Thank you; I'm sure you're right. I'm an art historian and just have a fascination and passing interest in 'bugs'. I wondered about the short wings when I found it and see from looking it up on the web that its wings are usually covering the whole abdomen.
Maybe the grasshopper got caught by a predator
Your bug is actually a beetle- it seems to be called the Indian jewel beetle.
('bug' is used in entomology to refer to a particular order of insects)
Dunno about the spider - maybe a huntsman spider.
The bug is definitely a true bug (hemiptera) and family scutelleridae. The scutellum (which is usually a smallish triangle) is extended over almost the whole of the abdomen. This gives them an even more distinctly 'beetle' look and they are mimics of chafer beetles.
This is a dead ringer for Chrysocoris stolli, but there may be several very similar species.
See this and other amazing scutes here: http://flickrhivemind.net/Tags/scutelleridae/Interesting
The spider looks to be one of the wall running sparassids (Family Sparassidae), which are commonly called Giant Crab spiders.
Yes, I agree and thank you; the pictures you linked to leave no doubt; that's definitely what I saw. The previous tentative identification as the Indian Jewel beetle is wrong - the insect I saw is not the same shape, let alone the colouring.
The spider was fascinating: it's eyes shone in my torch light and, as the picture is very high resolution, blowing it up enable me to see all its body hair too.
Yes, maybe such a large bright insect had been attacked. I don't think it's that beetle; there has been another post which, with a photo link, has positively identified it. Thanks for your help though.
My apologies. When I first saw the photo I wasn't sure whether it was a bug or beetle but a quick search in google images turned up several like the following, labelled jewel beetle -
But I guess i should have been suspicious from the fact that they're not scientific sites and don't give latin names