Dr Chris Lyal

Dr Christopher Lyal

Researcher, Entomology

Department: Life Sciences
Division: LS Insects
Contact: email
Phone: 0207942 5113


Taxonomist of more than 40 year’s experience working on a variety of insect groups, currently focussing on the hyperdiverse beetle group ‘weevils’. My key interests here are the higher classification and nomenclature, and the evolution and host specificity of seed-feeding groups. Much of my non-taxonomic work is directed at global biodiversity policy, in particular the Nagoya Protocol on Access and benefit-sharing, the Global Taxonomy Initiative (GTI), and Invasive Alien Species. I am UK national Focal Point for the GTI, and a member of the SCBD’s GTI Coordination Mechanism. As Parties prepare to implement the Nagoya Protocol non-commercial biodiversity research bodies, particularly the large collection-holding taxonomic institutions, have to find ways of managing relevant activities. My work in this area has been focussed on institutional compliance through revision of policies and processes and staff training, development of sectoral codes of conduct, best practices and tools in collaboration with the GTI Coordination mechanism, the Global Genome Biodiversity Network, the Consortium of European Taxonomic Facilities and the World federation of Culture Collections, support of the UK Government and EU in policy development and international meetings, and support for the CBD though Co-Chairing the 2011 “Expert Meeting on the Modalities of Operation of the Access and Benefit-sharing Clearing-House” in Montreal and as Chair of the Informal Advisory Committee to the Pilot Phase of the ABS Clearing House.



BSc, Birkbeck College, Univerity of London, United Kingdom, 1977 - ongoing

DIC, Imperial College, United Kingdom

PhD, Imperial College, United Kingdom

Employment history


Research Entomologist, Natural History Museum, Life Sciences, United Kingdom, 1971 - ongoing

Research Associate, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, United States, 2002 - 2008

Acting Programme Officer, Global Taxonomy Initiative, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Canada, 2001 - 2003


. , Watson MF, Lyal CHC, Pendry C (2015) Descriptive taxonomy : the foundation of biodiversity research. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge New York.

Lyal CH, Favreau EA (2015) The rectal valve in Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera).. Zootaxa, 3926 (1): 451 - 479. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3926.4.1

Weitzman A, Lyal CHC (2015) Extending Floras & Faunas to include Users’ views.. , Watson MF, Lyal CHC, Pendry C, Descriptive Taxonomy: The Foundation of Biodiversity Research., pp. 257 - 259. Cambridge University Press.

Lyal CHC (2014) Can we keep it? Managing the impact of the Nagoya protocol on insect collections and research. Antenna, 38 : 226 - 228.

Gültekin L, Lyal CHC (2014) A taxonomic review on the genus Larinodontes Faust, 1898 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from the Oriental Region with a description of a new species from India.. Journal of Insect Biodiversity, 2 (17): 1 - 13. doi: 10.12976/jib/2014.2.17

Neumann D, Lyal CHC, Bodegård J, Löhne C, Casino A, Nivart A, Williams C, Giere P (2014) Access and Benefit-Sharing – Global Implications for Biodiversity research, Collections and Collection management arising from the Nagoya Protocol. SPNHC Connection, 41 : 40 - 42.

Lyal CHC (2014) Molytinae Schoenherr, 1832. , Leschen RAB, Beutel RG, Coleoptera, Beetles. Morphology and Systematics., pp. 529 - 570. De Greuyter. Berlin and Boston.

Lyal CHC (2014) Mesoptiliinae Lacordaire, 1863.. , Leschen RAB, Beutel RG, Coleoptera, Beetles. Morphology and Systematics., pp. 529 - 570. De Greuyter. Berlin and Boston.

Lyal CHC (2013) Conoderinae. , Loebl I, Smetana A, Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Volume 8. Curculionoidea II.., pp. 214 - 217. Brill. Leiden & Boston.

