Mr Brian Smith

Department Coordinator, Labs and Technical

Department: Life Sciences
Division: LS Invertebrates
Contact: email
Phone: 0207942613

Qualifications

Degrees

BSc, University East London, United Kingdom

Publications

Awrahman ZA, Rainbow PS, Smith BD, Khan FR, Bury NR, Fialkowski W (2015) Bioaccumulation of arsenic and silver by the caddisfly larvae Hydropsyche siltalai and H. pellucidula: A biodynamic modeling approach. Aquatic Toxicology, 161 : 196 - 207. doi: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2015.01.004

Kalman J, Bonnail-miguel E, Smith BD, Bury NR, Rainbow PS (2015) Toxicity and the fractional distribution of trace metals accumulated from contaminated sediments by the clam Scrobicularia plana exposed in the laboratory and the field. Science of The Total Environment, 109 - 117. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.11.013

Cozzari M, Concetta AliaA, Pacini N, Smith B, Boyle D, Rainbow PS (2014) Bioaccumulation and oxidative stress responses measured in the estuarine ragworm (Nereis diversicolor) exposed to dissolved, nano- and bulk-sized silver.. Environmental Pollution (1970), 32 - 40. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2014.12.015

Nasrolahi A, Smith BD, Ehsanpour M, Afkhami M, Rainbow PS (2014) Biomonitoring of trace metal bioavailabilities to the barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite along the Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf. Marine Environmental Research, 101 : 215 - 224. doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.07.008

Kalman J, Smith BD, Bury NR, Rainbow PS (2014) Biodynamic modelling of the bioaccumulation of trace metals (Ag, As and Zn) by an infaunal estuarine invertebrate, the clam Scrobicularia plana. Aquatic Toxicology, 154 : 121 - 130. doi: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2014.05.011

Khan FR, Misra SK, Bury NR, Smith BD, Rainbow PS, Luoma SN, Valsami-jones E (2015) Inhibition of potential uptake pathways for silver nanoparticles in the estuarine snail Peringia ulvae. Nanotoxicology, 9 (4) : 493 - 501. doi: 10.3109/17435390.2014.948519

Khan FR, Kennaway GM, Croteau M-N, Dybowska A, Smith BD, Nogueira AJA, Rainbow PS, Luoma SN, Valsami-jones E (2014) In vivo retention of ingested Au NPs by Daphnia magna: No evidence for trans-epithelial alimentary uptake. Chemosphere, 100 : 97 - 104. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.12.051

Smith B, Marsden ID, Rainbow PS (2014) Effects of environmental and physiological variables on the accumulated concentrations of trace metals in the New Zealand cocke Austraovenus stutchburyi. Science of the Total Environment, 324 - 339. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.09.085

Garcia-alonso J, Smith B, Rainbow PS (-1) A compacted culture system for a marine model polychaete (Platynereis dumerilii). Pan-American Journal of Aquatic sciences, 8 (2) : 142 - 146.

Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2013) Accumulation and detoxification of copper and zinc by the decapod crustacean Palaemonetes varians from diets of field-contaminated polychaetes Nereis diversicolor. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 449 : 312 - 320. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2013.09.022

Casado-martinez MC, Smith BD, Rainbow PS (2013) Assessing metal bioaccumulation from estuarine sediments: comparative experimental results for the polychaete Arenicola marina. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 13 (2) : 429 - 440. doi: 10.1007/s11368-012-0611-0

Khan FR, Laycock A, Dybowska A, Larner F, Smith BD, Rainbow PS, Luoma SN, Rehkaemper M, Valsami-jones E (2013) Stable Isotope Tracer To Determine Uptake and Efflux Dynamics of ZnO Nano- and Bulk Particles and Dissolved Zn to an Estuarine Snail. Environmental Science & Technology, 47 : 8532 - 8539. doi: 10.1021/es4011465

Khan FR, Schmuecking K, Krishnadasan SH, Berhanu D, Smith BD, Demello JC, Rainbow PS, Luoma SN, Valsami-jones E (2013) DIETARY BIOAVAILABILITY OF CADMIUM PRESENTED TO THE GASTROPOD PERINGIA ULVAE AS QUANTUM DOTS AND IN IONIC FORM. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 32 : 2621 - 2629. doi: 10.1002/etc.2348

Khan FR, Misra SK, Garcia-alonso J, Smith BD, Strekopytov S, Rainbow PS, Luoma SN, Valsami-jones E (2012) Bioaccumulation Dynamics and Modeling in an Estuarine Invertebrate Following Aqueous Exposure to Nanosized and Dissolved Silver. Environmental Science & Technology, 46 (14) : 7621 - 7628. doi: 10.1021/es301253s

Law RJ, Barry J, Barber JL, Bersuder P, Deaville R, Reid RJ, Brownlow A, Penrose R, Barnett J, Loveridge J, Smith B, Jepson PD (2012) Contaminants in cetaceans from UK waters: Status as assessed within the Cetacean Strandings Investigation Programme from 1990 to 2008. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64 (7) : 1485 - 1494. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.05.024

