Butterflies and Moths of the World Generic Names and their Type-species

Genus details

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Genus:
Fumaria Haworth, 1811 . Lepid. Br. : 473. [(but printed as 373)]

Status:
Available Name

Homonyms: 1

Higher classification:
TINEOIDEA : PSYCHIDAE : Subfamily unassigned

Type-species:
Tinea nitidella Hübner, 1796. Samml. eur. Schmett. 8: 15, pl.1 fig.6.    [BHLBHL]

Type-species designation:
by subsequent designation by Kirby , 1892. Syn. Cat. Lepid. Het. 1: 523. [(as a junior name of casta Pallas)]    [BHLBHL]

Type specimens:
See BHL scanned Type-species page: .

Notes:
Fumaria Haworth, 1811 was treated as a valid genus and brought out of synonymy by Bourgogne, 1979, Alexanor 11 (4) : 181.

Nye & Fletcher (1991) stated:-

Kirby designated casta Pallas for "Fumea Stephens" but Stephens attributed Fumea to Haworth and was using Fumea Haworth, 1812, an objective replacement name for Fumaria Haworth, 1811.

When Kirby designated as type-species as type-species Phalaena casta Pallas, 1767, Nova Acta physico-med. Acad. Caesar. Leop. Carol. 3: 437, a nominal species not originally included in Fumaria, he also placed nitidella, a nominal species originally included in Fumaria, as a junior subjective synonym of casta. Under the Code (Edn 3), Article 69(a)(v), this designation constitutes the fixation of the originally included nominal species as the type-species.

In addition to using Fumea as a valid name Kirby, 1892, ibidem 1: 511, also used Fumaria Haworth, 1811, as a valid name for a different taxon and designated as its type-species "Bombyx muscella Fabr." which was a later usage of Tinea muscella [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, Ankündung syst. Werkes Schmett. Wienergegend: 133. However the true muscella does not occur in Britain and Tutt, 1990, Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 2: 317, considered that the Haworth species was probably Phalaena pulla Esper, 1785, which is a junior subjective synonym of Tinea plumella [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, the type-species of Epichnopterix Hübner, [1825]. The kirby designation for Fumaria is of a misidentified species and in therefore invalid unless ratified by the Commission. Unavailable designation of type-species: Phalaena pulla Esper, 1785, a nominal species not originally included in Fumaria and not linked in synonymy with one of the originally included nominal species when cited as type-species (for Fumea Haworth), Westwood, 1840, Introd. mod. Classif. Insects 2 (Synopsis Genera Br. Insects): 91.

See also: Fumea Haworth, 1812.

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Search the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) for references to FUMARIA and included species.

Junior name(s):
Fumea Haworth, 1812: 340.
Fumea Haworth, 1828: 590.


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