Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

Genus details

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Melanis Hübner, 1819 . Verz. bekannt. Schmett. : 25.    [BHLBHL]

Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Papilio melander Stoll, 1780. In: Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4: 89, pl.336, figs A-B.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Scudder , 1875. Proc. amer. acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 214.    [BHLBHL]

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Hemming (1967) stated:-

Hübner cited the specific name of the type-species as melandra, but this was not a replacement name for melander or even an emendation of that name, the variation in termination being only due to a change in gender effected by Hübner for the purposes of making it agree in gender with the generic name Melanis, a noun of feminine gender.

It must be noted that, as originally established, the nominal species Papilio melander Stoll comprised two taxonomic species, the one shown as fig. A, the other as fig. B. on his plate 136. Stichel in 1910 (in Wytsman's Gen. Ins. 112 (A) : 203) established the nominal species Lymnas multiplaga based on the species figured by Cramer as fig. A on his plate 336, thus leaving the specimen figured by Cramer as fig. B to represent the lectotype of Papilio melander Cramer, the type-species of the present genus (Melanis).

The name Melanis (with its true type-species Papilio melander Cramer) is according to current taxonomic ideas a senior subjective synonym of Lymnas Blanchard, 1840. The latter name has however been widely used for this genus in the erroneous belief, it appears, that the type-species of Melanis is the nominal species Papilio agyrtus Cramer, a species considered not be congeneric with Hesperia electron Fabricius, the type-species of Lymnas Blanchard. By those authors who have mistakenly used the name Melanis in this way the name Isapis Doubleday, 1847 (type-species : Papilio agyrtus Cramer) has been erroneously treated as a junior synonym of Melanis Hübner.

Cowan (1970: 51) stated:-

"336 to read - 136"

MELANIS was included within the subfamily LYCAENIDAE: RIODININAE by Ackery et al., in Kristensen (1999).

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

Learn more about Riodinidae in Wikipedia.

See images at Butterflies of America.

Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to MELANIS and included species.

Junior name(s):
Limnas Boisduval, 1836: 5, pl.20 [= pl.4C], fig. 1.

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