Phlebotomus papatasi is widespread in the semi-arid and arid regions of:
The adults of this sandfly species are very abundant in and around the burrows of the rodent reservoir hosts of Leishmania major and other Leishmania species, namely:
Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis epidemics often occur in arid regions when the distances between human settlements and gerbil colonies are reduced by irrigation schemes. Then, infected sandflies can be found in house yards (Parvizi et al., 2005).
Female P. papatasi take blood meals from a range of mammals, as well as chickens and pigeons, depending on availability.
The dispersal of P. papatasi has been studied by the:
Both males and females disperse to find nectar and honeydew, which are important energy sources (Muller and Schlein, 2004).