris subgen. Xiphium (Mill.) Spach), a new species from Morocco. Candollea, 64 (1) : 127 - 132.

Martínez RodríguezJ, Vargas GómezP, Carine MA, Jury SL (2009) Taxonomic relationships of a new species of Iris subgenus Xiphium (Iridaceae) from Mediterranean Morocco. Candollea, 64 : 127 - 132.

Ortega JF, Guerra AS, Carine MA, Jarvis CE (2009) Francis Masson y los primeros estudios taxonomicos modernos de la flora macaronesica. 2 - 11.

Vanderpoorten A, Gradstein SR, Carine MA, Devos N (2009) The ghosts of Gondwana and Laurasia in modern liverwort distributions. Biological Reviews,

Francisco-ortega J, Santos-guerra A, Carine MA, Jarvis CE (2008) Plant hunting in Macaronesia by Francis Masson: the plants sent to Linnaeus and Linnaeus filius. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 157 (3) : 393 - 428. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2008.00822.x

Reyes-betancort JA, Santos GuerraA, Guma IR, Humphries CJ, Carine MA (2008) Diversity, rarity and the evolution and conservation of the Canary Islands endemic flora. ANALES-JARDIN BOTANICO DE MADRID. 65 : CSIC : 25 - 25.

Carine MA, Robba L, Little R, Russell S, Guerra AS (2007) Molecular and morphological evidence for hybridization between endemic Canary Island Convolvulus. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 154 (2) : 187 - 204. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2007.00657.x

Chase MW, Cowan RS, Hollingsworth PM, Van DenBergC, Madri nánS, Petersen G, Seberg O, Jørgsensen T, Cameron KM, Carine M, Others (2007) A proposal for a standardised protocol to barcode all land plants. Taxon, 56 (2) : 295 - 299.

Vanderpoorten A, Rumsey FJ, Carine MA (2007) Does Macaronesia exist? Conflicting signal in the bryophyte and pteridophyte floras. American Journal of Botany, 94 (4) : 625 - 639. doi: 10.3732/ajb.94.4.625

Carine M, Santos GuerraA, Humphries C, Reyes-bentancort JA, Guma R (2007) Areas of endemism in cladistic biogepgraphy : a case study from the Canary islands. Third Biennial Conference of the International Biogeography Society, Book of Abstracts,

Francisco-ortega J, Carine M, Jarvis C, Santos GuerraA, Maunder M (2007) Celebrating the 300th Anniversary of Carolus Linnaeus. 30 - 31.

Carine M, Rumsey FJ, Ait-lafkih M, Rej-dali M, Rutherford RW, Jury SL (2006) New plant collections from the North Morocco checklist area. null,

Silvertown J, Francisco-ortega J, Carine M (2005) The monophyly of island radiations: an evaluation of niche pre-emption and some alternative explanations. Journal of Ecology, 93 (4) : 653 - 657. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01038.x

Carine MA (2005) Spatio-temporal relationships of the Macaronesian endemic flora: a relictual series or window of opportunity?. Taxon, 54 (4) : 895 - 903.

Robba L, Carine MA, Russell SJ, Raimondo FM (2005) The monophyly and evolution of Cynara L.(Asteraceae) sensu lato: evidence from the Internal Transcribed Spacer region of nrDNA and morphology. null,

Robba L, Carine MA, Russell SJ, Raimondo FM (2005) The monophyly and evolution of Cynara L.(Asteraceae) sensu lato: evidence from the internal transcribed spacer region of nrDNA. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 253 : 53 - 64. doi: 10.1007/s00606-004-0259-3

Silva L, Pinto N, Press JR, Rumsey F, Carine M, Henderson S, Sjörgren E, Borges PAV, Cunha R, Gabriel R, Others (2005) List of vascular plants (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta), In: null, Direcç ao Regional do Ambiente and Universidade dos Açores, Horta, Angra do Heroísmo and Ponta Delgada :

Carine MA, Alexander JM, Scotland RW (2004) A revision of the Strobilanthes kunthiana group (Phlebophyllum sensu Bremekamp). null,

Carine MA, Alexander JM, Scotland RW (2004) A revision of the Strobilanthes kunthiana-group (Phlebophyllum sensu Bremekamp)(Acanthaceae). Kew Bulletin, 1 - 25.