Casado-martinez MC, Duncan E, Smith BD, Maher WA, Rainbow PS (2012) Arsenic toxicity in a sediment-dwelling polychaete: detoxification and arsenic metabolism. Ecotoxicology, 21 (2) : 576 - 590. doi: 10.1007/s10646-011-0818-7

Rainbow PS, Hildrew AG, Smith BD, Geatches T, Luoma SN (2012) Caddisflies as biomonitors identifying thresholds of toxic metal bioavailability that affect the stream benthos. Environmental Pollution, 166 : 196 - 207. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2012.03.017

Rainbow PS, Kriefman S, Smith BD, Luoma SN (2011) Have the bioavailabilities of trace metals to a suite of biomonitors changed over three decades in SW England estuaries historically affected by mining?. Science of the Total Environment, 409 (8) : 1589 - 1602. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.01.012

Garcia-alonso J, Khan FR, Misra SK, Turmaine M, Smith BD, Rainbow PS, Luoma SN, Valsami-jones E (2011) Cellular internalization of silver nanoparticles in gut epithelia of the estuarine polychaete Nereis diversicolor. Environmental Science & Technology, 45 (10) : 4630 - 4636. doi: 10.1021/es2005122

Rainbow PS, Smith BD, Casado-matinez MC (2011) Biodynamic modelling of the bioaccumulation of arsenic by the polychaete Nereis diversicolor. Environmental Chemistry, 8 (1) : 1 - 8. doi: 10.1071/EN10089

Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2010) Trophic transfer of trace metals: subcellular compartmentalisation in bivalve prey and comparative assimilation efficiencies of two invertebrate predators. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 390 (2) : 143 - 148. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2010.05.002

Kalman J, Smith BD, Riba I, Blasco J, Rainbow PS (2010) Biodynamic modelling of the accumulation of Ag, Cd and Zn by the deposit-feeding polychaete Nereis diversicolor: inter-population variability and a generalised predictive model. Marine Environmental Research, 69 (5) : 363 - 373. doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2010.01.001

Casado-martinez MC, Smith BD, Luoma SN, Rainbow PS (2010) Bioaccumulation of arsenic from water and sediment by a deposit-feeding polychaete (Arenicola marina): a biodynamic modelling approach.. Aquatic Toxicology, 98 : 34 - 43.

Casado-martinez MC, Smith BD, Luoma SN, Rainbow PS (2010) Metal toxicity in a sediment-dwelling polychaete: threshold body concentrations or overwhelming accumulation rates?. Environmental Pollution, 158 : 3071 - 3076.

Casado-martinez MC, Smith BD, Valls TAD, Rainbow PS (2009) Pathways of trace metal uptake in the lugworm Arenicola marina. Aquatic Toxicology, 92 (1) : 9 - 17. doi: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2008.12.010

Casado-martinez MC, Smith BD, Valls TAD, Luoma SN, Rainbow PS (2009) Biodynamic modelling and the prediction of accumulated trace metal concentrations in the polychaete Arenicola marina. Environmental Pollution, 157 : 2743 - 2750.

Clark PF, Campbell P, Smith B, Rainbow PS, Pearce D, Miguez RP (-1) The commercial exploitation of Thames mitten crabs: a feasibility study. A report for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs by the Department of Zoology, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, England. 1 - 81.

Fialkowski W, Calosi P, Dahlke S, Dietrich A, Moore PG, Olenin S, Persson LE, Smith BD, Špegys M, Rainbow PS (2009) The sandhopper Talitrus saltator (Crustacea: Amphipoda) as a biomonitor of trace metal bioavailabilities in European coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 58 (1) : 39 - 44. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2008.09.013

Rainbow PS, Smith BD, Luoma SN (2009) Differences in trace metal bioaccumulation kinetics among populations of the polychaete Nereis diversicolor from metal-contaminated estuaries. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 376 : 173 - 184. doi: 10.3354/meps07821

Rainbow PS, Smith BD, Luoma SN (2009) Biodynamic modelling and the prediction of Ag, Cd and Zn accumulation from solution and sediment by the polychaete Nereis diversicolor. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 390 : 145 - 155. doi: 10.3354/meps08218

Evans NJ, Tittley I, Robbins SM, Bamber RN, Huxley R, Smith B, Spurrier CJ (-1) Rivers Fields development onshore pipeline Environmental Recovery monitoring programme, Summer-Autumn 2006.

Stemp M, Titley I, Ferrero TJ, Evans N, Huxley R, Lowe M, Muir A, Packer M, Reid D, Smith B (-1) Rivers Fields development onshore pipeline Environmental Recovery monitoring programme, Summer-Autumn 2008.

Clark PF, Campbell P, Smith B, Rainbow PS, Pearce D, Portela MiguezR (2008) The commercial exploitation of Thames Mitten Crabs: A Feasibility Study.

Durou C, Smith BD, Roméo M, Rainbow PS, Mouneyrac C, Maloud M, Gnasssia-barelli M, Gillet P, Deutch B, Amiard-triquet C (2007) From biomarkers to population responses in Nereis diversicolor: Assessment of stress in estuarine ecosystems. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 66 : 402 - 411.

