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171 Posts authored by: C Lowry
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Life Sciences Seminar

 

Sap-suckers of the Tree of Life: how closely are they related to their feeding branches?

 

 

David Ouvrard

Terrestrial Invertebrates, Dept. of Life Sciences, NHM

 

Wednesday 19 of December 11:00
Sir Neil Chalmers seminar room, Darwin Centre LG16 (below Attenborough studio)

 

 

Sternorrhyncha comprise four super-families among the most damaging agricultural pests. Furthermore, Coccoidea (scale insects - 8000 species), Aphidoidea (aphids, phylloxerans, and adelgids - 5000 species), Psylloidea (jumping plant-lice - 3800 species) and Aleyrodoidea (whiteflies - 1500 species) are driving ecosystems as primary consumers of phloem sap. Various degrees of insect/plant associations, from strict monophagy to high polyphagy, are observed among them and at different classification levels.

 

Until now, several assumptions of co- or ‘parallel-’ evolution between the insects and their host-plants have been made, but rarely using a phylogenetic framework to test these hypotheses. Focusing on Psylloidea, I will trace the macroevolution of these phytophagous insects, from fossil proto-homopterans to the extant fauna, based on the evolution of some striking morphological characters.

 

In parallel, the large-scale analysis of patterns of associations between insects and plants has been made possible using the global datasets compiled and organised in databases such as “Psyl’list” or “White-Files”, originally oriented towards taxonomic information dissemination only. The synthesis of recent taxonomic studies into a revised classification of the Psylloidea offers a framework for further phylogenetic reconstructions, a research basis in the fields of Ecology and Conservation, as well as a management tool for collaborators involved in Integrated Pest Management

 

 

For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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Life Sciences Seminar


Inferring the diversification of land plants at and in the shadow of the Roof of the World

 

Harald Schneider

Plants, Dept. of Life Sciences, NHM

 

Wednesday 12 of December 11:00
Sir Neil Chalmers seminar room, Darwin Centre LG16 (below Attenborough studio)


Orogenic events in earth history, e.g. mountain formation, have made a profound impact on the assembly of biological diversity. For example, recent studies of the biodiversity of South America recovered strong evidence that the Cenozoic rise of the Andeans triggered the rapid diversification of many lineages of vascular plants.

 

However, relatively little attention has been given to the effect of the rise of the Himalaya on plant diversity. The rise of this mountain chains were triggered by the collision of the Indian tectonic plate with the Eurasian continent 70 million years ago but major uplifts date back to more recent times. Especially the rather recent formation of the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau, around 3-4 million years ago, had a considerable impact on the monsoon climates in South East Asia. Thus the rise of this plateau affected not only the evolution of plants adapted to the alpine conditions at the high altitudes of the Himalaya but also the expansion of xeric habitats in central Asia and the enhanced monsoons affecting South East Asia and South Asia.

 

The hypothesis of the impact of the rise of the Himalaya on plant diversity in South East Asia is studied employing mainly phylogenetic approaches that incorporate divergence time estimates, ancestral area reconstruction, inference of niche evolution, and estimates of diversification rates. The analyses also incorporate evidence from micro-paleontological research.

 

Comparative assessment of the existing and newly generated phylogenetic hypotheses for a wide range of angiosperms and ferns recovered evidence supporting the hypothesis of a substantial impact of the rise of the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau on the assembly of lineage diversity. This result is consistent with palaeoclimate reconstructions that are based on pollen and spore record. In comparison, the recovered patterns indicate the involvement of different processes in response to the Cenozoic mountain formations in South America and South East Asia.

 

The presentation summarises research that was carried out during my time as a senior visiting professor of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Besides the presentation of the results of the research, I will also touch on issues related to the current research conditions in China.

 

Harald Schneider

 

 

 

For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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Department of Life Sciences seminar

 

Insect diversity and pest control in the anthropogenic habitats of NE China

 

Jan Axmacher

Department of Geography, University College London

 

Friday 7 December 11:00
Sir Neil Chalmers seminar room, Darwin Centre LG16 (below Attenborough studio)

 

 

The natural environment of NE China has been altered by humans for thousands of years. Nonetheless, both intensity and spatial extend of these alterations have greatly increased since the middle of the last century. Agricultural production was greatly intensified, while the remaining natural forest cover was widely cleared. The severe environmental degradation which followed has led to an increased awareness of the importance of environmental issues in the last few decades, with re- and afforestation projects being currently established throughout China at an unprecedented scale. At the same time, agricultural practices following the maxim ‘the more, the better’ are also increasingly questioned, with the importance of biological pest control recognized as a potential cheap and less environmentally detrimental alternative to chemical pesticides.

