Dr David Gower


Department: Life Sciences
Division: LS Vertebrates Division
Contact: email


I am a systematic evolutionary biologist conducting collections-based research that aims to document and understand the taxonomic, phenotypic and genetic diversity of vertebrates. The three groups of organisms that are the focus of my research are caecilian amphibians, (mostly burrowing) snakes, and Triassic archosauriforms.



DSc, Faculty of Science, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

PhD, Department of Geology, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

BSc (Hons) Zoology, University of Reading, United Kingdom

Employment history


Herpetology Researcher, The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom, 2004 - ongoing

Research Assistant, The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom, 1999 - 2004

Leverhulme Trust Postdoctoal research Assistant, University of Bristol, United Kingdom, 1998 - 1998

Science author, Freelance, United Kingdom, 1998 - 1999

NERC Postdoctoral Research Assistant, University of Bristol, United Kingdom, 1997 - 1997

Royal Society European Exchange Fellow, Universität Tübingen, Germany, 1995 - 1997

NERC Postdoctoral Research Assistant, University of Bristol, United Kingdom, 1994 - 1994


Gower DJ, Kouete MT, Doherty-Bone TM, Ndeme ES, Wilkinson M (2015) Rediscovery, natural history, and conservation status of Idiocranium russeli Parker, 1936 (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Indotyphlidae). Journal of Natural History, 49 : 233 - 253. doi: 10.1080/00222933.2014.939733

Sherratt E, Gower DJ, Klingenberg CP, Wilkinson M (2014) Evolution of Cranial Shape in Caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona). Evolutionary Biology, 41 (4): 528 - 545. doi: 10.1007/s11692-014-9287-2

Loader SP, Sara Ceccarelli F, Menegon M, Howell KM, Kassahun R, Mengistu AA, Saber SA, Gebresenbet F, de Sá R, Davenport TRB, Larson JG, Müller H, Wilkinson M, Gower DJ (2014) Persistence and stability of Eastern Afromontane forests: evidence from brevicipitid frogs. Journal of Biogeography, 41 (9): 1781 - 1792. doi: 10.1111/jbi.12331

Lewis CJ, Maddock ST, Day JJ, Nussbaum RA, Morel C, Wilkinson M, Foster PG, Gower DJ (2014) Development of anonymous nuclear markers from Illumina paired-end data for Seychelles caecilian amphibians (Gymnophiona: Indotyphlidae). Conservation Genetics Resources, 6 (2): 289 - 291. doi: 10.1007/s12686-013-0127-y

Maddock ST, Day JJ, Nussbaum RA, Wilkinson M, Gower DJ (2014) Evolutionary origins and genetic variation of the Seychelles treefrog, Tachycnemis seychellensis (Duméril and Bibron, 1841) (Amphibia: Anura: Hyperoliidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 75 : 194 - 201. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.004

Maddock ST, Lewis CJ, Wilkinson M, Day JJ, Morel C, Kouete MT, Gower DJ (2014) Non-lethal DNA sampling for caecilian amphibians. Journal of Herpetology, 24 (4): 255 - 260.

Wilkinson M, Presswell B, Sherratt E, Papadopoulou A, Gower DJ (2014) A new species of striped Ichthyophis Fitzinger, 1826 (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Ichthyophiidae) from Myanmar.. Zootaxa, 3785 (1): 45 - 58. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3785.1.4

Siu-Ting K, Gower DJ, Pisani D, Kassahun R, Gebresenbet F, Menegon M, Mengistu AA, Saber SA, de Sá R, Wilkinson M, Loader SP (2014) Evolutionary relationships of the Critically Endangered frog Ericabatrachus baleensis Largen, 1991 with notes on incorporating previously unsampled taxa into large-scale phylogenetic analyses. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 14 (1): 44 - 44. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-14-44

San Mauro D, Gower DJ, Müller H, Loader SP, Zardoya R, Nussbaum RA, Wilkinson M (2014) Life-history evolution and mitogenomic phylogeny of caecilian amphibians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 73 : 177 - 189. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.01.009

Ceccarelli FS, Menegon M, Tolley KA, Tilbury CR, Gower DJ, Laserna MH, Kasahun R, Rodriguez-Prieto A, Hagmann R, Loader SP (2014) Evolutionary relationships, species delimitation and biogeography of Eastern Afromontane horned chameleons (Chamaeleonidae:< i> Trioceros). Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 80 : 125 - 136.

Gower DJ, Hancox PJ, Botha-Brink J, Sennikov AG, Butler RJ (2014) A New Species of Garjainia Ochev, 1958 (Diapsida: Archosauriformes: Erythrosuchidae) from the Early Triassic of South Africa. PloS one, 9

Sookias RB, Sennikov AG, Gower DJ, Butler RJ (2014) The monophyly of Euparkeriidae (Reptilia: Archosauriformes) and the origins of Archosauria: a revision of Dorosuchus neoetus from the Mid-Triassic of Russia. Palaeontology,

TRER N, STRIKE T, GILL I, WILKINSON M, GOWER DJ (2014) Towards evidence-based husbandry for caecilian amphibians: Substrate preference in Geotrypetes seraphini (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Dermophiidae). Herpetological Bulletin, 129 : 15 - 15.