E-silva CA, Smith BD, Rainbow PS (2006) Comparative biomonitors of coastal trace metal contamination in tropical South America (N. Brazil). Marine Environmental Research, 61 : 439 - 455.

Nunez-nogueira G, Rainbow PS, Smith B (2006) Assimilation efficiency of zinc and cadmium in the crustacean Penaeus indicus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 332 : 75 - 83.

Rainbow PS, Poirier L, Smith BD, Brix KV, Louma SN (2006) Trophic transfer of trace metals from the polychaete worm Nereis diversicolor to the polychaete N. Virens and the decapod crustacean Palaemonetes varians. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 321 : 167 - 181. doi: 10.3354/meps321167

Rainbow PS, Poirier L, Smith BD, Brix KV, Luoma SN (2006) Trophic transfer of trace metals: subcellular compartmentalization in a polychaete and assimilation by a decapod crustacean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 308 : 91 - 100.

Geffard A, Smith BD, Amiard-triquet C, Jeantet AY, Rainbow PS (2005) Kinetics of trace metal accumulation and excretion in the polychaete Nereis diversicolor. Marine Biology, 147 (6) : 1291 - 1304. doi: 10.1007/s00227-005-0044-z

Evans NJ, Smith B, Bamber RN, Robbins SM (-1) Survey for the lagoon community in the new lagoons at Common Marsh, October 2004.

Rainbow PS, Fialkowski W, Sokolowski A, Smith BD, Wolowicz M (2004) Geographical and seasonal variation of trace metal bioavailabilities in the Gulf of Gdansk, Baltic Sea using mussels (Mytilus trossulus) and barnacles (Balanus improvisus) as biomonitors. Marine Biology, 144 : 271 - 286.

Rainbow PS, Geffard A, Jeantet AY, Smith BD, Amiard JC, Amiard-triquet C (2004) Enhanced food-chain transfer of copper from diet of copper-tolerant estuarine worms. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 271 : 183 - 191.

Berthet B, Mouneyrac C, Amiard JC, Amiard-triquet C, Berthelot Y, Le HenA, Mastain O, Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2003) Accumulation and Soluble Binding of Cadmium, Copper, and Zinc in the Polychaete Hediste diversicolor from Coastal Sites with Different Trace Metal Bioavailabilities. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 45 (4) : 468 - 478. doi: 10.1007/s00244-003-0135-0

Evans NJ, Bamber RN, Smith B, Clark PF, Taylor H, Lund P, Chimonides PJ (-1) Swanpool Ecological Study, Falmouth, Cornwall. Final Report.

Berthet B, Mouneyrac C, Amiard JC, Amiard-triquet C, Berthelot Y, Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2003) Response to metals of the polychaete annelid Hediste diversicolor, a key species in estuarine and coastal sediments. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 45 : 468 - 478.

Fialkowski W, Fialkowska E, Smith BD, Rainbow PS (2003) Biomonitoring survey of trace metal pollution in streams of a catchment draining a zinc and lead mining area of Upper Silesia, Poland using the amphipod Gammarus fossarum. International Review of Hydrobiology, 88 : 187 - 200.

Fialkowski W, Klonowska-olejnik M, Smith BD, Rainbow PS (2003) Mayfly larvae (Baetis rhodani and B. vernus) as biomonitors of trace metal pollution in streams of a catchment draining a zinc and lead mining area of Upper Silesia, Poland. Environmental Pollution, 121 : 253 - 267.

Fialkowski W, Rainbow PS, Smith BD, Zmudzinski L (2003) Seasonal variation in trace metal concentrations in three talitrid amphipods from the Gulf of Gdansk, Poland. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 288 : 81 - 93.

Marsden ID, Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2003) Trace metal elements in two New Zealand talitrid amphipods: effects of gender and reproductive state and implications for biomonitoring. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 290 : 93 - 113.

Mouneyrac C, Mastain O, Amiard JC, Amiard-triquet C, Beaunier P, Jeantet AY, Smith BD, Rainbow PS (2003) Trace metal detoxification and the tolerance of the estuarine worm Hediste diversicolor chronically exposed in their environment. Marine Biology, 143 : 731 - 744.

Rainbow PS, Smith B (-1) Biomonitoring of Trace metals in barnacles from TIBAT-1 Prospect, Bhuka field, Oman.

Silva CAR, Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2003) Biomonitoring of trace metal contamination in mangrove-lined Brazilian coastal systems using the oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae: comparative study of regions affected by oil, salt pond and shrimp farming activities. Hydrobiologia, 501 : 199 - 206.

Zhou Q, Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2003) Tolerance and accumulation of the trace metals zinc, copper and cadmium in three populations of the polychaete Nereis diversicolor. Journal of the Marine Biological Association UK, 83 : 65 - 72.

Bamber RN, Evans NJ, Chimonides PJ, Clark PF, Smith B, Robbins SM (-1) Surveys and assessment of the status of the polycheate Armandia cirrhosa Filippi 1862 in Portland harbour, 2002.