 

Given these recent developments, I have started a number of collaborative research projects with the Chinese Agricultural University and the Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences to investigate diversity and species composition of ground beetle assemblages in reforested habitats and the agricultural landscapes of the Hebei province, looking at both the diversity and potential pest control function of these mostly predatory beetles. Our research shows that the diversity of ground beetles varies strongly between different types of forest ecosystems, with naturally regenerating birch forests and open larch plantations showing a high abundance, but low diversity in carabids. Plantations of native oak and pine monocultures, as well as forests composed of a mixture of planted and naturally regenerating trees harbour distinctly higher diversity levels.

 

In the agricultural landscape, even very intensively managed double-cropping systems comprising of summer maize and winter wheat monocultures can support surprisingly high levels of ground beetle diversity, while cotton monocultures were found to harbour distinctly lower levels of carabid diversity. Landscape elements like the diversity of land-use types were found to have only a limited effect on the diversity of the ground beetle community at least in some of our study areas. A comparison of diversity patterns in ground beetles and geometrid moths finally showed that links between these highly diverse herbivore and insectivore taxa are highly complex, with distinctly different spatial patterns observed in these two families.

 

 

 

For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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Department of Life Sciences Seminar

 

Where and what are biomes? And how can museum specimens help to define them?

 

Tiina Särkinen (Plants, Dept.of Life Sciences, NHM)

 

Wednesday 5th December 11:00
Sir Neil Chalmers seminar room, Darwin Centre LG16 (below Attenborough studio)

 

 

Biodiversity studies aim to understand species diversity gradients and distribution patterns. Many of such studies rely on maps depicting distributions of species assemblages, from local communities to ecosystems and biomes. But how good are our current ecosystem maps? Do we know exactly where rain forests, coral reefs, or savannas occur? And what data should ultimately be used to define and delimit biomes? My talk will focus on these questions, and provide some potential answers. I will present a case study of the Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest (SDTF) biome of South America, a relatively newly defined biome with a poorly known distribution. I argue that georeferenced specimen data have a significant role to play in biome mapping, firstly through predictive modelling where specimen data is used to model biome distributions, and secondly, as a validation tool for in silico ground-truthing of remote sensing maps. Ecologists have classically defined biomes as structurally homogeneous units, but biomes should be seen as biologically meaningful units, i.e. large evolutionary meta-communities that are not only ecological similar but share evolutionary lineages (species, genera, families, and orders). This is of particular importance as the gap between the fields of ecology and evolution is closing, and there is a growing need for a common frame of reference with which to test hypotheses that bridge the fields.

 

 

For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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Sexual selection in prehistoric animals: misidentifications and false positives

 

Prof Kevin Padian, Department of Integrative Biology & Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley

 

Tuesday 11th December 2012
Neil Chalmers Seminar Room, DC2, NHM, 1330

 

Darwin acknowledged that the roles of some morphological structures are difficult to determine.  But he was clear about what sexual selection is, and the role of sexual dimorphism in it.  Because Darwin invented sexual selection, and based it on observations that have never been falsified, his definition cannot be wrong.  It has three components: (1) it explains why sexual dimorphism exists, and its central role in sexual selection; (2) the dimorphic structures or behaviours are used by one gender to attract mates or repel rivals for mates; and (3) these structures and behaviours help the bearer gain access to mates.  Strangely, palaeontologists and neontologists have largely ignored him.  Assertions of sexual selection/dimorphism in the fossil record suffer from a lack of statistical rigor and an unwillingness to test hypotheses through independent lines of evidence.  No such study has had any independent assessment of the chronological age or stage of its individuals, although such information is frequently available.  We show why much alleged sexual dimorphism in fossil tetrapods is more likely simply ontogenetic change, and why both a statistically significant population sample and an independent assessment of age of specimens are needed before the hypothesis of sexual dimorphism can be tested.

 

 

For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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The big bang: the impact of twenty years of molecular systematics on understanding the algae.

 

by Professor Juliet Brodie, NHM

 

Wednesday 28 November 2012

6pm (following AGM at 5pm)

Linnean Society, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London W1J 0BF

 

Molecular systematics occupies a minute fraction of time in the history of science, but its impact has been transformative in revealing hitherto unrecognised diversity of life on earth. Furthermore, it has enabled us to see the extent of genetic diversity that is not necessarily reflected in the morphology of organisms. This has led to a fundamental shift in species concepts and as a consequence has profound implications for understanding distribution, rarity and endemism. In this talk Juliet Brodie will explore these ideas using examples from algal groups that she has studied and attempt comparisons with other organisms. She will also argue the necessity of using molecular systematics in understanding the impact of environmental factors such as climate change and ocean acidification.

