The Echinoid Directory

Bathysalenia Pomel, 1883, p. 94

[=Valsalenia Mortensen, 1934, type species Salenia garumnensis Valette, 1905 ]

Diagnostic Features
  • Apical disc large and only weakly raised above the corona; plates with pustular ornamentation.
  • Periproct large and offset to posterior right from anterior-posterior axis; periproct larger than suranal plate.
  • Ambulacral plating bigeminate orally and usually throughout.
  • Peristome smaller than apical disc; buccal notches hardly indenting.
Distribution
Lower Cretaceous (Albian) to Recent; worldwide.
Name gender feminine
Type
Salenia goesiana Loven, 1874, by subsequent designation of Smith & Wright, 1990, p. 134.
Species Included
  • B. peroni (Cotteau, 1867); Late Albian of Tunisia.
  • B. granulosa (Woodward, 1856); Early Turonian to Santonian of Europe and the former Soviet Republic.
  • B. obnupta (Schluter, 1892); Campanian of Germany, England and Spain.
  • B. garumnensis (Valette, 1905); Maastrichtian and Palaeocene of the Basses-Pyrenees, France and Paleocene of Kopet Dag.
  • B. gallemii (Smith & Jeffery, 2000); Maastrichtian of northern Spain.
  • B. cincta (Agassiz & Clark, 1907); Recent, Japan 170-520 m.
  • B. sculpta (Koehler, 1927); Recent, Andaman Island, 110-135 m.
  • B. skylari Jagt, Jackson & van der Ham, 2014; Turonian, Texas.
  • B. phoinissa (Agassiz & Clark, 1906); Recent, South Africa, 100 m
  • B. goesiana (Loven, 1874); Recent, Caribbean, 90-540 m.
  • B. scrippsae (Zullo et al. 1964); Recent, Chile.
Classification and/or Status

Salenioida; Saleniidae; Saleniinae.

Presumed monophyletic.

Remarks

All members of this genus are confined to the deep sea. Bathysalenia resembles Salenocidaris in having a very similar disc structure and ornamentation, but differs in having largely bigeminate ambulacral plating. Salenia differs in having an apical disc that is more obviously thickened and raised above the corona, and which lacks the characteristic pustular ornamentation.

Jagt, J. W. M., Jackson, J. & van der Ham, R. W. J. M. 2014. Bathysalenia skylari, a new late Turonian (Late Cretaceous) saleniid echinoid from central Texas, USA. Cretaceous Research 51, 70-74.

Mortensen, T. 1935. A Monograph of the Echinoidea. II, Bothriocidaroida to Stirodonta. C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.

  Pomel, A. 1883. Classification méthodique et Genera des Échinides vivante et fossiles. Thèses présentées a la Faculté des Sciences de Paris pour obtenir le Grade de Docteur ès Sciences Naturelles 503, Aldolphe Jourdan, Alger, 131 pp.