Bamber RN, Sheader M, Evans NJ, Sheader A, Clark PF, Smith B (-1) Surveys and assessment of status and management requirements of the polycheate Armandia cirrhosa Filippi 1862 in the Fleet/portland harbour and 8 Acre pond/Normandy farm lagoon.

Rainbow PS, Smith B, Lau SS (-1) Biomonitoring of trace metal availabilities in the Thames estuary using a suite of ittoral biomonitors. The Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 82 : 793 - 799.

Mounryrac C, Amiard JC, Amiard-triquet C, Cottier A, Rainbow PS, Smith B (-1) Partitioning of accumualted trace metals in the talitrid amphipod crustacean Orchestia gammarellus: a cautionary tale on the use of metallothionein-like proteins as biomarkers. Aquatic Toxicology, 57 : 225 - 242.

Roast SD, Rainbow PS, Smith B, Nimmo M, Jones MB (2002) Trace metal uptake by hte Chinses miten crab Eriocheir sinesis: the role of osmoregulation. Marine Environmental Research, 53 (5) : 453 - 464. doi: 10.1016/S0141-1136(02)00090-9

Silva CAR, Rainbow PS, Smith B, Santos ZL (-1) Biomonitoring of trace metal contamination in the Potengi estuary, Natal (Brazil), using the oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae, a local food source. Water Research, 35 (17) : 4072 - 4078.

Rainbow PS, Smith B (-1) Biomonitoring of the Trace metals in barnacles fron Single Buoy moorings, Oman.

Rainbow PS, Amiard-triquet C, Amiard JC, Smith B, Langston WJ (-1) Observations on the interaction of zinc and cadmium uptake rates in crustaceans (amphipods and crabs) from coastal sites in Uk and France differentially enriched with trace metals. Aquatic Toxicology, 50 : 189 - 204.

Fialkowski W, Rainbow PS, Fialkowska E, Smith BD (2000) Biomonitoring of trace metals along the Baltic coast of Poland using the sandhopper Talitrus saltator (Montagu) (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Ophelia, 52 (3) : 183 - 192. doi: 10.1080/00785236.1999.10409427

Abdennour C, Smith B, Boulakoud MS, Samraoui B, Rainbow PS (-1) Trace metals in marine, brackish and freshwater prawns (Crustacea,Decapoda) from northeastAlgeria. Hydrobiologia, 432 : 217 - 227.

Nassiri Y, Rainbow PS, Amiard-triquet C, Smith BD, Rainglet F (2000) Trace-metal detoxification in the ventral caeca of Orchestia gammarellus (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Marine Biology, 136 (3) : 477 - 484. doi: 10.1007/s002270050707

Rainbow P (2000) Biomonitoring of trace metals in the Gulf of Gdansk, using mussels (Mytilus trossulus) and barnacles (Balanus improvisus). Water Research, 34 (6) : 1823 - 1829. doi: 10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00345-0

Rainbow PS, Amiard-triquet C, Amiard JC, Smith B, Best SL, Nassiri Y, Langston WJ (-1) Trace metal uptake rates in crustaceans (amphipods and crabs) from coastal sites in NW Europe differentially enriched with trace metals. Marine Ecology: Progress Series, 183 : 189 - 203.

Rainbow PS, Smith B (-1) Biomonitoring of Hong Kong coastal trace metals by barnacles, 1986–1989. The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China., 11 - 11 4 44th international marine biological workshop: The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China. 585 - 597.

Robbins RS, Smith B, Rainbow PS, Clark PF (-1) Seasonal Changes (1995 -1997) in teh population structue of Chinese mitten crabs, Eriocheir sinensis (Crustacea, Decapoda) in the Thames at Chelsea, London. Fourth International Crustacean Congress, 20 - 20 7 7343 - 350.

Clark PF, Rainbow PS, Robbins RS, Smith B, Yeomans WE, Thomas M, Dobson G (1998) The alien Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis (Crustacea : Decapoda : Brachyura), in the Thames catchment. JOURNAL OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM, 78 (4) : 1215 - 1221.

Rainbow PS, Fialkowski W, Smith BD (1998) The sandhopper Talitrus saltator as a trace metal biomonitor in the Gulf of Gdansk, Poland. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 36 (3) : 193 - 200. doi: 10.1016/S0025-326X(98)00161-1

Moore PG, Rainbow PS, Weeks JM, Smith B (-1) Observations on copper and zinc in an ecological series of Talitroidean amphipods (Crustacea: Amphipoda) from the Azores. Acoreana, 93 - 102.

Rainbow PS, Zongguo H, Songkai Y, Smith B (-1) Barnacles as biomonitors of trace metals in the coastal waters near Xiamen, China. Asian Marine Biology, 10 : 109 - 121.