 

 

The meeting is open to visitors

 

Wine will be served after the lecture to members and guests

 

http://www.systass.org/events/presidents_lecture_2012.shtml

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What can psyllids tell us that other bugs can't?
A non-model model organism for studying plant-insect interactions

 

Diana Percy

Terrestrial Invertebrates, Dept.of Life Sciences, NHM

 

Wednesday 28 of November 11:00
Sir Neil Chalmers seminar room, Darwin Centre LG16 (below Attenborough studio)


Psyllids exhibit the greatest degree of host specificity amongst the sternorrhynchan plant-feeders, and they are the only members of this group to have retained a complex vibrational communication system [sound and light show includes backup band]. But can psyllids reveal things that studying other bugs can't? I will present examples of how systematic analyses of psyllid lineages can provide remarkable insights into host mediated diversification. From modest beginnings of “who eats what where?”, we can build up a picture of how these observed plant-insect interactions came to be. Combining these observations with molecular systematics and genomics approaches will help us interpret the past and look into the future to make predictions of “who will eat what where?” – the psyllid version of “eats shoots and leaves”.

 

 

For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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Earth Science Department Seminar

Posted by C Lowry Nov 22, 2012

Palaeontology Seminar

 

Microstructure of modern sea pen axes – a tool for the systematics of fossil pennatulaceans (Octocorallia)

 

Dr Mike Reich, University of Göttingen

 

Thursday 29th November

Neil Chalmers Seminar Room, DC2, 12:00 (the first of two talks that day)

 

 

 

Pennatulaceans are considered to be a very distinct and specialised group of octocorallian cnidarians, known from soft bottom areas of the intertidal to the deep sea. Since they are largely composed of soft tissue, the systematics of modern sea pens (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) are mostly based on soft-part morphology. Among the only hard parts (an axial rod and various sclerites) present in most species, only the sclerites have been employed as systematic traits. However, both types of hard parts, especially the calcareous axial rod, are often the only remnants of fossil Pennatulacea. Fossil sea pen axes (known since the Late Cretaceous) have therefore mostly been placed in the ‘collective genus’ Graphularia without any further systematic assignment. A study of hard-part morphology, using 20 modern sea pen species from 10 of the 14 valid families, has shown that the microstructure of the axial rod is relatively consistent within a genus, whereas the cross-section may vary between the distal ends of the rachis and the peduncle. Using field emission SEM, the microstructure of at least a dozen fossil Graphularia species have been studied. By comparing the microstructure of modern and fossil sea pens, similarities allow a placement of fossil pennatulacean species close to modern genera and within modern families, demonstrating the value of axis microstructure as a systematic trait.

 

 

 

 

For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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Palaeontology Seminar

 

The latitudinal biodiversity gradient through deep time

 

Dr Philip Mannion, Imperial College London

 

Thursday 29th November
Neil Chalmers Seminar Room, DC2, 16:00 (second of two talks that day)

 

 


Today, biodiversity increases from polar to equatorial regions. Despite representing a fundamental pattern governing the distribution of the vast majority of life on Earth today, the causes of this latitudinal biodiversity gradient remain unresolved. Understanding this pattern is critical to predictions of climatically-driven biodiversity loss. The fossil record offers a unique perspective on the evolution of this gradient, providing a dynamic system in which to explore spatiotemporal diversity fluctuations. Deep time studies indicate that a gradient was present from 500 million years ago, but that it has not been a persistent pattern throughout the history of complex life. Instead, recent work has revealed a palaeotemperate peak in Mesozoic dinosaurs and other early Cenozoic groups, suggesting that the steep, modern-type gradient might only have come into existence in the last 30 million years

 

 

For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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Life Sciences Seminar

Posted by C Lowry Nov 15, 2012

Cold water and hot air: the evolution of lunglessness in amphibians

Mark Wilkinson
Vertebrates, Dept of Life Sciences, NHM

Wednesday 21st November,11:00

Sir Neil Chalmers seminar room, Darwin Centre LG16 (below Attenborough studio)

 

Lunglessness is rare in Amphibians but has evolved independently at least once in each of the three main groups (frogs, salamanders, caecilians).  A 'classical' hypothesis for the evolution of lunglessness in salamanders explains it as an adaptation to reduce disadvantageous buoyancy in fast flowing waters. This hypothesis was first seriously challenged in the 1990's prior to the discoveries of lungless frogs and caecilians. I will review the arguments in the controversy, discuss the implications of the more recent discoveries and reveal some startling new findings regarding the true nature of the most recently described lungless caecilian.

 

 

For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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Collection Management Seminar

Posted by C Lowry Nov 15, 2012

What?

What on earth is a Permanent Loan? Loans In review and the challenge of dealing with old loans.

 

When?

Friday 23rd November 2012, 2.30pm-4.00pm

 

 

Where?

Flett Lecture Theatre, NHM, South Kensington

 

 

Who? Speaker: 

Lee Murrell, Imperial War Museums, London

 

 

What’s it about?

