Meerkats are distributed across southern Africa, particularly in:
They inhabit arid regions, in particular the Kalahari Desert, and are well adapted to an environment with little rainfall or water. All of the water they need is obtained from their diet.
They are mainly insectivorous, but have a varied diet which frequently consists of prey such as:
They also eat small snakes, burrowing frogs and mice where they can catch them.
In the breeding season, young males frequently break away from their group and create ‘roving parties’ where they will enter other territories for chances of mating with females in other groups. These coalitions can last from a few hours to a few days and can sometimes lead to the formation of new meerkat mobs if females from other groups join them.