Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

Genus details

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Limenitis Fabricius, 1807 , in Illiger. Mag. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6 : 281.

Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae (Edn 10), 1: 476.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Dalman , 1816. K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. (1b), : 55.    [BHLBHL]

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Hemming (1967) stated:-

The name Limenitis Fabricius is one of the best-known and longest-recognized generic names in the family Nymphalidae, having been in continuous use for the large group of predominantly Old World butterflies commonly known to English-speaking lepidopterists as the "White Admirals". The attempt made at the close of the XIXth century to secure recognition for Hübner's pamphlet the Tentamen of 1806 would, if it had been successful, have had the effect, inter alia, of invalidating the name Limenitis Fabricius, which would have become a junior objective synonym of the name Najas of Hübner's Tentamen. This risk was fortunately averted by the decision of the Commission to reject the Tentamen for nomenclatorial purposes given in its Opinion 97 (1926, Smithson. miscell. Coll. 73 (N. 4) : 19-30) ; republished in facsimile in 1958 (Opin. ins Comm. zool. Nom. 1 (B) : 355-366). The action described above was completed by the Commission in 1954 when by the Ruling given in its Opinion 278 (Opin. int. Comm. zool Nom. 6 : 135-178) it placed the name Najas Hübner, [1806], of the Tentamen, on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as Name No. 80, and the generic name Limenitis Fabricius, 1807, on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as Name No. 701.

LIMENITIS was included within the subfamily NYMPHALIDAE: LIMENITINAE by Ackery et al., in Kristensen (1999).

Oppler & Warren, 2003. Butterflies of North America 2. Scientific Names List of Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico. Contributions of the C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity Colorado State University include Limenitis in the subfamily Limenitidinae, treated here as a tribe within the Danainae.

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

Learn more about Nymphalidae in Wikipedia.

See images at Butterflies of America.

Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to LIMENITIS and included species.

Junior name(s):
Callianira Hübner, 1819: 38.
Limfetitis ; Eversmann, 1844: 632.
Limfnitis ; Eversmann, 1844: 18.
Limonetes ; Billberg, 1820: 78.
Limonitis ; Dalman, 1816: 55-56, tab. 1-2.
Linimenitis ; Doubleday, 1848: 26.
Linimentis ; Doubleday, 1848: 26.
Najas Hübner, 1806: [1].
Nympha Krause, 1839: wrapper.

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