Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

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Haetera Fabricius, 1807 , in Illiger. Mag. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6 : 284.

Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:

Papilio piera Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae (Edn 10), 1: 465.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Butler , 1868. Ent. mon. Mag. 4(45): 195.

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Hemming (1967) stated:-

The discovery of the exact dates of publication of the plates included in Volume 1 of the Samml. exot. Schmett. of Jacob Hübner, consequent upon the examination of that author's surviving manuscripts showed that in certain cases well-known generic names of Fabricius's published in 1807 in volume 6 of Illiger's Mag. f. Insektenk. were junior synonyms of other names which had appeared slightly earlier in that year in Hübner's Sammlung. It would have been most undesirable, because most confusing, if these early Hübnerian names had been allowed to replace the well-known and long-established Fabrician equivalents. Accordingly in 1935 I submitted an application to the Commission with a request that it should afford protection to these threatened Fabrician names. This application was approved by the Commission which gave a ruling under its plenary powers that precedence should be given to the Fabrician names in question. This decision was promulgated by the Commission in its Opinion 137 published in 1942 (Opin. int. Comm. zool. Nom. 2 : 21-28).

The name Haetera Fabricius belongs to the group of names discussed above, being an objective synonym of Oreas Hübner, [1807] (Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : p1. [82]), of which also Papilio piera Linnaeus, 1758, is the type-species. Under the ruling given in Opinion 137 discussed above, the name Haetera Fabricius takes precedence over the name Oreas Hübner, the latter becoming invalid as a junior objective synonym of Haetera Fabricius.

HAETERA was included within the subfamily NYMPHALIDAE: SATYRINAE by Ackery et al., in Kristensen (1999).

The higher classification used here follows Lamas (2008).

Learn more about Nymphalidae in Wikipedia.

See images at Butterflies of America.

Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to HAETERA and included species.

Junior name(s):
Hetaera ; Hoffmannsegg, 1818: 106.
Hetaira ; Bates, 1863: 104.
Hetera ; Billberg, 1820: 77.
Maniola Rafinesque, 1815: 127, no. 2.
Oreas Hübner, 1807: pl.[82].
Pselna Billberg, 1820: 77.

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