Right radius (forearm bone) of Cervalces latifrons from Trimingham (Forest Bed Formation, Norfolk) with the same bone of a recent red deer specimen for size comparison
Living moose (Alces alces) is a typical browser, feeding on:
Cervalces shares many cranio-dental features with Alces which testify to the high specialisation for an analogous strict browsing diet:
The large size of living moose and its long legs are an adaptation to a fast trot over obstacles. This gait, named ‘stilt-locomotion’, is performed by a long stride and a high elevation of the metapodials, and is ideal for moving on deep snow and boggy areas strewn with debris, shrubs, and tall herbs.
Like Alces, Cervalces latifrons had long legs and shared many of the limb bone adaptations involved in ‘stilt-locomotion’ that are not found in other deer, including:
Portion of the phalanx bearing the nails/claws which articulates to the previous finger/toe bones.
A group of organisms that is derived from its ancestor (and/or develops into its descendant) by a process of slow, steady, evolutionary change and is not regarded as a member of the same species as its ancestor and/or descendant.
Bones of the ankle.
Scientific study of animal behaviour.
Herbaceous flowering plants that are not graminoids (grasses, sedges and rushes). The term is used in vegetation ecology to represent a guild of grassland plant species with broadly similar growth form, which in ecology is often more important than taxonomic relationship.
The single specimen designated by an author to formally describe a new species.
Main bone of the ankle of Ruminant animals.
Hand and foot bones between the fingers/toes and the wrist/ankle.
Living in a marsh or swamp.
Bones of the fingers and toes.
Ancestor-descendent populations that undergo morphological change over time.
Vegetation living in the swamp zone of a lake developing into a bog.