Dr Alex Ball

Dr Alexander Ball

Head of Division (Imaging and Analysis)

Department: Core Research Laboratories
Division: Imaging and Analysis Centre
Contact: email
Phone: 0207 942 5263


Computed Tomography, Confocal Microscopy, Electron Microscopy, Light microscopy, Micro-CT, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy



PhD, Royal Holloway, University of London, United Kingdom, 1990 - 1994


Georgieva MN, Little CTS, Ball AD, Glover AG (2014) Mineralization of Alvinella polychaete tubes at hydrothermal vents. Geobiology, 13 (2)doi: 10.1111/gbi.12123

Knight RI, Morris NJ, Todd JA, Howard LE, Ball AD (2014) Exceptional preservation of a novel gill grade in large cretaceous inoceramids: Systematic and palaeobiological implications. Palaeontology, 57 (1): 37 - 54. doi: 10.1111/pala.12046

Dauphin Y, Ball AD, Castillo-Michel H, Chevallard C, Cuif J, Farre B, Pouvreau S, Salome M (2013) In situ distribution and characterization of the organic content of the oyster shell Crassostrea gigas (Mollusca, Bivalvia). Micron, 44 : 373 - 383. doi: 10.1016/j.micron.2012.09.002

Clark PF, Fujita Y, Ball AD, Ng PKL (2012) The first zoeal stage morphology of Crossotonotus spinipes (De Man, 1888) and Pseudopalicus serripes (Alcock & Anderson, 1895), with implications for palicoid systematics (Crustacea: Brachyura: Palicoidea). Zootaxa, (3367): 191 - 203.

Griesshaber E, Goetz AJ, Howard L, Ball A, Ruff S, Schmahl WW (2012) Crystal architecture of the tooth and jaw bone (pyramid) of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. Bioinspired Biomimetic and Nanobiomaterials, 1 (2): 133 - 139. doi: 10.1680/bbn.11.00018

Schmahl WW, Griesshaber E, Kelm K, Ball A, Goetz A, Xu D, Kreitmeier L, Jordan G (2012) Towards systematics of calcite biocrystals: insight from the inside. Zeitschrift Fur Kristallographie, 227 (8): 604 - 611. doi: 10.1524/zkri.2012.1479

Schmahl WW, Griesshaber E, Kelm K, Goetz A, Jordan G, Ball A, Xu D, Merkel C, Brand U (2012) Hierarchical structure of marine shell biomaterials: biomechanical functionalization of calcite by brachiopods. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie-Crystalline Materials, 227 (11): 793 - 804. doi: 10.1524/zkri.2012.1542

Wicklein M, Schwyn DA, Simonsen TJ, Howard LE, Ball AD, Abel RL, Krapp HG (2012) Radiocontrast micro-CT imaging optimised for differential tissue segmentation in Calliphora vicina (blowfly). The 15th European Microscopy Congress,

Ball A, Abel R, Ambers J, Brierley L, Howard L (2011) Micro-Computed Tomography Applied To Museum Collections. Microscopy and Microanalysis, 17 : 1794 - 1795.

INGRAM AL, Deparis O, BALL A, Boulenguez J, KENNAWAY G, Berthier S, PARKER AR (2010) Structural origin of the green iridescence on the chelicerae of the red-backed jumping spider, Phidippus johnsoni (Salticidae: Araneae). Arthropod Structure and Development, 40 (1): 21 - 25. doi: 10.1016/j.asd.2010.07.006

Dinley J, Hawkins L, Paterson G, Ball AD, Sinclair I, Sinnett-Jones P, Lanham S (2010) Micro-computed X-ray tomography: a new non-destructive method of assessing sectional, fly-through and 3D imaging of a soft-bodied marine worm. Journal of Microscopy, 238 (2): 123 - 133. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2818.2009.03335.x

Butler AD, Edgecombe GD, Ball AD, Giribet G (2010) Resolving the phylogenetic position of enigmatic New Guinea and Seychelles Scutigeromorpha (Chilopoda): a molecular and morphological assessment of Ballonemini. Invertebrate Systematics, 24 (6): 539 - 559. doi: 10.1071/is10037

