Hemming (1967) stated:-
Corbet has pointed out (1943, Entomologist 76 : 206) that, although the volume containing the name Atrophaneura is dated "1864". It contains an account of a meeting held on Path December 1864 and cannot therefore have been published before 1865.
The taxon represented by the nominal species Atrophaneura erythrosoma Reakirt is currently treated subjectively on taxonomic grounds as representing the same taxon as that represented by the older-established nominal species Papilio semperi Felder (C.) Felder (R.), 1861 (Wien. ent. Monats. 5 : 296).
The type-species of the present genus and Papilio diphilus Esper, , the type-species of Pachliopta Reakirt, , are commonly treated subjectively on taxonomic grounds as being congeneric with one another ; and, as the names Atrophaneura and Pachliopta were published in the same work and on the same date, the relative precedence to be accorded to them depends on the choice made by the First Reviser. When in 1943 (loc. cit. 76 : 206) Corbet, on the discovery that the name Polydorus Swainson, 1833, was invalid under the Law of Homonymy, introduced the name Atrophaneura Reakirt in its place, he mentioned at the same time the name Pachliopta Reakirt, but he did not definitely accept Atrophaneura at the expense of Pachliopta, though it certainly seems likely that he considered the type-species of these nominal genera to be congeneric with one another. In order to clear up the position, I have made (1964, Annot. lep. (3) : 84) a First Reviser's choice definitely according precedence to the name Atrophaneura Reakirt over the name Pachliopta Reakirt.
Atrophaneura Reakirt,  was treated as the senior [subjective] synonym of Pachliopta Reakirtm 1865 by Hancock, 1980, Australian Entomological Magazine 7 (2) : 28.
ATROPHANEURA was included within the subfamily PAPILIONIDAE: PAPILIONINAE by Ackery et al., in Kristensen (1999).
The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).
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Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to ATROPHANEURA and included species.