The Echinoid Directory

Contributed by Andreas Kroh, February 2010

Perisalenia Valette, 1906, p. 276

[Plesiosalenia Valette, 1906, p. 276 ]

Diagnostic Features Acrosaleniids with
  • Apical disc hemicyclic; the periproct covered in a pavement of polygonal plates the more anterior two or three usually the largest; these periproctal plates make angular indentations into the apical disc ring.
  • Ambulacral plating trigeminate with acrosaleniid plating at ambitus and adapically
  • Interambulacral and ambulacral tubercles fully developed on adapical surface
Distribution Middle to Late Jurassic (Bathonian to Tithonian), England and France.
Name gender feminine
Type Acrosalenia gauthieri Cotteau, 1879, by subsequent designation of Fell & Pawson 1966, p. U376.

Valette originally included the following species: Acrosalenia bradfordensis Rigaux. Acrosalenia gauthieri Cotteau. Acrosalenia lamberti Cotteau. Acrosalenia libyca Peron & Gauthier. Acrosalenia pulchella Cotteau. Acrosalenia lowei Wright. Diadema lamarcki Desmoulins. Perisalenia cotteaui Valette, 1906.
Species Included
  • P. jaisalmerensis (Sahni & Bhatnagar, 1955); Callovian, India
  • P. lamarckii (Agassiz, in Agassiz & Desor, 1846); Bathonian western Europe.
  • P. hemicidaroides (Wright, 1851); Bathonian of Europe [includes bouchardi Desor, 1856]
  • P. koenigii (Agassiz, in Agassiz & Desor, 1846); Kimmeridgian-Tithonian France and England.
Acrosalenia chartroni Lambert, 1904; Hettangian-Sinemurian of France [non Vadet & Rigollet (1995), = Eodiadema sp.] may also belong here although its apical disc plating remains poorly known
Classification and/or Status Calycina, Salenioida (stem group)
Remarks Originally established by Valette (1906) for acrosaleniids with reduced or lacking primary tubercles on the adapical ambulacral plates.

The apical disc structure amongst acrosaleniids and primitive calycines offers a clear means for separating clades.  Acrosalenia has a hemicyclic apical disc with the anterior three genital plates in broad contact, and with one large suranal plate clearly differentiated.  Wrightechinus has a monocyclic apical disc whose plates are only loosely bound to the corona, and with genital plates not much larger than ocular plates. In Milnia the periproct is strongly diplaced to the posterior and genital plate 5 is much reduced. In Wrightechinus, a large pavement of tessellated periproctal plates lies inside the ring of ocular and genital plates.  In Perisalenia, the apical disc plating is hemicyclic, with narrow contact maintained between the anterior genital plates and with a pavement of tessellated periproctal plates.  Monodiadema differs from Perisalenia in having small ambulacral primary tubercles that are hardly differentiated from granulation, even adorally.

Vadet (2005) separated Perisalenia from Plesiosalenia based on whether adapical tubercles in interambulacral zones were more or less noticeably reduced in size.  While this may be useful at species level, the more fundamental differences in apical disc structure offer a more secure basis for the higher classification of this group.

Smith, A. B. 2016. British Jurassic regular echinoids. Part 2 Carinacea. Monographs of the Palaeontographical Society (no. 646), pp. 69-176, pls 42-82.

Vadet, A. 2005. Echinides fossiles du Boulonnais du Bajocien au Tithonien: Echinothurioidea, Pedinoidea, Orthopsida, Hemicidaroida. Annales de la Societe d'Histoire naturelle du Boulonnais 4(2), 1-108.

Valette, A. 1906. Etude sur la formule porifere d'un certain nombre d'echinides reguliers. Bulletin de la Societe des Sciences Historiques et Naturelles de L'Yonne, 59 (1905): 271-311.