Bagchi R, Philipson CD, Slade EM, Hector A, Phillips S, Villanueva JF, Lewis OT, Lyal CHC, Nilus R, Madran A, Scholes JD, Press MC (2011) Impacts of logging on density-dependent predation of dipterocarp seeds in a South East Asian rainforest. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 366 (1582): 3246 - 3255. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0034

Bouchard P, Bousquet Y, Davies AE, Alonso-Zarazaga MA, Lawrence JF, Lyal CHC, Newton AF, Reid CAM, Schmitt M, Slipinski SA, Smith ABT (2011) Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta). Zookeys, 88 (88): 1 - 895. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.88.807

Bouchard P, Bousquet Y, Davies AE, Alonso-Zarazaga MA, Lawrence JF, LYAL CHC, Newton AF, Reid CAM, Schmitt M, Ślipiński SA, Smith ABT (2011) Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta).. Zookeys,

Lyal CHC (2011) Dryophthoridae. , Lobl I, Smetana A, Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera., pp. 185 - 192. Apollo Books.

Lyal CHC (2011) The dating of the Biologia Centrali-Americana. Zoological Bibliography, 1 : 67 - 100.

LYAL CHC (2011) Dryophthoridae.. , Löbl I, Smetana A, Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Volume 7. Curculionoidea I... Apollo Books. Stenstrup. 323pp.

Penev L, Lyal CHC, Weitzman A, Morse DR, King D, Sautter G, Georgiev T, Morris RA, Catapano T, Agosti D (2011) XML schemas and mark-up practices of taxonomic literature. Zookeys, 150 (150): 89 - 116. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.150.2213

Pinzon-Navarro S, Barrios H, Murria C, Lyal CHC, Vogler AP (2010) DNA-based taxonomy of larval stages reveals huge unknown species diversity in neotropical seed weevils (genus Conotrachelus): relevance to evolutionary ecology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 56 (1): 281 - 293. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.02.022

Alonso-Zarazaga MA, Lyal CHC (2010) Case 3530. PLINTHINI Lacordaire, 1863 (Insecta, Coleoptera): proposed conservation and Plinthus Germar, 1817: proposed conservation by designation of Curculio megerlei Panzer, 1803 as the type species. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 67 : 292 - 299.

Lyal CHC, Alonso-Zarazaga MA (2010) Case 3529. Otiorhynchus Germar, 1824 and Loborhynchus Schoenherr, 1823 (Insecta, Coleoptera): proposed emendation of entries on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 67 : 289 - 291.

Navarro SP, Jurado-Rivera JA, Gomez-Zurita J, Lyal CHC, Vogler AP (2010) DNA profiling of host-herbivore interactions in tropical forests. Ecological Entomology, 35 : 18 - 32. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2311.2009.01145.x

Oteng-Yeboah AA, Kwapong P, Cobblah MA, Smith R, LYAL CHC. , (2010) Assessing Taxonomic Needs in Ghana. null.

Alonso-Zarazaga MA, Lyal CHC (2009) On the nomenclature of some genera in the Cleonini (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Lixinae). Graellsia, 65 (2): 241 - 242. doi: 10.3989/graellsia.2009.v65.i2.153

Alonso-Zarazaga MA, Lyal CHC (2009) A catalogue of family and genus group names in Scolytinae and Platypodinae with nomenclatural remarks (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Zootaxa, (2258): 1 - 134.

Lyal C, Kirk P, Smith D, Smith R (2008) The value of taxonomy to biodiversity and agriculture. Biodiversity, 9 : 8 - 13.

Lyal CHC, Alonso-Zarazaga MA (2006) A World Catalogue of families and genera of Curculionoidea (Insecta : Coleoptera). 2 (vol 63, pg 1, 2002). ZOOTAXA, (1202): 21 - 31.

Kondorosy E, Lyal CHC, Webb MD (2006) Nomenclatorial changes in Oriental Lygaeinae seed bugs (Hemiptera : Heteroptera : Lygaeidae). Zootaxa, (1383): 45 - 56.

Lyal CHC, Alonso-Zarazaga MA (2006) Addenda and corrigenda to A World Catalogue of families and genera of Curculionoidea (Insecta : Coleoptera). 2 (vol 63, pg 1, 2002). Zootaxa, : 21 - 31.

Lyal CHC, Douglas DA, Hine SJ (2006) Morphology and systematic significance of sclerolepidia in the weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Systematics and Biodiversity, 4 (2): 203 - 241. doi: 10.1017/S1477200005001714

LYAL CHC, Douglas D, HINE SJ (2006) Sclerolepidia: an under-utilized character system in Curculionoidea. Systematics and Biodiversity, 4 : 203 - 241.

