Pupa of a burnet moth (Zygaena). Can't really say which species just from the pupa.
Robber fly (Asilidae, probably Asilinae, ie. genus Dysmachus, Didysmachus, Eutolmus, Neomochtherus, Aneomochtherus, or Tolmerus). I'm struggling to find the genus, let alone the species.
(It looks a bit like a scorpion fly, but several characters do not fit that, eg. the very short antennae).
Update 6jun13: ignore my comments about robber flies; see Adam's ID below
- good guide, including key, to robber flies in various parts of Europe including the UK.
- Diptera info, worldwide, including Asilidae forum
- PBase gallery of robberfly thumbnails
while having a shifty amonst my insect book, i stumbled on a Snipe Fly or Downlooker snipe fly (rhagio scolopaceus). This looks awfully similar wouldn't you say?
Yes, of course, well done - you scratched that (mistaken scorpion fly) itch for me!
Rhagio scolopaceus does seem to be a very good match. However, there are quite a lot of Rhagio species and I don't have a key, nor descriptions of all of them, so I can't be 100% sure.