Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

Genus details

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Hypochrysops Felder & Felder, 1860 . Wien. ent. Monatschr. 4(8) : 243.    [BHLBHL]

Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Papilio polycletus Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae (Edn 10), 1: 485.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Hemming , 1960. Annot. lep. : 10.

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Hemming (1967) stated:-

A widespread misunderstanding regarding the species to be accepted as the type-species of this genus followed upon a mistake made by Scudder in 1875 (Proc. amer. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10 : 194) in overlooking the establishment of this genus in 1860 in volume 4 of the Wien. ent. Monats. and accepting instead Part 2 (: 251) of the Lep. Rhop. Section of the Reise Fregatte "Novara", which was not published until 1865. The difficulty caused by this mistake arose from the fact that the nominal species Thecla anacletus Felder (C.) & Felder (R.), 1861 (S. B. Akad. Wiss. Wien 40 : 454) then selected by Scudder as the type-species of this genus was not one of the nominal species included in 1860 when the name Hypochrysops was first established. In consequence the type-selection made by Scudder was invalid. That type-selection was however followed uncritically by subsequent authors even after Kirby had in 1871 (Syn. Cat. diurn. Lep. : 378) drawn attention to the fact that it was in the Wien. ent. Monats. that the name Hypochrysops had first been published. In fact, it was not until the present work was in course of preparation that attention was drawn (by myself in 1960) to the fact that Scudder's type-selection was invalid and that in consequence the genus Hypochrysops was still without a validly selected type-species. It was to remedy this situation that I thereupon selected from among the three species placed in this genus in 1860 the nominal species Papilio polycletus Linnaeus to be the type-species. It was fortunate that this nominal species was available for selection as type-species, for the taxon represented by Scudder's pseudotype Thecla anacletus is currently treated subjectively on taxonomic grounds as being a subspecies of the taxon represented by the nominal species Papilio polycletus Linnaeus, now established as the valid type-species of the genus Hypochrysops. Thus, the correction of Scudder's erroneous type-selection has not involved any change in the concept represented by the genus Hypochrysops.

Cowan (1970: 48) stated:-

HYPOCHRYSOPS - Credit should certainly be allowed to G. A. Waterhouse for having pointed out the faulty fixation of this name as far back as 1934 (Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. W. 59 (5/6) : 416), when he designated Papilio polycletus Linnaeus, 1758. He preceded his actual designation with the words "If the genotype has not already been fixed, I select . . .". This, being a qualification, can be held to invalidate the selection under Article 67 c of the current Code.

HYPOCHRYSOPS was included within the subfamily LYCAENIDAE: LYCAENINAE by Ackery et al., in Kristensen (1999).

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

Learn more about Lycaenidae in Wikipedia

Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to HYPOCHRYSOPS and included species.

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