Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

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Papias Godman, 1900 , in Godman & Salvin. Biol. centr.-amer. (Insecta. Lepidoptera Rhopalocera) 2 : 559.    [BHLBHL]

Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Pamphila integra Mabille, 1891. Annls Soc. ent. Belg. : clxix.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Int. Commn zool. Nom. , 1967. Bull. zool. Nom. 24: 278-279 (Opinion 829).    [BHLBHL]

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Hemming (1967) stated:-

Type-species through Section (a) (misidentified type-species) of Article 70 provisionally applied, pending a decision by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature on an application submitted : Pamphila integra Mabille, 1891, Bull. C.R. Soc. ent. Belg. 35 : clxix.

This is the name of a genus originally established with a misidentified type-species. The facts are set out below. Godman designated the nominal species Hesperia infuscata Plötz 1882 (Stett. ent. Ztg 43 : 315) as the type-species of this genus. On the following page (: 560) he described and figured the taxon which he had identified with that represented by the foregoing nominal species ; at the same time he gave a brief synonymy in which he cited the name Pamphila integra Mabille, 1891. In 1907 Godman published (Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 20 : 132-155) a critical review of the American Hesperiids described by Plötz, many of which were very difficult to interpret ; in this paper (: 137) he noted that the material which in the Biologia he had identified as Hesperia infuscata Plötz was not referable to that species but belonged to Pamphila integra Mabille which, as noted above, he had then - incorrectly, as was now found - identified with Plötz's Hesperia infuscata. It followed that, when he had established the nominal genus Papias and had designated Hesperia infuscata Plötz as its type-species, it was in fact not that species but Pamphila integra Mabille which he characterized under that name. It is in this corrected sense that the genus Papias is currently interpreted, e.g. by Evans (1955, Cat. amer. Hesp. Brit. Mus. 4 : 155). This is a particularly clear case of a genus based upon a misidentified type-species. Accordingly, an application has been submitted to the Commission for the designation under Article 70 of Pamphila integra Mabille to be the type-species of this genus Papias.

The taxon represented by the nominal species Pamphila integra Mabille is currently treated subjectively on taxonomic grounds as being a subspecies of the taxon represented by the nominal species Pamphila subcostulata Herrich-Schaeffer, 1870 (CorrespBl. zool.-min. Ver. Regensburg 24 : 159). (It may be useful to add that the genus Papias, correctly interpreted as explained above, belongs to the Apaustus-Group of the Hesperiids, but the nominal species Hesperia infuscata Plötz (with which Godman originally misidentified Pamphila integra Mabille) is referable to the genus Enosis Mabille, 1889, and belongs to an entirely different group, the Carystus-Group).

Cowan (1968) made the following comment for this and other genera

Opinions published in September and December 1967 in Bull. zool. Nomencl. 24, parts (4) and (5) CONFIRMED the forecasts given in the List [Hemming, 1967] for the following genera;

Adopaeoides Godman; Op. 825
Arisbe Hübner; Op. 823
Artines Godman; Op. 826
Gegenes Hübner; Op. 827
Halpe Moore; Op. 828
Iaspis Kaye; Op. 821
Napaea Hübner; Op. 820
Papias Godman; Op. 829
Phanes Godman; Op. 830
Phrissura Butler; Op. 824
Telicota Moore; Op. 831
Ypthima Hübner; Op. 819
Zenis Godman; Op. 832

Pamphila integra Mabille, 1891 was designated as the type-species for Papias Godman, [1900], using the plenary powers of the Commission. Pamphila integra was placed on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology and Papias on the List of Generic Names in Zoology, (Opinion 829), The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 24 : 278.

See also electronic Biologia centrali americana. Insecta. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera volume 2

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

Learn more about Hesperiidae in Wikipedia.

See images at Butterflies of America where it is treated in the Hesperiinae : Moncini.

Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to PAPIAS and included species.

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