Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

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Satyrodes Scudder, 1875 . Bull. Buff. Soc. nat. Sci. 2(4) : 242, 235 [key].    [BHLBHL]

Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Papilio eurydice Linnaeus, 1763. In: Johansson, Centuria Insect. Rariorum : 23.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by original designation .

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Hemming (1967) stated:-

The nominal species Papilio eurydice Linnaeus became the type-species by selection by Scudder (1872) of the genus Argus Scopoli, 1777 (Introd. Hist. nat. : 432), but in 1875 (Proc. amer. Acad. Arts Sci., 10 : 118) Scudder argued that the name Argus Scopoli should be rejected on account of the taxonomically miscellaneous nature of the species included by Scopoli in this genus. In the same year Scudder established the present genus Satyrodes. If the objections advanced by Scudder had stood by themselves, they would have been quite without force and in consequence the name Argus Scopoli would have been an available name and Satyrodes Scudder a junior objective synonym but there was in fact a solid reason for preventing this from happening. This was that the name Argus Scopoli, 1777, was a junior homonym of Argus Bohadsch, 1761. When this was realized, the name Satyrodes Scudder came into general use, the name Argus Scopoli disappearing in synonymy. In 1944 however there occurred a development which by accident had the effect of disturbing the settlement described above. This was the promulgation of the Commission's Opinion 185 (Opin. int. Comb. zool. Nom. 3 : 37-52), in which Bohadsch's work entitled "De quibusdam Animalibus marinis" was suppressed for nomenclatorial purposes, in order to prevent the confusion in the nomenclature of various marine invertebrate groups which would have followed upon the acceptance of Bohadsch's names. It was only later that it was realized that in certain cases this unqualified rejection of Bohadsch's names might itself give rise to confusion in other cases. One of the cases so affected was that of the generic name Argus, for the rejection of the name Argus Bohadsch, 1761, had the result that the name Argus Scopoli, 1777, was no longer invalid under the Law of Homonymy and therefore should replace the name Satyrodes Scudder, which as explained above, was at that time currently in use. In order to forestall nomenclatorial disturbances of this type, the Commission in 1956 (Opin. int. Comb. zool. atom. 14 : 323-338) rendered a further Opinion, promulgated as Opinion 429, in which it limited the direction given in its earlier Opinion 185, so as to provide that the suppression of Bohadsch's work (prescribed in that Opinion) should apply to new names in that work, for the purposes of the Law of Priority only and should be held to deprive those names of their status under the Law of Homonymy. The effect of Opinion 429 in the present case was, while confirming the rejection of the name Argus Bohadsch for the purposes of the Law of Priority, to provide that, by being kept alive for the purposes of the Law of Homonymy, it should invalidate the use of the name Argus by any later author. In consequence, the name Argus Scopoli, 1777, continued to be invalid as a junior homonym of Argus Bohadsch, 1761, thus preserving the name Satyrodes Scudder, 1875, as an available name, for the present genus and, there being no earlier available name, its valid name.

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

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Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to SATYRODES and included species.

Junior name(s):
Argus Scopoli, 1777: 432.

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