• Antherton I, Bonsanquet S, Lawley M  2010. Mosses and Liverworts of Britain and Ireland. A Field Guide.  British Bryological Society.
  • Porley R P, Hodgetts N G  2005.  Mosses and Liverworts.  Collins New Naturalist Series.
  • Goffinet B, Shaw A J, Cox C J  2004.  Phylogenetic inferences in the dung-moss family Splachnaceae from analyses of CPDNA sequence data and implications for the evolution of entomophyly.  American Journal of Botany 91: 748–759
  • Hill M O, Preston C D, Smith A J E, eds.  1994.  Atlas of the bryophytes of Britain and Ireland.  Volume 3.  Mosses (Diplolepideae). Colchester: Harley Books 
  • Koponen A.  1990.  Entomophily in the Splachnaceae.  Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 104: 115–127
  • Bequaert J  1921.  On the dispersal by flies of the spores of certain mosses of the family Splachnaceae. The Bryologist 24: 1–4