Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

Genus details

Search again

Genus:
Helcyra Felder, 1860 , in Frauenfeld. Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 40(1)(1) : 450.    [BHLBHL]

Status:
Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:
PAPILIONOIDEA : NYMPHALIDAE : APATURINAE

Type-species:
Helcyra chionippe Felder, 1860. Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 40: 450.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by monotypy .

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Notes:
Cowan (1968, Annot. Rhop 8-9.) made the following comment for this genus:-

Through no fault of theirs, errors have been made over some of the genera erected by C. and R. Felder. They fall under two heads : -

1. TWO papers published in 1861

1861a. C. Felder (22 April) (!), Nov. Act. Cais, Leop. Car. 28 (3) : 50pp., 1 pl.

1861b. C. & R. Felder, 30 April, Wien. ent. Mon. 5 (4) : 97-111.

Paper 1861a dealt with the family Nymphalidae. On the front wrapper is a note "Eingegangen bei der Akademie 29 Feb. 1860" (leap year!), and, in bold face below, "JENA 1861". On the back wrapper is the note "Geschlossen 22 April 1861". It is evident that the last gives the publication date, and that there was a delay for some reason of 14 months, which accounts for several of the new names having already appeared as new in 1860 (Doleschallia, Helcyra, Rhinopalpa).

Hemming dates the 1861a paper at "some unknown date in 1861" in his entry for Callitaenia (List [Hemming, 1967] : 91), but as "June 1861, as established by Kirby in 1871, Syn. Cat. diurn. Lep. : 45" in his entry for Zethera (List [Hemming, 1967] : 466). Kirby, however, merely quoted the bare date, giving no reasons. I can find none; did he misread "JENA"?

The 1861b paper discussed a small American collection in the April number of Wien. ent. Mont., but there is no evidence to date it exactly. Pending such evidence it must, under Article 21 (b) of the Code, date from 30 April. Only Callitaenia (l.c. : 107) is involved.

The genera introduced in the 1861a (22 April) paper are as follows. The exact date is critical only for Callitaenia and Zethera, so these two only are cross-referenced in my "Corrigenda-Index".

Amphidema (1861a : 27)
Antigonis ( : 21)
Callitaenia ( : 50)
Canopus ( : 33)
Cyane ( : 24)
Doleschallia ( : 14)
Helcyra ( : 37, 44, pl. 1)
Lebadea ( : 28)
Libythina ( : 49)
Nymphalis ( : 41)
Phaedyma ( : 31)
Rhinopalpa ( : 49)
Zethera ( : 26).

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

Learn more about Nymphalidae in Wikipedia

Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to HELCYRA and included species.


Submit correction/addition