Biology

Size

The body length of adults is in the order of 8-14mm.

Larvae range from only 1.5-2.0mm when deposited up to about 15-18mm when mature.

Growth

Larvae mature in host wounds within about 5-7 days. The rate of growth is determined by the temperature where they are feeding which, for these parasites, is dependent on the host body temperature. Larvae of W. magnifica will feed only on live hosts, never on carrion.

Feeding strategy

Adult Wohlfahrtia magnifica  are flower feeders, but females will feed on protein at animal wounds. Larvae are obligatory parasites of living mammal or bird tissues

The rate of development of pupae is determined by environmental temperatures, therefore it becomes slower at low temperatures.  When temperatures drop and daylight shortens in the autumn the species enters pupal diapause (Ternovoy 1978).

Adult flies emerge in the following spring, when the soil warms and the days lengthen.

Life expectancy

Unknown, adults in captivity can live for 1-2 months.

  • Wohlfahrtia magnifica female
    Lifecycle

    Female Wohlfahrtia magnifica deposit live larvae. Discover more about the lifecycle of the Wohlfahrt’s Wound Myiasis Fly.