Carine MA, Russell SJ, Santos-guerra A, Francisco-ortega J (2004) Relationships of the Macaronesian and Mediterranean floras: molecular evidence for multiple colonizations into Macaronesia and back-colonization of the continent in Convolvulus (Convolvulaceae). American Journal of Botany, 91 (7) : 1070 - 1085. doi: 10.3732/ajb.91.7.1070

Carine MA, Francisco-ortega J, Santos-guerra A, Russell SJ (2004) Relationships of island and continental floras: molecular evidence for multiple colonisations into Macaronesia and subsequent back-colonisation of the continent in Convolvulus L.. American Journal of Botany, 91 : 1070 - 1085.

Moylan EC, Bennett JR, Carine MA, Olmstead RG, Scotland RW (2004) Phylogenetic relationships among Strobilanthes sl (Acanthaceae): evidence from ITS nrDNA, trnL-F cpDNA, and morphology. American journal of botany, 91 (5) : 724 - 735. doi: 10.3732/ajb.91.5.724

Carine MA, Alexander JM, Russell SJ (2003) Evolution of spines and the taxonomic status of Convolvulus section Acanthocladi: preliminary results from the ITS 2 region of nrDNA. Bocconea, 16 : 703 - 710.

Carine MA, Scotland RW (2002) Classification of Strobilanthinae (Acanthaceae): Trying to classify the unclassifiable?. Taxon, 51 (2) : 259 - 279. doi: 10.2307/1554926

Carine MA, Jayasekara P, Scotland RW (2000) A new species of Strobilanthes Blume (Acanthaceae) from Sri Lanka. Kew Bulletin, 971 - 976.

Carine MA, Scotland RW (2000) taxa and 32 characters: resolving species relationships using morphological data, In: null, null : 365 - 384.

Carine MA, Scotland RW (2000) The taxonomy and biology of Stenosiphonium Nees (Acanthaceae). Botanical journal of the Linnean Society, 133 : 101 - 128.

Scotland RW, Carine MA (2000) Classification or phylogenetic estimates?. Cladistics, 16 : 411 - 419.

Carine MA (1999) A systematic study of the southern Indian and Sri Lankan Strobilanthinae (Acanthaceae).. PhD Thesis.

Carine MA, Scotland RW (1999) Taxic and transformational homology: different ways of seeing. Cladistics, 15 : 121 - 129.

Carine MA, Scotland RW (1998) Pollen morphology of< i> Strobilanthes Blume (Acanthaceae) from southern India and Sri Lanka. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 103 : 143 - 165.

Carine M (1997) Rarity of Strobilanthes Blume and Stenosiphonium Nees.

Carine M (1996) Systematics of Stenosiphonium Nees (Acanthaceae): the legacies of Hooker and Thomson.

Teaching activities

Courses taught

Postgraduate: Taxonomic Principles and Tools in Botanical Research
3/2015 - 3/2015.

Supervision

Doctorate (PhD) Co-supervisor to White O
Co supervisor(s): Chapman MA
Using transcriptomics to understand adaptation and speciation in an island radiation
Funding: Natural History Museum & University of Southampton
2015 - on going.

Doctorate (PhD) Lead supervisor to Jones K
Resolving the Azores Diversity Enigma
Funding: Natural History Museum
2010 - 2014.

Doctorate (PhD) Lead supervisor to Simões A
Co supervisor(s): Culham A
Disentangling the bindweeds: systematics and evolution of Merremieae (Convolvulaceae)
Funding: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
2009 - 2013.

Doctorate (PhD) Co-supervisor to Cooke E
Co supervisor(s): Scotland RW
Systematics of Cardamine hirsuta
Funding: BBSRC
2009 - 2014.

Doctorate (PhD) Joint supervisor to Monro A
Taxonomy of Pilea (Urticaceae)
2007 - on going.