WILKINSON MARK, KOK PHILIPPEJR, AHMED FARAH, GOWER DAVIDJ (2014) Caecilita Wake & Donnelly, 2010 (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) is not lungless: implications for taxonomy and for understanding the evolution of lunglessness . Zootaxa, 3779 (3): 383 - 383. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3779.3.6

Agarwal I, Wilkinson M, Mohapatra PP, Dutta SK, Giri VB, Gower DJ (2013) The first teresomatan caecilian (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) from the Eastern Ghats of India-a new species of Gegeneophis Peters, 1880. Zootaxa, 3693 (4): 534 - 546.

Kamei RG, Gower DJ, Wilkinson M, Biju SD (2013) Systematics of the caecilian family Chikilidae (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) with the description of three new species of Chikila from northeast India. Zootaxa, 3666 (4): 401 - 435. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3666.4.1

Gower DJ, Doherty-Bone T, Loader SP, Wilkinson M, Kouete MT, Tapley B, Orton F, Daniel OZ, Wynne F, Flach E, Mueller H, Menegon M, Stephen I, Browne RK, Fisher MC, Cunningham AA, Garner TWJ (2013) Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Infection and Lethal Chytridiomycosis in Caecilian Amphibians (Gymnophiona). Ecohealth, 10 (2): 173 - 183. doi: 10.1007/s10393-013-0831-9

Loader SP, Ceccarelli FS, Wilkinson M, Menegon M, Mariaux J, de Sa RO, Howell KM, Gower DJ (2013) Species boundaries and biogeography of East African torrent frogs of the genus Petropedetes (Amphibia: Anura: Petropeditidae). African Journal of Herpetology, 62 (1): 40 - 48. doi: 10.1080/21564574.2013.781549

Wilkinson M, Gower DJ, Loader SP, Mueller H (2013) A visceral synapomorphy of Scolecomorphus Boulenger, 1883 (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Scolecomorphidae). African Journal of Herpetology, 62 (1): 21 - 27. doi: 10.1080/21564574.2013.781548

DOHERTY-BONE TM, Gonwouo NL, Hirschfeld M, Ohst T, Weldon C, Perkins M, Kouete MT, Browne RK, LOADER SP, GOWER DJ, WILKINSON MW, Roedel MO, Penner J, Barej MF, Schmitz A, Ploetner J, Cunningham AA (2013) Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in amphibians of Cameroon, including first records for caecilians. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 102 (3): 187 - 194. doi: 10.3354/dao02557

GOWER DJ, Giri V, Torsekar VR, Gaikwad K, WILKINSON M (2013) On the taxonomic status of Gegeneophis nadkarnii Bhatta & Prashanth, 2004 (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Indotyphlidae). Zootaxa, 3609 (2): 204 - 212. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3609.2.6

Böhm M, Collen B, Baillie JEM, Bowles P, Chanson J, Cox N, Hammerson G, Hoffmann M, Livingstone SR, Ram M, others (2013) The conservation status of the world’s reptiles. Biological Conservation, 157 : 372 - 385. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2012.07.015

Ezcurra MD, Butler RJ, Gower DJ (2013) "Ptoterosuchia": the origin and early radiation of Archosauriformes. , Nesbitt SJ, Desojo JB, Irmis RB, Anatomy, Phylogeny and Palaeobiology of Early Archosaurs and Their Kin., pp. 9 - 33. Geological Society of London.

GOWER DJ, Aberra RK, Schwaller S, Largen MJ, Collen B, Spawls S, Menegon M, Zimkus BM, de Sá R, Mengistu AA, Gebresenbet F, Moore RD, Saber SA, Loader SP (2013) Long-term data for endemic frog genera reveal potential conservation crisis in the Bale Mountains, Ethiopia. Oryx, 47 (1): 59 - 69. doi: 10.1017/S0030605311001426

Kouete MT, Ndeme ES, Gower DJ (2013) Further observations of reproduction and confirmation of oviparity in Herpele Squalostoma (Stutchbury, 1836) (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Herpelidae).. Herpetology Notes, 6 : 583 - 586.

Nesbitt SJ, Brusatte SL, Desojo JB, Liparini A, Franca MAG, Weinbaum J (2013) Rauisuchia. , Nesbitt SJ, Desojo JB, Irmis RB, Anatomy, Phylogeny and Palaeobiology of Early Archosaurs and Their Kin., pp. 241 - 274. Geological Society of London.

