Dr Chiara Maria Petrone

userphoto_chiap

Research Leader - Petrology

Department: Earth Sciences
Division: ES Mineral and Planetary Sciences Division
Contact: email
Phone: +44(0)207942 5623
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ResearchGate

Specialisms

Geochemistry, Igneous petrology, Isotope geochemisty, Petrography, Volcanology

Summary

My research focuses on understading types, mechanisms and timescale of pre- and syn-eruptive magmatic processes at active volcanoes in order to inform volcanic hazard assessment. I use the rocks erupted during volcanic eruptions to understand the hidden processes inside the volcano, as a psychologist explores the human interior. I mostly focus on active highly explosive volcanoes in subduction zones, time-scales of magmatic processes and pre-eruptive magma degassing conditions. I am also interested in lithosphere evolution and relationships between magmatism and tectonics. I approach these problems using micro-analytical techniques and geochemical and isotope analyses.

Qualifications

Degrees

PhD, University of Florence, Italy, 1995 - 1999

Degree in Geological Sciences (equivalent to Master Sc. First Class Honours Degree), University of Florence, Italy

Employment history

Academic

Director of Study - Geology, St Edmund’s College, United Kingdom, 2011 - ongoing

Research Leader Petrology, The Natural History Museum, Earth Sciences, United Kingdom, 2011 - ongoing

Research analyst – electron microprobe lab manager, University of Cambridge, Earth Sciences, United Kingdom, 2008 - 2011

Research Fellow, University of Cagliari, Department of Earth Science, Italy, 2007 - 2008

Electron microprobe lab manager, Geoscience and Georesource Institution – CNR (Research National Council), Italy, 2006 - 2008

Adjunct professor, University of Molise, Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Italy, 2004 - 2009

Adjunct lecturer, University of Florence, Earth Sciences, Italy, 2003 - 2005

PDRA, University of FLorence, Earth Sciences, Italy, 2000 - 2002

PDRA, Carnegie Institution of Washington, USA, Terrestrial Magnetism, United States, 1999 - 2000

Publications

Francalanci L, Braschi E, Di Salvo S, Lucchi F, Petrone CM (2014) When magmas do not interact: paired Roman-age activity revealed by tephra studies at Stromboli volcano. Bulletin of Volcanology, 76 (12): 1 - 17. doi: 10.1007/s00445-014-0884-9

Petrone CM, Orozco-Esquivel T, Ferrari L (2014) Petrogenesis and geodynamic significance of silicic volcanism in the western Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: role of gabbroic cumulates. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 167 (5): 1 - 21. doi: 10.1007/s00410-014-1006-6

Moxon T, Petrone CM, Reed SJB (2013) Characterization and genesis of horizontal banding in Brazilian agate: an X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric and electron microprobe study. Mineralogical Magazine, 77 (3): 227 - 248. doi: 10.1180/minmag.2013.077.3.02

Melluso L, Srivastava RK, Petrone CM, Guarino V, Sinha AK (2012) Mineralogy and magmatic affinity of the Jasra intrusive complex, Shillong Plateau, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 76 (5): 1099 - 1117. doi: 10.1180/minmag.2012.076.5.03

Neave DA, Fabbro G, A HR, PETRONE CM, Edmonds M (2012) Melting, differentiation and degassing at the Pantelleria Volcano, Italy. Journal of Petrology, 53 (3): 637 - 663. doi: 10.1093/petrology/egr074

Cucciniello C, Melluso L, Morra V, Storey M, Rocco I, Franciosi L, Grifa C, Petrone CM, Vincent M (2011) New 40Ar-39Ar ages and petrogenesis of the Massif d'Ambre volcano, northern Madagascar. Geological Society of America Special Papers, 478 : 257 - 281.

Serrano L, Ferrari L, Martínez ML, Petrone CM, Jaramillo C (2011) An integrative geologic, geochronologic and geochemical study of Gorgona Island, Colombia: Implications for the formation of the Caribbean Large Igneous Province. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 309 (3): 324 - 336.

Petrone CM (2010) Relationship between monogenetic magmatism and stratovolcanoes in western Mexico: The role of low-pressure magmatic processes. Lithos, 119 : 585 - 606. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2010.08.012

Gillett J, Das SD, Syers P, Ming AKT, Espeso JI, Petrone CM, Sebastian SE (2010) Dimensional Tuning of the Magnetic-Structural Transition in A (Fe $ _ {1-x} $ Co $ _x $) $ _2 $ As $ _2 $(A= Sr, Ba). arXiv preprint arXiv:1005.1330,

Petrone CM, Braschi E, Francalanci L (2009) Understanding the collapse–eruption link at Stromboli, Italy: a microanalytical study on the products of the recent Secche di Lazzaro phreatomagmatic activity. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 188 (4): 315 - 332. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.09.016

