References

  • Simulium rubrithorax Lutz, 1909: 132. NEOTYPE female, BRAZIL: Minas Gerais State, Juiz de Fora, 43°22'W 21°47'S, 10.x.1909 (C. Chagas) (IOC) [Neotype designation by Maia-Herzog et al., 1984: 352.] [LECTOTYPE female designation by Vulcano (1958: 236-239) invalid as not from syntype series (see Maia-Herzog et al., 1984)]. [Examined.]
  • Simulium magnum Lane & Porto in Porto, 1940: 383. HOLOTYPE female, Brazil: Mato Grosso State, Chapada, Ponce, 600m, viii. 1934 (J. Lane) (FSP, as FSPUSP in Shelley et al., 1997) [Synonymy (as S. major) by Py-Daniel, 1989: 255.]
  • Simulium major: Lane & Porto, 1940: 192 incorrect subsequent spelling (of S. magnum) [See Shelley et al., 1997.]
  • Simulium mutucuna Nunes de Mello & Vieira da Silva, 1974: 69. HOLOTYPE female (Register No. 5042). BRAZIL: Roraima State, Road BR 174 (BV8), Campinho at Venezuelan Border. (No date) (J. A. Nunes de Mello & Eduardo Vieira da Silva) (INPA). [Synonymised with S. rubrithorax by Hernández & Shelley, 2007: 12.]