IWM London is now well into its Loans Review Project. The output has already improved how loans are administered and led to the creation of my role. I’ll talk about the aims and methods of the review, some of the problems that came to light and look at some of the ways that it is integrated with other museum projects.

 

 

Who should come?

The seminar is open to all members of the museum who are interested in getting involved or learning more about a Review of Loans In. It is suggested that the following staff will find the seminar most useful.

 

Science Group: All senior departmental managers & collection management staff.

 

Public Engagement Group:  Any staff who work with and use collections or manage staff who work with collections.

 

 

We also welcome colleagues from other institutions who would find the seminar of interest. There is no booking fee and only large parties need to notify the organiser for catering purposes.

 

 

Tea and coffee will be available in the seminar room lobby area after the talk.

 

Suggestions for seminar speakers are always most welcome. Please contact the organiser Clare Valentine (c.valentine@nhm.ac.uk )

 

 

 

               For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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Fungal-plant associations in Palaeozoic-Mesozoic times


Dr Christine Strullu-Derrien, Department of Earth Sciences, NHM


Thursday 15th November
Neil Chalmers Seminar Room, DC2, NHM 15:00

 


 

A fungal mode of life (mycelial growth and mode of nutrition) is shared by several living groups of organisms, notably Fungi (Eumycota) and Oomycetes (Stramenopila). Originally, a lot of these groups were called fungi, but now we know that they have quite diverse relationships among eukaryotes. These organisms are known to have coexisted with plants since the dawn of life on land, but their role in plant evolution is still poorly understood.


 

Recent research based on historic collections of petrified plants is opening up a rich new source of information for the study of fungal-plant associations. Dr Strullu-Derrien will present an overview of recent findings including fossil evidence for fungi and fungi-like symbionts in Palaeozoic and Mesozoic ecosystems.


 

 

For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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RECENT PUBLICATIONS

Posted by C Lowry Nov 8, 2012

Publications for the previous 4 to 5 weeks (Search done 8th Nov.)

Search on the basis of ‘Nat SAME Hist SAME Mus* SAME Lon* using Web of Science + TRING

EARTH SCIENCES

ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL MINERALOGY

Buffet, P.E., Amiard-Triquet, C., DYBOWSKA, A., Risso-de Faverney, C., Guibbolini, M., VALSAMI-JONES, E. & Mouneyrac, C. 2012. Fate of isotopically labeled zinc oxide nanoparticles in sediment and effects on two endobenthic species, the clam Scrobicularia plana and the ragworm Hediste diversicolor. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 84: 191-198. 

Gioia, R., Li, J., Schuster, J., Zhang, Y.L., Zhang, G., Li, X.D., SPIRO, B., Bhatia, R.S., Dachs, J. & Jones, K.C. 2012. Factors Affecting the Occurrence and Transport of Atmospheric Organochlorines in the China Sea and the Northern Indian and South East Atlantic Oceans. Environmental Science & Technology, 46(18): 10012-10021. 

Keller, J. & ZAITSEV, A.N. 2012. Geochemistry and petrogenetic significance of natrocarbonatites at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania: Composition of lavas from 1988 to 2007. Lithos, 148: 45-53. 

KHAN, F.R., MISRA, S.K., GARCIA-ALONSO, J., SMITH, B.D., STREKOPYTOV, S., RAINBOW, P.S., LUOMA, S.N. & VALSAMI-JONES, E. 2012. Correction: Bioaccumulation Dynamics and Modeling in an Estuarine Invertebrate Following Aqueous Exposure to Nanosized and Dissolved Silver (vol 46, pg 7621, 2012). Environmental Science & Technology, 46(18): 10381-10381. 

KNIGHT, K.S. 2012. Low temperature thermoelastic and structural properties of LaGaO3 perovskite in the Pbnm phase. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 194: 286-296. 

Paar, W.H., Cooper, M.A., Moelo, Y., STANLEY, C.J., Putz, H., Topa, D., Roberts, A.C., Stirling, J., Raith, J.G. & Rowe, R. 2012. Eldragónite, Cu6BiSe4(Se2), a new mineral species from the El Dragón mine, Potosí, Bolivia, and its crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2): 281-294. 

Papp, G., Criddle, A.J. & STANLEY, C.J. 2012. A re-investigation of "Dognácskaite". Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2): 341-351. 

SCOTNEY, P.M., Carney, J.N. & Harwood, M. 2012. New information on Neoproterozoic-Cambrian geology and the Triassic unconformity around Groby, southern Charnwood Forest, UK. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 59: 37-51. 

 

INVERTEBRATES AND PLANTS

LLOYD, G.T., Pearson, P.N., Young, J.R. & SMITH, A.B. 2012. Sampling bias and the fossil record of planktonic foraminifera on land and in the deep sea. Paleobiology, 38(4): 569-584. 