Nesbitt SJ, Butler RJ, Gower DJ (2014) A New Archosauriform (Reptilia: Diapsida) from the Manda Beds (Middle Triassic) of Southwestern Tanzania (vol 8, e72753, 2013). PLOS ONE, 9 (9)doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072753

WILKINSON M, SHERRATT E, Starace F, GOWER DJ (2013) A new species of skin-feeding caecilian and the first report of reproductive mode in Microcaecilia (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Siphonopidae). PLoS ONE, 8 (3)doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057756

GOWER DJ, DOHERTY-BONE TM, Aberra RK, Mengistu A, Schwaller S, Menegon M, de Sa R, Saber SA, Cunningham AA, Loader SP (2012) High prevalence of the amphibian chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) across multiple taxa and localities in the highlands of Ethiopia. Herpetological Journal, 22 (4): 225 - 233.

Murphy JC, Mumpuni , de Lang R, GOWER DJ, Sanders KL (2012) The Moluccan short-tailed snakes of the genus Brachyorrhos Kuhl (Squamata: Serpentes: Homalopsidae), and the status of Calamophis Meyer. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 60 (2): 501 - 514.

Gower DJ, Johnson KG, Richardson JE, Rosen BR, Ruber L, Williams ST (2012) Introduction. , Gower D, Biotic evolution and environmental change in Southeast Asia., pp. 1 - 15. Cambridge University Press.

SAN MAURO D, GOWER DJ, Cotton JA, Zardoya R, WILKINSON M, Massingham T (2012) Experimental Design in Phylogenetics: Testing Predictions from Expected Information. Systematic Biology, 61 (4): 661 - 674. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/sys028

Kamei RG, SAN MAURO D, GOWER DJ, Van Bocxlaer I, SHERRATT E, Thomas A, Babu S, Bossuyt F, WILKINSON M, Biju SD (2012) Discovery of a new family of amphibians from Northeast India with ancient links to Africa. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 279 (1737): 2396 - 2401. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.0150

Barratt CD, Horsburgh GJ, Dawson DA, GOWER DJ, WILKINSON M, LOADER SP, Jehle R (2012) Characterisation of nine microsatellite loci in the caecilian amphibian Boulengerula uluguruensis (Gymnophiona), and their cross-species utility in three congeneric species. Conservation Genetics Resources, 4 (2): 225 - 229. doi: 10.1007/s12686-011-9512-6

Kotharambath R, GOWER DJ, Oommen OV, WILKINSON M (2012) A third species of Gegeneophis Peters (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Indotyphlidae) lacking secondary annular grooves. Zootaxa, (3272): 26 - 34.

BUTLER RJ, BARRETT PM, GOWER DJ (2012) Reassessment of the Evidence for Postcranial Skeletal Pneumaticity in Triassic Archosaurs, and the Early Evolution of the Avian Respiratory System. Plos One, 7 (3)doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034094

Gower DJ, Garrett K, Stafford PJ. , (2012) Snakes. Firefly Books Limited. 144

GOWER DJ, JOHNSON KG, Richardson JE, ROSEN BR, Rüber L, WILLIAMS ST. , (2012) Biotic evolution and environmental change in Southeast Asia. The Systematics Association Special Volume 82 & Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.

Kotharambath R, WILKINSON M, Oommen OV, George S, Nussbaum RA, GOWER DJ (2012) On the systematics, distribution and conservation status of Ichthyophis longicephalus Pillai, 1986 (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Ichthyophiidae). Journal of Natural History, 46 : 2935 - 2959. doi: 10.1080/00222933.2012.717972

Kouete MT, WILKINSON M, GOWER DJ (2012) First reproductive observations for Herpele Peters, 1880 (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Herpelidae): evidence of extended parental care and maternal dermatophagy in H. squalostoma (Stutchbury, 1836). ISRN Zoology, 2012 doi: 10.5402/2012/269690

Menegon M, GOWER DJ, LOADER SP (2011) A remarkable new species of Callulina (Amphibia: Anura: Brevicipitidae) with massive, boldly coloured limb glands. Zootaxa, 3095 (3095): 15 - 26.

GOWER DJ, SAN MAURO D, Giri V, Bhatta G, Govindappa V, Kotharambath R, Oommen OV, FATIH FA, MACKENZIE-DODDS JA, Nussbaum RA, Biju SD, Shouche YS, WILKINSON M (2011) Molecular systematics of caeciliid caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) of the Western Ghats, India. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 59 (3): 698 - 707. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2011.03.002

GOWER DJ, Maduwage K (2011) Two new species of Rhinophis Hemprich (Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from Sri Lanka. Zootaxa, (2881): 51 - 68.

WILKINSON M, SAN MAURO D, SHERRATT E, GOWER DJ (2011) A nine-family classification of caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona). Zootaxa, 2874 (2874): 41 - 64.

Giri V, GOWER DJ, Gaikwad K, WILKINSON M (2011) A second species of Gegeneophis Peters (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) lacking secondary annular grooves. Zootaxa, 2815 (2815): 49 - 58.

GOWER DJ, Papadopoulou A, Doherty-bone TM, F. P, SAN MAURO D, Loader SP, WILKINSON M (2011) The systematics of Boulengerula fischeri (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) based on morphological and molecular data.. Zootaxa, 2767 (2767): 14 - 24.

DOHERTY-BONE TM, Ndifon RK, SAN MAURO D, WILKINSON M, LeGrand GN, GOWER DJ (2011) Systematics and ecology of the caecilian Crotaphatrema lamottei (Nussbaum) (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Scolecomorphidae). Journal of Natural History, 45 : 827 - 841. doi: 10.1080/00222933.2010.535921

DOHERTY-BONE TM, Ndifon RK, GOWER DJ (2011) Traditional indigenous perspectives on soil-dwelling vertebrates in Oku, Cameroon, with special reference to the caecilian Crotaphatrema lamottei. Herpetological Bulletin, 116 : 19 - 24.

LOADER SP, WILKINSON M, Cotton JA, Measey GJ, Menegon M, Howell KM, Mueller H, GOWER DJ (2011) Molecular phylogenetics of Boulengerula (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) and implications for taxonomy, biogeography and conservation. Herpetological Journal, 21 (1): 5 - 16.

Venu G, Rajendran A, Venkatachalaiah G, GOWER DJ (2011) The karyology of Uraeotyphlus gansi, and its implications for the systematics and evolution of Uraeotyphlidae (Amphibia: Gymnophiona). Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 132 (3): 182 - 187. doi: 10.1159/000321816

Hoffmann M, Hilton-Taylor C, Angulo A, Böhm M, Brooks TM, Butchart SHM, Carpenter KE, Chanson J, Collen B, Cox NA, others (2010) The impact of conservation on the status of the world’s vertebrates. science, 330 (6010): 1503 - 1509. doi: 10.1126/science.1194442

LOADER SP, GOWER DJ, Müller H, Menegon M (2010) Two new species of Callulina (Amphibia: Anura: Brevicipitidae) from the Nguru Mountains, Tanzania. Zootaxa, 2694 (2694): 26 - 42.

WILKINSON M, GOWER DJ (2010) A new species of Rhinatrema Duméril & Bibron (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Rhinatrematidae) from Amazonas, Brazil.. Zootaxa, 2650 (2650): 63 - 68.

MOHUN SM, Davies WL, Bowmaker JK, Pisani D, Himstedt W, GOWER DJ, Hunt DM, WILKINSON M (2010) Identification and characterization of visual pigments in caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona), an order of limbless vertebrates with rudimentary eyes.. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 213 (20): 3586 - 3592. doi: 10.1242/jeb.045914

LOADER S, GOWER D, Ngalason W, Menegon M (2010) Three new species of Callulina (Amphibia: Anura: Brevicipitidae) highlight local endemism and conservation plight of Africa's Eastern Arc forests. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 160 (3): 496 - 514. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00652.x

Sanders KL, Mumpuni , Hamidy A, Head JJ, GOWER DJ (2010) Phylogeny and divergence times of filesnakes (Acrochordus): Inferences from morphology, fossils and three molecular loci.. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 56 (3): 857 - 867. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.04.031

GOWER DJ, WILKINSON M, SHERRATT E, Kok PJR (2010) A new species of Rhinatrema Duméril & Bibron (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Rhinatrematidae) from Guyana. Zootaxa, 2391 (2391)

Douglas DA, GOWER DJ (2010) Snake mitochondrial genomes: phylogenetic relationships and implications of extended taxon sampling for interpretations of mitogenomic evolution. BMC Genomics, 11 (1): 14 - 14. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-11-14

Vidal N, Dewynter M, GOWER DJ (2010) Dissecting the major American snake radiation: A molecular phylogeny of the Dipsadidae Bonaparte (Serpentes, Caenophidia). Comptes Rendus Biologies, 333 (1): 48 - 55. doi: 10.1016/j.crvi.2009.11.003

BUTLER RJ, BARRETT PM, ABEL RL, GOWER DJ (2009) A possible Ctenosauriscid archosaur from the Middle Triassic Manda beds of Tanzania. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 29 (4): 1022 - 1031. doi: 10.1671/039.029.0404

Kamei RG, WILKINSON M, GOWER DJ, Biju SD (2009) Three new species of striped Ichthyophis (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Ichthyophiidae) from the northeast Indian states of Manipur and Nagaland. Zootaxa, 2267 (2267): 26 - 42.

SAN MAURO D, GOWER DJ, Massingham T, WILKINSON M, Zardoya R, Cotton JA (2009) Experimental design in Caecilian systematics: Phylogenetic information of mitochondrial genomes and nuclear rag1. Systematic Biology, 58 (4): 425 - 438. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syp043

Davies WL, Cowing A, Bowmaker JK, Carvalho LS, GOWER DJ, Hunt DM (2009) Shedding light on serpent sight: the visual pigment of henophidian snakes. Journal of Neuroscience, 29 (23): 7519 - 7525. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0517-09.2009

GOWER DJ, Schoch RS (2009) Postcranial anatomy of the rauisuchian archosaur Batrachotomus kupferzellensis. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 29 (1): 103 - 122. doi: 10.1080/02724634.2009.10010365

MÜLLER H, WILKINSON M, LOADER SP, Wirkner CS, GOWER DJ (2009) Morphology and function of the head in foetal and juvenile Scolecomorphus kirkii (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Scolecomorphidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 96 (3): 491 - 504. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2008.01152.x

BUTLER RJ, BARRETT PM, GOWER DJ (2009) Postcranial pneumaticity and bird-like air sacs in the earliest pterosaurs. Biology Letters, 5 : 557 - 560.