Rainbow PS, Emson RH, Smith BD, Moore PG, Mladenov PV (1993) Talitrid amphipods as biomonitors of trace metals near Dunedin, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 27 (2) : 201 - 207. doi: 10.1080/00288330.1993.9516558

Introduction

Qualifications

Degrees

BSc, University East London, United Kingdom

Publications

Publications

Awrahman ZA, Rainbow PS, Smith BD, Khan FR, Bury NR, Fialkowski W (2015) Bioaccumulation of arsenic and silver by the caddisfly larvae Hydropsyche siltalai and H. pellucidula: A biodynamic modeling approach. Aquatic Toxicology, 161 : 196 - 207. doi: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2015.01.004

Kalman J, Bonnail-miguel E, Smith BD, Bury NR, Rainbow PS (2015) Toxicity and the fractional distribution of trace metals accumulated from contaminated sediments by the clam Scrobicularia plana exposed in the laboratory and the field. Science of The Total Environment, 109 - 117. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.11.013

Cozzari M, Concetta AliaA, Pacini N, Smith B, Boyle D, Rainbow PS (2014) Bioaccumulation and oxidative stress responses measured in the estuarine ragworm (Nereis diversicolor) exposed to dissolved, nano- and bulk-sized silver.. Environmental Pollution (1970), 32 - 40. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2014.12.015

Nasrolahi A, Smith BD, Ehsanpour M, Afkhami M, Rainbow PS (2014) Biomonitoring of trace metal bioavailabilities to the barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite along the Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf. Marine Environmental Research, 101 : 215 - 224. doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.07.008

Kalman J, Smith BD, Bury NR, Rainbow PS (2014) Biodynamic modelling of the bioaccumulation of trace metals (Ag, As and Zn) by an infaunal estuarine invertebrate, the clam Scrobicularia plana. Aquatic Toxicology, 154 : 121 - 130. doi: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2014.05.011

Khan FR, Misra SK, Bury NR, Smith BD, Rainbow PS, Luoma SN, Valsami-jones E (2015) Inhibition of potential uptake pathways for silver nanoparticles in the estuarine snail Peringia ulvae. Nanotoxicology, 9 (4) : 493 - 501. doi: 10.3109/17435390.2014.948519

Khan FR, Kennaway GM, Croteau M-N, Dybowska A, Smith BD, Nogueira AJA, Rainbow PS, Luoma SN, Valsami-jones E (2014) In vivo retention of ingested Au NPs by Daphnia magna: No evidence for trans-epithelial alimentary uptake. Chemosphere, 100 : 97 - 104. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.12.051

Smith B, Marsden ID, Rainbow PS (2014) Effects of environmental and physiological variables on the accumulated concentrations of trace metals in the New Zealand cocke Austraovenus stutchburyi. Science of the Total Environment, 324 - 339. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.09.085

Garcia-alonso J, Smith B, Rainbow PS (-1) A compacted culture system for a marine model polychaete (Platynereis dumerilii). Pan-American Journal of Aquatic sciences, 8 (2) : 142 - 146.

Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2013) Accumulation and detoxification of copper and zinc by the decapod crustacean Palaemonetes varians from diets of field-contaminated polychaetes Nereis diversicolor. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 449 : 312 - 320. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2013.09.022

Casado-martinez MC, Smith BD, Rainbow PS (2013) Assessing metal bioaccumulation from estuarine sediments: comparative experimental results for the polychaete Arenicola marina. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 13 (2) : 429 - 440. doi: 10.1007/s11368-012-0611-0

Khan FR, Laycock A, Dybowska A, Larner F, Smith BD, Rainbow PS, Luoma SN, Rehkaemper M, Valsami-jones E (2013) Stable Isotope Tracer To Determine Uptake and Efflux Dynamics of ZnO Nano- and Bulk Particles and Dissolved Zn to an Estuarine Snail. Environmental Science & Technology, 47 : 8532 - 8539. doi: 10.1021/es4011465

Khan FR, Schmuecking K, Krishnadasan SH, Berhanu D, Smith BD, Demello JC, Rainbow PS, Luoma SN, Valsami-jones E (2013) DIETARY BIOAVAILABILITY OF CADMIUM PRESENTED TO THE GASTROPOD PERINGIA ULVAE AS QUANTUM DOTS AND IN IONIC FORM. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 32 : 2621 - 2629. doi: 10.1002/etc.2348

Khan FR, Misra SK, Garcia-alonso J, Smith BD, Strekopytov S, Rainbow PS, Luoma SN, Valsami-jones E (2012) Bioaccumulation Dynamics and Modeling in an Estuarine Invertebrate Following Aqueous Exposure to Nanosized and Dissolved Silver. Environmental Science & Technology, 46 (14) : 7621 - 7628. doi: 10.1021/es301253s

Law RJ, Barry J, Barber JL, Bersuder P, Deaville R, Reid RJ, Brownlow A, Penrose R, Barnett J, Loveridge J, Smith B, Jepson PD (2012) Contaminants in cetaceans from UK waters: Status as assessed within the Cetacean Strandings Investigation Programme from 1990 to 2008. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64 (7) : 1485 - 1494. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.05.024