MA, X.Y., Hou, X.G., Aldridge, R.J., Siveter, D.J., Siveter, D.J., Gabbott, S.E., Purnell, M.A., Parker, A.R. & EDGECOMBE, G.D. 2012. Morphology of Cambrian lobopodian eyes from the Chengjiang Lagerstatte and their evolutionary significance. Arthropod Structure & Development, 41(5): 495-504. 

Mergl, M. & ZAMORA, S. 2012. New and revised occurrences of rhynchonelliformean brachiopods from the middle Cambrian of the Iberian Chains, NE Spain. Bulletin of Geosciences, 87(3): 571-586. 

Muadsub, S., Sutcharit, C., Pimvichai, P., Enghoff, H., EDGECOMBE, G.D. & Panha, S. 2012. Revision of the rare centipede genus Sterropristes Attems, 1934, with description of a new species from Thailand (Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha: Scolopendridae). Zootaxa(3484): 35-52. 

SMITH, A.B. 2012. Cambrian problematica and the diversification of deuterostomes. Bmc Biology, 10: Article no. 79. DOI 10.1186/1741-7007-10-79. 

MINERAL AND PLANETARY SCIENCES

HUNT, A.C., Parkinson, I.J., Harris, N.B.W., Barry, T.L., Rogers, N.W. & Yondon, M. 2012. Cenozoic Volcanism on the Hangai Dome, Central Mongolia: Geochemical Evidence for Changing Melt Sources and Implications for Mechanisms of Melting. Journal of Petrology, 53(9): 1913-1942. 

STEELE, R.C.J., Coath, C.D., Regelous, M., RUSSELL, S. & Elliott, T. 2012. Neutron-poor nickel isotope anomalies in meteorites. Astrophysical Journal, 758(1): Article No. 59. DOI: 10.1088/0004-637x/758/1/59. 

Tomioka, N., MORLOK, A., Koike, C., Kohler, M. & GRADY, M. 2012. Laihunite in planetary materials: An FTIR and TEM study of oxidized synthetic and meteoritic Fe-rich olivine. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 107(4): 157-166. 

WELCH, M.D. & Wunder, B. 2012. A single-crystal X-ray diffraction study of the 3.65-phase MgSi(OH)(6), a high-pressure hydroxide perovskite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 39(9): 693-697. 

 

 

VERTEBRATES, ANTHROPOLOGY & MICROPALAEONTOLOGY

Edwards, D., RICHARDSON, J.B., Axe, L. & Davies, K.L. 2012. Correction: A new group of Early Devonian plants with valvate sporangia containing sculptured permanent dyads (vol 168, pg 229, 2012). Botanical Journal Of the Linnean Society, 170(2): 283-283. 

MAIDMENT, S.C.R. & BARRETT, P.M. 2012. Does morphological convergence imply functional similarity? A test using the evolution of quadrupedalism in ornithischian dinosaurs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 279(1743): 3765-3771. 

Preece, R.C. & PARFITT, S.A. 2012. The Early and early Middle Pleistocene context of human occupation and lowland glaciation in Britain and northern Europe. Quaternary International, 271: 6-28. 

 

 

 

LIFE SCIENCES 

 

International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature. 2012. Editorial: Amendment of Articles 8, 9, 10, 21 and 78 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature to expand and refine methods of publication. Zootaxa(3450): 1-7. 

International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature. 2012. Editorial: Amendment of Articles 8, 9, 10, 21 and 78 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature to expand and refine methods of publication. ZooKeys(219): 1-10. 

 

AQUATIC INVERTEBRATES

Hill, A., Guralnick, R., Smith, A., Sallans, A., Gillespie, R., Denslow, M., Gross, J., Murrell, Z., CONYERS, T., Oboyski, P., Ball, J., Thomer, A., PRYS-JONES, R., de la Torre, J., Kociolek, P. & Fortson, L. 2012. The notes from nature tool for unlocking biodiversity records from museum records through citizen science. ZooKeys(209): 219-233. 

KHAN, F.R., MISRA, S.K., GARCIA-ALONSO, J., SMITH, B.D., STREKOPYTOV, S., RAINBOW, P.S., LUOMA, S.N. & VALSAMI-JONES, E. 2012. Correction: Bioaccumulation Dynamics and Modeling in an Estuarine Invertebrate Following Aqueous Exposure to Nanosized and Dissolved Silver (vol 46, pg 7621, 2012). Environmental Science & Technology, 46(18): 10381-10381.

Ng, P.K.L. & CLARK, P.F. 2012. Danielita Ng, Clark & Tan, 2010 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Ocypodoidea: Camptandriidae), preoccupied by Danielita Kiriakoff, 1970 (Lepidoptera: Glossata: Heteroneura: Noctuoidea: Notodontidae) [Letter]. Zootaxa(3490): 48-48. 