GOWER DJ, WILKINSON M (2009) Caecilians (Gymnophiona). , Hedges SB, Kumar S, The Timetree of Life., pp. 369 - 372. Oxford University Press. New York.

LOADER S, Menegon M, MÜLLER H, GOWER D, WILKINSON M, Howell K, Orton F (2009) Remarkable amphibian diversity in the South Nguru Mountains, Tanzania. Froglog, 91 : 8 - 10.

Kupfer A, WILKINSON M, GOWER DJ, MÜLLER H, Jehle R (2008) Care and parentage in a skin-feeding caecilian amphibian. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology, (8): 460 - 467. doi: 10.1002/jez.475

GOWER DJ, Giri V, Dharne MS, Shouche Y (2008) Frequency of independent origins of viviparity among caecilians (Gymnophiona): evidence from the first 'live-bearing' Asian amphibian. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 21 (5): 1220 - 1226. doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2008.01577.x

GOWER DJ, Rajendran A, Nussbaum RA, WILKINSON M (2008) A new species of Uraeotyphlus (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Uraeotyphlidae) of the malabaricus group. Herpetologica, 64 (2): 235 - 245. doi: 10.1655/07-075R1.1

Bain R, Biju SD, Brown R, Das I, Diesmos A, Dutta S, GOWER D, Inger R, Iskandar D, Kaneko Y, Lau MWN, Meegaskumbura M, Ohler A, Papenfuss T, Pethiyagoda R, Stuart B, WILKINSON M, Xie F (2008) Amphibians of the Indomalayan region. , Stuart SN, Hoffmann M, Chanson JS, Cox NA, Berridge R, Ramani P, Young BE, Threatened Amphibians of the World., pp. 74 - 79. Lynx Edicions, in association with IUCN - The World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe.. Barcelona. 758pp.

BARRETT P, Henderson D, Holtz T, Kirkland JI, Norell MA, Cool L, GOWER D, Wright J. , (2008) Dinosaurs. Sandcastle Books, UK. 447 pp.

GOWER DJ, Captain A, Thakur SS (2008) On the taxonomic status of Uropeltis bicatenata (Günther) (Reptilia: Serpentes: Uropeltidae). Hamadryad, 33 : 64 - 84.

GOWER DJ, WILKINSON M (2008) Caecilians (Gymnophiona). , Stuart SN, Hoffmann M, Chanson JS, Cox NA, Berridge R, Ramani P, Young BE, Threatened Amphibians of the World., pp. 19 - 20. Lynx Edicions, in association with IUCN - The World Conservation Union, Conservation International and NatureServe, Barcelona..

WILKINSON M, GOWER DJ, Govindappa V, Venkatachalaiah G (2007) A new speces of Ichthyophis (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Ichthyophiidae) from Karnataka, India. Herpetologica, 63 (4): 511 - 518. doi: 10.1655/0018-0831(2007)63[511:ANSOIA]2.0.CO;2

Loader SP, Pisani D, Cotton JA, GOWER DJ, Day JJ, WILKINSON (2007) Relative timescales reveal multiple origins of parallel disjunct distributions of African caecilian amphibians. Biology Letters, 3 (5): 505 - 508. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2007.0266

MÜLLER H, LOADER SP, Ngalason W, Howell KM, GOWER DJ (2007) Reproduction in Brevicipitid frogs (Amphibia: Anura: Brevicipitidae) - evidence fom Probreviceps m. macrodactylus. Copeia, 3 (3): 726 - 733. doi: 10.1643/0045-8511(2007)2007[726:RIBFAA]2.0.CO;2

GOWER DJ, WILKINSON M (2007) Species groups in the Indian caecilian genus Uraeotyphlus Peters (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Uraeotyphlidae), with the description of a new species. Herpetologica, 63 (3): 401 - 410. doi: 10.1655/0018-0831(2007)63[401:SGITIC]2.0.CO;2

Newell AJ, GOWER DJ, Benton MJ, Tverdokhlebovs VP (2007) Bedload abrasion and the in situ fragmentation of bi-valves. Sedimentology, 54 (4): 835 - 845. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3091.2007.00862.x

GOWER DJ, Dharne M, Bhatta G, Giri V, Vyas R, Govindappa V, Oommen OV, George J, Schouche Y, WILKINSON M (2007) Remarkable generic homogeneity in unstriped, long-tailed Icthyophis along 1500km of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Zoology, 272 (3): 266 - 275. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00266.x

Harris SR, Pisani D, GOWER DJ, WILKINSON M (2007) Investigating stagnation in morphological phylogenetics using consensus data. Systematic Biology, 56 (1): 125 - 129. doi: 10.1080/10635150601115624

Roelants K, GOWER DJ, WILKINSON M, LOADER SP, Biju SD, Guillaume K, Moriau L, Bossuyt F (2007) Global patterns of diversification in the history of modern amphibians. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 104 (3): 887 - 892. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0608378104

Gower DJ, Winkler JD (2007) Taxonomy of the Indian snake Xylophis Beddome (Serpentes: Caenophidia), with description of a new species. Hamadryad, 31 : 315 - 329.

