Manicina areolata (rose coral)

Colonies of Manicina areolata coral are less than 10cm in diameter, and are either dome-like, or shaped like an ice cream cone when viewed from the side.

Manicina areolata

Manicina areolata living in a seagrass meadow.

They are free living or, when small, attach to small sediment grain, mollusc shells, or calcareous algae.

If a colony becomes overturned by a fish or current it can right itself and avoid being smothered by sediment.

Species detail

  • Manicina areolata
    Taxonomy

    Find out what shapes this ancient rose coral, and why many of its relatives became extinct.

  • Manicina areolata
    Habitat

    Manicina areolata is widespread across the Caribbean region and is a reef coral. But it rarely inhabits coral reefs. Find out where this coral prefers to live.

  • Manicina areolata
    Reproduction

    Manicina areolata has both male and female sexual organs - it is a simultaneous hermaphrodite. Find out how it reproduces, and why it releases its larvae according to the phase of the moon.

  • Manicina areolata
    Behaviour

    Manicina areolata is a free-living coral that lives loose on the sea floor. It is one of only a few corals that are actively mobile. Find out how it flips itself upright when it gets overturned.

  • Manicina areolata
    References

    Get more information on Manicina areolata.

Images

Manicina areolata

Manicina areolata.

Manicina areolata

Manicina areolata.

Manicina areolata

Manicina areolata.

Manicina areolata

Manicina areolata.

Manicina areolata

Manicina areolata.

About the author
Ken Johnston
Dr Kenneth Johnson

Invertebrate palaeobiologist in the Earth Sciences department.

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Glossary
Corallite

The skeleton of a coral polyp.

Columella

Small column-like structure.

Meandroid

Colony composed of corallites in linear series within the same wall.

Mesenteries

Fleshy septa connected to an oral disk. Mesenteries occur in pairs and flow like curtains.

Septa

Partitions between two cavities.