Williams, J.J., BROOKS, S.J. & Gosling, W.D. 2012. Response of chironomids to late Pleistocene and Holocene environmental change in the eastern Bolivian Andes. Journal of Paleolimnology, 48(3): 485-501. 

Winterton, S.L., Guek, H.P. & BROOKS, S.J. 2012. A charismatic new species of green lacewing discovered in Malaysia (Neuroptera, Chrysopidae): the confluence of citizen scientist, online image database and cybertaxonomy. ZooKeys(214): 1-11. 

 

 

GENOMIC AND MICROBIAL DIVERSITY

Abramovich, R.S., Pomati, F., JUNGBLUT, A.D., Guglielmin, M. & Neilan, B.A. 2012. T-RFLP Fingerprinting Analysis of Bacterial Communities in Debris Cones, Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 23(3): 244-248. 

 

 

PARASITES & VECTORS

ATTWOOD, S.W. & Upatham, E.S. 2012. Observations on Neotricula aperta (Gastropoda: Pomatiopsidae) population densities in Thailand and central Laos: implications for the spread of Mekong schistosomiasis. Parasites & Vectors, 5: Article no. 126. DOI:10.1186/1756-3305-5-126. 

EMERY, A.M., ALLAN, F.E., RABONE, M.E. & ROLLINSON, D. 2012. Schistosomiasis collection at NHM (SCAN). Parasites & Vectors, 5: Article no. 185. DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-5-185. 

Galaktionov, K.V., Blasco-Costa, I. & OLSON, P.D. 2012. Life cycles, molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of the 'pygmaeus' microphallids (Digenea: Microphallidae): widespread parasites of marine and coastal birds in the Holarctic. Parasitology, 139(10): 1346-1360. 

Navidpour, S., Vazirianzadeh, B., HARBACH, R., Jahanifard, E. & Moravvej, S.A. 2012. The identification of culicine mosquitoes in the Shadegan wetland in southwestern Iran. Journal of Insect Science, 12: Article No. 105.

 

 

PLANTS

BYSTRIAKOVA, N., Peregrym, M., Erkens, R.H.J., Bezsmertna, O. & SCHNEIDER, H. 2012. Sampling bias in geographic and environmental space and its effect on the predictive power of species distribution models. Systematics and Biodiversity, 10(3): 305-315. 

Christenhusz, M.J.M. & SCHNEIDER, H. 2012. (2054) Proposal to conserve the name Drynaria against Aglaomorpha (Polypodiaceae). Taxon, 61(2): 465-466. 

ELLIS, L.T., Alegro, A., Bansal, P., Nath, V., Cykowska, B., Bednarek-Ochyra, H., Ochyra, R., Dulin, M.V., Erzberger, P., Garcia, C., Sergio, C., Claro, D., Stow, S., Hedderson, T.A., Hodgetts, N.G., Hugonnot, V., Kucera, J., Lara, F., Pertierra, L., Lebouvier, M., Liepina, L., Mezaka, A., Strazdina, L., Madzule, L., Reriha, I., Mazooji, A., Natcheva, R., Phephu, N., Philippov, D.A., Plasek, V., Cihal, L., Pocs, T., Porley, R.D., Sabovljevic, M., Salimpour, F., Motlagh, M.B., Sharifnia, F., Darzikolaei, S.A., Schafer-Verwimp, A., Segota, V., Shaw, A.J., Sim-Sim, M., Sollman, P., Spitale, D., Holzer, A., Stebel, A., Vana, J., van Rooy, J. & Voncina, G. 2012. New national and regional bryophyte records, 32. Journal of Bryology, 34: 231-246. 

JONES, K., Anderberg, A.A., De Craene, L.P.R. & Wanntorp, L. 2012. Origin, diversification, and evolution of Samolus valerandi (Samolaceae, Ericales). Plant Systematics and Evolution, 298(8): 1523-1531.

Ligrone, R., DUCKETT, J.G. & Renzaglia, K.S. 2012. The origin of the sporophyte shoot in land plants: a bryological perspective. Annals of Botany, 110(5): 935-941. 

SARKINEN, T., Staats, M., Richardson, J.E., Cowan, R.S. & Bakker, F.T. 2012. How to Open the Treasure Chest? Optimising DNA Extraction from Herbarium Specimens. PLoS ONE, 7(8): Article no. e43808. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043808. 

 

 

TERRESTRIAL INVERTEBRATES

AGASSIZ, D.J.L. 2012. The Acentropinae (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea: Crambidae) of Africa. Zootaxa(3494): 1-73.  (Scientific Associate)

BLAGODEROV, V., KITCHING, I.J., LIVERMORE, L., SIMONSEN, T.J. & SMITH, V.S. 2012. No specimen left behind: industrial scale digitization of natural history collections. ZooKeys(209): 133-146. 

