Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

Genus details

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Genus:
Apatura Illiger, 1807 . Allg.-Lit. Ztg Halle [Jena] 1807(2) : 1181.

Status:
Suppressed Name

Homonyms: 3

Higher classification:
PAPILIONOIDEA : NYMPHALIDAE : BIBLIDINAE : BIBLIDINI : AGERONIINA

Type-species:
Papilio amphinome Linnaeus, 1767. Systema Naturae (Edn 12), : 779.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by monotypy .

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Notes:
Hemming (1967) stated:-

This generic name was published in an anonymously published paper in which Illiger reviewed the first 34 plates then published in volume 1 of Hübner's Sammlung exot. Schm. and in certain cases gave new generic names to the species figured on those plates. In the present case he introduced the name Apatura only for the species figured on Hübner's plate [47], thus establishing a new monobasic genus for that species. A full description of Illiger's paper by myself was published in 1939 (Proc. R. ent. Lond. (B) 8 : 181-191), the purpose of that paper being to set out the nomenclatorial problems involved as a preliminary to the submission of the case to the Commission for action under its Plenary Powers.

In the present case Illiger's paper had two nomenclatural effects, both arising from the fact that Illiger's paper had two nomenclatorial effects, both arising from the fact that Illiger's new names were the same as those introduced by Fabricius in 1807 in his paper in volume 6 of Illiger's Mag. f. Insektenk, and have precedence over the Fabrician names, having been published on 19th December 1807, as contrasted with the Fabrician which, having been published on some unknown date in 1807, rank for priority as from 31st December of that year. The first effect of Illiger's action in the present case, if accepted, would have been the transfer of the name Apatura to the genus Hamadryas Hübner, [1806], the two genera having the same species as type-species. Taken by itself no harm would have resulted from this transfer, since the name Hamadryas Hübner, [1806], has priority over Apatura [Illiger], with the result that the name Apatura would have disappeared in the synonymy of the name Hamadryas. No disturbance would have been caused by this, but very great disturbance and confusion would have resulted if the nominal species Papilio iris Linnaeus and its allies had been deprived of the name Apatura Fabricius which they had borne with scarcely a break since the year 1807.

It was to prevent this situation from arising that in 1954 the Commission in its Opinion 232 (Opin. int. comb. zool Nom. 4 : 249-274) gave a Ruling under its Plenary Powers suppressing the name Apatura [Illiger], 1807, for the purposes both of the Law of Priority and of the Law of Homonymy ; at the same time the Commission placed the name Apatura [Illiger] on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as Name No. 37

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

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Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to APATURA and included species.

Senior name:
Hamadryas Hübner, 1806: pl.[47].


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