Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

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Meleageria Sagarra, 1925 . Butll. Inst. catal. Hist. nat. (2) 5 : 271.

Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Papilio meleager Esper, 1778. Die Schmett. in Abbildungen : pl.45, fig.2.

Type-species designation:
by monotypy .

Type specimens:
? Type status ? COUNTRY: ? Locality, (? Depository)..

Hemming (1967) stated:-

The taxon represented by the nominal species Papilio meleager Esper is currently treated subjectively on taxonomic grounds as being the same as that represented by the older-established nominal species Papilio daphnis [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775 (Ankündung [sic] syst. Werkes Schmett. Wiener Gegend : 182). Formerly, it was a matter of doubt whether the name Papilio daphnis [Denis & Schiffermüller] was an available name because there is another name consisting of the same combination also published in 1775. This is the name Papilio daphnis Cramer, [1775] (Uitl. Kapellen 1 (5) : 89, pl. 57, figs E, F), a name bestowed upon a species of an entirely different family (the family Nymphalidae). Doubts on this subject were however set at rest in 1958 (Opin. int. Comm. zool. Nom. 19 : 1-44) when in its Opinion 516 the Commission gave directions under its Plenary Powers as to the relative precedence to be accorded to names in certain books published in 1775, the Commission ruling, inter alia, that precedence should be accorded to names in the Ankündung of Denis & Schiffermüller over names in the portion of Cramer's Uitl. Kapellen published in the same year. Thus, the name Papilio daphnis [Denis and Schiffermüller] is now seen to have precedence over the (Nymphalid) name Papilio daphnis Cramer. Accordingly, the specific name daphnis [Denis & Schiffermüller] is an available name and, being the oldest such name subjectively applicable to the present (Lycaenid) species, is therefore its valid name. Luckily, as I have pointed out (Hemming, 1960, Annot. lep. (2) : 54-56), this does not mean that the well-known species-group name meleager Esper will disappear in synonymy, for at the subspecies-level the taxon represented by meleager Esper is markedly distinct from the nominate subspecies daphnis.

Meleageria Sagarra, 1925 was designated as an invalid generic name by Niculescu, 1971, Revue roum. Biol. (Zool.) 16 : ????. [Meleageria was treated as a valid genus by Hemming, 1967

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

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