Butcher, B.A., Smith, M.A., Sharkey, M.J. & QUICKE, D.L.J. 2012. A turbo-taxonomic study of Thai Aleiodes (Aleiodes) and Aleiodes (Arcaleiodes) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Rogadinae) based largely on COI barcoded specimens, with rapid descriptions of 179 new species. Zootaxa(3457): 7-+. 

QUICKE, D.L.J., BROAD, G.R. & Butcher, B.A. 2012. First host record for the Palaeotropical braconine wasp genus Cassidibracon Quicke (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) with the description of a new species from India. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 28: 135-141. 

QUICKE, D.L.J., Smith, M.A., Miller, S.E., Hrcek, J. & Butcher, B. 2012. Colastomion Baker (Braconidae, Rogadinae): nine new species from Papua New Guinea reared from Crambidae. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 28: 85-121.

Proshchalykin, M.Y. & KUHLMANN, M. 2012. The bees of the genus Colletes Latreille 1802 of the Ukraine, with a key to species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Colletidae). Zootaxa(3488): 1-40. 

Wheeler, Q., Bourgoin, T., Coddington, J., Gostony, T., Hamilton, A., Larimer, R., POLASZEK, A., Schauff, M. & Solis, M.A. 2012. Nomenclatural benchmarking: the roles of digital typification and telemicroscopy. ZooKeys(209): 193-202. 

Regier, J.C., Mitter, C., Solis, M.A., Hayden, J.E., Landry, B., Nuss, M., SIMONSEN, T.J., Yen, S.H., Zwick, A. & Cummings, M.P. 2012. A molecular phylogeny for the pyraloid moths (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea) and its implications for higher-level classification. Systematic Entomology, 37(4): 635-656. 

Seltmann, K.C., Yoder, M.J., Miko, I., Forshages, M., Bertone, M.A., Agosti, D., Austin, A.D., Balhoff, J.P., Borowiec, M.L., Brady, S.G., BROAD, G.R., Brothers, D.J., Burks, R.A., Buffington, M.L., Campbell, H.M., Dew, K.J., Ernst, A.E., Fernandez-Triana, J.L., Gates, M.W., Gibson, G.A.P., Jennings, J.T., Johnson, N.E., Karlsson, D., Kawada, R., Krogmann, L., Kula, R.R., Mullins, P.L., Ohl, M., Rasmussen, C., Ronquist, F., Schulmeister, S., Sharkey, M.J., Talamask, E., Tucker, E., Vilhelmsen, L., Ward, P.S., Wharton, R.A. & Deans, A.R. 2012. A hymenopterists' guide to the Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology: utility, clarification, and future directions. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 27: 67-88. 

SMITH, V.S. & BLAGODEROV, V. 2012. Bringing collections out of the dark. ZooKeys(209): 1-6. 

VERTEBRATES

AGORRETA, A. & RUBER, L. 2012. A standardized reanalysis of molecular phylogenetic hypotheses of Gobioidei. Systematics and Biodiversity, 10(3): 375-390. 

Hill, A., Guralnick, R., Smith, A., Sallans, A., Gillespie, R., Denslow, M., Gross, J., Murrell, Z., CONYERS, T., Oboyski, P., Ball, J., Thomer, A., PRYS-JONES, R., de la Torre, J., Kociolek, P. & Fortson, L. 2012. The notes from nature tool for unlocking biodiversity records from museum records through citizen science. ZooKeys(209): 219-233.

KHAN, F.R., MISRA, S.K., GARCIA-ALONSO, J., SMITH, B.D., STREKOPYTOV, S., RAINBOW, P.S., LUOMA, S.N. & VALSAMI-JONES, E. 2012. Correction: Bioaccumulation Dynamics and Modeling in an Estuarine Invertebrate Following Aqueous Exposure to Nanosized and Dissolved Silver (vol 46, pg 7621, 2012). Environmental Science & Technology, 46(18): 10381-10381.

Murphy, J.C., Mumpuni, de Lang, R., GOWER, D.J. & Sanders, K.L. 2012. The Moluccan short-tailed snakes of the genus Brachyorrhos  Kuhl (Squamata: Serpentes: Homalopsidae), and the status of Calamophis Meyer. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 60(2): 501-514.

RASMUSSEN, P.C., Allen, D.N.S., COLLAR, N.J., DeMeulemeester, B., Hutchinson, R.O., Jakosalem, P.G.C., Kennedy, R.S., Lambert, F.R. & Paguntalan, L.M. 2012. Vocal divergence and new species in the Philippine Hawk Owl Ninox philippensis complex. Forktail(28): 1-20. 

RUSSELL, D.G.D., Sladen, W.J.L. & Ainley, D.G. 2012. Dr. George Murray Levick (1876-1956): unpublished notes on the sexual habits of the Adelie penguin. Polar Record, 48(247): 387-393.  WILKINSON, M. 2012. Caecilians. Current Biology, 22(17): R668-R669.