Casado-martinez MC, Duncan E, Smith BD, Maher WA, Rainbow PS (2012) Arsenic toxicity in a sediment-dwelling polychaete: detoxification and arsenic metabolism. Ecotoxicology, 21 (2) : 576 - 590. doi: 10.1007/s10646-011-0818-7

Rainbow PS, Hildrew AG, Smith BD, Geatches T, Luoma SN (2012) Caddisflies as biomonitors identifying thresholds of toxic metal bioavailability that affect the stream benthos. Environmental Pollution, 166 : 196 - 207. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2012.03.017

Rainbow PS, Kriefman S, Smith BD, Luoma SN (2011) Have the bioavailabilities of trace metals to a suite of biomonitors changed over three decades in SW England estuaries historically affected by mining?. Science of the Total Environment, 409 (8) : 1589 - 1602. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.01.012

Garcia-alonso J, Khan FR, Misra SK, Turmaine M, Smith BD, Rainbow PS, Luoma SN, Valsami-jones E (2011) Cellular internalization of silver nanoparticles in gut epithelia of the estuarine polychaete Nereis diversicolor. Environmental Science & Technology, 45 (10) : 4630 - 4636. doi: 10.1021/es2005122

Rainbow PS, Smith BD, Casado-matinez MC (2011) Biodynamic modelling of the bioaccumulation of arsenic by the polychaete Nereis diversicolor. Environmental Chemistry, 8 (1) : 1 - 8. doi: 10.1071/EN10089

Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2010) Trophic transfer of trace metals: subcellular compartmentalisation in bivalve prey and comparative assimilation efficiencies of two invertebrate predators. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 390 (2) : 143 - 148. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2010.05.002

Kalman J, Smith BD, Riba I, Blasco J, Rainbow PS (2010) Biodynamic modelling of the accumulation of Ag, Cd and Zn by the deposit-feeding polychaete Nereis diversicolor: inter-population variability and a generalised predictive model. Marine Environmental Research, 69 (5) : 363 - 373. doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2010.01.001

Casado-martinez MC, Smith BD, Luoma SN, Rainbow PS (2010) Bioaccumulation of arsenic from water and sediment by a deposit-feeding polychaete (Arenicola marina): a biodynamic modelling approach.. Aquatic Toxicology, 98 : 34 - 43.

Casado-martinez MC, Smith BD, Luoma SN, Rainbow PS (2010) Metal toxicity in a sediment-dwelling polychaete: threshold body concentrations or overwhelming accumulation rates?. Environmental Pollution, 158 : 3071 - 3076.

Casado-martinez MC, Smith BD, Valls TAD, Rainbow PS (2009) Pathways of trace metal uptake in the lugworm Arenicola marina. Aquatic Toxicology, 92 (1) : 9 - 17. doi: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2008.12.010

Casado-martinez MC, Smith BD, Valls TAD, Luoma SN, Rainbow PS (2009) Biodynamic modelling and the prediction of accumulated trace metal concentrations in the polychaete Arenicola marina. Environmental Pollution, 157 : 2743 - 2750.

Clark PF, Campbell P, Smith B, Rainbow PS, Pearce D, Miguez RP (-1) The commercial exploitation of Thames mitten crabs: a feasibility study. A report for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs by the Department of Zoology, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, England. 1 - 81.

Fialkowski W, Calosi P, Dahlke S, Dietrich A, Moore PG, Olenin S, Persson LE, Smith BD, Špegys M, Rainbow PS (2009) The sandhopper Talitrus saltator (Crustacea: Amphipoda) as a biomonitor of trace metal bioavailabilities in European coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 58 (1) : 39 - 44. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2008.09.013

Rainbow PS, Smith BD, Luoma SN (2009) Differences in trace metal bioaccumulation kinetics among populations of the polychaete Nereis diversicolor from metal-contaminated estuaries. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 376 : 173 - 184. doi: 10.3354/meps07821

Rainbow PS, Smith BD, Luoma SN (2009) Biodynamic modelling and the prediction of Ag, Cd and Zn accumulation from solution and sediment by the polychaete Nereis diversicolor. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 390 : 145 - 155. doi: 10.3354/meps08218

Evans NJ, Tittley I, Robbins SM, Bamber RN, Huxley R, Smith B, Spurrier CJ (-1) Rivers Fields development onshore pipeline Environmental Recovery monitoring programme, Summer-Autumn 2006.

Stemp M, Titley I, Ferrero TJ, Evans N, Huxley R, Lowe M, Muir A, Packer M, Reid D, Smith B (-1) Rivers Fields development onshore pipeline Environmental Recovery monitoring programme, Summer-Autumn 2008.

Clark PF, Campbell P, Smith B, Rainbow PS, Pearce D, Portela MiguezR (2008) The commercial exploitation of Thames Mitten Crabs: A Feasibility Study.

Durou C, Smith BD, Roméo M, Rainbow PS, Mouneyrac C, Maloud M, Gnasssia-barelli M, Gillet P, Deutch B, Amiard-triquet C (2007) From biomarkers to population responses in Nereis diversicolor: Assessment of stress in estuarine ecosystems. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 66 : 402 - 411.

