Juliet Brodie and Jo Wilbraham: Department of Life Sciences, NHM
Friday 7 February 11:00
Sir Neil Chalmers seminar room, Darwin Centre LG16 (below Attenborough studio)
The seashores and shallow seas around Britain support an important component of UK biodiversity with over 650 species of red, green and brown seaweeds which represent c. 7% of the described seaweed flora of the world. However, over 55% are Data Deficient according to IUCN criteria, there is increasing evidence that large brown habitat-forming seaweeds (kelps and fucoids) are disappearing, and invasive seaweeds species are increasing. Seaweeds remain an under-recorded group with over 50% data deficient, yet there is an urgent and increasing need for good quality, verifiable data on past and present species occurrence to inform on e.g. environmental change, potential pressures from harvesting, loss of habitats, increases in non-native species (currently c. 6% of the UK flora).
Data from the NHM seaweed collection provide crucial evidence points for mapping changing patterns in species distribution around the UK but regional museums often hold important collections from their local area which will help fill in current spatial and temporal data gaps. So we set about capturing from UK national and regional museum collections specimen data against a target list of seaweed species in order to provide data on distribution of species over time around the UK, and to make these data widely available via a purpose built website which provides a unique resource for disseminating information about these species. Fourteen institutions participated, 8334 records were received of which 4334 were newly generated.
We will describe this model project, discuss the findings in relation to temporal and spatial change, detective work, social history, taxonomy, the role of Queen Victoria and her children, and the detrimental impact that the Victorian collectors had on some of our more charismatic seaweeds. We will also demonstrate the web site: http://seaweeds.myspecies.info/.
This project was funded by the Esmée Fairbairn Collections Fund.
For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.htm