Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

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Pamphila Fabricius, 1807 , in Illiger. Mag. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6 : 287.

Junior Objective Synonym

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae (Edn 10), 1: 484.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Westwood , 1839. Introd. mod. Classif. Insects 2(Synopsis Genera Br. Insects): 88.    [BHLBHL]

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Hemming (1967) stated:-

The name Pamphila Fabricius is invalid as it is a junior objective synonym of Hesperia, Fabricius, 1793.

Formerly, there was much confusion regarding the interpretation of the genus Pamphila, due to two quite different reasons. First, Westwood's type selection was either overlooked or erroneously rejected in favour of other species, all of which belonged in a general way to the same major subdivision of the Hesperiidae, a subdivision which became to be known widely as the subfamily Pamphilinae and included Papilio comma the true type-species of the genus Pamphila. The second cause of confusion in this case was much more serious and arose from the erroneous belief that the type-species of the older genus Hesperia Fabricius was a species (Papilio malvae Linnaeus) belonging to the older main subdivision of the family, this subdivision being treated therefore as the nominate subfamily and accordingly known as the Hesperiinae. A most difficult situation arose when it was realized the names Pamphila and Hesperia were objective synonyms of one another and that in virtue of being the older of the two names Hesperia must replace the name Pamphila and that in consequence the subfamily hitherto known as the Pamphilinae must be treated as the nominate subfamily and in consequence had to be known as the Hesperiinae. The subfamily previously incorrectly known as the Hesperiinae thereupon became Pyrginae, the genus Pyrgus Hübner having as its type-species the species previously but incorrectly treated as being the type-species of the genus Hesperia Fabricius. The need for these unfortunate changes became apparent during the nineteen-thirties at a time when there was no prospect of obtaining relief from the Commission, and when in consequence there was no option but to apply the normal provisions of the existing Code. The disturbance so caused has now been overcome and the names concerned are currently used in the correct sense, the name Pamphila here in question having been duly sunk as a junior objective synonym of Hesperia Fabricius.

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

Learn more about Hesperiidae in Wikipedia

Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to PAMPHILA and included species.

Senior name:
Hesperia Fabricius, 1793: 258.

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