Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

Genus details

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Genus:
Papilio Linnaeus, 1758 . Systema Naturae (Edn 10) 1 : 458.    [BHLBHL]

Status:
Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:
PAPILIONOIDEA : PAPILIONIDAE : PAPILIONINAE : PAPILIONINI

Type-species:
Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae (Edn 10), 1: 462.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Latreille , 1810. Consid. gén. Ordre nat. Anim. : 350, 440.    [BHLBHL]

Type specimens:
Lectotype & Paralectotypes EUROPE: ? Locality, (Linnean Society of London).. See images in Buttterflies of America.

Notes:
Hemming (1967) stated:-

In the earlier part of the XIXth century and indeed even as late as 1875 (Scudder), when workers were greatly handicapped by the lack of an authoritative international Code, widely divergent views were expressed at different times as to the species to be accepted as the type-species of this fundamental genus. All this happened, however, so long ago that it is not necessary here to describe the early history of this matter which is now of historical interest only, there having been for long absolute unanimity as to the type-species of the genus Papilio - and consequently also as to the interpretation of the nominal family Papilionidae. In 1954 the Commission in its Opinion 273 placed the name Papilio Linnaeus (with Papilio machaon Linnaeus as type-species) on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as Name No. 703.

Papilionides Latreille, 1802, has been suppressed to conserve the name Papilionidae, Latreille, 1802, as a replacement name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology, Direction-116, 1985, Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 42 (1); 41.

Papilionides Latreille, 1802, was originally proposed for inclusion on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology by Cowan, 1980, Z.N. (S.) 2245, Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 37 (3) : 168.

Papilio Linnaeus, 1758, is a senior [subjective] synonym of Chilasa Moore, 1881; given by Niculescu, 1982, Revue Vervietoise D'Histoire Naturelle 39 (1-3) : 6. Confirmation through comparison of genitalia.

Cowan (1970: 53) stated:-

273 to read - 278.

PAPILIO was included within the subfamily PAPILIONIDAE: PAPILIONINAE by Ackery et al., in Kristensen (1999).

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

Learn more about Papilionidae in Wikipedia.

See images at Butterflies of America.

Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to PAPILIO and included species.

Junior name(s):
Achivus Kirby, 1896: 286.
Aernauta Berge, 1842: 19, 106-109.
Amaryssus Dalman, 1816: 60.
Paiplio ; Lucas, 1835: 80.
Papileo ; Gray, 1832: pl.38.
Papilia ; Tegetmeier, 1874: 4.
Papirio ; Billberg, 1820: 78.
Princeps Hübner, 1806: [1].


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