GOWER DJ, Giri V, WILKINSON M (2007) Rediscovery of Gegeneophis seshachari Ravichandran, Gower & Wilkinson, 2003 at the type locality. Herpetozoa, 19 : 121 - 127.

KUPFER A, Gaucher P, WILKINSON M, GOWER D (2006) Passive trapping of aquatic caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Typhlonectidae). Studies in Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 41 (2): 93 - 96. doi: 10.1080/01650520500443930

GOWER DJ, ABLETT JD (2007) Counting ventral scales in Asian anilioid snakes. Herpetological Journal, 16 (3): 259 - 263.

JONES DT, LOADER SP, GOWER DJ (2006) Trophic ecology of East African caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) and their impact on forest soil invertebrates. Journal of Zoology, 269 (1): 117 - 126. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00045.x

GOWER DJ, Nesbitt SJ (2006) The braincase of Arizonasaurus babbitti - further evidence for the non-monophyly of 'rauisuchian' archosaurs. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 26 (1): 79 - 87. doi: 10.1671/0272-4634(2006)26[79:TBOABE]2.0.CO;2

GOWER DJ, Oommen OV, WILKINSON M (2006) Marking amphibians with alpha numeric fluorescent tags – caecilians lead the way. Herpetological Review, 37

Grismer LL, Youmans TM, Wood PL, Ponce A, Wright SB, Jones BS, Johnson R, SANDERS KL, GOWER DJ, Yaakob NS, Lim KKP (2006) Checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi, Malaysia, with comments on taxonomy. Hamadryad, 30 : 61 - 74.

Mauro DS, GOWER DJ, Zardoya R, WILKINSON M (2006) A hotspot of gene order rearrangement by tandem duplication and random loss in the vertebrate mitochondrial genome. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 23 (1): 227 - 234. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msj025

GOWER DJ, Vidal N, SPINKS JN, McCARTHY CJ (2005) The phylogenetic position of Anomochilidae (Reptilia: Serpentes): first evidence from DNA sequences. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 43 (4): 315 - 320. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2005.00315.x

Measey GJ, GOWER DJ (2005) Externally measured condition versus internal organ mass in the caecilian Gegeneophis ramaswamii (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae). Zoological Science, 22 (4): 445 - 452. doi: 10.2108/zsj.22.445

GOWER DJ, WILKINSON M (2005) Conservation biology of caecilian amphibians. Conservation Biology, 19 (1): 45 - 55. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00589.x

Bossuyt F, Beenaerts N, Meegaskumbura M, GOWER DJ, Pethiyagoda R, Roelants K, Mannaert A, WILKINSON M, Bahir MM, Manamendra-Arachchi K, Oommen OV, Ng PKL, Schneider CJ, Milinkovitch MC (2005) Biodiversity in Sri Lanka and the Western Ghats. Science, 308

GOWER DJ, Bahir MM, Mapatuna Y, Pethiyagoda R, Raheem D, WILKINSON M (2005) Molecular phylogenetics of Sri Lankan Ichthyophis (Amphibia: Gymnopohiona: Ichthyophiidae), with discovery of a cryptic species. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, : 249 - 257.

Zaher H, Souza I, GOWER DJ, Hingst-Zaher E, Jorge da Silva N (2005) Redescription of Atractus albuquerquei (Serpentes: Colubridae: Dipsadinae), with comments on geographical distribution and intraspecific ariation. Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia. Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, 45 : 19 - 32.

Giri V, GOWER DJ, WILKINSON M (2004) A new species of Indotyphlus Taylor (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) from the Western Ghats of India. Zootaxa, 739 (739): 1 - 19.

San Mauro D, GOWER DJ, Oommen OV, WILKINSON M, Zardoya R (2004) Phylogeny of caecilian amphibians (Gymnophiona) based on complete mitochondrial genomes and nuclear RAG1. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 33 (2): 413 - 427. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2004.05.014

Bossuyt F, Beenaerts N, Meegaskumbura M, GOWER DJ, Pethiyagoda R, Roelants K, Mannaert A, WILKINSON M, Bahir MM, Manamendra-Arachchi K, Oommen OV, Ng PKL, Schneider CJ, Milinkovitch MC (2004) Local endemism within the Western Ghats-Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot. Science, 306 (5695): 479 - 481. doi: 10.1126/science.1100167

GOWER DJ, Bhatta G, Giri V, Oommen OV, Ravichandran MS, WILKINSON M (2004) Biodiversity in the Western Ghats: the discovery of new species of caecilian amphibians. Current Science, 87 (6): 739 - 740.