E-silva CA, Smith BD, Rainbow PS (2006) Comparative biomonitors of coastal trace metal contamination in tropical South America (N. Brazil). Marine Environmental Research, 61 : 439 - 455.

Nunez-nogueira G, Rainbow PS, Smith B (2006) Assimilation efficiency of zinc and cadmium in the crustacean Penaeus indicus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 332 : 75 - 83.

Rainbow PS, Poirier L, Smith BD, Brix KV, Louma SN (2006) Trophic transfer of trace metals from the polychaete worm Nereis diversicolor to the polychaete N. Virens and the decapod crustacean Palaemonetes varians. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 321 : 167 - 181. doi: 10.3354/meps321167

Rainbow PS, Poirier L, Smith BD, Brix KV, Luoma SN (2006) Trophic transfer of trace metals: subcellular compartmentalization in a polychaete and assimilation by a decapod crustacean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 308 : 91 - 100.

Geffard A, Smith BD, Amiard-triquet C, Jeantet AY, Rainbow PS (2005) Kinetics of trace metal accumulation and excretion in the polychaete Nereis diversicolor. Marine Biology, 147 (6) : 1291 - 1304. doi: 10.1007/s00227-005-0044-z

Evans NJ, Smith B, Bamber RN, Robbins SM (-1) Survey for the lagoon community in the new lagoons at Common Marsh, October 2004.

Rainbow PS, Fialkowski W, Sokolowski A, Smith BD, Wolowicz M (2004) Geographical and seasonal variation of trace metal bioavailabilities in the Gulf of Gdansk, Baltic Sea using mussels (Mytilus trossulus) and barnacles (Balanus improvisus) as biomonitors. Marine Biology, 144 : 271 - 286.

Rainbow PS, Geffard A, Jeantet AY, Smith BD, Amiard JC, Amiard-triquet C (2004) Enhanced food-chain transfer of copper from diet of copper-tolerant estuarine worms. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 271 : 183 - 191.

Berthet B, Mouneyrac C, Amiard JC, Amiard-triquet C, Berthelot Y, Le HenA, Mastain O, Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2003) Accumulation and Soluble Binding of Cadmium, Copper, and Zinc in the Polychaete Hediste diversicolor from Coastal Sites with Different Trace Metal Bioavailabilities. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 45 (4) : 468 - 478. doi: 10.1007/s00244-003-0135-0

Evans NJ, Bamber RN, Smith B, Clark PF, Taylor H, Lund P, Chimonides PJ (-1) Swanpool Ecological Study, Falmouth, Cornwall. Final Report.

Berthet B, Mouneyrac C, Amiard JC, Amiard-triquet C, Berthelot Y, Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2003) Response to metals of the polychaete annelid Hediste diversicolor, a key species in estuarine and coastal sediments. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 45 : 468 - 478.

Fialkowski W, Fialkowska E, Smith BD, Rainbow PS (2003) Biomonitoring survey of trace metal pollution in streams of a catchment draining a zinc and lead mining area of Upper Silesia, Poland using the amphipod Gammarus fossarum. International Review of Hydrobiology, 88 : 187 - 200.

Fialkowski W, Klonowska-olejnik M, Smith BD, Rainbow PS (2003) Mayfly larvae (Baetis rhodani and B. vernus) as biomonitors of trace metal pollution in streams of a catchment draining a zinc and lead mining area of Upper Silesia, Poland. Environmental Pollution, 121 : 253 - 267.

Fialkowski W, Rainbow PS, Smith BD, Zmudzinski L (2003) Seasonal variation in trace metal concentrations in three talitrid amphipods from the Gulf of Gdansk, Poland. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 288 : 81 - 93.

Marsden ID, Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2003) Trace metal elements in two New Zealand talitrid amphipods: effects of gender and reproductive state and implications for biomonitoring. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 290 : 93 - 113.

Mouneyrac C, Mastain O, Amiard JC, Amiard-triquet C, Beaunier P, Jeantet AY, Smith BD, Rainbow PS (2003) Trace metal detoxification and the tolerance of the estuarine worm Hediste diversicolor chronically exposed in their environment. Marine Biology, 143 : 731 - 744.

Rainbow PS, Smith B (-1) Biomonitoring of Trace metals in barnacles from TIBAT-1 Prospect, Bhuka field, Oman.

Silva CAR, Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2003) Biomonitoring of trace metal contamination in mangrove-lined Brazilian coastal systems using the oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae: comparative study of regions affected by oil, salt pond and shrimp farming activities. Hydrobiologia, 501 : 199 - 206.

Zhou Q, Rainbow PS, Smith BD (2003) Tolerance and accumulation of the trace metals zinc, copper and cadmium in three populations of the polychaete Nereis diversicolor. Journal of the Marine Biological Association UK, 83 : 65 - 72.

Bamber RN, Evans NJ, Chimonides PJ, Clark PF, Smith B, Robbins SM (-1) Surveys and assessment of the status of the polycheate Armandia cirrhosa Filippi 1862 in Portland harbour, 2002.