Compton SG, Ball AD, Collinson ME, Hayes P, Rasnitsyn AP, Ross AJ (2010) Ancient fig wasps indicate at least 34 Myr of stasis in their mutualism with fig trees. Biology Letters, 6 (6): 838 - 842. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2010.0389

Ball AD, Purdy KJ, Glover EA, Taylor JD (2009) Ctenidial structure and three bacterial symbiont morphotypes in Anodontia (Euanodontia) ovum (Reeve, 1850) from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia (Bivalvia: Lucinidae). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 75 (2): 175 - 185. doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyp009

Ingram AL, Ball AD, Parker AR, Deparis O, Boulenguez J, Berthier S (2009) Characterization of the green iridescence on the chelicerae of the tube web spider, Segestria florentina (Rossi 1790) (Araneae, Segestriidae). Journal of Arachnology, 37 (1): 68 - 71. doi: 10.1636/SH07-87.1

Sartori AF, Ball AD (2009) Morphology and postlarval development of the ligament of Thracia phaseolina (Bivalvia: Thraciidae), with a discussion of model choice in allometric studies. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 75 (3): 295 - 304. doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyp029

Cuif J, Ball AD, Dauphin Y, Farre B, Nouet J, Perez-Huerta A, Salome M, Williams CT (2008) Structural, mineralogical, and biochemical diversity in the lower part of the pearl layer of cultivated seawater pearls from Polynesia. Microscopy and Microanalysis, 14 (5): 405 - 417. doi: 10.1017/s1431927608080859

Dauphin Y, Ball AD, Cotte M, Cuif J, Meibom A, Salome M, Susini J, Williams CT (2008) Structure and composition of the nacre-prisms transition in the shell of Pinctada margaritifera (Mollusca, Bivalvia). Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 390 (6): 1659 - 1669. doi: 10.1007/s00216-008-1860-z

Perez-Huerta A, Cusack M, Ball A, Williams CT, Mackay S (2008) Deciphering the distribution of organic components in brachiopod shells by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Journal of Microscopy-Oxford, 230 (1): 94 - 99. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2818.2008.01961.x

Guzman N, Ball AD, Cuif J, Dauphin Y, Denis A, Ortlieb L (2007) Subdaily growth patterns and organo-mineral nanostructure of the growth layers in the calcitic prisms of the shell of Concholepas concholepas Bruguiere, 1789 (Gastropoda, Muricidae). Microscopy and Microanalysis, 13 (5): 397 - 403. doi: 10.1017/s1431927607070705

JONES C, BALL A. , (2004) Close Up. The Natural History Museum.

Kennaway GM, Baker AS, Ball AD (2004) A method for preparing lightly sclerotized mites for examination by transmission electron microscopy. Systematic and Applied Acarology, 9 : 3 - 9.

TAYLOR JD, GLOVER E, Peharda M, Bigatti G, BALL A (2004) Extraordinary flexible shell sculpture: the structure and formation of calcified periostracal lamellae in Lucina pensylvanica (Bivalvia: Lucinidae). Malacologia, 46 : 227 - 194.

Ball AD (2002) Foregut ontogeny of the Neogastropoda: Comparison of development in Nucella lapillus and Conus anemone. Bollettino Malacologico, 38 : 51 - 78.

Ball AD. , Walker DI, Wells FE (1999) Larval development of Conus anemone studied using scanning electron microscopy. null.

Bieler R, Ball AD, Mikkelsen PM (1998) Marine Valvatoidea-Comments on Anatomy and Systematics with Descriptions of a New Species from Florida (Heterobranchia: Cornirostridae). MALACOLOGIA-PHILADELPHIA-, 40 : 305 - 320.

Ball AD, Taylor JD, Andrews EB (1997) Development of the acinous and accessory salivary glands in Nucella lapillus (Neogastropoda: Muricoidea). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 63 : 245 - 260. doi: 10.1093/mollus/63.2.245

Ball AD, Andrews EB, Taylor JD (1997) The ontogeny of the pleurembolic proboscis in Nucella lapillus (Gastropoda: Muricidae). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 63 (1): 87 - 99. doi: 10.1093/mollus/63.1.87