Melluso L, Sheth HC, Mahoney JJ, Morra V, Petrone CM, Storey M (2009) Correlations between silicic volcanic rocks of the St Mary's Islands (southwestern India) and eastern Madagascar: implications for Late Cretaceous India–Madagascar reconstructions. Journal of the Geological Society, 166 (2): 283 - 294. doi: 10.1144/0016-76492007-147

Melluso L, Cucciniello C, Petrone CM, Lustrino M, Morra V, Tiepolo M, Vasconcelos L (2008) Petrology of Karoo volcanic rocks in the southern Lebombo monocline, Mozambique. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 52 : 139 - 151. doi: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2008.06.002

Alireza PL, Ko YT, Gillett J, Petrone CM, Cole JM, Sebastian SE, Lonzarich GG (2008) Superconductivity up to 29 K in SrFe2As2 and BaFe2As2 at high pressures. arXiv preprint arXiv:0807.1896, 21 (1): 12208 - 12208. doi: 10.1088/0953-8984/21/1/012208

Petrone CM, Ferrari L (2008) Quaternary adakite—Nb-enriched basalt association in the western Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: is there any slab melt evidence?. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 156 (1): 73 - 86. doi: 10.1007/s00410-007-0274-9

Corazzato C, Francalanci L, Menna M, Petrone CM, Renzulli A, Tibaldi A, Vezzoli L (2008) What controls sheet intrusion in volcanoes? Structure and petrology of the Stromboli sheet complex, Italy. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 173 : 26 - 54. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.01.006

Francalanci L, Bertagnini A, Métrich N, Renzulli A, Vannucci R, Landi P, Del Moro S, Menna M, Petrone CM, Nardini I (2008) Mineralogical, geochemical, and isotopic characteristics of the ejecta from the 5 April 2003 paroxysm at Stromboli, Italy: Inferences on the preeruptive magma dynamics. The Stromboli Volcano: An Integrated Study of the 2002-2003 Eruption, : 331 - 345.

Landi P, Francalanci L, Corsaro RA, Petrone CM, Fornaciai A, Carroll MR, Nardini I, Miraglia L (2008) Textural and compositional characteristics of lavas emitted during the December 2002 to July 2003 Stromboli eruption (Italy): Inferences on magma dynamics. The Stromboli Volcano: An Integrated Study of the 2002-2003 Eruption, : 213 - 228.

Tommasini S, Petrone CM, Avanzinelli R, Francalanci L (2008) The Subduction Factory of the Aeolian Volcanic Arc.. Acta vulcanologica, 20 : 1000 - 1015.

Bryan SE, Ferrari L, Reiners PW, Allen CM, Petrone CM, Ramos-Rosique A, Campbell IH (2008) New insights into crustal contributions to large-volume rhyolite generation in the mid-Tertiary Sierra Madre Occidental province, Mexico, revealed by U–Pb geochronology. Journal of Petrology, 49 (1): 47 - 77. doi: 10.1093/petrology/egm070

Orozco-Esquivel T, M. Petrone C, Ferrari L, Tagami T, Manetti P (2007) Geochemical and isotopic variability in lavas from the eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Slab detachment in a subduction zone with varying dip. Lithos, 93 : 149 - 174. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2006.06.006

Landi P, Francalanci L, Pompilio M, Rosi M, Corsaro RA, Petrone CM, Nardini I, Miraglia L (2006) The December 2002–July 2003 effusive event at Stromboli volcano, Italy: Insights into the shallow plumbing system by petrochemical studies. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 155 : 263 - 284. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2006.03.032

Corazzato C, Menna M, Tibaldi A, Renzulli A, Francalanci L, Petrone CM, Vezzoli L, Acocella V (2006) An integrated structural and petrochemical approach to unravel dyke injection conditions and volcano flank instability at Stromboli (Italy). Visual geoscience, 2006

Landi P, Francalanci L, Pompilio M, Rosi M, Corsaro RA, Petrone CM, Nardini I, Miraglia L (2006) The December 2002–July 2003 effusive event at Stromboli volcano, Italy: insights into the shallow plumbing system by petrochemical studies. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 155 (3): 263 - 284.

Petrone CM, Francalanci L, Ferrari L, Schaaf P, Conticelli S (2006) The San Pedro–Cerro Grande volcanic complex (Nayarit, México): inferences on volcanology and magma evolution. Geological Society of America Special Papers, 402 : 65 - 98.

Petrone CM, Olmi F, Braschi E, Francalanci L (2006) Mineral chemistry profile: a valuable approach to unravel magma mixing processes in the recent volcanic activity of Stromboli, Italy. Per Mineral, 75 : 277 - 292.

Ruggieri G, Petrone CM, Gianelli G, Arias A, Henriquez ET (2006) Hydrothermal alteration in the Berlin geothermal field (El Salvador): new data and discussion on the natural state of the system. Periodico di Mineralogia, 75 : 293 - 312.

