Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

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Argyrea ; Billberg, 1820 . Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 77.    [BHLBHL]

Unjustified Emendation

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Papilio niphe Linnaeus, 1767. Systema Naturae (Edn 12), : 785.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
(through Article 67.8 (replacement names)) .

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Hemming (1967) stated:-

An Unjustified Emendation of Argyreus Scopoli, 1777.

When I dealt with this name in 1933 (Entomologist 66 : 197), there were no clear provisions in the Code regarding either the status of names published as emendations of older names or the criteria to be adopted for determining when one generic name should be regarded as a homonym of another. As regards the first of these questions, I thought it best to select as the type-species of this genus the nominal species Papilio paphia Linnaeus, 1758, in order to make this name a junior objective synonym of Argynnis Fabricius, 1807 ; as regards the second point, I treated Argyrea Billberg as a junior homonym of Argyria Hübner, 1818 Zutr. z. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : 28, 30. Both the questions in doubt in 1933 have since been clarified by the International Congresses of Zoology and revised provisions have been inserted in the Code. On the first of the above questions the Code provides (Article 33) that an Emendation of a generic name takes the same type-species as the name so emended ; accordingly, my selection in 1933 of Papilio paphia Linnaeus as the type-species of Argyrea is invalid, that emendation taking automatically as its type-species the same species as Argyreus Scopoli, namely Papilio niphe Linnaeus. On the second of the above points, the revised Code provides (Article 56 (a)) that names are not to be treated as homonyms of one another if they differ in spelling even by a single letter. Under this provision Argyrea Billberg and Argyria Hübner are not homonyms of one another.

The name Argyrea Billberg is invalid, as being an Unjustified Emendation of Argyreus Scopoli, 1777, and is therefore a junior objective synonym of that name.

Cowan (1970) stated:-

"ARGYREA Billberg, 1820. Unjustified Emendation (deliberate)."

Cowan (1970: 42) stated:-

"line 1 to end- ([genus refrence] plus [the page numbers] - vi, vii)".

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

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Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to ARGYREA and included species.

Senior name:
Argyreus Scopoli, 1777: 431.

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