The Echinoid Directory

Family Echinolampadidae Gray, 1851, p. 37

[=Clypeolampadidae, Kier, 1962, p. 187]

Diagnosis

Cassiduloids with:

  • tests circular to ovate with flattened oral surface;
  • apical disc monobasal or tetrabasal with genital plate 2 greatly enlarged;
  • ambulacra petaloid aborally, ambulacral plates beyond petals with single pores;
  • phyllodes widened adorally, with an inner and outer series of pores; buccal pores present, opening at the edge of the peristome well;
  • bourrelets; basicoronal plates short, specialized perioral spines and tubercles confined to vertical walled entrance to peristome;
  • periproct flush, inframarginal, ovate;
  • narrow naked granular zone in interambulacrum 5.
Range
Cretaceous (Cenomanian) to Recent.
Remarks Included in this family are a few forms that have sunken phyllodes, which result in non-projecting 'pseudobourrelets'. These are not true bourrelets as they incorporate post-basicoronal plates. Close to Cassidulidae but immediately distinguished from that group by its inframarginal periproct. Gitolampadids are similar in phyllode structure but have a marginal, longitudinal periproct.

Gray, J. E. 1851. Description of some new genera and some new species of Scutellidae and Echinolampidae in the collection of the British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1851, 34-38.