Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

Genus details

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Genus:
Charaxes Ochsenheimer, 1816 . Schmett. Eur. 4 : 18.    [BHLBHL]

Status:
Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:
PAPILIONOIDEA : NYMPHALIDAE : CHARAXINAE : CHARAXINI

Type-species:
Papilio jasius Linnaeus, 1767. Systema Naturae (Edn 12), : Errata.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by monotypy .

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Notes:
Hemming (1967) stated:-

The type-species of this genus was given the name Papilio jason in 1767 in the main text of the lath edition of the Syst. Nat. (1 (2) : 749). While this volume was passing through the press it was realized by Linnaeus that in 1758 (Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1 : 485), he had already given this name to a taxon which it has not been found possible by later workers to recognize. When Linnaeus discovered that he had used the name in this way, it was too late for him to substitute some other name for the name jason which he had given to the present species on page 749 ; what he did therefore was to substitute the name basins for the name jason in the unnumbered "Errata" page at the end of the volume.

In view of the fact that the correction made by Linnaeus was sometimes overlooked and the name jason Linnaeus, 1767, consequently used for this species, an application was submitted to the Commission by myself in 1957 (1958, Bull. zool. Nom. 13 : 327-330), asking, inter alia, that the specific name jason Linnaeus, 1767, as published in the combination Papilio jason should, as a junior homonym of jason Linnaeus, 1758, published in the same combination, be placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Specific Names in Zoology. The proposals so submitted were approved by the Commission, whose decision was embodied in Opinion 577 (1959, Bull. zool. Nomencl. 17 : 140-142). In that Opinion the specific name jason Linnaeus, 1767, as published in the combination Papilio jason, was, as requested, placed on the Official Index, being given the Name No. 605 ; at the same time the name jasius Linnaeus, 1767, as published in the combination Papilio jasius, was placed on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology as Name No. 1693. Finally, the generic name Charaxes Ochsenheimer, 1816, was placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as Name No. 1386.

CHARAXES was included within the subfamily NYMPHALIDAE: CHARAXINAE by Ackery et al., in Kristensen (1999).

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

Learn more about Nymphalidae in Wikipedia

Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to CHARAXES and included species.

Junior name(s):
Iasius ; Westwood, 1850: 306.
Jasia Swainson, 1832: pl.90.
Paphia Fabricius, 1807: 282.


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