• Freeman, P. and Lane, R.P. (1985) Bibionid and Scatopsid Flies Royal Entomological Society of London
  • Zeil, J. Sexual Dimorphism in the Visual System of Flies: The Free Flight Behaviour of Male Bibionidae (Diptera) Journal of Comparative Physiology (1983) 150:395-412
  • Papp, L. and Darvas, B. (1997) Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera Volume 2 Science Herald, Budapest
  • Soos, A. and Papp, L. (1986) Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera Volume 4: Sciaridae-Anisopodidae Elsevier
  • To find out more about the study of flies in the UK please visit -