References

Lecanopteris references

  • Gay H (1993) Rhizome structure and evolution in the ant-associated epiphytic fern Lecanopteris Reinw. (Polypodiaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 113: 135 -160.
  • Gay H (1993) Animal-fed plants: an investigation into the uptake of ant-derived nutrients by the far eastern epiphytic fern Lecanopteris Reinw. (Polypodiaceae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 50: 221 - 233.
  • Gay H and R Hensen (1992) Ant specificity and behaviour in mutualisms with epiphytes: the case of Lecanopteris (Polypodiaceae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 47: 261 - 284.
  • Gay H, E Hennipman, C R Huxley and F J E Parrott (1994) The taxonomy, distribution and ecology of the epiphytic Malesian ant-fern Lecanopteris Reinw. (Polypodiaceae).Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 45: 293 - 335.
  • Haufler C H, W A Grammer, E Hennipman, T A Ranker, A R Smith and H Schneider (2003) Systematics of the ant-fern genus Lecanopteris (Polypodiaceae): testing phylogenetic hypotheses with DNA sequences. Systematic Botany 28(2): 217 - 227.
  • Hennipman E (1986) Notes on the ant-ferns of Lecanopteris sensu stricto in Sulawesi, with the description of two new species. Kew Bulletin 41: 781 - 788.
  • Hennipman E (1989) The systematics and phytogeography of the Malesian ant-fern genus Lecanopteris (Filicales, Polypodiaceae). Proceedings of ISSP (1988), 39 - 47.
  • Hennipman E and P H Hovenkamp (1998) Lecanopteris. pp 59 - 76 In: C Kalkman and H P Nooteboom (eds.) Flora Malesiana, Series II volume 3: Ferns and Fern Allies. Rijksherbarium/Hortus Botanicus, Leiden, the Netherlands
  • Hennipman E and G P Verduyn (1987) A taxonomic revision of the genus Lecanopteris (Polypodiaceae) in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Blumea 32: 313 - 319.
  • Jermy A C and T G Walker (1975) Lecanopteris spinosa, a new ant-fern from Indonesia. Fern Gazette 11: 165 -176.

General references on ant – plant associations

  • Kaufmann E and U Maschwitz (2006) Ant-gardens of tropical Asian rainforests. Naturwissenschaften 93: 216 - 227.
  • Janzen D H (1974) Epiphytic myrmecophytes in Sarawak: mutualism through the feeding of plants by ants. Biotropica 6:237 - 259.
  • Jolivet P (1996) Ants and plants. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.
  • Mehltreter K (2010) Interactions of ferns with fungi and animals. 220 - 254 In: Mehltreter K, L R Walker and J M Sharpe (eds) Fern ecology. Cambridge University Press.
  • Southwood T (1973) The insect plant relationship: an evolutionary perspective. 3 - 30 In: van Emden H (ed) Insect Plant Relationships no. 6. Royal Entomological Society, London.
Share this