Butterflies and Moths of the World
Generic Names and their Type-species
Panara Doubleday, 1847
List Spec. lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus.
(2) : 8.
PAPILIONOIDEA : RIODINIDAE : RIODININAE : RIODININI
Illust. nat. hist. exot. insects
: index et 10, pl.8, fig.2.
by subsequent designation by
Proc. amer. acad. Arts Sci., Boston
[(as a junior name of thisbe)]
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .
Hemming (1967) stated:-
The taxon represented by the nominal species Papilio iarbas [sic, see below] Drury is currently treated subjectively on taxonomic grounds as being the same as that represented by the older-established nominal species Papilio thisbe Fabricius, 1781, (Spec. Ins. 2 : 130).
Cowan (1968: 19) stated:-
The three completely distinct species which have become merged in the List [Hemming, 1967] Index (see entry there, for pp. 487-8) as "Papilio iarbas" are not even homonyms.
Their respective identities, with correct original spelling of specific names, are:
Lymnas iarbas (Fabricius, 1787 : 83) - Neotropical Riodinidae.
Nadisepa iarbus (Fabricius, 1787 : 68) - Oriental Lycaenidae.
Panara thisbe (Fabricius, 1781) syn. jarbas (Drury, 1782) - Neotropical Riodinidae.
Cowan, (1968: 13) stated:-
PANARA, lines 2, 4: "iarbas" should read; jarbas.
The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).
Learn more about Riodinidae in Wikipedia.
See images at Butterflies of America.
Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to PANARA and included species.