Parides agavus belongs to the Papilionidae family (tribe Troidini, subtribe Troidina), which are commonly called the swallowtail butterflies.
They are 1 of 34 species of Parides found in the Neotropics (Lamas, 2004).
This species was originally described by Drury in 1792 from specimens collected in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This species was described originally in the genus Papilio but it is currently placed in the genus Parides (Hubner 1819).
Two aberrations from this species have been described: