Dr David Reid

Dr David Reid

Merit Researcher

Department: Life Sciences
Division: LS Invertebrates
Contact: email
Phone: 020 7942 5051


Current research interests involve the reconstruction of gastropod phylogenies using both morphological and molecular approaches, and the use of such hypotheses in the study of biogeography and speciation in marine invertebrates, and in the interpretation of the evolution of adaptive morphological characters. For much of this evolutionary work, the gastropod family Littorinidae has been used as a model, having a worldwide distribution, at least a partial fossil record, and showing specialized adaptations to intertidal life. A new project investigates the evolutionary history of ecological associations between gastropods (Potamididae and Littoraria) with the mangrove habitat, integrating the fossil record with molecular phylogenetics. Supervised PhD projects have included worldwide phylogenetic analyses of Patellidae, Bullidae, gibbuline Trochidae and Muricidae. Previous research interests include the ecology of molluscs on coral reefs and the interactions between colour-polymorphic snails and their predators.General taxonomic work has been done on the marine molluscs of Chile.



PhD, James Cook University of North Queensland, Australia

Employment history


Researcher, Natural History Museum, United Kingdom, 1986 - ongoing


Reid DG, Claremont M, Smith L, Shamoto M, Glaubrecht M, Ozawa T (2013) Mosaics in the mangroves: allopatric diversification of tree-climbing mudwhelks (Gastropoda: Potamididae: Cerithidea) in the Indo-West Pacific. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 110 (3): 564 - 580. doi: 10.1111/bij.12151

CLAREMONT M, Houart R, WILLIAMS ST, REID DG (2013) A molecular phylogenetic framework for the Ergalataxinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 79 (1): 19 - 29. doi: 10.1093/mollus/eys028

CLAREMONT M, Vermeij GJ, WILLIAMS ST, REID DG (2013) Global phylogeny and new classification of the Rapaninae (Gastropoda: Muricidae), dominant molluscan predators on tropical rocky seashores. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 66 (1): 91 - 102. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.09.014

Hollander J, Smadja CM, Butlin RK, REID DG (2013) Genital divergence in sympatric sister snails. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 26 (1): 210 - 215. doi: 10.1111/jeb.12029

REID DG, Aravind NA, Madhyastha NA (2013) A unique radiation of marine littorinid snails in the freshwater streams of the Western Ghats of India: the genus Cremnoconchus W.T. Blanford, 1869 (Gastropoda: Littorinidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 167 (1): 93 - 135. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00875.x

CLAREMONT M, REID DG, WILLIAMS ST (2012) Speciation and dietary specialization in Drupa, a genus of predatory marine snails (Gastropoda: Muricidae). Zoologica Scripta, 41 (2): 137 - 149. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2011.00512.x

Donald KM, PRESTON J, WILLIAMS ST, REID DG, Winter D, Alvarez R, Buge B, Hawkins SJ, Templado J, Spencer HG (2012) Phylogenetic relationships elucidate colonization patterns in the intertidal grazers Osilinus Philippi, 1847 and Phorcus Risso, 1826 (Gastropoda: Trochidae) in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 62 (1): 35 - 45. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2011.09.002

REID DG, DYAL P, WILLIAMS ST (2012) A global molecular phylogeny of 147 periwinkle species (Gastropoda, Littorininae). Zoologica Scripta, 41 (2): 125 - 136. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2011.00505.x

CLAREMONT M, REID DG, WILLIAMS ST (2011) Evolution of corallivory in the gastropod genus Drupella. Coral Reefs, 30 (4): 977 - 990. doi: 10.1007/s00338-011-0788-5

CLAREMONT M, WILLIAMS ST, Barraclough T, REID DG (2011) The geographic scale of speciation in a marine snail with high potential dispersal. Journal of Biogeography, 38 (6): 1016 - 1032. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02482.x

Ha WY, REID DG, Kam WL, Lau YY, Sham WC, Tam SYK, Sin DWM, Mok CS (2011) Genetic Differentiation between Fake Abalone and Genuine Haliotis Species Using the Forensically Informative Nucleotide Sequencing (FINS) Method. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59 (10): 5195 - 5203. doi: 10.1021/jf104892n

REID DG (2011) The genus Echinolittorina Habe, 1956 (Gastropoda: Littorinidae) in the eastern Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Zootaxa, 2974 : 1 - 65.

Barco A, CLAREMONT M, REID DG, Houart R, Bouchet P, WILLIAMS ST, Cruaud C, Couloux A, Oliverio M (2010) A molecular phylogenetic framework for the Muricidae, a diverse family of carnivorous gastropods.. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 56 (3)doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.03.008

REID DG, DYAL P, WILLIAMS ST (2010) Global diversification of mangrove fauna: a molecular phylogeny of Littoraria (Gastropoda: Littorinidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 55 (1): 185 - 201. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2009.09.036

MALAQUIAS MAE, Berecibar E, REID DG (2008) Reassessment of the trophic position of Bullidae (Gastropoda: Cephalaspidea) and the importance of diet in the evolution of cephalaspidean gastropods. Journal of Zoology, 277 (1): 88 - 97. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.2008.00516.x

MALAQUIAS MAE, REID DG (2009) Tethyan vicariance, relictualism and speciation: evidence from a global molecular phylogeny of the opisthobranch genus Bulla. Journal of Biogeography, 36 : 1760 - 1777.

Ozawa T, Köhler F, REID DG, Glaubrecht M (2009) Tethyan relicts on continental coastlines of the northwestern Pacific Ocean and Australasia: molecular phylogeny and fossil record of batillariid gastropods (Caenogastropoda, Cerithioidea). Zoologica Scripta, 38 : 503 - 525.

REID DG, DYAL P, Lozouet P, Glaubrecht M, WILLIAMS ST (2008) Mudwhelks and mangroves: the evolutionary history of an ecological association (Gastropoda: Potamididae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 47 (2): 680 - 699. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2008.01.003

CLAREMONT M, REID DG, WILLIAMS ST (2008) A molecular phylogeny of the Rapaninae and Ergalataxinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 74 : 215 - 221.

MALAQUIAS MAE, MACKENZIE-DODDS J, Bouchet P, Gosliner T, REID DG (2008) A molecular phylogeny of the Celphalaspidea sensu lato (Gadtropoda: Euthyneura): Archtibrnachia redefined and Runcinacea reinstated. Zoologica Scripta, 38 (1)doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00354.x

MALAQUIAS MAE, REID DG (2008) Functional morphology of the gonoduct of the gastropod Bulla striata Bruguière, 1792 (Opisthobranchia: Cephalaspidea): evidence for a monaulic system. Acta Zoologica, 89 : 205 - 210.

MALAQUIAS MAE, REID DG (2008) Systematic revision of the living species of Bullidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Cephalaspidea), with a molecular phylogenetic analysis. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 153 : 453 - 543.

Torres P, Afiado A, Glassom D, Jiddawi N, Macia A, REID DG, Paula J (2008) Species composition, comparative size and abundance of the genus Littoraria (Gastropoda: Littorinidae) from different mangrove strata along the East African coast. Hydrobiologia, 614 : 339 - 351.

Vermeij GJ, Dietl GP, REID DG (2008) The Trans-Atlantic history of diversity and body size in ecological guilds. Ecology, 89

Faubel A, Sluys R, REID DG (2007) A new genus and species of polyclad flatworm found in the mantle cavities of gastropod molluscs in the high-intertidal zone of the Pacific coast of Central America. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 87 : 429 - 431.

REID DG (2007) The genus Echinolittorina Habe, 1956 (Gastropoda: Littorinidae) in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa, 1420 : 1 - 161.

REID DG (2007) Littorina. , Carlton JT, The Light and Smith Manual., pp. 771 - 776. University of California Press. Los Angeles.

REID DG, LAL K, MACKENZIE-DODDS J, Kaligis F, LITTLEWOOD DTJ, WILLIAMS ST (2006) Comparative phylogeography and species boundaries in Echinolittorina snails in the central Indo-Pacific. Journal of Biogeography, 33 (6): 990 - 1006. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01469.x

Osorio C, REID DG, Ramajo L (2005) Molluscs between Boca del Guafa to Estero Elefantes south of Chile (Cimar 7 Fiordos). Ciencia Tecnologia del Mar, 28 : 91 - 98.

Osorio C, REID DG (2004) Intertidal and subtidal marine molluscs between Boca del Guafa and Elefantes Fjord, southern Chile. Investigaciones Marinas, Valparaiso, 32 : 71 - 89.

REID DG, WILLIAMS ST (2004) The subfamily Littorininae (Gastropoda: Littorinidae) in the temperate southern hemisphere: The genera Nodilittorina, Austrolittorina and Afrolittorina. Records of the Australian Museum, 56 : 75 - 122.

WILLIAMS ST, REID DG (2004) Speciation and diversity on tropical rocky shores: a global phylogeny of snails of the genus Echinolittorina. Evolution, 58 : 2227 - 2251. doi: 10.1554/03-565

John DM, PATERSON GLJ, EVANS NJ, Ramírez ME, SPENCER JONES ME, Báez PD, FERRERO TJ, VALENTINE CA, REID DG. , (2003) Manual de biotopos marinos de la region de Aysén, sur de Chile. (A Manual of marine biotopes of Region Aysén, Southern Chile. The Laguna San Rafael National Park, Estero Elefantes, Chonos Archipelago And Katalalixar). Biodiversity Aysén Project. London.

WILLIAMS ST, REID DG, LITTLEWOOD DTJ (2003) A molecular phylogeny of the Littorininae (Gastropoda: Littorinidae): unequal evolutionary rates, morphological parallelism and biogeography of the Southern Ocean. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 23 (1): 60 - 86. doi: 10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00038-1