SCIENCE FACILITIES

KHAN, F.R., MISRA, S.K., GARCIA-ALONSO, J., SMITH, B.D., STREKOPYTOV, S., RAINBOW, P.S., LUOMA, S.N. & VALSAMI-JONES, E. 2012. Correction: Bioaccumulation Dynamics and Modeling in an Estuarine Invertebrate Following Aqueous Exposure to Nanosized and Dissolved Silver (vol 46, pg 7621, 2012). Environmental Science & Technology, 46(18): 10381-10381. 

Schmahl, W.W., Griesshaber, E., Kelm, K., BALL, A., Goetz, A., Xu, D.Y., Kreitmeier, L. & Jordan, G. 2012. Towards systematics of calcite biocrystals: insight from the inside. Zeitschrift Fur Kristallographie, 227(8): 604-611. 

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Life Sciences Seminar

Posted by C Lowry Oct 23, 2012

Australia’s forgotten spider hunters –

Systematics and biology of pompilid wasps (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae)

 

 

Lars Krogmann

Dep.of Entomology, State Museum of Natural History, Stuttgart, Germany

Friday 26th of October 11:00

Sir Neil Chalmers seminar room, Darwin Centre LG16 (below Attenborough studio)

 

Spider wasps (Pompilidae) is a distinctive group of wasps of rather homogeneous morphology and biology. Female wasps search for spiders which they paralyse and provide as food for their developing larvae. Pompilids are recognised as one of the most difficult wasp groups in terms of species taxonomy and from the point of view of phylogeny and classification. The Australian fauna is highly diverse but still largely unknown with an estimate of 500-600 species of spider wasps, about 60% of which are still undescribed. The generic level classification of described taxa is extremely chaotic and the absence of identification keys has rendered the Australian fauna largely inaccessible for biological research for more than two centuries. The subfamily Pepsinae comprises the poorest studied Australian genera, many of which were described on the basis of a single specimen. Numerous pepsine genera exhibit a striking level of sexual dimorphism, which complicates sex associations. A generic level revision of the Australian Pompilidae is presented along with information on their biodiversity and biogeography. After this revision, 49 pompilid genera are recognized in four subfamilies, which are diagnosed and included in a comprehensive identification key. Five genera are described as new, in addition to five that are newly recorded and six that are excluded from the Australian fauna. Large amounts of new distributional data and new host records have been collected based on museum collections and recent fieldwork. Among the new host records is the infamous redback spider (Latrodectus hasselti), which was found to be parasitized by a species of the newly revised pompilid genus Agenioideus.

 

For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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Collection Management Seminar

 

What?

A Quantum of Control – Collecting and Preserving Natural History Collections

 

When?

Thursday 25th October 2012, 2.30pm-4.00pm

Where?

Flett Lecture Theatre, NHM, South Kensington

 

Who? Speakers: 
Chris Collins, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, South Kensington, London, SW7 5BD.

 

What’s it about?

Modern Collections are a rich resource for scientists who wish to undertake large-scale analysis of our natural world. As techniques develop so an increasing number of these collections come within reach of molecular genomic analysis or interpretation through improving imaging or other analytical techniques. The role of conservation is to ensure the preservation of an object in as close a state as possible to its collection condition (or entry in the museum) while maintaining its physical access to the widest (legal) possible range of users. In doing this we have some difficult decisions to make all of which will compromise the specimen and its access.

 

 

The museum continues to use a range of techniques to collect and preserve specimens, yet most of the processes used to stabilize especially organic objects are poorly understood and have a major influence on the preservation of objects for current and future research. So what do we know about the techniques we use, and what can collectors and other staff do to ensure the better preservation of their collections. Better understanding of deterioration processes, improved planning between collection, research and estates could enhance both the conditions in which the collections are preserved, the data sets we strive to preserve for research and also enhance our science outreach. This talk looks at the range of techniques and standards we use, the ethics that bound the field and future techniques that could improve the data sets we collect.  It also discusses how museums can use approaches in conservation to better integrate our preservation, educational, scientific services to improve access to collections for all users of the museum. 

 

 

Who should come?

The seminar is open to all members of the museum but it is suggested that the following staff will find the seminar most useful.

 

 

Science Group: All senior departmental managers & collection management staff.

 

 

Public Engagement Group:  Any staff who work with and use collections or manage staff who work with collections.

 

We also welcome colleagues from other institutions who would find the seminar of interest. There is no booking fee and only large parties need to notify the organiser for catering purposes.

Tea and coffee will be available in the seminar room lobby area after the talk.

Suggestions for seminar speakers are always most welcome. Please contact the organiser Clare Valentine (c.valentine@nhm.ac.uk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For additional details on attending this or other seminars see http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/seminars-events/index.html

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