Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

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Scolitantides Hübner, 1819 . Verz. bekannt. Schmett. : 68.    [BHLBHL]

Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Papilio battus Schiffermüller, 1775. Ankündung syst. Werkes. Schmett. Wienergegend : 185.

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Hemming , 1934. Gen. Names hol. Butts 1: 110.

Type specimens:
? Type status ? COUNTRY: ? Locality, (? Depository)..

Hemming (1967) stated:-

The taxon represented by the nominal species Papilio battus [Denis & Schiffermüller] is currently treated subjectively on taxonomic grounds either as a subspecies of, or as the same as, that represented by the older-established nominal species Papilio orion Pallas, 1775 (Reise durch verschied. Proc. Russ. Reichs 1 : 471).

The first author to attempt to deal with the question of the type-species of this genus was Tutt ([1906], Nat. Hist. Brit Butts 1 : 314) who stated that Papilio orion was the type-species, having been so selected by Kirby in 1896 (in Allen's Nat. Libr., Lepid. 2 : 111). Tutt was mistaken in thinking that a type-selection had been made by Kirby, but this would not have detracted from the validity of his statement that the above species was the type-species, as that statement would have ranked as a type-selection by Tutt himself, if in fact that nominal species had been eligible for selection as type-species. But the nominal species Papilio orion was not cited by Hübner when he established this genus and it is therefore ineligible for selection as type-species. Following Tutt's paper, the genus Scolitantides came into common use in the sense which he suggested, but nearly twenty years elapsed before any author validly selected, or specified, as type-species one of Hübner's originally included species, this not being done until in 1934 I definitely specified Papilio battus [Denis & Schiffermüller] as type-species.

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

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Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to SCOLITANTIDES and included species.

Junior name(s):
Scolitandidis ; Hübner, 1826: 7.

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