Ferrari L, Tagami T, Eguchi M, Orozco-Esquivel MT, Petrone CM, Jacobo-Albarrán J, López-Martínez M (2005) Geology, geochronology and tectonic setting of late Cenozoic volcanism along the southwestern Gulf of Mexico: The Eastern Alkaline Province revisited. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 146 (4): 284 - 306. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2005.02.004

Avanzinelli R, Boari E, Conticelli S, Francalanci L, Guarnieri L, Perini G, Petrone CM, Ulivi M, Tommasini S (2005) High precision Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic analyses using the new generations Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometer ThemoFinnigan Tritonti. Periodico di Mineralogia, 75 (3): 147 - 166.

Francalanci L, Avanzinelli R, Petrone CM, Santo A (2004) Petrochemical and magmatological characteristics of the Aeolian Arc volcanoes, southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy: inferences on shallow level processes and magma source variations. Per Mineral, 73 : 75 - 104.

Ferrari L, Petrone CM, Francalanci L, Tagami T, Eguchi M, Conticelli S, Manetti P, Venegas-Salgado S (2003) Geology of the San Pedro-Ceboruco graben, western trans-mexican volcanic belt. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, 20 (3): 165 - 181.

Petrone CM, Francalanci L, Carlson RW, Ferrari L, Conticelli S (2003) Unusual coexistence of subduction-related and intraplate-type magmatism: Sr, Nd and Pb isotope and trace element data from the magmatism of the San Pedro–Ceboruco graben (Nayarit, Mexico). Chemical Geology, 193 (1): 1 - 24. doi: 10.1016/S0009-2541(02)00229-2

Ferrari L, Petrone CM, Francalanci L (2002) Reply. Geology, 30 (9): 858 - 859.

Ferrari L, Petrone CM, Francalanci L (2002) FORUM-Reply-Generation of oceanic-island basalt-type voicanism in the western Trans-Mexican volcanic belt by slab rollback, asthenosphere infiltration, and variable flux melting: Comment and Reply. Geology, 30 (9): 857 - 858.

Ferrari L, Petrone CM, Francalanci L (2001) Generation of oceanic-island basalt–type volcanism in the western Trans-Mexican volcanic belt by slab rollback, asthenosphere infiltration, and variable flux melting. Geology, 29 (6): 507 - 510.

Petrone CM, Tagami T, Francalanci L, Matsumura A, Sudo M (2001) Volcanic systems in the San Pedro-Ceboruco graben (Nayarit, Mexico) in the light of new K-Ar geochronological data. GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL-JAPAN-, 35 (2): 77 - 88. doi: 10.2343/geochemj.35.77

Ferrari L, Conticelli S, Vaggelli G, Petrone CM, Manetti P (2000) Late Miocene volcanism and intra-arc tectonics during the early development of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. Tectonophysics, 318 (1): 161 - 185. doi: 10.1016/S0040-1951(99)00310-8

Francalanci L, Vougioukalakis G, Eleftheriadis G, Pinarelli L, Petrone C, Manetti P, Christofides G (1998) Petrographic, chemical and isotope variations in the intracaldera post-Minoan rocks of the Santorini volcanic field, Greece. Proceedings of the second workshop, Santorini, Greece, 2 to 4 May 1996, : 175 - 86.

Highlighted publications

Francalanci L, Braschi E, Di Salvo S, Lucchi F, Petrone CM (2014) When magmas do not interact: paired Roman-age activity revealed by tephra studies at Stromboli volcano. Bulletin of Volcanology, 76 (12): 1 - 17. doi: 10.1007/s00445-014-0884-9

Petrone CM, Orozco-Esquivel T, Ferrari L (2014) Petrogenesis and geodynamic significance of silicic volcanism in the western Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: role of gabbroic cumulates. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 167 (5): 1 - 21. doi: 10.1007/s00410-014-1006-6

Neave DA, Fabbro G, A HR, PETRONE CM, Edmonds M (2012) Melting, differentiation and degassing at the Pantelleria Volcano, Italy. Journal of Petrology, 53 (3): 637 - 663. doi: 10.1093/petrology/egr074

Serrano L, Ferrari L, Martínez ML, Petrone CM, Jaramillo C (2011) An integrative geologic, geochronologic and geochemical study of Gorgona Island, Colombia: Implications for the formation of the Caribbean Large Igneous Province. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 309 (3): 324 - 336.

Petrone CM (2010) Relationship between monogenetic magmatism and stratovolcanoes in western Mexico: The role of low-pressure magmatic processes. Lithos, 119 : 585 - 606. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2010.08.012

Petrone CM, Braschi E, Francalanci L (2009) Understanding the collapse–eruption link at Stromboli, Italy: a microanalytical study on the products of the recent Secche di Lazzaro phreatomagmatic activity. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 188 (4): 315 - 332. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.09.016