POLASZEK A, Agosti D, Alonso-Zarazaga M, BECCALONI G, Place Bjørn PD, Bouchet P, Brothers DJ, Earl of Cranbrook , Evenhuis N, Godfray HCJ, Johnson NF, KRELL F, Lipscomb D, LYAL CHC, Mace G, Mawatari S, Miller SE, Minelli A, Morris S, Ng PKL, Patterson DJ, Pyle RL, Robinson N, Rogo L, TAVERNE J, THOMPSON. FC, Tol. J. , WHELLER QD, Wilson EO (2005) A universal register for animal names. Nature, 437 (7058)doi: 10.1038/437477a

Lyal CHC (2005) Crumbling foundations: the erosion of the taxonomic base of biology. , Evans SM, Foster-Smith J, null.. Newcastle.

Polaszek A, Alonso-Zarazaga M, Bouchet P, Brothers DJ, Evenhuis N, Krell F, Lyal CHC, Minelli A, Pyle RL, Robinson NJ, Thompson FC, van Tol J (2005) ZooBank: the open-access register for zoological taxonomy: technical discussion paper. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 62 : 210 - 220.

Lyal CHC (2004) The GTI Programme of Work. , Shimura J, null., pp. 1 - 7. NOES. Tsukuba, Japan.

Lyal CHC (2004) Strategy and symbioses: Building capacity for the GTI in Asia. , Shimura J, null., pp. 80 - 88. NIES. Tsukuba, Japan.

Lyal CHC, Weitzman AL (2004) Taxonomy: Exploring the impediment. Science, 305 (5687): 1106 - 1106. doi: 10.1126/science.305.5687.1106a

Alonso-Zarazaga MA, Lyal CHC (2003) Comment on the proposed precedence of Aegorhinus Erichson, 1834 (Insecta, Coleoptera) over Psuchocephalus Latreille, 1828. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 60

Lyal CHC, Alonso-Zarazaga MA (2003) Case 3093. Nemonychidae Bedel, November 1882 (Insecta, Coleoptera): proposed precedence over Cimberididae Gozis, March 1882 and Cimberis Gozis, 1881: proposed conservation of usage.. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 60 : 275 - 280.

Lyal CHC, Curran LM (2003) More than black and white: a new genus of nanophyine seed predators of Dipterocarpaceae and a review of Meregallia Alonso-Zarazaga (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Nanophyidae).. Journal of Natural History, 37 : 57 - 105.

Wilson K, Shimura J, Lyal CHC, Cresswell I. , (2003) Building Capacity: Bangladesh to Bali and Beyond. Report of First Global Taxonomy Initiative Workshop in Asia.. NIES. Tsukuba, Japan.

Alonso-Zarazaga MA, Lyal CHC (2002) Addenda and corrigenda to 'A world catalogue of families and genera of Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera)'. Zootaxa, 63 : 1 - 37.

Kojima H, Lyal CHC (2002) New Oriental and Australian Conoderinae, with taxonomic notes on the tribe Othippiini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Esakia, 42 : 161 - 174.

Lewis OT, Memmott J, Lasalle J, Lyal CHC, Whitefoord C, Godfray HCJ (2002) Structure of a diverse tropical forest insect-parasitoid community. Journal of Animal Ecology, 71 (5): 855 - 873. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2656.2002.00651.x

Lyal CHC (2001) The Global Taxonomy Initiative. NSC Alliance News, 29 : 4 - 10.

Lyal CHC, Barclay MVL (2001) The male terminalia of Bruchela rufipes (Olivier) (Col., Anthribidae, Urodontinae). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 137 : 107 - 110.

Lyal CHC, Curran LM (2000) Seed-feeding beetles of the weevil tribe Mecysolobini (Insecta : Coleoptera : Curculionidae) developing in seeds of trees in the Dipterocarpaceae. Journal of Natural History, 34 (9): 1743 - 1847. doi: 10.1080/00222930050122165

Alonso Zarazaga MA, Lyal CHC (1999) Comments on the proposed conservation of Phytobius Dejean, 1835 (Insecta, Coleoptera). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 56 : 194 - 197.