GOWER DJ, Rasmussen JB, LOADER SP, WILKINSON M (2004) The caecilian amphibian Scolemorphus kirkii Boulenger as prey of the burrowing asp Atractaspis aterrima Günther: trophic relationships of fossorial vertebrates. Journal of African Ecology, 42 (2): 83 - 87. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2004.00495.x

Captain A, GOWER DJ, David P, Bauer AM (2004) Taxonomic status of the colubrid snake Sibynophis subpunctatus (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854). Hamadryad, 28 : 90 - 94.

GOWER DJ, LOADER SP, MONCRIEFF CB, WILKINSON M (2004) Niche separation and comparative abundance of Boulengerula boulengeri and Scolecomorphus vittatus (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) in an East Usambara forest, Tanzania. African Journal of Herpetology, 53 : 183 - 190.

GOWER DJ, LOADER SP, WILKINSON M (2004) Assessing the conservation status of soil-dwelling vertebrates: insights from the rediscovery of Typhlops uluguruensis (Reptilia: Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Systematics and Biodiversity, 2 : 79 - 82.

LOADER SP, GOWER DJ, CLARKE BT, Howell KM, Doggart N, Rödel MO, de Sá RO, Cohen BL, WILKINSON M (2004) Phylogenetic relationships of African microhylid frogs inferred from DNA sequences of mitochondrial 12S and 16S rRNA genes. Organisms, Diversity and Evolution, 4 (4): 227 - 235. doi: 10.1016/j.ode.2004.01.005

Measey GJ, GOWER DJ, Oommen OV, WILKINSON M (2004) A subterranean generalist predator: diet of the soil-dwelling caecilian Gegeneophis ramaswamii (Amphibia; Gymnophiona; Caeciliidae) in southern India. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 327 (1): 65 - 76. doi: 10.1016/j.crvi.2003.11.001

WILKINSON M, LOADER SP, MÜLLER H, GOWER DJ (2004) Taxonomic status and phylogenetic relationships of Boulengerula denhardti Nieden, 1912 (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae). Mitteilungen aus dem Museum fuer Naturkunde in Berlin Zoologische Reihe, 80 : 41 - 51.

HARRIS SR, GOWER DJ, WILKINSON M (2003) Phylogenetic methods and aetosaur interrelationships: a rejoinder. Systematic Biology, 52 (6): 851 - 852. doi: 10.1080/10635150390252260

GOWER DJ (2003) Scale microornamentation in uropeltid snakes. Journal of Morphology, 258 (2): 249 - 268. doi: 10.1002/jmor.10147

Measey GJ, GOWER DJ, Oommen OV, WILKINSON M (2003) Quantitative surveying of limbless endogeic soil vertebrates - a case study of Gegeneophis ramaswamii (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) in southern India. Applied Soil Ecology, 23 (1): 43 - 53. doi: 10.1016/S0929-1393(02)00175-0

HARRIS SR, GOWER DJ, WILKINSON M (2003) Intraorganismal homology, character construction and the phylogeny of aetosaurian archosaurs (Reptilia, Diapsida). Systematic Biology, 52 (2): 239 - 252. doi: 10.1080/10635150309341

WILKINSON M, Lapointe FJ, GOWER DJ (2003) Branch lengths and support. Systematic Biology, 52 (1): 127 - 130. doi: 10.1080/10635150390132939

Giri V, WILKINSON M, GOWER DJ (2003) A new species of Gegeneophis Peters (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) from the Western Ghats of southern Maharashtra, India, with a key to the species of the genus. Zootaxa, 351 : 1 - 10.

GOWER DJ (2003) Osteology of the early archosaurian reptile Erythrosuchus africanus, Broom. Annals of the South African Museum, 110 : 1 - 84.

KUPFER A, GOWER DJ, Himstedt W (2003) Field observations on the predation of the caecilian amphibian Ichthyophis sp. by the red-tailed pipe snake Cylindrophis ruffus. Amphibia-Reptilia, 24 : 212 - 215.

LOADER SP, WILKINSON M, GOWER DJ, Msuya CA (2003) A remarkable young Scolecomorphus vittatus (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Scolecomorphidae) from the North Pare Mountains, Tanzania. Journal of Zoology, 259 (1): 93 - 101. doi: 10.1017/S0952836902003060

Measey GJ, GOWER DJ, Oommen OV, WILKINSON M (2003) A mark-recapture study of Gegeneophis ramaswamii (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) at a breeding site in Southern Kerala. Journal of Zoology, 261 : 129 - 133.

Ravichandran MS, GOWER DJ, WILKINSON M (2003) A new species of Gegeneophis Peters (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) from Maharashtra, India. Zootaxa, 350 : 1 - 8.

WILKINSON M, LOADER SP, GOWER DJ, Sheps JA, Cohen BL (2003) Phylogenetic relationships of African caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona): insights from mitochondrial rRNA gene sequences. African Journal of Herpetology, 52 : 83 - 92.

