Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

Genus details

Search again

Genus:
Ithomia Hübner, 1816 . Verz. bekannt. Schmett. : 9.    [BHLBHL]

Status:
Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:
PAPILIONOIDEA : NYMPHALIDAE : ITHOMIINAE : ITHOMIINI

Type-species:
Ithomia drymo Hübner, 1816. Verz. bekannt. Schmett. : 9.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Butler & Druce , 1872. Cist. ent. 1(5): 95, nota.    [BHLBHL]

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Notes:
Hemming (1967) stated:-

Like all other new species-names published in the Verzeichniss, the name Ithomia drymo is based solely upon bibliographical references. In this case the reference cited by Hübner was : "Diaphane Cram. 315 D.E.", i.e. to plate 375 (figs D & E) published in 1780 by Stoll in Part 27 of his continuation (volume 4) of Cramer's Uitl. Kapellen. In the text (: 53) Stoll stated that these figures represented the upperside and underside of the female of the species of which the male had been described and figured under the same name - Papilio diaphana - by Cramer in 1779 (Uitl. Kapellen 3 (20) : 66, pl. 231, fig. C). The name Papilio diaphana Cramer ranks for priority as from 1779. There are two older nominal species bearing the name Papilio diaphanus, the first of these being Papilio diaphanus Drury, [1773] (Ill. nat. Hist. 2 : index et 13). Since the words "diaphana" and "diaphanas" are no more than gender variants of a single word, it follows that the name Papilio diaphana Cramer is a homonym of the name Papilio diaphanus Drury and being the later published of these two names is invalid under the Law of Homonymy. The oldest available name for the type-species of the present genus is the replacement name Ithomia drymo Hübner, 1816.

Cowan (1970: 49) stated:-

Diaphane . . . 315 . . .375 to read - Diaphana . . . 315 . . . 315.

[Cowan (1970: 49) stated:-

diaphanas to read - diaphanus

ITHOMIA was included within the subfamily NYMPHALIDAE: DANAINAE by Dugdale et al., in Kristensen (1999).

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

Learn more about Nymphalidae in Wikipedia.

See images at Butterflies of America.

Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to ITHOMIA and included species.


Submit correction/addition