Alonso-Zarazaga MA, Lyal CHC. , (1999) A world catalogue of families and genera of Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera) (excepting Scolytidae and Platypodidae). Entomopraxis. Barcelona.

Cervantes Peredo L, Lyal CHC, Brown VK (1999) The stenomatine moth, Stenoma catenifer Walsingham: a pre-dispersal seed predator of greenheart (Chlorocardium rodiei (Schomb.) Rohwer, Richter & van der Werff) in Guyana. Journal of Natural History, 33 : 531 - 542.

Lyal CHC (1996) Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) seed-predators of Syzygium and Eugenia spp. (Myrtaceae), with description of the Alcidodes expansitarsis species group (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Molytinae: Mecysolobini). Journal of Natural History, 30 (11): 1683 - 1706. doi: 10.1080/00222939600770991

Lyal CHC, King T (1996) Elytro-tergal stridulation in weevils (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Journal of Natural History, 30 (5): 703 - 773. doi: 10.1080/00222939600770391

Anderson RS, Lyal CHC (1995) Biology and phylogeny of Curculionoidea: proceedings of a symposium convened at the 18 International Congress of Entomology, Vancouver, Canada, July 3-9, 1988. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington, 14 : 1 - 174.

Lyal CHC (1995) The ventral structures of the weevil head (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington, 14 : 35 - 51.

Lyal CHC (1993) Andracalles pani n. sp. from the Three Kings Islands: evidence for copulation mechanics (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Cryptorhynchinae). New Zealand Entomologist, 16 (1): 4 - 12. doi: 10.1080/00779962.1993.9722642

Lyal CHC. , Duval CT (1993) Cryptorhynchinae (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Manaaki Whenua Press. Lincoln, Canterbury.

Stork NE, Lyal CHC (1993) Extinction or Co-Extinction Rates. Nature, 366 (6453): 307 - 307. doi: 10.1038/366307a0

Lyal CHC, Lasalle J (1991) Proposed Changes in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Systematic Entomology, 16 (2): 121 - 123. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.1991.tb00680.x

Lyal CHC (1990) A New Genus and Species of Rice Weevil from the Sahel (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Erirhininae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 80 : 183 - 189.

Jefferies DJ, Hanson HM, Lyal CHC (1989) A further record of Lutridia exilis (Nitzsch) (Phthiraptera, Trichodectidae) in Britain, with notes on the presence and absence of lice on otters. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 125 : 245 - 249.

Lyal CHC (1987) Structure and function of the male genitalia of the badger louse, Trichodectes melis (Fabricius) (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Trichodectidae). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 123 : 55 - 58.

Lyal CHC (1987) Coevolution of Trichodectid Lice (Insecta, Phthiraptera) and Their Mammalian Hosts. Journal of Natural History, 21 (1): 1 - 28. doi: 10.1080/00222938700770011

Lyal CHC (1986) Coevolutionary relationships of lice and their hosts: a test of Fahrenholz's Rule. Systematics Association Special Volume Series, : 77 - 91.

Lyal CHC (1986) External genitalia of Psocodea, with particular reference to lice (Pthiraptera). Zoologische Jahrbuecher Abteilung fuer Anatomie und Ontogenie der Tiere, 114 : 277 - 292.

Lyal CHC (1986) Observations on Zygopine Weevil Behavior (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Zygopinae). Journal of Natural History, 20 (4): 789 - 798. doi: 10.1080/00222938600770561

Lyal CHC (1985) A cladistic analysis and classification of trichodectid mammal lice (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology, 51 : 187 - 346.

Lyal CHC (1985) Phylogeny and Classification of the Psocodea, with Particular Reference to the Lice (Psocodea, Phthiraptera). Systematic Entomology, 10 (2): 145 - 165. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.1985.tb00525.x

Lyal CHC (1984) Evolution of Trichodectidae (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) and mammals. International Congress of Entomology Proceedings, 17

Lyal CHC (1980) Insects of Saudi Arabia. Anoplura. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 2 : 71 - 73.

Lyal CHC (1979) A review of the genus Calliphara Germar, 1839 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae). Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden), 54 : 149 - 181.