WILKINSON M, MÜLLER H, GOWER DJ (2003) On Herpele mutiplicata (Amphibia: Gymnophonia: Caeciliidae). African Journal of Herpetology, 52 : 119 - 122.

Wilkinson M, Richardson MK, Gower DJ, Oommen OV (2002) Extended embryo retention, caecilian oviparity and amniote origins. Journal of Natural History, 36 (18): 2185 - 2198. doi: 10.1080/00222930110071714

Gower DJ, Kupfer A, Oommen OV, Himstedt W, Nussbaum RA, Loader SP, Presswell B, Müller H, Krishna SB, Boistel R, others (2002) A molecular phylogeny of ichthyophiid caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Ichthyophiidae): out of India or out of South East Asia?. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 269 (1500): 1563 - 1569. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2002.2050

Presswell B, Gower DJ, Measey GJ, Oomen OV, John G, Tm M, Wilkinson M (2002) Scolecophidian snakes in the diets of south Asian caecilian amphibians. HERPETOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 12 (3): 123 - 126.

Benton MJ, Gower DJ (2002) Alick D. Walker 1925–1999: an appreciation. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 136 : 1 - 5.

Gower DJ (2002) Braincase evolution in suchian archosaurs (Reptilia: Diapsida): evidence from the rauisuchian Batrachotomus kupferzellensis. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 136 : 49 - 76.

Gower DJ, Walker AD (2002) New data on the braincase of the aetosaurian archosaur (Reptilia: Diapsida) Stagonolepis robertsoni Agassiz. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 136 : 7 - 23.

Gower DJ, WILKINSON M (2002) Phallus morphology in caecilians (Amphibia, Gymnophiona) and its systematic utility. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum: Zoology, 68 : 143 - 154.

Gower DJ (2001) Possible postcranial pneumaticity in the last common ancestor of birds and crocodilians: evidence from Erythrosuchus and other Mesozoic archosaurs. Naturwissenschaften, 88 : 119 - 122.

Measey GJ, Gower DJ, Oommen OV, Wilkinson M (2001) Permanent marking of a fossorial caecilian, Gegeneophis ramaswamii (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae). Journal of South Asian Natural History, 5 : 109 - 115.

Oommen OV, Measey GJ, Gower DJ, Wilkinson M (2000) Distribution and abundance of the caecilian Gegeneophis ramaswamii (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) in southern Kerala. CURRENT SCIENCE-BANGALORE-, 79 (9): 1386 - 1389.

Gower DJ (2000) Rauisuchian archosaurs (Reptilia, Diapsida): an overview. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 218 : 447 - 488.

Gower DAVIDJ, Sennikov ANDREIIG, Benton MJ, Kurochkin EN, Shishkin MA, Unwin DM (2000) Early archosaurs from Russia. The age of dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia, : 140 - 159.

Gower DJ (1999) Cranial osteology of a new rauisuchian archosaur from the Middle Triassic of southern Germany. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde B, 280 : 1 - 49.

Vincent JFV, Gower DJ (1999) Structure of the cuttlefish phragmocone. , Savazzi E, Functional morphology of the invertebrate skeleton., pp. 350 - 354. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester.

Wilkinson M, Upchurch P, Barrett PM, Gower DJ, Benton MJ (1998) Robust dinosaur phylogeny?. Nature, 396 (6710): 423 - 424. doi: 10.1038/24763

Gower DJ, Weber E (1998) The braincase of Euparkeria, and the evolutionary relationships of birds and crocodilians. Biological Reviews, 73 : 367 - 411.

Benton MJ, Gower DJ (1997) Richard Owen’s giant Triassic frogs: archosaurs from the Middle Triassic of England. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 17 : 74 - 88.

Gower DJ (1997) The braincase of the early archosaurian reptile Erythrosuchus africanus. Journal of Zoology, 242 : 557 - 576.

Gower DJ, Sennikov AG (1997) Sarmatosuchus and the early history of the Archosauria. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 17 : 60 - 73.

Gower DJ (1996) The tarsus of erythrosuchid archosaurs, and implications for early diapsid phylogeny. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 116 : 347 - 375.

Gower DJ, Sennikov AG (1996) Endocranial casts of early archosaurian reptiles. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 70 : 579 - 589.

Gower DJ, Sennikov AG (1996) Morphology and phylogenetic informativeness of early archosaur braincases. Palaeontology, 39 : 883 - 906.

Gower D, Vincent JFV (1996) The mechanical design of the cuttlebone and its bathymetric implications. Biomimetics, 4 : 37 - 58.

Gower DJ, Wilkinson M (1996) Is there any consensus on basal archosaur phylogeny?. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 263 : 1399 - 1406.

Storrs GW, Gower DJ, Large NF (1996) The diapsid reptile, Pachystropheus rhaeticus, a probable choristodere from the Rhaetian of Europe. Palaeontology, 39 : 323 - 350.

Storrs GW, Gower DJ (1993) The earliest possible choristodere (Diapsida) and gaps in the fossil record of semi-aquatic reptiles. Journal of the Geological Society, 150 : 1103 - 1107.