Bamber RN, Sheader M, Evans NJ, Sheader A, Clark PF, Smith B (-1) Surveys and assessment of status and management requirements of the polycheate Armandia cirrhosa Filippi 1862 in the Fleet/portland harbour and 8 Acre pond/Normandy farm lagoon.

Rainbow PS, Smith B, Lau SS (-1) Biomonitoring of trace metal availabilities in the Thames estuary using a suite of ittoral biomonitors. The Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 82 : 793 - 799.

Mounryrac C, Amiard JC, Amiard-triquet C, Cottier A, Rainbow PS, Smith B (-1) Partitioning of accumualted trace metals in the talitrid amphipod crustacean Orchestia gammarellus: a cautionary tale on the use of metallothionein-like proteins as biomarkers. Aquatic Toxicology, 57 : 225 - 242.

Roast SD, Rainbow PS, Smith B, Nimmo M, Jones MB (2002) Trace metal uptake by hte Chinses miten crab Eriocheir sinesis: the role of osmoregulation. Marine Environmental Research, 53 (5) : 453 - 464. doi: 10.1016/S0141-1136(02)00090-9

Silva CAR, Rainbow PS, Smith B, Santos ZL (-1) Biomonitoring of trace metal contamination in the Potengi estuary, Natal (Brazil), using the oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae, a local food source. Water Research, 35 (17) : 4072 - 4078.

Rainbow PS, Smith B (-1) Biomonitoring of the Trace metals in barnacles fron Single Buoy moorings, Oman.

Rainbow PS, Amiard-triquet C, Amiard JC, Smith B, Langston WJ (-1) Observations on the interaction of zinc and cadmium uptake rates in crustaceans (amphipods and crabs) from coastal sites in Uk and France differentially enriched with trace metals. Aquatic Toxicology, 50 : 189 - 204.

Fialkowski W, Rainbow PS, Fialkowska E, Smith BD (2000) Biomonitoring of trace metals along the Baltic coast of Poland using the sandhopper Talitrus saltator (Montagu) (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Ophelia, 52 (3) : 183 - 192. doi: 10.1080/00785236.1999.10409427

Abdennour C, Smith B, Boulakoud MS, Samraoui B, Rainbow PS (-1) Trace metals in marine, brackish and freshwater prawns (Crustacea,Decapoda) from northeastAlgeria. Hydrobiologia, 432 : 217 - 227.

Nassiri Y, Rainbow PS, Amiard-triquet C, Smith BD, Rainglet F (2000) Trace-metal detoxification in the ventral caeca of Orchestia gammarellus (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Marine Biology, 136 (3) : 477 - 484. doi: 10.1007/s002270050707

Rainbow P (2000) Biomonitoring of trace metals in the Gulf of Gdansk, using mussels (Mytilus trossulus) and barnacles (Balanus improvisus). Water Research, 34 (6) : 1823 - 1829. doi: 10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00345-0

Rainbow PS, Amiard-triquet C, Amiard JC, Smith B, Best SL, Nassiri Y, Langston WJ (-1) Trace metal uptake rates in crustaceans (amphipods and crabs) from coastal sites in NW Europe differentially enriched with trace metals. Marine Ecology: Progress Series, 183 : 189 - 203.

Rainbow PS, Smith B (-1) Biomonitoring of Hong Kong coastal trace metals by barnacles, 1986–1989. The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China., 11 - 11 4 44th international marine biological workshop: The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China. 585 - 597.

Robbins RS, Smith B, Rainbow PS, Clark PF (-1) Seasonal Changes (1995 -1997) in teh population structue of Chinese mitten crabs, Eriocheir sinensis (Crustacea, Decapoda) in the Thames at Chelsea, London. Fourth International Crustacean Congress, 20 - 20 7 7343 - 350.

Clark PF, Rainbow PS, Robbins RS, Smith B, Yeomans WE, Thomas M, Dobson G (1998) The alien Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis (Crustacea : Decapoda : Brachyura), in the Thames catchment. JOURNAL OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM, 78 (4) : 1215 - 1221.

Rainbow PS, Fialkowski W, Smith BD (1998) The sandhopper Talitrus saltator as a trace metal biomonitor in the Gulf of Gdansk, Poland. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 36 (3) : 193 - 200. doi: 10.1016/S0025-326X(98)00161-1

Moore PG, Rainbow PS, Weeks JM, Smith B (-1) Observations on copper and zinc in an ecological series of Talitroidean amphipods (Crustacea: Amphipoda) from the Azores. Acoreana, 93 - 102.

Rainbow PS, Zongguo H, Songkai Y, Smith B (-1) Barnacles as biomonitors of trace metals in the coastal waters near Xiamen, China. Asian Marine Biology, 10 : 109 - 121.

Rainbow PS, Emson RH, Smith BD, Moore PG, Mladenov PV (1993) Talitrid amphipods as biomonitors of trace metals near Dunedin, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 27 (2) : 201 - 207. doi: 10.1080/00288330.1993.9516558