The Echinoid Directory

Heterosalenia Cotteau, 1861, p. 96

Diagnostic Features
  • Periproct displaced laterally from the anterior-posterior axis towards ocular I; ocular plate I insert.
  • Apical disc small and raised above the corona; with indented sutures and prominent sutural pits which house tubercles.
  • Distinct ring of small tubercles along the inner margins of genital plates bounding the periproct.
  • Ambulacral plating trigeminate adorally and trigeminate or unigeminate aborally.
  • Ambital and adapical interambulacral tubercles perforate and crenulate, oral interambulacral tubercles and all ambulacral tubercles imperforate.
  • Single suranal plate incorporated into disc.
Middle Jurassic (Bathonian-Callovian) to Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) of Europe, Jamaica, Saudi Arabia and the Former Soviet Union.
Name gender feminine
Heterosalenia martini Cotteau, 1861, p. 96, by monotypy.
Species Included
  • H. martini Cotteau, 1861; Late Cenomanian of France.
  • H. occidentalis Hawkins, 1923; Early Maastrichtian of Jamaica.
  • H. corallina Dames, 1872; Late Oxfordian of Germany.
  • H. suatensis Weber, 1934; Late Oxfordian of the Crimea.
  • H. brocki Kier, 1972; Bathonian-Callovian of Saudi Arabia.
  • H. ornata Kier, 1972; Bathonian-Callovian of Saudi Arabia.
  • H. dhrumaensis Kier, 1972; Bathonian-Callovian of Saudi Arabia.
Classification and/or Status

Carinacea, Calycina, Salenioida; stem group Saleniidae.

Presumed paraphyletic by exclusion of Polysalenia and Novasalenia.


Can be separated into two species groups, a Jurassic complex characterized by having ambulacral plating simple (unigeminate) adapically and a Cretaceous group which has trigeminate plating throughout. The Jurassic species should probably be separated into a new genus.

Cotteau, G. 1861 in 1861-1867. Paléontologie Française. Terrain Crétacé, Tome Septième. Échinides.  G. Masson et fils, Paris

Donovan, S.K. 1990. Jamaican Cretaceous Echinoidea. 2. Goniopygus supremus Hawkins, 1924, Heterosalenia occidentalis Hawkins, 1923, and a comment on Trochalosoma chondra ((Arnold & Clark, 1927). Mesozoic Research 2, 205-217.